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On the Cover 

The Trumpet Triton shell, Charonia tritonis linne, 
is a fitting symbol for the waterfront home of 
the Eckerd College Tritons. 


Introduction Page 1 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Academic Program 5 

Descriptions of Courses and Maj ors 25 

Autumn Term and Winter Term 97 

Campus and Student Life 98 

Admission 102 

Financial Aid 105 

Expenses 115 

Faculty 121 

Administration 125 

Board of Trustees 126 

Index 128 

Calendar of Events 130 

Correspondence Directory 133 


St. Petersburg, Florida 


The basic mission of Eckerd College is to aid the personal development of humane 
and competent persons of all ages to learn, lead, and serve in the local, national, and 
even international realms of a pluralistic and increasingly complex society. In so 
doing, Eckerd College has as its ultimate aims to assist persons to fulfill their God 
given potential, to improve the quality of life in our society at large and, more 
specifically, to contribute to the vitality of congregations which are local expressions 
of the Christian Church. 

Eckerd College is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Associa- 
tion of Colleges and Schools to award the Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science 
degrees. A coeducational college of the liberal arts and sciences, it is related by 
covenant to the Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.). The campus is located on 267 acres of 
tropical waterfront property in a suburban area of St. Petersburg, Florida. 

The school was founded in 1958 as Florida Presbyterian College and admitted its first 
students in 1960. In 1972, the college's name was changed to honor Jack M. Eckerd, 
a prominent Florida civic leader and businessman whose gifts and commitments to 
the institution have helped to insure its continuing excellence. More than 8,000 
graduates are seeking to lead lives of leadership and service in communities through- 
out the world. 


This catalog is designed to give a comprehensive 
picture of Eckerd College. We are proud of what 
we have achieved, and welcome the reader to join 
us in an exciting and continuing educational 
adventure. As you read this document, you should 
be aware of certain basic commitments that have 
guided the college's history and planning. These 
commitments and the efforts to achieve them have 
enabled Eckerd College to be distinctive among the 
3,000 colleges and universities in the United States. 


The primary purpose of the educational program is 
to foster the personal development of each student. 
We seek to prepare students for the basic responsi- 
bilities of life, and especially for competent, 
humane leadership and service. We are vitally 
concerned with the development of whole persons, 
and therefore encourage the intellectual, spiritual, 
cultural, social, emotional and physical growth of 
each student. While education is a lifelong process 
the Eckerd experience is designed to assist students 
to go beyond the limitations imposed by ignorance, 
nanowness, conformity, self-centeredness, and 
inesponsibility. Our aims are to help individuals 
achieve excellence in thought and conduct; and to 
spark their imagination about future possibilities. 


Eckerd College seeks to combine the Christian 
faith and liberal education in the belief that a 
Christian college is better able to contribute to 
individual development than any other type of 
college. To give focus to its Christian commitment, 
the college maintains an active covenant relation- 
ship with the Presbyterian Church, (U.S.A.); 
however, the college community is not narrowly 
sectarian. It includes among its faculty, students, 
and staff individuals of many denominations, faiths 
and points of view. 

As a church-related college community, we seek 
to give the Christian faith a full hearing in a 
setting where students are free to accept or reject, 
but not ignore it. Confident in the belief that all 
truth is of God, we seek to develop an atmosphere 
of free and open inquiry into all aspects of faith 

and knowledge. Our aim is to assist students to 
clarify their beliefs, assess their values, and learn to 
act responsibly on the basis of their convictions. 


The relatively small size of the Eckerd student body 
allows numerous opportunities for close personal 
relationships between students and faculty. Each 
Eckerd student has a faculty academic adviser, 
known as a "Mentor," who seeks to facilitate the 
total growth of students and helps them to get the 
most out of their college years. 

Because the faculty is committed to the primary 
importance of teaching, it has developed a reputation 
for excellence in the teaching of undergraduates. 
Many Eckerd College faculty members are engaged 
in primary scholarship and artistic creativity and, 
wherever possible seek to involve students in these 
enterprises. The intention of the faculty is to provide 
an educational environment characterized by high 
expectation, personal attention and enthusiasm for 


While Eckerd College is committed to helping 
students develop competence in a specific field of 
study, it is equally committed to general education. 

The general education program is designed to 
provide a foundation for lifelong learning by 
helping students to develop a love for learning, 
acquire an informed awareness of the major 
elements of their cultural heritage, explore various 
perspectives on the central concerns of human 
existence, assume increased responsibility for their 
own growth, and master the skills that are necessary 
to understand and deal with a rapidly changing and 
increasingly complex world. 

The general education program for entering 
Freshmen is made up of the autumn term project, 
composition, computation, foreign language, and 
the Western Heritage in a Global Context se- 
quence in the first year; one course in each of five 
value-oriented perspectives in the second and third 
year; and a course in the Quest for Meaning in the 
Senior year. 


The commitment to individual development 
includes a commitment to helping students 
prepare themselves for a vocation. Through more 
than thirty formal majors and pre -professional 
programs, opportunities are available to develop 
the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary for 
successful careers. In addition, through indepen- 
dent study and individually designed areas of 
concentration, students are encouraged to 
supplement and adapt the formal cumculum to 
their particular interests and aspirations. 

The college recognizes that significant learning can 
occur in a variety of settings. Internships, jobs, and 
other off-campus learning experiences, both in this 
country and abroad, enable students to integrate 
theory and practice, and help them to clarify their 
values and career choices. Because they are 
committed to a participatory educational process, 
faculty engage students in the learning of science, 
theatre, management and other disciplines by doing. 
The aim is to assist each student to become a 
self-directed, competent, humane person capable of 
making a significant contribution to society. 


There is a rich diversity among Eckerd College 
students which is educationally desirable. Students 
come to campus from more than 40 states and 30 
foreign countries. They enroll from urban, 
suburban, and rural areas; from developed and 
developing countries; and from a variety of 
cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds. The 
cosmopolitan nature of the Eckerd campus 
enriches the total educational experience as 
students learn from each other. 

Built upon this diversity is a sense of community 
based upon common objectives, concerns and 
experiences. Academic interests provide the basis 
for a sense of community, which is enhanced by 
worship, student activities, athletic events, 
concerts, lectures, and other opportunities for 
shared experiences. Because most students reside 
on campus, they have the enriched experiences 
that occur when people are learning both how to 
learn and how to live together. 


Eckerd College is nationally known for pioneering 
new programs designed to deal directly with the 
varying needs of college students. It has shown the 
will to improve education, and the vision and 
courage to take steps that will facilitate the growth 
of students. Many of its programs of interdiscipli- 
nary study, independent study, international 
education, values inquiry, and student orientation 
and advising have become models for other 
educational institutions. Within the context of its 
objectives as a church-related college of the liberal 
arts and sciences, it continues to seek better ways 
of meeting its commitments. 


Every student upon entering Eckerd College is 
asked to sign a promise to uphold the following 
statement of Shared Commitment: 

The choice to join the community of scholars of 
Eckerd College commits each student to the 
values embodied in the mission and objectives of 
this church-related college of liberal arts and 
sciences. Inherent in this commitment is the 

To use one's abilities and opportunities to 
pursue personal and academic growth and 

To exercise respect for human dignity in 
attitudes and relationships. 

3. To conduct oneself with integrity in academic 
work and as a citizen of the college community. 

4- To respect the rights and property of other 
students and their need for an environment 
conducive to scholarly work. 

5. To respect the rights and property of Eckerd 
College and to protect its reputation as a 
college of distinction with a student body of 
high quality. 

6. To respect and learn from human differences 
and the diversity of ideas and opinions. 

7. To seek out opportunities to prepare for a life 
of leadership and service. 

Each student's commitment to these ideals 
obligates that student to abide by college re- 
gulations and to work with others to prevent the 
following behaviors that threaten the freedom and 
respect that members of the Eckerd community 

1. Academic dishonesty 

2. Chronic interference with the right to study 

3. Willful destruction of property 

4. Theft 

5. Personal violence 

6. Bigotry 

7. Disruptive intoxication 

Thus all students share a commitment to excel- 
lence and to the creation of a college community 
in which they can take pride. 


Since Eckerd College (then known as Florida 
Presbyterian College) opened its doors, it has earned 
a reputation for creating new and better opportuni- 
ties for learning. Eckerd has been consistently rated 
among the foremost of American colleges and 

The college looks for superior methods of educating 
its students, not in order to be different, but to offer a 
more rewarding and useful educational experience. 

For example, you have probably come across such 
expressions as "4-1-4," "winterim," "miniterm," 
"interim," or "winter term." (All of them mean 
essentially the same thing: separating the two 
terms of an academic year with a one month 
period of study on a single topic.) The winter term 
is an Eckerd College concept. This innovation was 
created and tested first on the Eckerd College 
campus; then other colleges found it so exciting 
that they adopted it. 

Since the creation of the winter term in 1960, 
Eckerd has discovered and implemented other 
innovative ways of teaching. Perhaps the best way 
of providing you with an understanding of the 
Eckerd experience is to take you on a "verbal tour" 
of the academic program. 


Shortly after you have been accepted as an Eckerd 
student, you will receive material about selection 
of a Mentor. The original Mentor was the guide 
and companion of Odysseus. As you are, in a 
sense, embarking on your odyssey, it is fitting that 
you have your own Mentor. 

Throughout your career at Eckerd, you will have 
continuing support and counsel from a faculty 
Mentor, who is more than the conventional 
faculty adviser. Mentors are faculty members who 
have been specially trained to help you in your 
academic program, career planning, and personal 
growth. You choose your own Mentor before you 
enter Eckerd, from a descriptive list of Mentors 
and projects. In your Freshman year, you will take 
at least one course from your Mentor, and together 
you will work out the rest of your academic 
program for the first academic year. 

When you become an upperclass student, you may 
choose a new Mentor — a specialist in your area of 
academic concentration. The two of you will 
continue to plan your academic program, including 

independent and directed studies, internships, 
off-campus programs, work experience, career 
planning, foreign study, and the many other options 
that Eckerd offers. 


Eckerd College follows a modified 4-1-4 calendar. 
The fall and spring semesters are fourteen weeks in 
length, and are each followed by examination 
periods. Courses during the semester are offered for the 
full fourteen weeks, and ordinarily a full-time student 
will enroll for four of these courses each semester. 

The three-week autumn term for Freshmen occurs 
prior to the beginning of the fall semester, while the 
four week winter term (January) falls between the two 
regular semesters. LXiring these shorter terms, students 
will enroll for no more than one academic project at a 
time. This format provides for independent investiga- 
tion of a topic in a concentrated manner. 


As a Freshman, you will start your Eckerd College 
experience in mid-August, when you enroll for 
autumn term. In contrast to the usual Freshman 
orientation of two or three days, autumn term lasts 
three weeks. It is designed for Freshmen only, and 
provides an intensive foretaste of college living 
and academic work. 

During autumn term, you will take one academic 
project, for credit, from your Mentor. This project 
is stimulating in content, teaches basic academic 
skills, and focuses on the interdisciplinary nature 
of learning. The course will give you a clear idea of 
what is expected of you at Eckerd. Autumn term 
provides an excellent opportunity for certain kinds 
of interest and competency testing that will allow 
you to begin your academic program in courses that 
are best suited to your cunent stage of development. 

You will also learn a great deal about living, 
working, and playing in a college community. The 
student Resident Adviser in your residence hall 
will be on hand during autumn term to help you 
make the transition into college life. In fact, the 
entire staff of the college and the autumn term 
faculty will participate with you in periods of 
inquiry, reflection, and fun. The sense of commu- 
nity that develops will assist you to take full 
advantage of the opportunities and resources 
available on campus. By the time the upperclass 
students return in September, you will be well 
established in campus life. For more information 
about autumn term see page 97. 


An important part of your studies throughout your 
career at Eckerd College will be in general education. 

During your Freshman year, you will take two 
classwide interdisciplinary courses called Western 
Heritage in a Global Context I and II that will 
explore the cultural riches of the past. Your 
discussion sections in these courses will be led by 
your Mentor. In addition you will be expected to 
demonstrate writing competency by assembling a 
portfolio of your collegiate writing for evaluation 
by the faculty; take one college level computation 
course or demonstrate competency by examina- 
tion; and take one year of a foreign language or 
demonstrate competency at the first year by 
evaluation of the language faculty. 

During your Sophomore and Junior years, you will 
choose four courses from a list of options in each 
of five broad perspectives on human existence: the 
aesthetic, environmental, global, scientific, and 
social relations. The courses will be distributed 
over three collegia other than your own collegium 
so as to provide involvement with significantly 
different modes of inquiry. 

Seniors will take a course, Quest for Meaning, that 
will focus on issues of meaning, purpose, and 
value, with special attention to the Judaeo- 
Christian perspective. 


Winter term is a special four-week period in January 
that emphasizes independent study. You may enroll 
in projects designed by professors, or design your 
own with the sponsorship of a professor. 

All winter term projects must have strong 
academic merit. A typical project requires you to 
select a subject, gather information, organize it, 
and present it as a paper, a short story, a painting, a 
performance, or a piece of equipment. Freshmen 
may take a winter term in addition to autumn 
term, and substitute a fifth winter term for one of 
the 32 courses required for graduation. The winter 
term in the Senior year is usually spent working on 
a comprehensive examination or senior thesis or 
project required for completion of a major. 

Many colleges have followed Eckerd College's 
example in adopting a winter term program, 
making it possible to exchange students and to 
increase the range of projects offered. Eckerd 
College also cooperates with other 4-1-4 colleges 
in sponsoring winter term projects abroad or in 

major cities and interesting locations in the 
United States. Many winter term projects include 
at least eight contact hours per week, which meets 
the Veteran's Administration standards for full 
tuition benefits. For more information about 
winter term see page 97. 

For a special Freshman Bridge program during winter 
term, see the Foundation Collegium, #5, page 7. 


During the past few years, educators have become 
aware that the traditional division of learning into 
academic "departments" is not necessarily the best 
way to organize the educational process. Increas- 
ingly popular among colleges is the interdiscipli- 
nary major, in which the student combines courses 
from two or more disciplines to form an individual 
academic program. At Eckerd, we have established 
interdisciplinary "collegia," which encourage new 
combinations of studies and demonstrate the 
interrelatedness of knowledge. 

The word "collegium" goes back to medieval days, 
when it meant a fellowship of equals (i.e.; persons 
communicating without artificial obstacles to discourse) 
pursuing a common objective (which in Eckerd's case is 
learning). The word vividly describes what we are trying 
to do: to bring you (the student) together with a highly 
knowledgeable person (the professor) in an atmosphere 
where you can debate freely, challenge one another's 
viewpoints, learn together. 

In a collegium, subjects are grouped according to 
the intellectual discipline required to master them. 
You leam mathematics and physics in similar 
ways, for example; but you learn dance differently, 
and a foreign language in still another way. 

Eckerd faculty members choose to affiliate with a 
particular collegium, depending upon their 
approach to their subject. You will do the same. At 
the end of your Freshman year you will focus upon a 
major or area of concentration and affiliate with the 
collegium that best suits your perception of that 
study. Your concentration does not have to lie in a 
single field, such as history or biology. You can 
create your own concentration by combining those 
studies that will help you achieve your career or 
professional goal. For example, if you wish to become 
an environmental economist, you can combine 
economics and biology, thus creating your own 
concentration to fit your own goal. The collegium 
concept makes this interdisciplinary approach to 
learning a natural one that is easy to accomplish. 

Eckerd sees the members of a collegium — 
students and faculty alike — as partners in learning. 
Professors bring high expectation to the learning 
process; students are expected to become indepen- 
dent learners and researchers, able to take 
maximum advantage of their professors' strong 
qualifications. Each collegium has its own 
decision-making group, composed of professors 
and students, which gives students an important 
voice in the academic decisions of the college. 


Eckerd College provides a special, perhaps unique, 
program for all Freshmen through the Foundations 
Collegium. This is the first-year home for students, 
helping them to establish a foundation for their 
upper-level studies. The collegium's program 
includes four important parts: 

1. Autumn Term. Freshmen arrive in mid August 
to take a three-week course before the opening of 
the fall semester early in September. During this 
time, they also complete their testing, orientation, 
and registration. Freshmen choose from 18 projects 
limited to about 20 students each. The professor for 
that course will be the Mentor for those students. 

2. The Mentorship. Eckerd College has expanded 
the notion of the academic adviser to allow more 
help, care, and encouragement to its students. Each 
Freshman has a Mentor from the faculty who helps 
to guide him or her through the Freshman year. 

3. Western Heritage in a Global Context All 

Freshmen are required to take Western Heritage in a 
Global Context I (fall) and Western Heritage in a 
Global Context II (spring). These courses explore 
central concepts and materials of civilization and 

introduce Freshmen to the themes of Eckerd College's 
general education program, the aesthetic, environ- 
mental, global, scientific, and social relations perspec- 
tives. Western Heritage in a Global Context courses 
are interdisciplinary, using lecture and discussion 
formats. The discussion sections are the same groups, 
with the same instructor, as the autumn term groups. 

4. Skills Development. Every student must demon- 
strate proficiency, or take courses to develop skills, in 
composition, foreign language, information technol- 
ogy, oral, and quantitative skills. For more details see 
page 16 under Degree Requirements, and under 
Composition in the course listings. Foundations also 
provides a Writing Center to assist students with 
their writing. 

5. Freshman Bridge Seminars. First year students 
have the opportunity to participate in an optional 
winter term designed specially for them. The 
seminars, taught by various members of the Eckerd 
College staff, enable students to develop learning 
skills, life planning skills, leadership skills, computer 
skills; to engage in service learning and art experi- 
ences; and receive an extensive introduction to the 
college's marine environment. The goal of the 
seminars, which combine worthwhile learning with 
enjoyable experiences, is to provide first year 
students with the enhanced skills and knowledge 
that will help them get the most from an Eckerd 
College education. Participants receive a final grade 
of Credit or No Credit and earn a credit towards 
graduation. Cost of the program is $300 plus room, 
board, and fees. 

At the end of the Freshman year, students choose an 
upper-level collegium and a new Mentor; any students 
still unsure of what to choose can get help from the 
Foundations office and/or Career Counseling. 



Members of the Behavioral Science Collegium 
believe that the urgent problems of today — racism, 
environmental pollution, overpopulation, world 
hunger and crime — are problems of human behavior. 
Therefore, there is much to be gained by developing 
methodological and conceptual tools to understand 
better both individual and collective behavior. 
Students will take introductory courses in psychology 
or sociology. In addition, courses are available in the 
fields of economics, sociology, psychology, manage- 
ment, political science, business administration, 
finance, accounting, marketing, and statistics. 


Creative Arts Collegium faculty are dedicated to 
promoting the development of creativity in each person 
and the integration of the physical, emotional, 
intellectual, and spiritual dimensions of the self. Sharing 
a belief in the value of experiential learning, members of 
the Collegium recognize that students learn as much 
through experiencing the creative process as in the 
completion of a product. In addition to the programs in 
art, music, theatre, and creative writing, where students 
are encouraged to explore and express their talents within 
the context of freedom with responsibility, the Collegium 
includes the human development, where learning to help 
others realize their full potential is the primary goal 
Interdisciplinary study, independent work, and applica- 
tion of knowledge in the community are fostered in the 
Creative Arts Collegium. 


The Collegium of Comparative Cultures seeks to 
promote an understanding of the breadth of 
human cultural achievements through languages, 
area studies, anthropology, international business, 
and related disciplines. The Collegium serves as 
both a window and a gateway to the cultures of 
the world: a window for those who learn in the 
classroom from professors who have lived and 
studied in other cultures; a gateway for those who 
wish to visit these cultures after preparatory study 
on campus. Language study in French, German, 
Italian, Japanese, Spanish, or Russian can be 
integrated into a major program, an interdiscipli- 
nary concentration with another discipline (such 
as management, political science, or comparative 
literature), or it may simply serve to round out a 
student's liberal arts program. Anthropology allows 
students to learn about the peoples and cultures of 
the world, past and present, while becoming well 
versed in the research methods, theoretical 
perspectives (such as culture change) and practice 
applications of anthropology in today's world. Some 
students may decide to plan their studies around a 
particular area of the world. In such cases, the 
International Education office gives assistance in 
planning appropriate study-abroad experiences. 
Comparative Cultures graduates have chosen 
careers in teaching, interpreting, foreign service, 
religious vocations or international business. 


The Collegium of Letters is composed of students 
and faculty who have in common an interest in 
human beings, past and present — their history, 
literary and artistic products, religious commit- 
ments, political involvements, and philosophical 
groupings. The study of who we are by looking at 
what we are doing and the works and institutions 
created by our predecessors provides the relevance, 
vitality, and excitement of our program. This 
humane interest has value in and of itself. In 
addition, it provides a fundamental background for 
a wide variety of futures — vocational or through 
professional and graduate schools — as the experi- 
ence of our graduates attests. 


The Collegium of Natural Sciences brings together 
biologists, chemists, environmentalists, earth 
scientists, marine scientists, computer scientists, 
mathematicians, physicists, and those interested in 
the health professions, including medicine, veteri- 
nary medicine, dentistry and medical technology. 

The major emphasis of the Collegium is on the 
development of the skills of observation, experimental 
design, problem-solving, research and the study of the 
principles and concepts that are necessary to successful 
scientific investigation. The programs in the natural 
sciences are geared to provide students with informa- 
tion and techniques that can be applied to the 
problems of a changing society. 


The library supports the educational mission of 
the college by providing facilities, resources and 
services designed to enhance the student's learning 
experience. The primary goal of the library staff is 
to help students achieve competency in making 
use of available knowledge. In this constantly 
changing and increasingly complex world the 
ability to locate and use needed information has 
become a crucial skill. Instruction in the effective 
use of library resources begins in the autumn term 
and progresses through upperclass levels where 
students are encouraged to make use of sophis- 
ticated computerized technology by searching in 
databases. During all four years the emphasis is on 
providing, through frequent interaction between 
student and librarian, the personal attention that 
makes for a quality learning experience. 

Conveniently located in the center of campus, the 
library provides an open and inviting environment 
for study and leisure reading. Quiet canels and 
carpeted lounge areas are interspersed throughout 
the open stack book collection. A typing room is 
available for those who do not have their own 
typewriters. For those desiring personal copies of 
printed or microfilm materials, coin and card 
operated copying machines are available. 

Designed to meet the basic needs of undergraduate 
students, the library's book collection contains 
approximately 125, 000 volumes. Each year over 
3,000 book are carefully selected by instructors and 
librarians for inclusion in the collection. To 
augment the college's own holdings, the library 
participates in the On-line Computer Library 
Center Network (OCLC) which provides comput- 
erized interlibrary loan access to several thousand 
libraries throughout the United States. In addition, 
the library has a reciprocal lending agreement with 
the University of South Florida- Bayboro library. 

The Eckerd College library subscribes to approxi- 
mately 900 periodicals and provides access to 
thousands of others through a variety of on-line 
resources. Access to the Internet and World Wide 
Web is also available through terminals in the 
library. Helping students learn to wend their way 
through the information maze efficiently and 
effectively remains, as always, the chief goal of the 
Eckerd librarians. 



EXploring Cocunicular Experiental Learning 

The cocunicular program recognizes the fact that 
some of the most valuable learning experiences 
happen outside the classroom. Students have the 
opportunity to get involved in organizations and 
activities guided by themselves. 

The program offers something other colleges are 
now only beginning to emulate. Graduates have 
not only a transcript of what they have done 
outside of the classroom. The Cocurricular 
Transcript can be a valuable supplement when 
applying for jobs, graduate work, fellowships, and 
other post-graduate opportunities. To begin this 
transcript, stop by Campus Activities, located in 
Lindsey Hall. 

There are five major cocunicular areas in which 
you can be involved. It is expected that you will 
document your involvement in all the areas 
while at Eckerd. 


You will have the opportunity to engage in 
significant service activities that help the student 
to develop leadership and other interpersonal 
skills, make a significant contribution to the 
welfare of others, and encourage a lifelong 
commitment to service. 

Career Exploration 

You will have the opportunity to explore the 
relationship of your undergraduate experience to 
the world of work and your occupational skills and 
interests; to apply and enhance acquired knowl- 
edge in career-related situations; and to establish 
enduring beneficial relationships with persons 
engaged in occupations or professions related to 
your interests. 

Physical/Personal Development 

You will have the opportunity to engage in activities 
that help you develop an awareness of the impor- 
tance of personal and physical well-being and to 
acquire skills that contribute to a sense of well-being. 


You will have the opportunity to develop the skills 
and abilities necessary to be an effective leader 
and contributor to the larger society. 

Honors and Awards 

You will have the opportunity to document the 
recognition you receive from the college or other 
groups and organizations. 



Eckerd College regards liberal education as essential to 
thorough professional training and unites a broad 
freedom of student choice with graduate education in 
a number of fields: for law and medical school, medical 
technology, the ministry, engineering, management, 
business administration, and selected public service, 
human development and community professions. 

Eckerd seeks to provide pre-professional experience 
through intensively supervised internships rather 
than by professional and preprofessional courses 
that tend to limit the scope and quality of liberal 
education. Students in management take certain 
specialized courses, such as accounting, and prepare 
themselves through internships carefully planned 
with the Mentor of the management program. 
Similarly, human relations occupations involve a 
thorough liberal arts base, to which are added 
supervised field and employment experiences 
designed to meet the particular interest and need of 
the student. 


Eckerd College's Human Resource Institute 
includes the Personnel and Global Human 
Resources Management program which studies the 
ways in which organizations and societies produce 
behaviors to achieve their objectives; the Human 
Resources Measurement program which studies 
the processes used to evaluate human resource 
management; and the Human Resources Asso- 
ciation which facilitates cooperative relationships 
between the Institute and organizations interested 
in advancing human resources management and 
measurement research. 

The Institute was initially organized at the 
University of Michigan in 1969 by William Pyle. 
It moved to Eckerd College in 1986 when Dr. Pyle 
joined the faculty as professor of management and 
Director of the Human Resource Institute. Dr. 
Pyle in currently the Harold D. Holder Professor 
of Management and International Business at 
Eckerd College. 

Since its inception, over one hundred Fortune 500 
and other major firms in the U.S. and abroad have 
sought to advance personnel and human resources 
management and measurement research through 
their financial support of the Institute. 


The Institute works closely with Eckerd College's 
academic programs including the college's concentra- 
tion in Personnel and Global Human Resource 
Management by involving students in its industry 
research projects and encouraging its business and 
industry association members to provide students 
with work experience, internships, and career 


The engineering and applied science program is 
designed for students who wish to combine a 
broad, values-oriented knowledge base with one of 
many fields of engineering or applied science. 
Students may pursue a career in applied science or 
one of many engineering disciplines including 
electrical, civil, chemical, industrial, aerospace, 
textile, nuclear, biomedical, or systems engineer- 
ing. Students complete all requirements for majors 
at both institutions. 

Students apply to Eckerd College for regular 
admission and spend three years at Eckerd taking 
mathematics and science courses that will qualify 
them to enter an engineering program at the 
Junior level. In general, students take Calculus I, 
II, and III; Differential Equations; Chemistry I and 
II; Physics I and II; and Introduction to Computer 
Science, along with the general education 

requirements and the requirements of an Eckerd 
College major. Some of the courses required for 
the Eckerd College major may be completed at the 
other institution. The detailed curriculum depends 
on the student's choice of engineering college and 
specific degree program. Students may attend an 
engineering winter term before they transfer to the 
engineering college. 

Upon successful completion of the three-year 
portion of the program (requirements of grade 
point average vary somewhat) and recommen- 
dation of Eckerd College, a student is admitted to 
an engineering college, where the dual-degree 
requirements may normally be completed in two 
years. The student is then awarded degrees from 
both Eckerd College and the engineering school. 

At present, Eckerd cooperates in dual-degree 
programs in engineering and applied science with 
Washington University (St. Louis), Auburn 
University, the University of Miami, Columbia 
University and Georgia Institute of Technology. 
Students may also apply to engineering schools 
with which we do not have formal agreements. 
Many engineering schools accept transfer students. 
Several such schools have supplied us with advice 
and information on which courses would best 
prepare students to transfer into engineering at the 
Junior level. 

Due to the sequential prerequisite requirements, it 
is vital for dual degree candidates to obtain 
counseling early in their career at Eckerd College. 



Eckerd College provides both an Air Force and Army 
ROTC program through cross-enrollment agreement 
with the University of South Florida in Tampa. 

Air Force ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of either a four year or two year program, 
are commissioned as second lieutenants and 
guaranteed a position in the active Air Force. 
Completion of 12-16 course hours of instruction 
and enrollment in a weekly, non-credit leadership 
laboratory are required of all students. 

Army ROTC 

Students who complete the program, which 
consists of four courses in military science, a weekly 
leadership laboratory, and one summer camp, are 
commissioned in the United States Army. 

Both programs are open to men and women, and 
scholarships are available on a competitive basis to 
qualified students. See ROTC under the course 
description section of this catalog. 


The purpose of the Writing Center is to enhance 
student learning by helping them to become more 
organized in investigating and more articulate in 
formulating ideas. Working closely with the Founda- 
tions Collegium, the staff and tutors of the Writing 
Center aid students who wish to improve writing skills 
and competence in research. Assistance is offered to 
all Eckerd students, with special workshops on 
preparation of Writing Competency portfolios, 
tutoring for non-native writers, consulting on Senior 
theses, and individual help on all writing tasks. 

Resources include 18 Macintosh workstations, desktop 
publishing, CD-ROM databases, software for collabora- 
tive writing, word processing, data graphics, design, page 
layout, hypermedia; a library of composition theory and 
pedagogy; professional and peer consultants. 


Eckerd College believes that a liberally educated 
person should be at home in other cultures, and 
tries to give every student the chance to study 
abroad. Consequently, Eckerd offers a variety of 

overseas programs, including short terms in the 
winter and summer, and full year or semester 
programs for students in almost all majors. 

Winter Term Abroad 

Eckerd's annual winter term offerings overseas each 
January are nationally recognized. Programs are led 
by Eckerd faculty members who have professional 
expertise in the country visited. Projects vary each 
year, but typically programs are available in such 
places as Italy, England, Greece, Austria, Mexico, 
Russia, South America, Asia, and the Caribbean. 

Semester and Year Abroad 

Varied locations and curricula provide a wide 
range of opportunities. Programs are available in 
London where the Eckerd College Study Centre is 
staffed by both American and British faculty. 
Eckerd also has exchange anangements with two 
universities in Japan - Kansai Gaidai near Osaka 
and Nanzan University in Nagoya - and with 
Ewha Womans University in Seoul, Korea as well 
as with United Kingdom institutions in Plymouth, 
Aberdeen, and Glasgow. Through our affiliation 
with the International Student Exchange Program 
(ISEP) many exchange opportunities worldwide 
are available, and recently students have spent a 
year or semester in locations such as Sweden, 
Korea, Mexico, the Netherlands, Australia, 
Germany, Argentina, Uruguay, and France. 

The Office of International Education counsels 
with students in an effort to provide individuals 
with study abroad programs best suited to their 
particular academic needs. 

Summer Term Abroad 

Study abroad opportunities may be availbale during 
the summer months in a variety of locations. 
Offerings change from year to year, and may cover a 
broad range of topics. The Program for Experienced 
Learners (PEL, in cooperation with the International 
Education office, plans summer term programs that 
are open to all students. Previous programs have 
included study/travel to London, Paris, Greece, and 
Mexico. The International Education office provides 
catalogs and resource materials for students to review 
when planning independent study/travel projects.. 



Our academic calendar permits off-campus study for 
periods of one month (January), one semester (14 
weeks), and up to a full academic year. Upperclass 
students are encouraged to take advantage of 
programs and facilities not available at Eckerd 
through the off-campus program. It is possible to 
participate in group projects with a faculty leader or 
to contract independent studies of the student's 
own design. During winter term (January), group 
projects such as an archaeological dig in the 
Southwest, government operations in Washington, 
DC, or urban problems in Chicago are possible. 
Independent projects for individual students have 
been undertaken in industry, the Argonne Labora- 
tories, marine research, and at an Indian reserva- 
tion. The winter term, through cooperation with 
other schools having a similar calendar, provides for 
intensive projects on other campuses throughout the 
United States. 

The Off-Campus Programs office assists students 
in making anangements, preparing contracts, and 
providing information and ideas related to various 
choices. The subject of the project determines the 
particular off-campus location. 


Eckerd College provides an opportunity for qualified 
students to earn a semester of credit in an academic, 
scientific, and practical experience leading to a 
realistic understanding of the sea, sponsored by the 
Sea Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the 
six-week shore component) in Woods Hole, 
Massachusetts, receiving instruction in ocean- 
ography, nautical science and maritime studies. 
They then go to sea for the second half of the 
semester (the six- week sea component) for a 
practical laboratory experience. For course 
descriptions see page 87. Students interested in 
the Sea Semester are required to make application 
through the International Educaton and Off- 
Campus Programs office. 


Eckerd College has been committed to inter- 
national education since its inception. While we 
continue to provide opportunities for students to 
enrich their education abroad (see International 
Education page 12) one need go no further than 

the campus itself to experience a truly cosmopoli- 
tan environment. The International Student 
Affairs office sponsors support programs and 
activities for students coming from more than 40 
different nations to pursue a variety of studies 
here. There are two distinct groups of interna- 
tional students at Eckerd College: those who study 
in the ELS Language Center and those who are 
degree seeking students. 

These international students enrich the campus 
environment with their diverse cultural origins 
and ethnic backgrounds by providing face-to face 
opportunities for cross-cultural exchange in 
classroom and other settings. The breadth of this 
experience is celebrated annually during the 
Festival of Cultures with exhibits, entertainment, 
and ethnic delicacies from around the world. 


A liberal education should not be considered 
separate from the economic, social, and political 
realities of life. With increasing insistence, 
employers and professional associations are asking 
career-minded students to relate fundamental 
education in liberal arts fields to long-range plans. 
Further, they stress the value of a solid liberal arts 
background for business or professional careers. 

Woven into your academic program during your 
four years at Eckerd is a program to help you 
examine your career and professional goals. The 
Career Services Program offers one or more of a 
variety of experiences: one-to-one and group 
diagnostic career counseling to assist in making 
decisions which integrate academic programs, 
career planning, and general lifestyle; internship 
and field experience placements which involve 
unpaid work experiences of observation either 
with a professional person or in a special social 
environment; paid work experiences related to 
current academic studies and long-range career 
goals; discipline internships such as community 
studies, leisure studies, or management; and 
placement services to assist you in finding 
part-time and summer employment while in 
school, but primarily to enable you to select either 
the appropriate post-graduate education or the 
vocational career that fits your personal aptitudes, 
desires, and objectives. 



The summer term is an eight-week term consisting of 
two four-week sessions. Courses are available in June 
(session A), July (session B), and through the full 
eight-week summer term. A preliminary announce- 
ment of courses and fees is published in April. 
Regularly enrolled Eckerd students and students 
enrolled and in good standing at other colleges and 
universities are eligible for admission. High school 
students who have completed their Sophomore year 
and present evidence (usually a transcript and a 
recommendation from a principal or counselor) of 
their ability to do introductory level college work, are 
eligible for admission with a scholarship which 
covers 50 percent of the regular tuition. Students 
entering Eckerd in the summer with the intention of 
becoming degree candidates must make formal 
application for admission to the Dean of Admissions. 

Summer courses may replace courses missed during 
the academic year or accelerate graduation. 
Additional information about summer term courses 
maybe obtained from the Summer School office. 


The Program for Experienced Learners (PEL) is a 
degree-completion program designed specifically for 
adult learners who are strongly motivated, yet have 
career or personal obligations which keep them from 
enrolling in a more traditional degree program. 
Because of the flexible and personal nature of the 
program, most students are able to continue working 
full-time while pursuing the bachelor's degree. 

PEL was founded on the belief that learning is not 
necessarily limited to a formal classroom setting. 
Credit may be awarded when experiential learning 
is comparable to academic coursework, relevant to 
academic goals, and well documented. 

Admissions Requirements 

Qualities such as personal commitment, perseverance 
and self-discipline are necessary for success in PEL. 

Basically, the guidelines for admission are: 

1 . Applicants must be at least 25 years of age. 

2. Applicants must have a high school diploma or 
high school equivalency diploma. College 
experience is desirable; transfer credit for "C" or 
better grades will be awarded when coursework 
is appropriate for a liberal arts and sciences 
education and is relevant to career goals. 

3. Applicants must complete an application, 
including an essay, and demonstrate goals 
consistent with program objectives and the 
ability and motivation to benefit from the 

4. Following admission, students must complete 
the required Life, Learning and Vocation 
course with a C or better grade. 

Meeting Degree Requirements 

The Bachelor's degree requires successful comple- 
tion of a minimum of 36 courses. Students may 
meet degree requirements through transfer credit, 
experiential learning, formal courses, directed or 
independent study, tutorials, travel/study pro- 
grams, and residential program courses. PEL offers 
courses in St. Petersburg, north Pinellas County, 
Tampa, Ocala, and Sarasota. 

Major and Degrees 

PEL students are awarded either the Bachelor of 
Arts or Bachelor of Science degree, the same 
degrees conferred in the residential program. 
Students pursue a variety of majors or con- 
centrations, including business management, 
human development, organizational studies, 
American studies, interdisciplinary humanities, 
creative writing, and others. The degree preserves 
the basic features of the Eckerd College program 
by emphasizing the liberal arts as part of each 
student's education, but also recognizes the 
importance of relating general knowledge to 
special career concerns. 

Financial Aid 

Several types of financial aid are available to 
qualified students, including the Pell Grant, 
Florida Resident Access Grant, Federally Insured 
Student Loans, and VA benefits. 

Another popular form of financial assistance is 
through tuition reimbursement programs spon- 
sored by private corporations and government 
agencies. Many PEL students have found that 
their employers are very cooperative in helping to 
meet their college expenses. Information on 
private loans and payment plans is also available. 


For More Information 

Additional information on financial aid, admissions 
requirements, and the Program for Experienced 
Learners may be obtained by writing: Program for 
Experienced Learners Eckerd College, 4200 54th 
Avenue South, St. Petersburg, FL 337 1 1 . Or call: 
(813) 864-8226; e-mail: 


The Florida Presbyterian College Alumni Council was 
created in 1964 to support the college through alumni 
volunteer efforts, a tradition that continues to this day. 
In 1973, the FPC Alumni Council became the Eckerd 
College Alumni Association. Under this name, the 
alumni of Eckerd College continue to serve their alma 
mater. The EC Alumni Association consists of about 
10,000 members, and its activities are directed by a 24- 
member board of directors elected by the alumni. Its 
rjrogramming includes events, communication, and 
raising funds for non-restricted gifts, typically for student 
scholarships. The Alumni Association is also involved 
with the academic program, admissions, and career 


The Academy of Senior Professionals at Eckerd 
College ( ASPEC) is an integral part of the college, 
devoted to the development of multigenerational 
collegiate learning, scholarly activity, research, 
writing, and the encouragement of individual or 

group projects of importance to members, to the 
college, and to the broader community. 

ASPEC is a unique membership organization, 
composed of persons who have distinguished 
careers in education, business, the arts and sciences, 
government service, religion, medicine and health 
care, human services, engineering, the armed 
services, and similar endeavors. Through publica- 
tions, lectures, colloquia, convocations, think- 
tanks, etc., members continue to share and to 
contribute to human knowledge. 

Through both Faculty and Student Colleague 
programs, members contribute their knowledge 
and experience in and out of the classroom. It is a 
new kind of "partnership in learning" at the 
collegiate level. 

ASPEC is designed for those who wish stay active 
intellectually, enrich their cultural experiences, 
make constructive contributions to society, or 
pursue their own interests in association with 
congenial colleagues within the multigenerational 
educational community of Eckerd College. 

Most members have a home within a fifty mile 
radius of St. Petersburg and most are here for at 
least three months of the year. Some members have 
purchased housing adjacent to the campus on 
college developments, College Landings (a 
residential community), and College Harbor (a 
retirement community). 

Inquiries should be addressed to: Director, ASPEC, 
Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. 
Petersburg, Florida 33711. Phone (813) 864-8834; 
fax (813) 864-2964; e-mail: 




In order to graduate from Eckerd College, a 
student must spend at least four semesters and two 
short terms, including the Senior year, in the 
college or in an approved off-campus program. 

Any student who wishes to request an exemption 
from or a modification of an all-college require- 
ment may petition the Dean of Faculty using 
forms available in the Office of the Registrar. 
Petitions must include detailed reasons for the 
request, and receive prior approval from the 
student's Mentor and collegial chairperson. 

Bachelor of Arts Degree 

Unless modified in individual cases by action of 
the Dean of Faculty, the following requirements 
must be fulfilled by all students in order to qualify 
for formal recommendation by the faculty for the 
Bachelor of Arts degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of a minimum of 
32 courses, plus an autumn term in the 
Freshman year and a winter term project in 
each subsequent year. 

a. A Freshman may take a winter term 

in addition to autumn term, and substitute 
that winter term for one of the 32 courses. 

b. The winter term project in the Senior year 
normally consists of the preparation for 
comprehensive examinations, theses, or 

2. Composition Competency: students must 
submit a portfolio of their own compositions 
to be evaluated. Specifications for the 
contents of the portfolios are available from 
the Director of Writing Excellence. 

Usually, the pieces in the portfolio are essays, 
reports, examinations, or creative work 
written in courses, and all students must 
submit their portfolio for evaluation before 
the second semester of the Junior year. 

Students may not register for Senior projects, 
theses, or comprehensive examinations 
without having received writing competency 
for their portfolio. 

Composition courses and the Writing Center 
provide instruction in preparing writing 
competency portfolios; students whose portfolios 
are judged inadequate must take a composition 
course before resubmitting their portfolio. 

Since portfolio evaluation is conducted only 
twice each year, students are strongly urged to 
consult with their Mentors and the Writing 
Center staff well before the March and October 
deadlines, and to submit their portfolios before 
completing eighteen course credits. 

3. Foreign language (normally in the Freshman 
year): one year of foreign language at the 
college level, or the equivalent as demon- 
strated by a college administered proficiency 
examination or the equivalent as determined 
by the language faculty. 

4. Information technology competency by 
graduation, starting with fall 1997. 

5. Oral competency (general), normally in the 
Freshman year; oral competency in the 
discipline by graduation, starting with fall 1997. 

6. Quantitative Competency (normally in the 
Freshman year): one college level mathematics, 
computer science, formal logic or statistics 
course, or one course that uses the computer as a 
major learning tool, designated by an M 
following the course number. Competency may 
also be satisfied by passing an appropriate profi- 
ciency examination administered by the college. 

7. Western Heritage in a Global Context I and 

II, WHF 181 and 182. Students for whom 
English is a second language and who have not 
resided in the mainland U.S. for more than 
two years may substitute WHF 183C U.S. 
Area Studies for Western Heritage in a Global 
Context I, which shall also fulfill the require- 
ment for a course within the Global Per- 
spective. There is a special section of Western 
Heritage in a Global Context II for interna- 
tional students. 

8. Four courses (normally in the Sophomore and 
Junior years), one each from a list of options in 
the following five areas: the Aesthetic 
Perspective, the Environmental Perspective, 
the Global Perspective, the Scientific 
Perspective, the Social Relations Perspective, 
distributed over three different upper division 
Collegia other than the student's collegium. A 
term of study abroad also fulfills the Global 
Perspective. Courses fulfilling these require- 
ments are indicated by the appropriate letter 
following the number. See the course descrip- 
tions for a listing of these courses. 

9 . One course in the Senior year in The Quest 
for Meaning. 

10. College Program Series: Students attend at least 
four events each semester of their Freshman and 
Sophomore years from a selection of at least 
twelve events identified each semester as part of 
the College Program Series. These events 
include presentation of topics of current interest, 
artistic events, musical or dramatic productions, 
and events focusing on issues of meaning, 
purpose, and value. 

1 1 . The completion of a major (from the list of 35 
majors formally approved by the faculty), or an 
independently designed area of concentration. 
The area of concentration must be approved by 
three members of the faculty, with an approved 
study plan filed in the Registrar's office no later 
than fall semester of the Junior year. 

12. The satisfactory completion in the Senior 
year of a comprehensive examination, thesis, 
or creative project in the major or area of 
concentration with a grade of C or better. 
(This culminating evaluation may include a 
test or other means for assessing the effective- 
ness of the college's academic programs) . 

Bachelor of Science Degree 

The following requirements must be fulfilled by 
students in order to qualify for formal recom- 
mendation by the faculty for the Bachelor of 
Science degree: 

1 . The satisfactory completion of the course and 
all-college requirements as outlined in 
sections 1-12 above. 

2. Completion of a major or area of concen- 
tration in one of the natural sciences or 
mathematics, including the satisfactory 
completion of at least sixteen courses in the 
Natural Sciences Collegium, as specified by 
each discipline, including not more than one 
of the four required perspective courses. 

Students majoring in the natural sciences or 
mathematics may earn the Bachelor of Arts degree 
by completing at least twelve but fewer than sixteen 
courses in the Natural Sciences Collegium, as 
specified by each discipline, including not more 
than one of the four required perspective courses. 

For either the B.S. or the B.A. degree, students 
majoring in the natural sciences or mathematics 
may substitute specified courses outside the 
Collegium to satisfy the minimum requirement for 
courses within the Collegium. Interested students 
should consult their Mentors for information on 
gaining approval for such substitutions. 

See each discipline's description in the course 
section of this catalog for specific requirements. 

Students transferring to Eckerd College as 
Sophomores are considered exempt from Western 
Heritage in a Global Context, foreign language, 
and quantitative requirements. Students transfer- 
ring as Juniors are also considered exempt from 
any two of the four required Sophomore/} unior 

More than 60 percent of entering freshmen 
(including athletes) eventually graduate from 
Eckerd College (based upon the 1988-89 entering 
Freshman class). For more information on 
graduation/retention rates, please contact the 
Office of Admissions. 


The Ford Apprentice Scholar Program at Eckerd 
College, initiated by a grant from the Ford 
Foundation, provides opportunity for 20 selected 
Juniors each year to participate in a two year 
enhanced program designed to develop the skills 
and habits of professional scholars, and to encour- 
age them to consider college and university 
teaching as a career. 

The students selected take a course in the Junior 
year in the history of ideas, and do optional 
research with their Faculty Sponsor during the 
summer. In the Senior year, they work closely with 
the Faculty Sponsor in an enhanced major and 
take a Senior Colloquium. Funds are available for 
summer and research support. 


The Honors Program at Eckerd College provides 
enhanced opportunities for independent study and 
research to students of outstanding ability. Selected 
students are brought together for close interaction 
and advanced work, such studies receiving perma- 
nent recognition on the students' transcripts. 

A special brochure is available from the Dean of 
Admissions concerning the four years of the 
Honors Program but a brief description follows. 
First-year Honors students meet for special sessions 
of the college's two Freshman core courses, 
Western Heritage in a Global Context I and II, for 
which an extra course credit is awarded. The 
second and third years of the Honors program 
center around Honors courses in five areas or 


perspectives, these being the Aesthetic, the 
Environmental, the Global, the Scientific, and the 
Social Relations Perspectives. Seniors in the 
Honors Program participate in a colloquium in 
which they present their Senior thesis research, 
creative projects, or their work for comprehensive 

Students who wish to be considered for the Honors 
Program in the Freshman year must file an accept- 
able application for admission to Eckerd College by 
February 15. In addition, interested students must 
file an application for the Presidential Scholarship 
competition by March 1. The students selected as 
Presidential Scholars will be the group invited to 
the Freshman Honors program. Presidential 
Scholars are chosen by a committee of faculty and 

students on the basis of high school academic 
records, personal essays, teacher recommendations, 
standardized test scores, and evidence of leadership 
and service to others. Interested students are 
encouraged to write the Dean of Admissions for 
additional information. 

New transfer students and students already 
enrolled in the college, including students who 
may have applied unsuccessfully to the Honors 
Program earlier, are also eligible for admission as 
vacancies in the program occur at the upper levels. 
Students who are interested in making application 
to the Honors Program after they are enrolled in 
the college should contact the director of the 
Honors Program. 


The following National Honor Societies have 
chapters at Eckerd College: 

Alpha Kappa Delta - Sociology 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, on 
overall GPA of 3.0, a major in sociology, a GPA of 
3.0 in sociology courses, and at least four regular 
courses in sociology. The purpose of this society is 
to promote an interest in the study of sociology. 

Delta Phi Alpha - German 

Requirements: two years of college German, a 3.0 
average in German courses and 2.5 overall. New 
members must be elected unanimously. The 
society meets monthly, sponsors German-related 
events, off-campus speakers, and a weekly kaffee 
klatch for all students of German. 

Omicron Delta Epsilon - Economics 
Lamba Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing, class 
rank in upper one-third with a 3.0 in economics 
courses and at least four economics courses The 
society recognizes the accomplishments of 
economics students. 

Omicron Delta Kappa - Leadership 

Requirements: Junior or Senior standing with 
high grade point average, selected on the basis of 
exemplary character, responsible leadership and 
service in campus life. The purpose is to encourage 
good campus citizenship by recognizing significant 
achievement in the various aspects of college life. 

Pi Mu Epsilon - Mathematics 
Gamma Chapter in Florida 

Requirements: at lest two years of mathematics 
including Calculus I and II with at least a B 
average. The purpose is to promote scholarly 
activity in mathematics among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Delta Pi - Spanish 

Requirements: there years, or the equivalent, of 
college Spanish with a 3.0 or better in all Spanish 
courses, and rank in upper 35 percent of class with 
a minimum of 2.75. The purpose is to promote 
scholarly activity in Spanish among students in 
academic institutions. 

Sigma Xi - Scientific Research 

Requirements: demonstrated aptitude for scientific 
research and intention to pursue a career in 
science, nomination by a Sigma Xi member based 
on such criteria as academic excellence, scientific 
research usually culminating in a paper, presenta- 
tion at a scientific meeting, or a senior thesis. The 
purpose is to advance scientific research, encour- 
age interdisciplinary cooperation, and assist the 
wider understanding of science. 



At Eckerd College, efforts are made to tailor 
programs of study to the particular needs and 
interests of individual students. To help guide 
students with the selection of courses, the faculty 
has approved a number of disciplinary and 
interdisciplinary majors. 

Brief descriptions of majors are included under each 
discipline heading in the course description section 
of this catalog. Students desiring more specific 
information about major programs should consult 
their Mentors, collegial chairpersons and discipline 
coordinators. A list of the faculty-approved majors 

American Studies 




Comparative Literature 

Computer Science 

Creative Writing 


Environmental Studies 




Human Development 


International Business 

International Relations 

and Global Affairs 
International Studies 

Marine Science 


Modern Languages 


Personnel and Global 

Human Resource 


Political Science 
Religious Studies 
Russian Studies 
Visual Arts 
Women's and Gender 

A major or concentration must require at least 
eight but no more than sixteen courses, of which 
at least eight in a discipline major must be in the 
discipline. No major or concentration can require 
more than twelve courses in one discipline. 

Students desiring to design their own programs of 
study are encouraged to develop an individualized 

area of concentration in cooperation with their 
Mentors. The proposed plan of study must 
ultimately be approved and have identified with it 
a specific committee of at least three faculty 
members. The approved study plan must be filed 
in the Registrar's office early in the Junior year. 



Credit toward a degree is awarded for satisfactory 
course completion, independent study, directed 
study, academic work certified hy another accred- 
ited degree granting institution, and proficiency 
demonstrated by examination. 

Ordinarily credit is earned by course completion. 
A normal full-time academic load is eight courses 
plus an autumn term in the Freshman year and 
eight courses plus a winter term project in each 
subsequent year. 

Credit may be earned through independent study 
by students who exhibit both the self-discipline 
and mastery of the methodologies demanded by 
the subject matter selected by the student. An 
independent study project is designed by a student 
in consultation with the professor who is to 
supervise and evaluate the work. An academic 
contract, drawn in advance, specifies the subject 
and method of inquiry, the texts, the purpose of 
the project, and the basis of evaluation and credit. 
Each contract must be approved by the Director of 
Independent Study. Independent study options are 
available for both on and off-campus opportunities. 
Freshmen are not permitted to take off-campus 
independent studies. Independent study forms are 
available from the Registrar. 

Provision is also made for credit by directed study. 
Both independent study and directed study require 
advance planning by the instructor and student. 
While initiative rests with the student for design 
of independent study, in directed study the 
instructor is responsible for supplying a syllabus 
which defines the program. Directed study syllabi 
are available from the Registrar. 

Credit is granted by transfer from accredited 
degree-granting institutions, up to a limit of 16 
courses, plus one autumn and one winter term. A 
student entering Eckerd College should request 
that a transcript of work done in other institutions 
be sent to the Registrar. When the transcript has 
been evaluated, the applicant is notified of the 
credit accepted by transfer. Eckerd College 
students who wish to enroll for part of their 
programs at other institutions should have the 
approval in advance of their Mentors, appropriate 
discipline faculty, and the Registrar. For more 
information on transfer credit, please see page 102. 

Credit for demonstrated proficiency is awarded 
when a student applies for it with the Registrar 
and successfully completes appropriate examina- 
tions. College Level Examination Programs are 

recognized for both advanced placement and 
academic credit. For more information on CLEP, 
see page 104. 

The college recognizes that many experiences 
outside the classroom may contribute to a 
student's program. Internships, participation in 
community projects, and field experience may be 
accorded credit if closely coordinated with the 
student's academic program. Such experience 
ordinarily constitutes a part of a regular course or 
independent study project. 



The standard grading system of the college is A 
(Superior Work), B (Good Work), C (Satisfactory 
Work), D (Poor Work), and F (Unacceptable 
Work). All courses in which a grade of C or higher 
has been earned shall count toward fulfilling degree 
requirements. A course in which a D grade is 
earned may fulfill degree requirements only when a 
grade of B or higher is earned in another full course. 

A grade of I (Incomplete) indicates that all course 
requirements are not complete by the end of the 
term and that, in the judgment of the instructor, 
extension of deadline is appropriate. Unless an 
earlier deadline is set by the instructor, a student 
will have thirty days into the next regular semester 
to complete the required work. If the work is not 
completed by that time, or the shorter deadline 
imposed by the instructor, the Incomplete will 
automatically become an F. 

In case of formal voluntary withdrawal before the 
end of the eighth week of a semester, a grade of W 
is recorded. If withdrawal occurs after that point, a 
grade of F is recorded. A W that results from an 
involuntary withdrawal must be validated with the 
Registrar at the time of withdrawal or as soon 
thereafter as possible. 

A Credit/No Credit grading option is available in 
each course/project for students who are at least 
second semester Freshmen. Students desiring this 
grading option must petition for the approval of the 
course instructor, the Mentor, and the Dean of Faculty. 
Petitions must be submitted prior to the beginning of a 
semester or term. Grades of Credit and No Credit 
cannot be subsequently changed to letter grades. 

All grades are reported to students and entered on 
the official record of the college. Grades of F will 
not be removed from the transcript. A notation 
will be recorded on the transcript of any substitute 
grade earned. Students may not repeat a course for 
credit unless they receive a D, need to repeat the 
course in order to progress in sequence, and have 
the approval of the instructor and academic dean. 


Students are expected to attend all classes in 
courses for which they are registered. There is no 
college-wide attendance requirement, but 
individual instructors may impose attendance 
requirements in particular courses. 



Normal progress toward graduation is the comple- 
tion of four courses each semester and a short term 
each year with grades of C or better. 


At the close of each semester the Academic 
Review Committee reviews the progress of every 
student who fails a course, receives a voluntary 
withdrawal (referred to hereafter by W), has more 



Probation: any one of the following 
2 or 3 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind by 

2 to 5 courses 
1 to 3 more D than B or better grades 

Subject to Dismissal: any one of the following 
4 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind by 

6 courses 
4 more D than B or better grades 


5 F grades 

F and/or W grades that result in falling behind 

by 7 courses 
5 more D than B or better grades 

Second Dismissal: any one of the following 
Additional: 2 F grades 
F and/or W grades that result in falling behind 

by 3 courses 
3 or more D than B or better grades 

D than grades of B or better, is on academic 
probation, or is otherwise identified as not making 
satisfactory academic progress. Mentors, instruc- 
tors and student personnel staff may be consulted. 
The Committee may place on probation or dismiss 
any student who in its judgment is not making 
satisfactory academic progress. In making such 
judgments, the Committee is guided by the 
following standards and notifies the Financial Aid 
office of each financial aid recipient affected. 


A student who accumulates two or three F grades, 
or a combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by two to five 
courses, or one more D than B or better grades, is 
placed on academic probation. 

Students placed on academic probation are notified of 
this action by the Academic Review Committee and 
advised of how to remove the probationary status. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester during the probation period. 

Students admitted on probation may have no 
more than two F or W grades in their first semester 
and must have at least one C or better in order to 
enroll for a second semester. 


A student who accumulates four F grades, or a 
combination of F and W grades that results in falling 
behind normal progress by six courses, or four more D 
than B or better grades, in addition to being placed 
on probation, will be notified that he or she is subject 
to dismissal for any additional F, D, or W. 

Students may enroll in up to four courses per 
semester while subject to dismissal. 




A student placed on probation or subject to 
dismissal as a result of F and W grades for a second 
consecutive semester, or as a result of D grades for a 
fourth consecutive semester, is suspended from 
participation in college sponsored extracurricular 
activities, and the directors of the activities notified, 
so that the student may devote full time to study. 


Probationary status remains in effect until the 
student completes four courses in Eckerd College 
in one semester with C or better grades and the 
overall number of B or better grades at least equals 
the number of D grades. 


A student who accumulates five or more F grades, 
or a combination of F and W grades that results in 
falling behind normal progress by seven courses or 
more, or five or more D than B or better grades, is 
dismissed for at least one semester. 

Students dismissed for academic reasons are 
notified in advance of the next regular semester by 
the Academic Review Committee. This notice 
also advises the student whether and, if so, when 
and how to be considered for re-admission. 

To apply for re-admission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Students, who shall 
obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty as chair 
of the Academic Review Committee before 
authorizing readmission. 



A student who is re-admitted after having been 
dismissed for a limited period of time for academic 
reasons shall be admitted on probation, but is 
dismissed again if he or she accumulates an 
additional two F grades, or a combination of F and 
W grades that results in falling behind normal 
progress by more than two courses, or three more 
D than B or better grades. 


Withdrawal from the college at any time is official 
only upon the completion of the withdrawal form 
available in the Registrar's office. Requests for re- 
admission following withdrawal should be sent to 
the Dean of Students. Students may withdraw to 
enroll in another college for courses not available 
here but important to the student's total program. 
Such courses may be transferred upon the student's 
return, but must be approved in advance by the 
Mentor, discipline faculty and Registrar. Students 
requesting a withdrawal should consult with the 


The Dean's List is published following the fall 
semester and the spring semester and includes 
students who completed four courses with a grade 
point average of 3.75. Students with incomplete 
grades at the time of publication are not eligible. 


Eckerd College awards diplomas with Honors to a 
few students in each graduating class. The criteria 
and designation for graduation with Honors are: 
High Honors - 3.8 grade point average or above, 
Honors - 3.6 to 3.7 grade point average for courses 
taken at Eckerd College. To be eligible for Honors 
a student must have completed at least 18 Eckerd 
College courses. Students graduating with fewer 
than 18 Eckerd College course credits with a grade 
point average of 3.66 or above, will graduate with 
the designation of Distinction. 


Registration dates are listed in the calendar at the 
back of this catalog. Upon completion of proce- 
dures as outlined in registration materials, the 
student's registration is approved by the 
Controller's office and the Registrar. Students who 
preregister late will be charged a $30 fee. Proof of 
payment must accompany the registration. 

All courses for which the student wishes to 
registrar for credit must be listed on the official 
registration form. The student is responsible for 
every course listed and can receive no credit for 
courses not listed on this form. After registra- 
tion day, official changes in registration may be 
made only through official drop/add cards 
approved by instructors whose courses are 
involved. Unless a course is officially dropped, a 
grade of F will be incurred if the students fails to 
meet the obligations of the course. No course 
may be added after the drop/add deadlines which 
are printed in the calendar in the back of this 


Any regularly registered full-time student may 
audit a course without fee, subject to permission of 
the instructor. Part-time students or students not 
registered for credit may attend courses as auditors 
subject to formal permission of the instructor and 
payment of an auditor's fee of $430. Entry is made 
on the student's permanent record concerning 
audited classes. A course taken for audit may be 
changed to credit with the instructor's permission, 
if the change is filed with the Registrar by the end 
of the eighth week of a semester. 


Courses may occasionally be canceled because of 
low enrollment; however, should this be the case, 
students will be notified in advance and assisted 
with arranging a satisfactory substitute. 



Eckerd College accords all of its students their full 
rights under the Family Educational Rights and 
Privacy Act of 1974, as amended. This Act 
provides that the institution will maintain the 
confidentiality of student education records. It 
establishes the right of students to inspect and 
review their education records, and provides 
guidelines for the correction of inaccurate or 
misleading data through formal and informal 

No one outside Eckerd College shall have access 
to nor will the college disclose any information 
from students' education records without the 
written consent of students except to personnel 
within the institutions in which students seek to 
enroll, to persons or organizations providing 
students financial aid, to accrediting agencies 
canying out their accreditation function, to 
persons in compliance with a judicial order, and to 
persons in an emergency in order to protect the 
health and safety of students or other persons. 

Within the Eckerd College community, only those 
members individually or collectively acting in the 
students' educational interests with a demon- 
strated need to know, are allowed access to student 

education records. Information may be released to 
parents of students as "dependent" unless they 
specifically inform the college within a reasonable 
period of time that they consider themselves to be 
"independent" and so prove that status with a 
certified copy of the parent's most recent Federal 
Income Tax form. 

Eckerd College may, at its discretion, provide 
Directory Information to anyone requesting it in 
accordance with the provisions of the Act, to 
include: student name, address, telephone number, 
date and place of birth, major field of study, dates of 
attendance, degrees and awards received, the most 
recent previous educational agency or institution 
attended by the student, participation in officially 
recognized activities and sports, and weight and 
height of members of athletic teams. Students may 
request that Directory Information be withheld by 
notifying the Registrar in writing by the end of add/ 
drop period of the fall semester. Request for 
nondisclosure will be honored by the institution for 
one academic year only; therefore, authorization to 
withhold Directory Information must be filed 
annually in the Office of the Registrar. 



(Alphabetically by Discipline) 
Meaning of Letters and Numbers 

1 . The first two letters indicate the discipline 
offering the course. 

2. The third letter indicates the collegium. A- 
Creative Arts; L-Letters; C-Comparative Cultures; 
B-Behavioral Science; N-Natural Sciences; F- 
Foundations; I-lnternational (offered abroad). 

3. Interdisciplinary courses are indicated by the 
collegial designations CRA-Creative Arts, BEB- 
Behavioral Science, CUC-Comparative 
Cultures, LTL-Letters, NAN-Natural Sciences, 
FDF-Foundations, INI-a course offered abroad, 
and QFM indicates Quest for Meaning perspec- 
tive course. 

4- The first digit of the three numbers indicates the 
level of the course: 1 and 2 indicate a course at 

the Freshman or Sophomore level; 3 and 4 
indicate a course at the Junior or Senior level. 

The second and third digits are used at the 
discretion of the collegium. 

331-332 indicates Special Topics 

410 indicates a Senior Seminar 

498 indicates Comprehensive Examination 

499 indicates Senior Thesis or Project 

Perspective courses are indicated by a letter after 
the third digit: A-Aesthetic, G-Global, E- 
Environmental, N-Scientific, S-Social Relations. 
Courses which meet the computation require- 
ment are indicated by M after the digits. 

The required four different perspective courses must be taken in four different collegia. 

Opportunities for independent study are available in all collegia. Independent study contracts are negotiated 
between the student and the faculty sponsor. Independent study contract forms are available in the Registrar's 

Directed studies are listed in this catalog. Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the Registrar's 
office. Some directed studies are available through the Program for Experienced Learners only. Please 
consult the PEL Director for a list of these. 

An academic minor is an option available to all students. The academic minor consists of five courses 
from a single major, to be determined by the faculty in charge of the major. A minor may be earned only in 
those courses in which a major exists. 



(Alphabetically by Discipline) 


Aesthetic perspective courses provide an introduc- 
tion to the powers, purposes, and expressive devices 
of the visual, performing, or literary arts. Whether in 
creative expression, aesthetic analysis, or historical 
appreciation, all assert the centrality of the arts as a 
means of human growth and expression, and provide 
students with a basis upon which to understand the 
creative process and make informed aesthetic value 

ARA 3 29 A The Art Experience 

For description see Art. 

ARI 321 A British Painting 1760-1960 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

CRA 141 A Introduction to the Arts 

History of music, literature, the visual arts, architec- 
ture, dance, and film correlated with the history of 
Western civilization for a deeper understanding and 
appreciation of the arts of the Western world. 

CRA 201A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

Immersion in the performing and visual arts of the 
Tampa Bay area, and an exploration of the creative 
process from the perspective of artist, performer, and 
audience. Field trips. 


Aesthetic Perspective Courses 

CRA 203A Aesthetics East and West 

Compare several art forms of the East and West, 
looking at what distinguishes art and what social and 
economic uses it serves in different cultures. Visits to 
museums and performances. 

CRA 225A Music and Architecture 

Fundamentals of art criticism applied to various 
"multimedia" phenomena; aesthetic theories 
extracted. Freshmen by permission of instructor. 

FDF 222A Writing Narrative/Constructing 

For description see Composition. 

FRC 3 07 A Literature and Film in 
Postwar France 

FRC 380A Introduction to French 
Literature and Culture 

For descriptions see Modern Languages, French. 

GRC 203A The World as Theatre 

GRC 205 A Heroes: Ethics on Stage 

(in translation) 

GRC 206A Heroes: Ethics on Stage 

(in German) 

GRC 255A The Third Reich in German 
Films (in translation) 

GRC 25 6 A The Third Reich in German 
Films (in German) 

GRC 355A Kafka, Mann, Wolf: Ethics 
in Prose (in translation) 

GRC 356A Kafka, Mann, Wolf: Ethics 

in Prose (in German) 

For descriptions see Modern Languages, German. 

HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

For description see History. 

L1L 209A Religion in Literature 

LIL 210A Human Experience in Literature 

LIA 242A Introduction to Native American 

LIA 267A Literature of Healing and Dying 

LIA 281 A The Rise of the Novel 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel 

LIL 349A Fiction from Around the World 

LI/THA 3 62 A Film and Literature 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

For descriptions see Literature. 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music Literature 
MUA 3 26 A American Music and Values 

MUA 33 1 A Topics in Music Literauture 

For descriptions see Music. 

PLL 263A Aesthetics 

For description see Philosophy. 

REL 242A Dead Prophets Society 

For description see Religious Studies. 

SPC 301 A/302 A Literature and Culture: 
Spain and Latin America 

SPC 310A Real/Surreal: Lorca, Bunuel, Dali 

For descriptions see Modern Languages, Spanish. 

THA 102 A The Living Theatre 

THA 265A CAD: Applications for the 

THA 3 22 A Communication Arts and 

THA 323A Literature in Performance 

THA/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

THA 382A Theatre Beyond Literature 

For descriptions see Theatre. 

THI 3 65 A Theatre in London 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 


A broad, interdisciplinary major in American 
civilization built around the core disciplines of 
history, political science, and literature. The program 
may also include courses in such fields as philosophy, 
religion, art, economics, and sociology. The student's 
program, developed in consultation with the Mentor 
and supervised by a three-member faculty commit- 
tee, should form a consistent pattern of courses in 
American culture and institutions. 

Students who complete the American studies major 
demonstrate the following competencies: 

— knowledge of American history, institutions, 
and culture, within an interdisciplinary 
perspective, demonstrated by the ability to talk 
and write intelligently about these fields. 

— ability to define and evaluate the myths and 
values of American culture. 

— knowledge of the development of the field of 
American studies as an academic discipline. 



— understanding of some of the characteristic 
methodologies of the field of American studies. 

— understanding of a sub-field in American studies 
(e.g., American history, American literature, 
American government, minorities studies) and 
how it relates to the larger field of American 
studies. An understanding of how the study of 
the sub-field is enriched by the interdisciplinary 
approach of American studies. 

— ability to relate together the various courses and 
approaches that have been taken as a part of the 
major program, and to defend the interdiscipli- 
nary approach to the study of America. 

— familiarity with some of the classic works in 
American studies that relate the fields of 
American literature and history and the ability 
to evaluate the author's methodology. 

— demonstrated ability to undertake a research 
project that will explore important issues and 
problems in methodology and interpretation of 
American studies. 

The program includes a minimum of ten courses, 
with at least five from one discipline. Six of the ten 
courses must be beyond the introductory level. One 
of the seminars listed below, which also meet the 
Social Relations Perspective course requirement, 
should be included in the major. 

AML 306S American Myths, 
American Values 

Myths in American history, literature, and religion 
which shape Americans' understanding of their 
identity and history. 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries, and Reformers 
(Directed Study available) 

Reform and radical ideology of the 19th and 20th 
centuries. Populism, progressivism; nationalist, civil 
rights, peace, feminist, environmental movements. 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 
(Directed Study available) 

Changing perspectives on what it means to be male 
or female in the U.S. Historical origins and sources 
of values concerning masculinity and femininity. 

AML 400 Theory and Practice in 
American Studies 

Integrating, capstone course for American studies 
majors. Develop an understanding of the field as an 
academic discipline and the relationship between 
the various disciplines that make up the field. 


Anthropology is the holistic study of humankind, 
embracing cultural diversity, human origins, 
linguistics, and the application of knowledge to 
current social problems. 

Those completing the anthropology major demon- 
strate the ability to: 

— define and discuss the differences between the 
biological and the cultural aspects of human- 
kind, and the interdependence of these two 

— conduct literature research and engage in 
scholarly writing that is logically cohesive and 
properly documented. 

:ivity and 

explain the concept of cultural relativi 
discuss the implications for intercultur; 

— distinguish arguments or positions based on 
sound data and logically reasoned, from those 
which lack sound supporting data and/or rest on 
questionable assumptions. 

They must have: 

— knowledge and experience in the fundamentals 
of empirical research, including anthropological 
methods and techniques of gathering data, data 
analysis, and the writing of a research report. 

— familiarity with a variety of topical, regional and 
applied fields of inquiry. 

— preparedness for graduate programs in the field 
of anthropology and in related multicultural and 
international fields. 

The goals include introducing students to the 
different career choices in the academic world and in 
international business. 

Requirements for the major include successful 
completion of six core courses: Introduction to 
Anthropology, Research Methodology, Anthropo- 
logical Theory, Physical Anthropology, Statistical 
Methods, Linguistics or Field Archaeology; plus 
completion of five other courses in anthropology, 
two of which must be applied courses, and an oral 
comprehensive examination, with a C or better in 
all courses. In addition, anthropology majors must 
participate in at least one overseas study experience 
during their time at Eckerd College, ideally in a non- 
Western culture. Exceptions can be made only after 
consultation with the anthropology faculty. 



Sequencing: Introduction to Anthropology in the 
Freshman year or as the foundation course on which 
the succeeding courses are built, and all other 
anthropology courses, with the exception of 
Introduction to Anthropological Research Method- 
ology and Anthropological Theory, which are taken 
in the Junior or Senior year. 

Requirements for the minor are Introduction to 
Anthropology, and any additional four courses in 

ANC 20 1G Introduction to Anthropology 

Introduction to the four fields of anthropology: 
physical, cultural, linguistics, and archaeology. 
Includes such topics as economy and exchange, 
religion, political organization, kinship, and gender 
roles, from a comparative perspective. 

ANC 202 Introduction to Field Archaeology 

Participation in a field experience. Prerequisite: 
ANC 20 1G or permission of instructor. 

ANC 203G Cultures of the Middle East 

Islamic cultures and changes that have taken place 
through contact with the West. Environment, 
religion, social organizations, rural and urban factors, 
status of women, development of nationalism. 

ANC 205 Introduction to Primate Studies 

Evolution of diversity, socioecology, behavior, social 
relationships, communication, intelligence of 
primates; conservation and biomedical research. 
Observation techniques through field project. 
Prerequisites: ANC 20 1G and/or 240; biology majors 
with permission of instructor. 

ANC 207 Chinese Communist Society 

Family, child-raising, position of women; nurseries, 
schools, clinics; Revolutionary Committees. China's 
politics since the death of Mao. 

ANC 208 Human Sexuality 

Overview of human sexuality, including crosscultural 
and evolutionary perspectives. Range of sexual 
behavior and attitudes exhibited by humans, to help 
put one's own sexuality in perspective. 

ANC/LIA 230 Linguistics 

The scientific study of language and its context: the 
elements of language and its uses in personal 
thought, social interaction, cultural values and 

ANC 240 Physical Anthropology 

Concepts, theories, methodologies used in the study 
of homo sapiens: evolutionary theory, primate 
behavior, fossil evidence, human adaptation, 
sociobiology, and aggression. 

ANC/IBC 260 The Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

Challenge of conducting business operations 
successfully in a cultural environment distinct from 
one's own. 

ANC/IBC 262G Environment, Population 
and Culture 

Long-range anthropological view of population 
growth and technology, prime movers of cultural 
evolution, from prehistoric times to present, using 
China as a case study. 

ANC 282G East Asian Area Studies 

Examination of the more enduring features of China 
and Japan, through art, architecture, literature, 
customs, religious beliefs and intellectual traditions. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore standing. 

ANC 285 G Latin American Area Studies 

A multidisciplinary, contemporary overview of the 
peoples and cultures, achievements and challenges 
faced in Latin America. 

ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

Cultural heritage of Sub-Saharan nations, including 
history, economy, politics and social structure. 
Selected ethnographies for in-depth study. 

ANC 333 Introduction to Anthropological 
Research Methodology 

Design and implementation of different types of 
research modes. Field work projects. Prerequisite: 
ANC 201 or permission of instructor. 

ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

Relationships between environment and cultural 

ANC 336 Ethnic Identity 

Role of ethnic identity in nationalism, non- 
assimilation of minorities, intercultural understand- 
ing, communication and interaction. 

ANC 337 Anthropology and Education 

Contemporary problems facing educators and 
learners in formal and nonformal education in the 
Third World and in minority groups. Methods of 
conducting ethnological fieldwork in education. 
Major trends in role of education in development. 
Prerequisite: ANC 201G. 

ANC 338 Anthropology and Religion 

Religious beginnings, role in human life, and move- 
ments from an anthropological viewpoint. Primitive 
religions, movements in industrialized society. Selected 
case studies. Prerequisite: ANC 20 1G (exceptions 
made for religion and other interested majors). 



ANC 339 Developmental Anthropology 

Population growth, hunger and nutrition, agricul- 
tural development, role of cultural factors such as 
economic decision-making, risk-taking, gender roles. 
Prerequisite: Sophomore or better or permission of 
instructor. ANC 20 1G recommended. 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 
Conflict and its resolution in other cultures, gender, 
family, education, corporate, xenophobia, prejudice. 
Methods of resolution such as third party, negotia- 
tion, mediation, arbitration. Prerequisite: Sophomore 
or better or permission of instructor. ANC 20 1G 

ANC 350 (Directed Study) Introduction to 
Museum Work 

Hands-on experience with artifacts, cataloging, 
restoring and cleaning, designing and constructing 
an exhibit based on research. Minimum 120 hours. 
Prerequisite: at least one anthropology course and 
consent of instructor. 

ANC/IBC 361 International Management 

For description see International Business. 

ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

Senior seminar for anthropology majors. Schools of 
thought on evolution, diversity, diffusionism, culture 
and personality. 


The visual arts major is process and project oriented. 
Students develop their own area of emphasis, 
focusing on imagery and content through their 
chosen media. The major should be seen as the 
central part of the student's education, with other 
college requirements and electives serving to shape 
the young artist as a whole person. 

Specific focus and courses for the major are worked 
out with a visual arts Mentor. Every program must 
consist of a minimum of ten studio courses, including 
ABA 101,102, and 320, plus two approved courses 
in art history from outside the discipline. Every 
student must pass the required Sophomore show 
review in the categories of drawing and design before 
undertaking the Senior thesis exhibition. The Senior 
thesis exhibition is required of all majors for 
graduation, and must demonstrate technical 
competence and a developed artistic vision, the 
ability to work in a sustained way with a visual 
problem or problems, and to organize gallery space 
coherently. A required Senior seminar in the final 
semester concludes the visual arts major. 

Requirement for Junior Transfer Students 

A student transferring from another college at the 
Junior level and electing to major in art must submit 
a portfolio of work demonstrating competency in 
drawing and design as a substitute for the required 
Sophomore show. Students unprepared to submit a 
portfolio or who do not demonstrate competency in 
both areas may not expect to graduate in two years 
with a major in visual arts. 

The normal four year program moves from structured 
courses, to greater freedom, to the independently 
executed Senior thesis show. 


Visual Problem Solving 
Drawing Fundamentals 
Choice of workshop courses 


Choice of workshop courses 
Sophomore show 
Art History 


Art History 

Choice of workshop courses 

Studio Critique 


Thesis show preparation 
Senior thesis show 
Senior Seminar 

An art minor consists of ARA 101,102, and one 
approved course in art history, plus three other studio 
courses approved by the art faculty for qualification 
for the minor. 

ARA 101 Visual Problem Solving 

Systematic approach to visual arts, developing skills in 
spatial organization, relating forms in sequence, 
discovering uniqueness, personal approach to solutions, 
even within nanow, arbitrarily prescribed bounds. 

ARA 102 Drawing Fundamentals 

For the novice or the initiated, an immersion in new 
ways of seeing, eye-hand coordination, self-discovery, and 
self-expression through varied drawing media, using as 
sources the figure, still-life, nature, and imagination. 

ARA 205 Calligraphy I 

The calligraphy styles of England, Europe and 
America. Introductory survey open to all students 
regardless of major. 

ARA 206 British Calligraphy 

Learning two British styles of alphabet letter forms. 
Weekly writing assignments and five finished, formal 
examples of each style, matted or shrink-wrapped. 
Not open to Freshmen. 



ARA 207 American Calligraphy 

Learn to write in two American alphabet styles. 
Course-long journal, final five calligraphy works, 
matted or shrink-wrapped. 

ARA 222 Clay I 

For beginners, the fundamentals of ceramic materi- 
als, handforming, recycling, glazing, firing. Laborato- 
ries with supervised working time and lectures on 
technical knowledge. 

ARA 223 Relief Printing 

In-depth investigation of one of the oldest print 
mediums, using linoleum as the primary matrix to 
explore design and graphic imagery in both black 
and white and color. Prerequisite: ARA 101 or 102. 

ARA 225 Etching 

Basic techniques of etching, including hard and soft 
grounds, aquatint, drypoint, open biting, embossing, 
and color printing. Experimentation and an 
imaginative approach is expected. Prerequisites: 
ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 227 Magic, Mythology and Ritual Art 

Collage and assemblage objects used in rituals 
throughout history, with papers documenting 
content, process and history. 

ARA 228 Painting Workshop 

Introduction to process of painting with emphasis on 
each student finding his/her own imagery, exploring 
technical means. Any medium or combination 
allowed. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 229 Photography as Image Gathering 

Process, techniques, and aesthetics of taking and 
developing black and white photographs. No 
prerequisites, but the student should have access to a 
camera with adjustable aperture and shutter speeds. 

ARA 24 1 Intermediate Drawing 

A variety of traditional and non- traditional drawing 
media. Visit museums and galleries. Prerequisite: 
ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 301 Collage and Assemblage 

Production of two- and three-dimensional objects 
and images, employing various materials, exploring 
the interface between painting and sculpturing. 
Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 102. 

ARA 303 Asian Art and Techniques 

Leam oriental art appreciation. Explore and practice 
the forms, styles, techniques and materials of oriental 
art (mostly Chinese). Prerequisites: ARA 101 or 102 
or permission of instructor by portfolio review. 

ARA 305 Design and Techniques of 

Fine letterpress printing through a studio course in 
the techniques of platen and cylinder press. 

ARA 306 Calligraphy II 

Further development of skills in one particular 
British or American alphabet, with its history and 
various uses. Prerequisite: ARA 206 or 207 and 
permission of instructor. 

ARA 308 Throwing on the Potter's Wheel 

Throwing instruction and practice. Skill, aesthetic 
considerations, techniques and critiques. Prerequi- 
site: ARA 222 or permission of instructor. Offered 
alternate semesters. 

ARA 309 Ceramic Sculpture 

Various techniques from forming through surface 
finishes. Clay as a sculpture medium from prehistoric 
through contemporary use, with an overview of 
history. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 222. 

ARA 320/420 Studio Critique 

Maximum of independence with regular critiques, 
each student preparing a contract for work in media 
of the student's choice. Class used for review of work, 
field trips and discussion. Prerequisites: art majors 
only who have completed the Sophomore show 

ARA 321 Advanced Drawing 

Critique forum for students ready to do serious work 
in various drawing media, developing a personal 
mode of expression. Emphasis on experimentation 
with new materials and ideas. Must be capable of 
working independently. Prerequisites: ARA 101,102 
and permission of instructor. 

ARA 322 Advanced Photography Critique 

Intensive independent projects designed to encour- 
age imaginative examination of the local environ- 
ment Class critiques weekly. Evaluation on final 
portfolio of at least 20 finished mounted prints 
exhibiting technical excellence and creative insight. 
Prerequisite: ARA 229 and permission of instructor. 

ARA 325 Monoprinting 

Use etching press to explore ways of achieving 
single-impression images through use of oil, water- 
color and printing inks. Demonstrations, critiques, 
individual supervision, culminating in exhibition at 
end of semester. Prerequisites: ARA 101 and 102. 



ARA 327 Painting Workshop II 

ARA 328 Painting Workshop III 

Continuation of process begun in ARA 228. Individual 
instruction with periodic group critiques. Emphasis on 
larger scale works and technical appropriateness. 
Prerequisites: ARA 228 for 327; 327 for 328. 

ARA 329A The Art Experience 

Students select one artist and do art works and 
research on the life and times of that artist, and 
make a presentation on both the art works and the 
facts. Not open to Freshmen. Sophomores with 
instructor's permission. 

ARA 342 Introduction to Graphic Design 

Basic elements of graphic design: typography, 
modern print techniques, illustration, photography 
in advertising, publishing, mass media. For Juniors 
and Seniors; others by permission. 

ARA 343 Introduction to Computer Art 

The importance, versatility, persuasiveness and 
potential of computer art. Become familiar with 
computer graphics programs and develop personal 
electronic art languages. Prerequisite: ARA 101 and 
102, or permission of instructor. 

ARA 344 Computer Art II 

Intermediate level based on ARA 343. Prerequisite: 
ARA 101, 102, 343, or permission of instructor. 

ARA 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

Senior thesis closure. Critiques, slide-making, 
portfolio building, resume writing, interviews with 
artists, visits to off-campus art events, graduate 
school concerns, larger art issues. 

ARA 420 Studio Critique 

For description see ARA 320. 

ARA 499 Senior Thesis and Seminar 

For Senior art majors preparing thesis shows, self- 
structured time to work, regular weekly meetings, 
critiques, practice in hanging and criticizing shows. 
Personal, individual discussion time with instructor. 
Prerequisite: Senior major in art. 

ARI 321 A Art History: British Painting 

ARI 351 (Directed Study) History of 
English Architecture 

For descriptions see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

CRA 201A Triartic Aesthetics: 

Understanding the Arts 

For description see Aesthetic Perspective Courses. 


Descriptions of autumn term projects are published 
in a separate brochure. 


The biology major is designed to give a broad pre- 
professional background for students interested in 
careers in biology, marine biology, biomedical 
science, environment, and related fields. 

Biology students are required to demonstrate basic 
knowledge in seven areas of the life sciences 
(invertebrate, vertebrate, botany, cell, genetics, 
physiology and ecology). They learn how to develop 
experiments to test appropriate hypotheses, use skills 
and laboratory techniques necessary for investigative 
research, gather and analyze data, and evaluate and 
synthesize information thus obtained. They gain an 
appreciation of the history of the life sciences and 
see their connection to study areas included in the 
biology major curriculum, and the relationship of 
information gained from a scientific perspective to 
values-oriented issues in their lives. Through this 
program, students also have the opportunity to 
improve and perfect their listening, writing and 
speaking abilities. 

Students demonstrate achievement of the biology 
program by satisfactory completion of a Senior 
comprehensive or thesis exam, and ordinarily the 
following courses: Biodiversity I and II (or equiva- 
lent), Cell Biology, Genetics, Physiology, Ecology, 
and two acceptable electives. Each student must also 
satisfactorily complete Biology Seminar, and Organic 
Structure and Chemical Reactivity I and II. 

For the B.S. degree: (pre-professional) 

Students must meet the major and general education 
requirements (including prerequisites) by including 
in their program BIN 303, 314 (the "investigative" 
courses), MAN 13 1M, MAN 133 or BEB 260M 
(calculus and statistics), CHN 111, 112 and CF1N 
211,212 (organic, inorganic and analytical chemis- 
try), and PHN 241, 242 (physics). Students 
participating in off-campus programs may petition 
for alternatives to these specifications. 

For the B.S. degree, foreign language may be taken 
in the Junior year to accommodate the early 
completion or prerequisite course in chemistry and 



For the B.A. degree: (liberal am) 

Students must meet the major and general education 
requirements in the context of a more diverse 
program than that specified for the B.S. At least 12 
(8 core biology courses, plus 4 more courses in the 
natural sciences and mathematics) are required. BIN 
305 and BIN 306 may be substituted for the 
"investigative courses." 

A possible sequence for the B.S. or B.A. degree in 


Biodiversity I and II 

Calculus I for the B.S., a mathematics course for 

the B.A. 
Organic Structure and Chemical Reactivity I 

and II 
Statistics for the B.S. 

Cell Biology 

Inorganic Chemistry and Analytical Chemistry 
Biology Elective 


Genetics with laboratory for the B.S., without for 

the B.A. 
Physics I and II 
Physiology with laboratory for the B.S., without 

for the B.A. 
Biology Seminar 



Advanced Biology course or Biochemistry I 

and II 
Senior Seminar 
Senior Comprehensive Examination or Thesis 

Students who major in biology may not also major in 
marine science (biology track). 

A minor requires five biology courses, not including 
more than two at the 100 level, perspective courses, 
or directed or independent studies. At least one of 
the five courses must be at the 300 or above level. 

BIN 100/101 Biodiversity I and II 

Survey of all living organisms, variability in structure 
and function, environmental roles and evolutionary 
relationships. Provides solid foundation for organis- 
mic biology for beginning students. 

BIN 187 Plant Biology 

Evolution, diversity and development of plants, their 
place in the ecosystem and responses to environmen- 
tal conditions. Vascular, non-vascular marine, 
freshwater and land plants. Field trips. 

BIN/MSN 188 Marine and 
Freshwater Botany 

BIN/MSN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

For descriptions see Marine Science. 

BIN 200 Biology of Vertebrates 

Classification, evolutionary history, structure, neo- 
Darwinian evolution and evolutionary features as 
seen in anatomy of aquatic and terrestrial chordates. 

BIN 202 Cell Biology 

Structure, function and the flow of energy as the 
unifying principle linking photosynthesis, anaerobic, 
aerobic respiration and expenditure of energy by the 
cell. Prerequisites: CHN 111 and Sophomore standing. 

BIN 204 Microbiology 

Biology of microorganisms; microbiological techniques, 
isolation and identification of unknown organisms. 

BIN 250 (Directed Study) Exploration 
in Human Nutrition 

Available through summer term or Special Programs 
only. Suitable for non-science majors. For students 
curious about their own nutritional needs, who may 
be confused by the many myths currently perpetu- 
ated in popular literature. 

BIN 301 Principles of Ecology 

Physical, chemical and biological relationships in 
natural communities. Field work in nearby ponds and 
Gulf shoreline. Prerequisites: Junior or Senior standing. 
Corequisite: BPN 303 or 305 or permission of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

For description see Marine Science. 

BIN 303 Genetics: Investigative 

Mendelian and transcription genetics from historical 
perspective. Experimental approach emphasized. 
Small lab groups participate in experimental design, 
and develop research skills in molecular biology. 
Prerequisite: CHN 111, 112, BIN 202 or permission 
of instructor. Corequisite CHN 211. Marine science 
majors may substitute MSN 301 for CHN 221/2. 

BIN 305 Genetics: Interpretive 

See BIN 303. Library research project in place of 
investigative lab. Prerequisite: CHN 111, 112. 

BIN 307 Ecology of Amphibians and Reptiles 

Fundamental concepts in ecology through amphib- 
ians and reptiles. Meets ecology requirement for 
biology, marine science and environmental science 
majors. Prerequisite: BIN 101 or 200. 



BIN 308 General and Molecular Physiology 

Mammalian nervous, endocrine, muscle, cardiovas- 
cular, respiratory, digestive, urinary, immune, 
reproductive systems. Macro and molecular aspects. 
Prerequisites: BIN 202 andCHN 111, 112. 

BIN 310 Techniques in Electron Microscopy 

Research techniques such as tissue preparation, 
sectioning with an ultramicrotome, filming observa- 
tions. Prerequisites: Junior standing, science major, 
permission of instructor. 

BIN/MSN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

For description see Marine Science. 

BIN/MSN 314 Comparative Physiology: 

Physiological mechanisms o{ animals and general 
principles revealed through application of compara- 
tive methods. Creative project lab to develop 
research skills. Prerequisite: CHN 111,112, 211, BIN 
202, 303. 

BIN/MSN 315 Elasmobranch Biology and 

Systematics, evolution, ecology, behavior, and 
anatomical and psysiological adaptations of sharks 
and rays. Current scientific research, human impact, 
how popultions can be managed. Prerequisites: BIN 
101 or 200 and Junior standing. 

BIN 316 Comparative Physiology: 

See BIN 314. Library research project or indepen- 
dent alternative in place of investigative lab. 
Corequisite: CHN 122. 

BIN 350 Human Physiology (Directed Study) 

Nerves, muscles, sense and endocrine organs; 
cardiovascular, respiratory, digestive, reproductive, 
excretory systems; metabolic integration. Suitable for 
biology majors off-campus unable to take scheduled 
physiology courses. Prerequisites: CHN 122, BIN 
202 and permission of instructor 

BIN/MSN 402 Marine Ecology 

For description see Marine Science. 

BIN 406 Advanced Topics in Botany 

Subjects investigated determined by student interest. 
Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188. 

BIN 407 Paleobotany 

Ancient environments and formation of fossils, 
evolution of plants, research techniques, field trips. 
Prerequisite: BIN 187 or 188, at least Junior standing 
and permission of instructor. 

BIN 408/410 Biology Seminar 
(2-year sequence) 

Topical concerns in biology, especially those not fully 
explored in other areas of the biology curriculum. 
Junior, Senior biology majors participate for one 
course credit; Sophomores invited to attend. 

BIN 420 Advanced Ecology and Evolution 

Read and evaluate scientific literature and conduct a 
semester- long independent field research project on 
selected topic. Prerequisites: B or better in BIN 301 
and permission of instructor. 

BIN 422 Advanced Topics in Genetics 

Selected topics from contemporary areas of genetics. 
Gene regulation, oncogenes, immunogenetics, 
genetic engineering, human genetics. Biological and 
social implications. Prerequisite: BIN 303 or 305 or 
permission of instructor. 

BIN 430 Independent Research in Biology 

For students interested in pursuing careers in biology, 
intensive instruction in use of laboratory and/or field 
equipment. Various methodology approaches, 
current and historical, used in scientific investiga- 
tion. Prerequisites: CHN 111, 112, 211, 212, BIN 
202, 303, and instructor's permission. 

BIN 499 Independent Research ' Thesis 

Upon invitation, Seniors may design and carry out a 
creative research program, usually resulting in a 
written dissertation which is defended in the spring. 

NAN 320 Introduction to Research: 
Scientific Communication 

Historical and philosophical framework for scientific 
inquiry, modern techniques for bibliographic 
research, writing scientifically and making scientific 
presentations. Prerequisite: must be doing collabora- 
tive scientific research with a faculty member. 

See also Marine Science and Sea Semester. 


The capabilities and skills that chemistry majors are 
expected to attain include knowledge of chemical 
synthesis, analysis, and theory. In addition, students 
acquire competence in laboratory techniques, the 
use of chemical instrumentation, written and oral 
communication, and the ability to use the chemical 

Students entering Eckerd College after 1992 may 
select from three degree programs which include the 
following course requirements: 



For the B.A. degree: 

CHN 111,112, 211, 212, 312, 321, 326, and 
one upper level chemistry elective. 

For the B.S. degree: 

CHN 111,112, 211, 212, 312, 321, 322, 326, 
424 and one upper level chemistry elective. 

For the B.S. degree (Certified): 

CHN 111,112, 211, 212, 312, 321, 322, 326, 
415, 424, 429 or 499, and one upper level 
chemistry elective. 

The B.S. (Certified) degree has been approved by 
the American Chemical Society. 

For any degree, students must also take MAN 131/2, 
PHN 241/2 and CHN 428/410 Chemistry Senior 
Seminar. Additionally, students must satisfy the 
collegium requirement of 12 courses for the B.A. 
degree and 16 courses for either of the B.S. degrees. 
A working knowledge of computers is strongly 
recommended for all courses beyond CHN 212. 
Finally, students must maintain a C average or better 
in courses within the chemistry discipline and 
supporting courses. 

Students entering Eckerd in 1993 or later may obtain 
a minor in chemistry by earning at least a C in CHN 
111 and any four of the following: CHN 211,212, 

For the B.S. degree, Biochemistry Track: 

CHN 111, 112, 211, 212, 415, 417, 420, MAN 
DIM, MAN 132, PHN, 241, PHN 242, BIN 
100, BIN 101, BIN 202, BIN 303, BIN 308. 

Two of the following courses could be used to replace 
the Biodiversity I and II sequence: MSN/BIN 188 
Marine and Freshwater Botany, MSN/BIN 189 
Marine Invertebrate Biology and BIN 200 Biology of 
Invertebrates. Also CHN may be taken in place of 
CHN 420, although CHN 420 is preferred for this 

Because the introductory courses for the Eckerd 
chemistry curriculum (CHN 111, 112, 211 and 212) 
are different from most other programs, students are 
advised to take all introductory courses from the 
same institution, or to consult closely with the 
chemistry faculty before seeking to transfer chemistry 
credits to Eckerd College. 

CHN 110 Introduction to Chemistry 

Chemical principles and problem-solving skills. 
Biweekly labs. Not open to students who have 
completed CHN 1 1 1 or 121 with a grade of C or 
better. Prerequisite: high school algebra. 

CHN 111 Organic Structure and Reactivity I 

First of two-part sequence of active involvement in 
acquiring an understanding of chemical change for 
carbon-containing compounds. Laboratory. Prerequi- 
site: high school chemistry or CHN 110 with grade 
of Cor better. 

CHN 112 Organic Structure and Reactivity II 

Continuation of part I above. Laboratory. Prerequi- 
site: CHN 1 1 1 with a C or better. 

CHN/PHN 209N Survey of Astronomy 

Planets, starts, galaxies, celestial motion. Some night 
observing sessions. 

CHN 211 Inorganic Chemistry 

Atomic structure, chemical bonding, periodic 
relationships, reactions and properties of representa- 
tive inorganic compounds, introduction to quantita- 
tive aspects of thermodynamics and kinetics. 
Prerequisite: CHN 111 with a grade of C or better. 
Corequisite: MAN 13 1M. 

CHN 212 Analytical Chemistry 

An extensive treatment of chemical equilibria 
including acid-base, redox, solubility, and complex- 
ation with applications to chemical analysis. 
Prerequisite: CHN 211 with a grade of C or better. 

CHN 312 Intermediate Organic Chemistry 

Formation of carbon-carbon bonds with stere- 
ochemical control and efficient functional group 
interconversions. NMR spectroscopy and application 
to stucture determination of complex natural and 
synthetic products. Prerequisites: CHN 112 and 212 
with C or higher, or permission of instructor. 

CHN 321 Physical Chemistry I: Investigative 

Laws of thermodynamics, free energy, and chemical 
equilibrium; solutions of electrolytes, non-electro- 
lytes; electrochemistry, chemical kinetic theory. 
Prerequisites: CHN 212, MAN 132, PHN 242 or 
permission of instructor. 

CHN 322 Physical Chemistry II: Investigative 

Wave mechanics, chemical bonding, atomic and 
molecular spectroscopy, statistical thermodynamics 
and some molecular symmetry. Prerequisite: 
CHN 321. 

CHN 323 Physical Chemistry I: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 321. 

CHN 324 Physical Chemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 322. 



CHN 326 Instrumental Analysis 

Practical application of modern experimental 
techniques and modern chemical instrumentation. 
Required of all chemistry majors, normally in the 
Junior year. Prerequisites: CHN 212 and PHN 242. 

CHN 410 Chemistry Seminar 
See CHN 428 below 

CHN 415 Biochemistry I: Investigative 

The study of structures, functions, the dynamics of 
proteins, the role of genetic biomolecules, and some 
of the metabolic cycles in the body as related to the 
chemistry of these molecules. Prerequisites: CHN 
112, CHN 212, and class standing of Junior or 
Senior, or by permission of instructor. 

CHN 416 Biochemistry I: Interpretive 

Non- laboratory version of CHN 415. 

CHN 417 Biochemistry II: Investigative 

A continuation of CHN 415. Biosynthesis of 
macromolecular precursors, in-depth study of genetic 
functions, and interactions between the conforma- 
tion of the macromolecules and their roles in 
metabolism and physiological processes. Prerequisite: 
CHN 415. 

CHN 418 Biochemistry II: Interpretive 

Non-laboratory version of CHN 417. 

CHN 420 Physical Chemistry in the 
Life Sciences 

Ties together many aspects of chemistry, biology, and 
physics introduced in earlier courses. Thermodynam- 
ics, transport properties, kinetics, quantum mechan- 
ics, molecular interactions. Prerequisite or 
corequisite: CHN 417. 

CHN 422 Advanced Organic Chemistry 

Mass spectroscopy; advanced synthetic methods, 
elucidation of reaction mechanism, stereochemistry, 
molecular rearrangements and orbital theory. 
Prerequisites: CHN 312 and 322. 

CHN 424 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 

Electronic structure and properties of the atom, 
among them covalent bond, stereochemistry, solid 
state, acid-base, thermodynamics; reaction mecha- 
nisms, non-aqueous solvents, boron hydride 
chemistry. Prerequisite: CHN 321 and 326. 

CHN 428/410 Chemistry Seminar 
(2 year sequence) 

For Junior and Senior chemistry majors. One course 
credit on satisfactory completion of two years of 
participation. Continuation in seminar contingent 
on satisfactory progress in upper division courses. 

CHN 429 Senior Research in Chemistry 

Independent laboratory research in one of the major 
areas of chemistry. Elective for B. A. or B.S. in Senior 
year, required for non-thesis B.S. (Certified) 
chemistry majors. Prerequisite: CHN 326 and 
permission of instructor. 

CHN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Chemistry students with superior ability may be 
invited to do independent research with a member of 
the chemistry staff during their Senior year, and write 
and defend a research thesis before a thesis committee. 


CLL 200 Classical Mythology 

CLL/HIL 242 Ancient Mediterranean 

CLL 270 Classical Literature in Translation 


Comparative literature is an interdisciplinary 
approach to literature. Students declare three areas: 
five courses in a literature (commonly English and/or 
American), three courses in a foreign language (such 
as French, German or Spanish), of which at least 
two are literature courses, and two courses in a 
second foreign language (at any level), or in another 
discipline (such as history, religion, philosophy, etc.), 
or in an approved specialty (world literature in 
translation, myth, the Don Juan tradition, etc.). 
Students should have one course using comparative 
methodology. Linguistics and literary criticism are 

Students develop competencies in comparative 
techniques, literary analogues and influences, 
research methods, and interdisciplinary work. 
Coursework is shaped to individual student pro- 
grams, typically moving from introductory levels to 
advanced work, often culminating in a thesis. 


Composition courses emphasize the ways different 
writing processes lead to successful learning and 
communication. All address the conventions of 
expository writing, standard English usage, documen- 
tation, and preparation of portfolios for competency 
evaluation. Students in composition courses are 
urged to complete their assignments using the word 
processing facilities in the college's computer 
laboratories. The Writing Center, a service of the 



Writing Excellence Program, supplements composi- 
tion courses and provides assistance to students 
regarding any writing task. 

Credit for FDF 121, 122, and 123 is limited: students 
whose native language is English may take only two 
for credit; students with other native languages may 
take three for credit. Students may take advanced 
composition courses for additional credit. 

FDF 121 Writing Processes 

Introduction to writing processes: pre-writing, drafting, 
revising, editing. Development of a personal voice to 
express ideas and values. Journal, academic essays, proper 
use of resources, including documentation. 

FDF 122 Analytic and Persuasive Writing 

Critical reading and analysis of texts, with attention 
to audience, organization, evidence, persuasion. 
Collegiate research report: research questions, 
writing from sources, presenting evidence logically. 
Theme sections announced at preregistration. 

FDF 123 Resourceful Writing 

Individual assignments to sharpen thinking, editing, 
research skills. Audience awareness, broadening 
student's repertoire, enriching language use. Usually 
requires major research paper. Theme sections 
announced at preregistration.. 

FDF 222A Narratives of Knowledge 

Explore the relationship between quest and narrative 
through a study of selected Western texts, raising 
questions about the construction of meaning and 
community in our lives. 

FDF 321 Composition Theory and Learning 

The role of writing in learning, theories of composi- 
tion, analysis of writing processes, designing units of 
instruction. Group inquiry techniques and collabora- 
tive writing assignments. Practicum in tutoring. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing, completion of writing 
competency requirement, or instructor's permission. 

FDF 322 Researching and Writing in the 

Write a major paper in a humanities discipline, with 
ongoing evaluation of researching and writing 
techniques. Participate in writing groups, keep a 
research notebook. Prerequisite: Sophomore 

FDF 323 Organizational Communication 

Effective written, oral, visual, and computer- 
mediated communication in the context of modern 
business practice. Prerequisite: Junior standing or 
instructor's permission. 

FDF 324 Thinking, Researching, 
Writing Science 

Interdisciplinary team-taught course designed to help 
students in the sciences develop writing skills, 
epistemological perspective, and ethical sense to 
communicate scientific knowledge to science and lay 
audiences. Prerequisite: passed portfolio requirement, 
or permission of instructor. Corequisite: enrollment 
in science course with a lab. 

FDF 325 Writing Environmental Policy 

Writing environmental proposals, policy, and impact 
statements, and critical analysis of and presentations 
of solutions to environmental problems. Strategies 
for legal research. Case study ethics component. 
Prerequisite: must have passed writing competency, 
or have taken another writing course, or have 
permission of instructor. 


Students majoring in computer science acquire a 
knowledge of basic and advanced algorithm design 
and programming, as well as the underlying prin- 
ciples, design, and implementation of the major 
components of computing systems. Achievement of 
the required competencies is demonstrated by 
successful completion of a Senior comprehensive 
examination or thesis and by the successful comple- 
tion of the four required computer science courses 
(CSN 143, CSN 221, CSN 222, and CSN 301 ) and 
a minimum of four computer science elective courses 
numbered CSN 320 or greater. 

The course requirements for the computer science 
major are composed of two parts: the program core, 
and the program specialization. The core is a 
structured sequence of four computer science courses 
(Introduction to Computer Science, Data Structures, 
Computer Systems, Theory of Computing) and four 
mathematics courses (Calculus I, Discrete Math- 
ematics, Statistics, Linear Algebra). 

The specialization, composed of a minimum of four 
computer science electives numbered 320 or greater 
pursued during the Junior and Senior years, is less 
structured, allowing the student to emphasize his or 
her special interests. The Computer Science 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior years. 
This is a total of 12 courses (not including the 
seminar) for the Bachelor of Arts. 

Four additional courses from advanced computer 
science (320 level or above), mathematics or physics, 
are required for the Bachelor of Science. 


Computer Science 

For computer science students interested in a 
mathematics minor or a double major (computer 
science and mathematics), Combinatorial Math- 
ematics may be substituted for Discrete Mathemat- 
ics, and Probability and Statistics I for Statistics. 

A minor in computer science requires completion of 
CSN 143M, 221, and three computer science courses 
numbered 300 or above. 

CSN 1 10 Wide World of Computing 

Introduction to computers, computer science, 
information processing technology. Word processor, 
spreadsheet, programming. For majors with no 
previous experience, and non-majors wanting an 
introduction that is not programming intensive. 

CSN 143M Introduction to Computer Science 

History of computing: overview of the elements of a 
computer system; problem solving and algorithm 
development; Pascal programming for numeric and 
non-numeric problems. Prerequisites: mathematics 
placement at the calculus ready level and CSN 110 
or equivalent. For students in all majors who want to 
acquire programming and computer skills. 

CSN/MNB 202 Cobol Programming 

Problem solving using the Cobol language. Prerequi- 
sites: CSN 143M, MNB 210 or permission of 

CSN 221 Data Structures 

Continuation of program design and algorithm 
analysis. Identification and evaluation o{ classes of 
problems solvable through well-defined data 
structures and algorithms including stacks, recursion, 
lists, linked lists, trees, searching and sorting. 
Prerequisite: CSN 143M. 

CSN 301 Theory of Computing 

Abstract basis of computing machines and languages; 
introduction to finite automata, formal languages, 
Turing machines, and complexity theory. Prerequi- 
sites: CSN 221 and MAN 143. 

CSN 310 Computer Architecture 

Architectural and hardware elements of computing 
machines; central processing unit including micro- 
machine, registers, data paths, arithmetic logic unit, 
control unit, microprogramming; memory including 
implementation; virtual memory, content address- 
able memory, cache; input/output including disks, 
tapes, serial communications and networks. Prereq- 
uisite: CSN 222. 

CSN 320 Programming Languages 

Nature and implementation of programming 
languages including qualities and characteristics of 
languages, methods of implementation, execution 
models and environments; survey of programming 
languages. Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 321 Software Engineering 

Properties of software systems; software system design 
and development principles; specifications; models; 
software tools, monitoring methods; group program- 
ming project for a large software system. Prerequisite: 

CSN 221. 

CSN 330 Analysis of Algorithms 

Theoretical and mathematical basis of algorithm 
design and analysis. Prerequisites: CSN 301, CSN 
221 and MAN 143 or consent of instructor. 

CSN/MAN 341 Numerical Analysis 

For description see Mathematics. 

CSN/MNB 360 Database System 

Conceptual modeling of data systems; organization 
of database systems; storage and retrieval of data in 
the database, database design and administration. 
Prerequisite: CSN 221 or MNB 272 or permission of 

CSN 410 Computer Science Seminar 

See CSN 438 below. 

CSN 411 Operating Systems 

Organization, operation, and implementation 
including processor management, memory manage- 
ment, virtual systems, interprocess communication, 
scheduling algorithms, protection and security, 
deadlocks; case studies of operating systems. 
Prerequisite: CSN 221. 

CSN 420 Translators and Compilers 

Theory and implementation of high-level language 
virtual machines including assemblers, macro 
expansion, compilers and interpreters; syntactic and 
semantic models. Prerequisite: CSN 301. 

CSN 438/410 Computer Science Seminar 

For Junior and Senior computer science majors. One 
course credit on satisfactory completion of two years 
of participation. Continuation in seminar contingent 
on satisfactory progress in upper division courses. 

CSN 450 Computer Graphics 

Theory and programming involved in rendering 
graphic images. Prerequisites: CSN 221 and MAN 
131 or instructor's permission. 


Computer Science 

CSN 460 Artificial Intelligence 

Knowledge representation; predicate calculus; rule- 
based deductions; searching methods; applications of 
understanding; programming languages and 
databases for artificial intelligence. Prerequisite: 
CSN 221. 

CSN 462 Neural Networks 

Philosophical, biological and architectural underpin- 
nings of this alternative, parallel, distributed model 
of computing inspired by the human brain. Prerequi- 
site: CSN 221 or consent of instructor. 

CSN 449 Computer Science Independent 
Research - Thesis 

Seniors majoring in computer science may, upon 
invitation of the computer science faculty, do 
research and write a thesis under the direction of a 
member of the faculty. The submission of the 
resulting written thesis and an oral defense will, 
upon approval of the computer science faculty, satisfy 
the comprehensive examination requirement for 
graduation. Prerequisites: excellence in computer 
science courses through the Junior year and invita- 
tion by the faculty. 


The Writing Workshop helps develop serious 
writers — students who think of themselves primarily 
as writers and students for whom writing will be an 
important avocation. Workshop students learn the 
craft of fiction, non-fiction and poetry and develop 
individual voices. They also leam to articulate and 
defend reasoned critical opinions. 

Coursework varies considerably, but normally must 
include six courses in literature (while this is a 
minimum, creative writing majors usually elect to 
take more than this). At least three workshops are 
required - fiction, poetry and one of the following: 
playwriting, screenwriting, journal writing, or the 
personal essay. In consultation with the Mentor, in 
special cases (involving a writing interest best served 
by study outside the literature track) students may 
substitute for one literature course, two courses from 
another discipline. A concentration in creative 
writing for theatre is also available. Seniors are 
required to complete a thesis. The thesis committee 
will include two fulltime creative writing faculty and 
a third member from any other discipline. 

In the first year, students take Introduction to 
Creative Writing and 100 or 200 level literature 
courses. In subsequent years, students build upon this 
foundation by, 1 ) taking advanced courses in fiction 
and poetry, and courses in playwriting, travel writing, 
journals, etc., and, 2) developing a cluster of 

literature courses defined by a particular interest 
(e.g., modern and contemporary British and 
American poetry and fiction), and/or supported by 
courses from other disciplines (e.g., American studies 
or history of modern Britain). 

Graduates of the Writing Workshop are required to 
take fiction workshop and poetry workshop from the 
residential Writing Workshop faculty, Profs. Watson 
and Ward, or their designated replacements. 

Students wishing to double major in literature and 
creative writing need to complete all courses for each 
major program, independent of courses taken to 
fulfill requirements for the other major. However, 
literature courses taken for a major in literature may 
be counted for a minor in creative writing. 

To minor in creative writing, students must take 
three writing workshop courses, and two literature 
courses. One workshop and one literature course 
must be 300 level or above. The three Writing 
Workshop courses muse be in at least two genres 
(fiction, poetry, playwriting, etc.) and must be 
Eckerd College courses. 

WWA 100 Introduction to Creative Writing 

An introduction to two genres of writing: poetry and 
fiction. Lectures, frequent in-class writing, small 
group work. 

WWA 201 Writing Workshop: The 
Personal Essay 

Writing the literary essay. Study non-fiction prose by 
well-known writers, and write multiple drafts of 

WWA 202 Journalism 

Basic news story, in-depth reporting, reviews, 
editorials, editing, layout, social and legal issues 
facing the press. Students should have previous 
experience in high school or college journalism 

WWA 2/3/428 Writing Workshop: 
The Short Story 

Students' stories read aloud and discussed in class. 
Emphasis on rewriting, critical principles and 
development of works through several phases of 
composition. Can be repeated for credit. 

WWA 2/3/429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

Forms and techniques in poetry. Students submit 
their poems for discussion, review, and rewriting. 
Familiarity with current poetry is encouraged. 
Instructor's permission required. 


Directed Study Courses 

WWA 2/3/430 Poetry Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

Concentrates exclusively on formal poetry: sonnet, 
blank verse, sestina, rhymed forms. Permission of the 
instructor required. 

WWA 248 Writing Workshop: 
Feature Writing 

Writing magazine articles for publication: travel 
writing, public affairs reporting, in-depth personality 
features. Also write two analytical pieces incorporat- 
ing a thoughtful critique of award-winning magazine 
features. Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 261 Writing Workshop: Travel Writing 

Reading and writing about travel. Students read 
classics in travel writing by authors like McPhee, 
Fussell, Hoagland, etc. and write their own articles to 
be discussed in the workshop. Instructor's permission 

WWA 300 Writing Workshop: Tutorial 

Daily meetings with instructor to discuss progress in 
all genres. Periodic group discussions. Prerequisite: 
one writing workshop and permission of instructor. 

WWA 302 Rhetoric of Film 

Film as an art form, its history, typology, technology 
and symbology. How films are made, by whom, and 
out of what visions of the world. 

WWA 305 Journals, Diaries, and Letters: 
The Intimate Connection 

Journals, diaries and letters as related to the creative 
process. Practice and discuss various journaling 
techniques, writing our own journals. Instructor's 
permission required. 

WWA 328 Writing Workshop: 
The Short Story 

See WWA 228. 

WWA 329 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

See WWA 229. 

WWA 330 Poetry Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

See WWA 230. 

WWA 333 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Fiction 

At least two student works written, revised and 
discussed in seminar setting. Discussions of short 
stories by masters, articles on writing. Visits by local 
writers. Prerequisite: WWA 228 and permission of 

WWA 334 Writing Workshop: One-Act Play 

Writing one-act plays, reading short plays, including 
traditional and experimental forms. Each student 
writes at least two plays, to be read and discussed in 
class. Production of original plays encouraged. 
Instructor's permission required. 

WWA 335 Writing Workshop: 
Advanced Poetry 

Read and discuss poetry and commentary, as well as 
original student poems. Write formal poems or in 
free verse. Suggestions for submitting poetry to 
journals and editors. Prerequisite: WWA 229 or 230 
and permission of instructor. 

WWA 336 Writing Workshop: Screenwriting 

Write one full-length and two one-hour film scripts. 
View movies, discuss scripts. Tell complex and 
intellectually challenging stories by means of visual 
rhetoric. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

WWA 401 Publishing and the Writing Career 

Analyze the editorial biases of journals and write 
poems, stories, essays, reviews, and interviews in 
response to those biases. Learn where to find informa- 
tion about publishing, and how to use that informa- 
tion. Prerequisite: permission of instructor and a 
workshop above WWA 100. Students should have 
other work to submit besides that done during the 
cunent semester. 

WWA 428 Writing Workshop: 
The Short Story 

See WWA 228. 

WWA 429 Writing Workshop: Poetry 

See WWA 229. 

WWA 430 Writing Workshop: 
The Forms of Poetry 

See WWA 230. 

CRA 202 Literature and Vocation 

Moral, ethical, and religious questions in working 
life, as seen in the novel. Discussion of the books 
with practitioners of the professions. 


For descriptions, see the appropriate discipline. 
Copies of directed study syllabi are available in the 
Registrar's office. 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender, 
and American Culture 


Directed Study Courses 

ANC 350 Introduction to Museum Work 

BIN 250 Explorations in Human Nutrition 

(available in summer term and PEL only) 

BIN 350 Human Physiology 

ECI 450 History of Economic Thought 

(available in England only) 

GEC 250 Geography 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 

GRC 206A Heroes: Ethics on Stage 

GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 

HDA 208E Your Health and the 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 

HIL 32 1 Women in America 

HIL 334 African-American History I 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historians' View of our Times 

INI 350 The Maritime Heritage of England 

LIA 250 Children's Literature 

LIL 250 Shakespeare 

LIA 350 Modern American Novel 

LIA 35 1 Twentieth Century American 
Women Artists and Writers 

MNB/SLB 251 Work and Occupations 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology 

MUA 350 Twentieth Century Music 

POL 350 Florida Politics 

POL 450 The Supreme Court in American 

PSB 303 Industrial Organizational Psychology 

PSI 350 Youth Experience in a Changing 
Great Britain 

QFM 410 Quest for Meaning (by academic 
petition only for Seniors) 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious Studies 

REL 21 OS Introduction to Christian Ethics 

SLB/MNB 251 Work and Occupations 

SLB/MNB 345 Complex Organizations 

SLB/MNB 405 Human Ecology 

SPC 401 Modern Spanish Novel 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 

THA 30 1G Living and Performing in 


A track in East Asian Area Studies may be planned 
through a supervising committee of three faculty 


The competencies achieved in the economics major 
are the ability to: 

— understand and explain general economic 

— analyze and evaluate economic policy proposals. 

— analyze, synthesize and integrate economic 

— communicate effectively, in both oral and 
written form. 

— do quantitative research, using a statistical 
computer package. 

— engage in library research. 

— conceive, plan and execute an independent 
quantitative research project. 

In addition to the requirement of statistics, students 
majoring in economics are required to take a 
minimum of eight economics courses and Calculus I. 
All students will take Principles of Microeconomics, 
Principles of Macroeconomics, Intermediate 
Microeconomics, Intermediate Macroeconomics and 
History of Economic Thought. In addition, students 
choose three economics electives from a list of 
approved courses at the 300 level or above. Students 
must maintain a C average in upper level courses to 
successfully complete the major. 

Students can start their economics major in their 
Freshman year. This is the appropriate time to take 
calculus. In addition, students can start the econom- 
ics major proper with Principles of Microeconomics 
or Principles of Macroeconomics. The next appropri- 
ate courses are Intermediate Microeconomics and 
Intermediate Macroeconomics. Beyond this students 
can branch out to choose electives. Economics 
electives are available with a simple prerequisite of 
either of the Principles courses. In their Senior year 
students take History of Economic Thought. 

Requirements for a minor in economics include 
Principles of Micro and Macroeconomics, and three 
upper level economics electives, including one upper 
level macro course (ECB 382 or 386) or one upper 
level micro course (ECB 381 or 384). 



ECB/MNB 260M Statistical Methods for 
Management and Economics 

Introduction to quantitative data analysis in econom- 
ics and management. Lectures and discussions of 
selected problems. Data analysis projects. Prerequisite: 
one of either ECB 281S, 282S, ESN 172, HDA 101, 
POB 102, 103, PSB 101S, orSLB 101S. 

ECB 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 

Price theory, operation of market system. Industrial 
structure and pricing under different competitive 
structures. Required of all students majoring in 

ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

Main sectors of the economy (consumers, business 
and government) focusing on policy. Monetary and 
fiscal policy, inflation, recession, balance of pay- 
ments. Required for all students majoring in 

ECB 301 Leadership: the Human Side of 

How humans and community groups interact, the 
methods they create to bring shared values to 
fruition. The creation and operation of institutions 
as they affect social and economic environments. 

ECB 370 Industry, Labor and Government 

Examine various models of firm behavior in various 
industrial organization structures (competition, 
monopoly, oligopoly, conglomerate), both foreign 
and domestic. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 371 The Economics of Gender 

The role of gender in the economic system. Sexual 
division of labor, job segregation, relationship among 
work, family, household production. Prerequisites: 
ECB 28 IS and permission of the instructor 

ECB 372 Trade and the Environment 

Introduction to neoclassical trade theory and its 
ability to account for the environmental impact of 
trade between nations. Tools from international 
trade theory and ecological economics used to 
examine impact of international trade on environ- 
ment. Field trips: Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS or ECB 

ECB 380 Public Choice 

Theory of public decision making. Living in 
community, origins and appropriate roles of the state, 
justice in the behavior of the state. Models of voting 
behavior through simulation. Prerequisite: ECB 
28 IS or permission of instructor. 

ECB 381 Intermediate Microeconomic 

Continuation of ECB 281S. Consumer demand 
theory pricing and output decisions of industries and 
firms using simple mathematical and geometric 
models; price and output adjustments. Prerequisite: 
ECB 28 IS. Required for all students majoring in 

ECB 382 Intermediate Macroeconomics 

Continuation of ECB 282S. Determinants of 
aggregate demand and supply, using dynamic and 
static models of analysis. How to use an understand- 
ing of economic analysis to achieve policy objectives 
and understand trade-offs. Prerequisites: ECB 282S 
and ECB 260M. 

ECB 383 Marine Resource Policy 

Applied course exploring global issues surrounding 
regulation of marine resource use. The role of 
economic theory in development of marine resource 
policy. Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS or ECB 282S, and 
ECB 260M. 

ECB/MNB 384 Managerial Economics 

Applied economic theory, mathematics and statistics 
in business decision making. Optimization tech- 
niques under conditions of uncertainty. Selecting the 
"best" solutions to business problems. Prerequisites: 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

Non-capitalistic and capitalistic economies com- 
pared to show how different institutional arrange- 
ments lead to different ways of making economic 
decisions. Former Soviet Union, Eastern European 
nations, People's Republic of China included. 
Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS or 282S. 

ECB/MNB 386 Money, Banking and 
Financial Institutions 

History and development of monetary system and 
financial structure. Money creation and influence on 
macroeconomic activity. Monetary policy implica- 
tions of regulatory agencies. Prerequisite: ECB 282S. 

ECB 387 Urban Economics 

Urban growth and decay, location decisions, land 
use. Transportation, crime, housing, discrimination 
and segregation, and the urban financial crisis. 
Prerequisite: ECB 281S. 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

Factors which contribute to or retard economic 
development, investigating the cultural and political 
as well as economic aspects of development. 
Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS or 282S. 



ECB 389 Natural Resource and 
Environmental Economics 

Role of economic theory in analyzing and evaluating 
natural resource and environmental policy issues. 
Developing models of optimal use of resources: land, 
water, energy, their development, allocation, pricing. 
Prerequisite: ECB 281S. 

ECB 410 History of Economic Thought 

Senior seminar for economic majors. Economic ideas 
as developed and expounded by Western economists. 
The teachings of the mercantilists, physiocrats, 
Adam Smith, Malthus, Ricardo, Mill, Marx, 
Marshall, German and American schools of thought. 

ECB 480 International Economics: 
Foreign Exchange 

Theory, operation, government policies, balance of 
international payments, exchange-rate adjustments, 
interrelationship between macroeconomy and 
international economy. Prerequisite: ECB 282S. 

ECB 481 International Economics: Trade 

Theory, government policies, free trade, protection- 
ism, U.S. commercial policy, GATT talks, US-Japan- 
EEC trade issues, developing countries, solutions for 
international trade problems. Prerequisite: ECB 28 IS. 

ECB 488 International Economics 

International trade, finance theory and policy. 
Balance of international payments, exchange rate 
adjustments, nature of gains from trade, U.S. 
commercial policy. Prerequisites: ECB 28 IS and 
282S and permission of instructor. 


Students who wish to pursue a dual-degree program 
should consult with Professor Edmund Gallizzi as 
early as possible in their academic program. 

For description see page 1 1 . 


Environmental perspective courses provide opportu- 
nities for students to address issues in the environ- 
mental realm in such a manner as to enhance their 
knowledge of the natural world, and to make 
informed value judgements concerning the environ- 
mental consequesces of personal and social actions. 

ANC/IBC 262E Environment, Population, 
and Culture 

ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CRA 300E The City: An Environmental 
Art Form 

Examine cities in art, literature, and music, and build 
cities through computer simulations. Thoroughfares, 
relation between work and family, public institutions 
for neighborhoods, space required to support them. 

HDA 208E Your Health and the Environment 

For description see Human Development. 

IBC/ANC 262E Environment, Population 
and Culture 

For description see Anthropology. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: Writings 
About the Earth Household 

For description see Literature. 

PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

PLL310E Ideas of Nature 

For description see Philosophy. 

REL 250E Ecology and Chaos 

REL 38 IE Ecotheology 

For description see Religious Stuties. 

See also Sea Semester. 


The environmental studies major will provide 
students with an educational specialty grounded in 
the subjects and issues related to the natural 
environment, and the relationship of the human 
being to the natural environment. The major offers 
the breadth and depth of interdisciplinary inquiry, 
integrating knowledge across the natural sciences, 
behavioral sciences, and humanities. Environmental 
studies develops analytical tools and skills for 
understanding the environment, while emphasizing 
the role of beliefs, values, ethics and aesthetics in 
shaping human behavior. 

Students will be exposed to coursework which 
develops skills in the following areas: laboratory 
research and environmental science; policy analysis, 
social, historical and global awareness; philosophical 
and ethical inquiry; writing and composition; oral 
presentation; educational techniques and strategies; 
legal research; and group enterprise. This will 
prepare students for careers in such diverse fields as 
environmental and urban planning, natural resource 


Environmental Studies 

management, scientific journalism, environmental 
law and policy making, parks and recreation, 
landscape and architecture, public health, education, 
the arts, and many more. 

A minor in environmental studies requires six 
courses: Introduction to Environmental Studies, two 
courses each from two of the core areas (science, 
social science, humanities) and one course from the 
third core area. 

Students will graduate with a B.A. degree, and will 
complete a series of core courses, and then must 
choose from among two specialized tracks to major in: 

Environmental Studies: Environmental Policy 

The policy track emphasizes courses in economics, 
political science, other social sciences, and writing, 
orienting students toward policy analysis, planning, 
administration, education, communication, and 
related fields. 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 

The humanities track emphasizes courses in 
philosophy, religion, history and literature, with an 
orientation toward values, and the integration of 
differing modes of reason and discourse. 

Core requirements (completed by all students in the 

ESN 172 Introduction to Environmental Studies 

Two introductory science courses: either 

ESN 270 Introduction to Environmental 

WTN Introduction to Chemistry (offered 
during winter term) 

ESN 21 1 Introduction to Earth Science 

One upper-level science course: either 

ESN 311 Advanced Environmental Geology 
(Prerequisite: Introduction to Earth Science) 

ESN 370 Biodiversity, Conservation, and 
Decisionmaking (Prerequisite: Introduction 
to Environmental Biology, Biodiversity, 
Botany, Invertebrate or Vertebrate Biology.) 

MSN 309 Principles of Hydrology (Prerequisite: 
Fundamental Physics I or permission of 

MSN/BIN315 Elasmobrach Biology and 

Two social science courses: either 

ANC 335E Cultural Ecology 

CRA 300E The City: An Environmental Art 

POB 325 Environmental Policy and Politics 

ECB 384 Natural Resource and Environmental 
Economics (Prerequisite: Microeconomics) 

MNB 385 Total Quality Environmental 

Two humanities courses: either 

HIL 353E Environmental History 

LI A 328E Literature and Ecology 

PLL 240 Philosophy of Technology 

PLL 243 E Environmental Ethics 

PLL 310E Ideas of Nature 

PLL 33 1 Environmental Aesthetics 

REL 250E Ecology and Chaos 

REL 381 Ecotheology 

Environmental Studies Internship (recommended, 
but not required) 

Research Seminar and Senior Comprehensive in 
Environmental Studies. 

Environmental Studies: Environmental Policy 

Statistical Methods 

One of either: 

FDF 324 Thinking, Researching and Writing 

FDF 322 Writing Environmental Policy 

One of either: 

another introductory or upper level science 
course in the core 

CSN 1 10 Wide World of Computing 

CSN 143M Introduction to Computer Science 

Two of either: 

another social science course in the core 

ECB 383 Marine Resource Policy (Prerequi- 
site: Microeconomics and Statistics) 

ECB 372 Trade and the Environment 
(Prerequisite: Microeconomics or 
Macroeconomics ) 

Environmental Computer Modeling (prerequi- 
site: Statistics) 

For students interested in environmental law: 
POL 301 The Constitution and 
Government Power 

POL 302 The Constitution and Individual 

POB 313 International Law 


Environmental Studies 

For students interested in the political process: 
POL 305 Political Parties and Interest 

For students interested in urban planning: 
ECB 387 Urban Economics (Prerequisite: 
M icroeconomics ) 

For students interested in less developed 

ECB 388 Economic Development (Prerequi- 
site: Microeconomics or Macroeconomics) 

For students interested in international 
environment organizations: 

POB 314 International Organizations 
(Prerequisite: Introduction to International 
Relations and one other political science 

Environmental Studies: Environmental 
Humanities Track 

At least one additional core course in the social or 
natural sciences. At least one of the natural science 
core courses must be in the biological sciences. 

Two additional core courses in the humanities. The 
four core courses selected should represent three 

Two or more additional courses in the humanities 
drawn primarily from the following list. At least four 
of the total of six humanities courses must be upper 
division courses. Students are strongly urged to take 
one of the writing (FDF) courses in the track list. 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause 

FDF 322 Writing Environmental Policy 

FDF 323 Research and Writing in the Humanities 

FDF 324 Thinking, Researching, and Writing 

HIL 324S Native American History 

LIA 242A Introduction to Native American 

LIL 324 The Romantic Age in British Literature 

LTL 303 The Scientific Revolution and Human 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

Depending on the student's area of interest, other 
courses in the humanities not included on the above 
list may be approved by the Mentor and coordinators 
of the major prior to enrolling in the course. 

Reading requirement: all students will take a 
directed study, Readings in Environmental Studies 
and the Humanities, during the winter term of their 
Senior year, and demonstrate completion of a 

reading list of major works in the field by taking an 
examination given by environmental humanities 

Students planning to attend graduate school are 
strongly urged to develop additional depth and 
coverage in philosophy, history, religious studies, or 

ESN 172 Introduction to Environmental 

Such topics as conserving biological diversity, 
sustaining energy, shaping cities, strengthening 
global environmental governance. Human roles and 
responsibilities, the scientific, political, economic, 
and ethical issues involved in the attainment of a 
sustainable future. 

ESN 211 Introduction to Earth Sciences 

Introduction to major topics in geology, oceanogra- 
phy, meteorology, and astronomy, the natural forces 
that shape our physical environment, in order to 
appreciate and preserve the planet. 

ESN 270 Introduction to Environmental 

Study of ways in which humans affect and are 
affected by the environment, which focus on biology. 
General ecology, population, genetics, identification 
and use of natural resources, pollution, social 
institutions, ethics. 

ESN 311 Advanced Environmental Geology 

Environmental management, water supply and 
quality, waste disposal, energy production and use, 
flooding and coastal erosion. Managed solutions and 
difficulties with them. Field/laboratory oriented. 
Prerequisite: ESN 21 IE or MSN 208. 

ESN 370 Biodiversity, Conservation, and 
Decision Making 

Reasons for maintaining biodiversity, threats to 
biodiversity, conservation strategies, roles of relevant 
agencies and organizations, appropriate policy, from 
the marine perspective. Prerequisites: ESN 270 or an 
organismic biology course, and Junior status. 

ES 498 Environmental Studies Senior 
Research Project and Comprehensive 

Student reports on research projects carried out in 
consultation with instructor and one other faculty 
member. Readings on various methodologies for 
studying the environment. 


Global Perspective Courses 


F1H 301 The History of Ideas, I 

Major ideas from classical Greece through the 
Enlightenment that have shaped our intellectual 
heritage. Emphasis on origins of academic disci- 
plines, sources of creativity, social and cultural 
factors, key individuals. Variety of learning methods. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. Fulfills one perspective requirement. 

FIH 302 The History of Ideas, II 

Continuation of FIH 301 covering nineteenth and 
twentieth centuries and culminating in a major 
project that draws on students' knowledge of history 
to address a significant intellectual problem of the 
future. Prerequisite: FIH 301 and selection as a Ford 
Scholar. Fulfills one perspective requirement. 

FSS 410 Fort Senior Scholars Colloquium 

Required of Seniors in the Ford Apprentice Scholars 
Program. Shared reflections on issues pertaining to 
research, teaching, and other aspects of teaching as a 
career. Participation in both fall and spring semesters 
for a total of one course credit. 


See Modern Languages. 


See Women's and Gender Studies. 


GEC 250 Geography (Directed Study) 

Concepts, theories and substantive material of 
modern geography. Relationship between material 
environment and human cultural systems. 

GEC 350 World Regional Geography 
(Directed Study) 

Relationship of human activities to natural environ- 
ment on world-wide basis. Soils, land forms, climate, 
vegetation, minerals and the cultural systems of 
different areas of the world. 


See Marine Science. 


See Modern Languages. 


Global perspective courses provide an encounter 
with cultures and/or histories whose bases (philo- 
sophical, religious, ethical, aesthetic) or world views 
differ significantly from those of the Western 
European or North American tradition. Such a 
course will encourage students to view their own 
cultural traditions and assumptions in the larger 
context of the world's diversity. Given the inherent 
educational value of having cultural experiences in 
other parts of the world, which naturally encourage 
cultural comparisons with the student's own, all off- 
campus programs outside the United States are 
eligible for global perspective designation. 

ANC 20 1G Introduction to Anthropology 
ANC 282G East Asian Area Studies 
ANC 285 G Latin American Area Studies 

ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

CUC/WHF 183G United States Area Studies 
For description see Western Heritage. 

FRC 325G Creole Literature and Culture 

FRC 392G Francophone Africa and the 


For descriptions see Modem Languages, French. 

HIC 232G World History to Columbus 

HIC 233G Global History in the Modern 

HIC/HIL 234G Twentieth Century World 

HIC/RUC 283G Russia: Perestroika to 
the Present 

For descriptions see History. 

INI 389G British Seminar 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

MUA 356G World Music 

For description see Music. 

PLL 103G Introduction to Eastern Philosophy 

For description see Philosophy. 


Global Perspective Courses 

POB 103G Introduction to International 

POB 104G Introduction to Comparative 

POB 211G Inter- American Relations 

POB 23 1G Politics: East Asian Nations 
See Political Science. 

REL 230G Yogis, Mystics, Shamans 
REC 240G Non- Western Religions 

REL 3 19G The Hindu Tradition 

See Religious Studies. 

RUC/HIC 283G Russia: Perestroika to the 


See History. 

THA 30 1G Living and Performing in Avigon 
See Theatre. 


Students majoring in history are expected to be 
familiar with the fields of American and European 
history and have awareness of world history. 
Students who complete this major demonstrate the 
following competencies: 

— knowledge of American and European history 
demonstrated by the ability to talk and write 
intelligently about these fields. 

— ability to think historically with regard to issues 
such as causation, cultural diffusion, the role of 
the individual in history, geographic and 
demographic influences in history, and gender 
and minority issues in the past, citing examples 
from both the Western tradition and the wider 
global experience. 

— awareness of the historical method and 
historiography generally, and knowledge of the 
historiography of at least one field with some 

— ability to locate bibliographical information on 
historical topics, and to engage in scholarly 
writing such as book and film reviews, anno- 
tated bibliographies, and historical and 
historiographical essays. 

— ability to do historical research based on 
primary source material. 

Students take ten courses, one of which may be a 
winter term project, including three in American 
and three in European history, at least one course in 
world history or a non- Western history course, and 

HIL 400. At least six of these courses must be at or 
above the 300 level. Students interested in history 
begin with any 200 level course in American or 
European history, if they have not received AP credit 
for these fields. Junior and Senior level courses in 
history build on the foundation of the survey courses, 
and may be taken only with the appropriate 
prerequisites, or permission of the instructor. 

A minor in history consists of six history courses, two 
in American, two in European, one in global or non- 
Western history, and HIL 400. At least four of the 
courses must be at the 300 level or above. 

HIL 203G Europe in Transition: 1300-1815 

Medieval roots of modern Europe, Renaissance, 
Reformation, economic and geographic expansion, 
scientific revolution, Enlightenment, French and 
Industrial Revolutions. 

HIL 204G The Foundations of Contemporary 
Europe: 1815 to the Present 

Nationalism and liberalism, industrial revolution, 
imperialism, World War I and its consequences, 
Russian Revolution, depression, rise of dictatorships. 
Intellectual developments of the period. 

HIL 223 History of the U.S. to 1877 
Colonial foundations of American society and 
culture, the American Revolution, development of a 
democratic society, slavery, Civil War, Reconstruc- 
tion. Various interpretations of the American 

HIL 224 History of the U.S. since 1877 
Transformation from an agrarian to an industrial 
nation. Industrial Revolution, urbanization, rise to 
world power, capitalism, New Deal, world wars, cold 
war, recent developments. Social, cultural, political 
and economic emphasis. 

HIC 23 2G World History to Columbus 

History of the world from the emergence of major 
Eurasian civilizations to 1500, with emphasis on the 
evolution of the "Great Traditions," cultural 
diffusion, interaction of cultures. 

HIC 233G Global History in the 
Modern World 

History of the world since 1500 with emphasis on the 
interaction of Western ideas and institutions with the 
rest of the world. Contributions of geography, and 
demography to understanding the world today. 

HIC/HIL 234G Twentieth Century World 

Events, issues, concerns of the world: two world wars, 
"cold war," struggles of colonial areas for indepen- 
dence and development, world interdependence, 



HIC 244A Cultural History of Russia 

Kievan and Muscovite periods, Europeanization 
initiated by Peter the Great, Golden Age of Russian 
culture, revolutionary culture, Soviet attitudes 
toward culture. Permission of instructor required for 
Freshmen. Offered in alternate years. 

HIC/RUC 283G Russia from Perestrioka 
to Present 

An examination of contemporary Russian society 
from the beginning of Gorbachev's Perestroika to the 
present. The fall of Communism with special 
attention to the processes of socialization and daily 
life for Russians. 

HIL 321 Women in Modern America: the 
Hand that Cradles the Rock 
(Directed Study available) 

Feminist theory, growth of women's movements, 
minority women, working women, changes in 
women's health, birth control, images of women in 
literature and film. Changes in women's position in 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

History of foreign policy: imperialism, international- 
ism, isolationism, pacifism, collective security, "New 
Left" anti-imperialism. Controversies over Cold War. 

HIL 323 From the Rapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the U.S. 

History of American women and the family, images 
of women in popular culture and literature, impact of 
the Great Depression and World War II on the family. 

HIL 324S Native American History 

History of Native Americans from the time of 
European contact to present. Inner workings of 
Native American communities, Indian-White 
relations, changing governmental policy, Native 
American spirituality, economics, gender roles, 
decision making. 

HIL 330 Reconstruction 

Study of one of the most turbulent, controversial eras 
in American history. In the past thirty years the 
traditional view of this period has come under 
intense scrutiny. What emerges is a much more 
balanced account of this crucial period. 

HIC/L 331-332 Special Topics in History 

In addition to opportunities for independent study 
and research, faculty will occasionally offer special 
topics courses. 

HIL 333 History of the Vietnam War 

Establishment of Vietnamese nation in 111 B.C., its 
struggle for autonomy despite foreign invasion 
throughout its long history. The impact of the 
Vietnam War on American society, antiwar 
movement during Johnson and Nixon administra- 
tions, analysis of the war's legacy. 

HIL 334 African American History I 

The contributions of African- Americans from the 
Colonial period to the Reconstruction. Participation 
in American Revolution, rise of Cotton Kingdom, 
development of distinct culture, Civil War and 

HIL 335 African American History II 

African- American history from Reconstruction to 
the present. Developments in education, racism, 
participation in military, socioeconomic develop- 
ment, Civil Rights movement and legislation. 

HIL 336S Civil Rights Movement: 1945-75 

Black participation in World War II, the effects of 
the Brown Decision and various Civil Rights 
legislation, the rise of Black nationalism. 

HIL 337 The Civil War 

Events that preceded the Civil War and contributed 
to disunion, such as the Southern Carolina Nullifica- 
tion Crisis, the Compromise of 1850, and John 
Brown's raid. Impact of the war on both North and 
South. PBS video on Civil War is used. 

HIL 388S The Harlem Renaissance 

Emergence of a new literary and artistic movement 
within the African- American community in the 
1920's, and how it affected other social movements 
in American society. Helpful, but not required, to 
have had African-American History I and II. 

HIC 342 The Rise of Russia 

Evolution from 9th century to 1801. Byzantium, 
Mongol invasion, conflicts with Germans, Poles and 
Swedes, influence of the West. 

HIC 343 Modern Russia and the Soviet Union 

Imperial Russia, Russian revolution, continuity and 
change in Russian and Soviet history, and the former 
Soviet Union as a totalitarian society and world 

HIC 344 The History of the Two 
St. Petersburgs 

The history of St. Petersburg, Florida, which 
celebrated its centennial in 1988, and the Russian 
St. Petersburg. 



HIL 345 American Social and Intellectual 
History I 

American culture, thought and social institutions to 
1865: Puritanism, Enlightenment, 19th century 
democracy, slavery, racism. Prerequisite: previous 
college level work in American history. 

HIL 346 American Social and Intellectual 
History II 

American culture, thought and social institutions 
from 1865 to present: Darwinism, industrialism, 
Progressive Movement, liberal democracy in the 
20th century. Prerequisite: previous college work in 
American history. 

HIL 347 Recent American History: The 
Historians' View of Our Times 
(Directed Study available) 

Current trends in interpreting U.S. history since World 
War II. Transformation of American society since 1945 
and the new position of the U.S. in world affairs. 

HIL 353E Environmental History 

The role and place of nature in human life, and the 
interactions that societies in the past have had with the 
environment. Concentrates on the U.S., but provides 
methodological approaches to the broader field. 

HIL 361 Modern France: 1815 to Present 

Political, social, economic and intellectual develop- 
ment of France from the revolution to the fall of 
DeGaulle's government. Prerequisite: HIL 204G or 
HIC/L 234G or permission of instructor. 

HIL 363 The Renaissance 

Intellectual, cultural, political and economic 
conditions which interacted to create the Renais- 
sance, and its transmission to northern Europe. 
Prerequisite: HIL 203G or permission of instructor. 

HIL 364 The Reformation 

Reformation theology in its political and institu- 
tional context. Theology and structure of each 
branch of the Reformation, and the political 
contexts of the various movements. Prerequisite: 
HIL 203G or permission of instructor. 

HIL 365 Topics in European 
Women's History 

Methodology and approach of women's history. 
Topics vary by semester, but include such subjects as 
women in the Christian tradition, and women and 
war in the 20th Century. Prerequisite: one of either 
HIL 203G, 204G, 232G, 233G, or permission of 

HIL 367 Paris and the Enlightenment 

Social, political and intellectual developments of 
18th century France as manifested in the people and 
events o{ Paris. Students may pursue topics in their 
own discipline. Prerequisite: HIL 203G or permission 
of instructor. 

HIL 371 Latin American History 

Survey of economic, social and political patterns 
from 19th century independence to present, with 
continuities in trade, labor, leadership and social 
order reflecting Latin America's colonial heritage, 
and its contemporary role in the global economy. 

HIC 389 History of East Central Europe 

Geography, linguistics, religion, nationalism and 
political realities. Prerequisite: at least one course in 
European or Russian history, or permission of 

HIC/HIL 400 Towards a New Past: 
Making History 

The philosophy of history, new approaches to 
historical study, and new developments in the field. 
Historians whose interpretations have had a major 
impact on their fields. Required for history majors. 

AML 306S American Myths, American 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 

AML 400 Theory and Practice in American 

For description see American Studies. 


For description see page 17. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage in a Global 

Context (Freshman year) 

For description see Western Heritage. 

Perspective Courses (Sophomore and Junior 


Two perspectives courses are designated each year as 

Honors Perspectives. Please consult the course schedule. 

Honors students are required to take at least two 
perspective courses and are excused from the 
collegial distribution requirement to give them 
flexibility and to avoid scheduling difficulties. 


Human Development 

SSH 410 Honors Colloquium (Senior year) 
A student-directed seminar focusing on both common 
cuniculum experiences and specific policy and values 
issues related to the students' individual disciplines. A 
two semester course for one course credit. 

Students taking the Senior Honors Colloquium also 
take the Senior Seminar in their collegium or 
discipline, if it is required. 


Human development is an interdisciplinary major 
integrating aspects of psychology, sociology, ethics, 
and anthropology. Within the context of a strong 
liberal arts foundation, students study the process of 
human growth and change. Focus is on an enhanced 
understanding of the self and others, the facilitation 
of change in individuals, groups, and organizations, 
and the development of optimal potential as human 
beings throughout the lifespan. 

As a result of a major in human development, 
students are expected to possess: 

— knowledge of the key stages, major psychologi- 
cal, sociological, and educational principles 
associated with human development, the 
fundamental theories of counseling and 
maximizing human development, and diverse 
value systems and multicultural perspectives 
encountered in the field. 

— skills in social science analysis and research 
methodology, effective communication and 
interpersonal relationship dynamics. 

— understanding and application of the stated 
ethical principles of the counseling and human 
development professions, and the role of self 
and personal values in helping relationships. 

— a personal strategy of helping based on all of the 

These competencies are demonstrated through 
satisfactory completion of the required courses and 
Senior comprehensive examination. 

The core courses in the major include the following 
which are listed in the order in which they should be 
taken. All courses require a grade of C or better to 
qualify for graduation in the major. 

1. Introduction to Human Development 

2. Statistical Methods 

3. Counseling Strategies: Theory and Practice 

4. Group Dynamics 

5. Development of Human of Consciousness 

6. Social Ecology and Mental Health 

7. Ethical Issues in Human Development 

8. Leadership and Administrative Dynamics 

9. Internship in Human Development 

10. Senior Seminar 

The extensive 210-hour internship and a minimum 
of five (5) other courses are required in the emphasis 
area of the student's choice. Students may choose an 
area of emphasis in mental health, wellness and 
holistic health, youth services, or social work. Only 
in special cases may the student in conjunction with 
a Mentor design an alternative area. 

To minor in human development, a student must 
complete Introduction to Human Development, 
Counseling Strategies Theory and Practice, and three 
of the following: Social Ecology and Mental Health, 
Ethical Issues in Human Development, Development 
of Human Consciousness, or Group Dynamics. 

HDA 101S Introduction to Human 

Overview of the helping professions; study of life 
stages with accompanying needs, crises, passages; 
community family support systems; relationships 
between personal values and life problems. Field trips. 

HDA 202 Human Development: Culture 
and Identity 

Explores patterns of social and personality develop- 
ment. Students build connections between texts, 
lectures and their own development. 

HDA 203 The Adolescent Experience 

Behaviors, attitudes and problems of adolescents. 
Controversial social and values issues. Prerequisite: 
PSB 10 IS or HDA 10 IS or permission of instructor. 
Not offered on a regular basis. 

HDA 204 Socialization: A Study of 
Gender Issues 

Socializing processes affecting men and women; 
social roles and their origins, sexual differences, 
effects on mental health and unifying aspects of 
masculine/feminine nature; influence of culture, 
understanding socialization processes. Recom- 
mended: HDA 101S or PSB 101S or SLB 101S. 

HDA 205 Theory and Practice in Student 

Theoretical and philosophical foundations of 
postsecondary student affairs profession, functional 
units, organizational approaches, cunent issues, 
necessary skills. Prerequisite: HDA 101S or permis- 
sion of instructor. 


Human Development 

HDA 207 Group Dynamics 

Laboratory approach to the study of groups, includ- 
ing participation, observation and analysis; investiga- 
tion of roles of group members, transitional stages, 
leadership, and group functioning. 

HDA 208E Your Health and the 


(Directed Study available) 

Attaining and maintaining health through nutrition, 
physical fitness, weight control, stress management, 
substance use, personal intimacy, emotional and 
spiritual well-being. 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and 
Family Systems 

Adaptive nature of childhood roles (Hero, Scape- 
goat, Lost Child, Mascot) and their continued effect 
on adults. Strengths/weaknesses, benefits/ losses of 
specific roles. Compare healthy and dysfunctional 
families. Prerequisite: HDA 101S or PSB 101S. 

HDA 210 Counseling Strategies: Theory 
and Practice 

Review of schools of thought on systems of counsel- 
ing and personal growth. For students planning to 
use counseling related skills in their careers. 
Prerequisite: HDA 101S or PSB 101S or permission 
of instructor. 

HDA 225 Introduction to Social Work 

Introduction to profession, practice, history and 
value bases of social work. General systems frame- 
work utilized. Current professional trends in the local 
community, newspaper reading and guest lecturers. 
Prerequisite: HDA 101S. 

HDA 271 Leadership and Programming 

Fundamentals of developing and implementing 
programs for structured groups in health, mental 
health, leisure, education, and other settings to meet 
needs and interests of different populations. Prereq- 
uisite: HDA 101S, 207, or permission of instructor. 

HDA 305 Human Diversity: Overcoming 

Characteristics, needs and intervention implications 
for handicapped populations. Prerequisites: SLB 
101S or HDA 101S. Not offered yearly. 

HDA 310 Expressive Therapy 

Expressive therapy in hospitals, agencies, nursing 
homes, public and private institutions for the 
disabled, and the planning process involved in 
treatment. Prerequisite: HDA 210. Not offered 

HDA 324 Counseling Strategies for Children 

Learn current theories of counseling with children: 
process, play, selection of toys, limit setting, relation- 
ships with parents, etc. Prerequisities: HDA 10 IS or 
PSB 10 IS, HDA 210, or permission of instructor. 

HDA 326 Counseling for Wellness 
(Directed Study available) 

Holistic/wellness paradigm to health involving 
social, physical, emotional, spiritual, mental and 
vocational aspects. Theory, research, alternative 
health care, counseling procedures. Prerequisites: 
HDA 10 IS, 208E, 210 or permission of instructor. 
Generally offered alternate years. 

HDA 327 Social Ecology and Mental Health 

Theory, practice, development and evaluation of 
community mental health systems. Survey of local 
programs; overview of prevention and early inter- 
vention strategies; practice in designing programs for 
the Eckerd College community. Prerequisites: PSB 
101S or HDA 101S, HDA 210, and Statistics. 

HDA 328 Crosscultural Communication 
and Counseling 

The elements of culture and their influence on world 
view, language, contextual definitions of proper 
communication; theories of crosscultural communi- 
cation; cognitive, affective, verbal and non-verbal 
dimensions of communication. Experiential practice. 
Prerequisite: HDA 210 or permission of instructor. 

HDA 383S Development of Human 

Investigate theories, practices and research in normal 
and altered state of consciousness. Forms of con- 
sciousness leading to better health, well being, 
creativity and spiritual, valuing dimensions of life. 

HDA 386 Ethical Issues in Human 

Ways that people express their personal, professional, 
and cultural values as they struggle with challenging 
decisions in bioethics and in the helping professions 
such as counseling, the law, ministry, and health care. 

HDA 401 Internship in Human Development 

A field-based learning experience; 210 on-site hours of 
off-campus placements, such as centers for drug abuse, 
delinquency, women's services, mental health. Pre- 
requisite: Senior standing and permission of instructor. 

HDA 403 Practicum in Peer Counseling 

Developing skills in interviewing, assessing indi- 
vidual problems and strengths. Role played and 
videotaped counseling sessions, supervised counsel- 
ing experience appropriate to student's level. 
Prerequisites: HDA 210. 


International Business 

HDA 404 Leadership and Administrative 

Basic principles and distinctiveness of human service 
organizations, administrative tools and techniques, 
facilitating the change process, value tensions and 
coping with strategies. Junior or Senior standing or 
permission of instructor. 

HDA 405 Practicum in Group Process 

Theory, process and clinical applications of group 
counseling. Use of group techniques with different 
populations and settings. Videotaped and role played 
group sessions. Prerequisites: PSB 101S or HDA 
101S, 207, and 210 with a C or better. 

HDA 410 Human Development 
Senior Seminar 

Relationship of self-esteem to social and personal 
failures, such as crime, substance abuse, welfare 
dependency, dropouts, etc. Ways to develop self 
esteem and the place of values and ethics in this 
process. Field trips, guest speakers, projects, personal 


Humanities is an interdisciplinary major coordinated 
by the Letters Collegium. Working together, the 
student and Mentor design a ten course program 
focusing on a central topic (e.g., historical period, 
geographical area, cultural/intellectual movement), 
using the methodology of one core discipline (art, 
foreign language, history, literature, music, philoso- 
phy, political science, religion, sociology, theatre), 
supplemented with courses from complementary 
disciplines. Humanities students are encouraged to 
participate in integrative humanities courses, such as 
the Letters Senior Seminar. 

Five courses must be from the core discipline. The 
other five courses may be drawn from complemen- 
tary disciplines. At least five courses must be beyond 
the introductory level. No later than the Junior year, 
a guiding committee of three faculty from disciplines 
in the student's program is selected. This committee 
designs and evaluates the Senior comprehensive 
examination, or may invite the student to write a 
Senior thesis. 

Students who complete the humanities major 
demonstrate the following competencies 

— knowledge of the topical focus from an interdisci- 
plinary perspective, demonstrated by the ability 
to speak and write intelligently about it 

ability to understand and use the methodologi- 
cal processes of the core discipline, demon- 
strated by the successful completion of a 
comprehensive exam, thesis, or project 

ability to locate bibliographical information and 
to engage in scholarly writing on the topic. 


The international business major is designed to 
provide students with a variety of proficiencies and 
experiences related to career opportunities and/or 
preparation for graduate work. The competencies 
achieved in the major are 

— knowledge of international business fields within 
a multidisciplinary perspective, including 
anthropology, management, foreign language, 
foreign experience, economics, political science, 
culture area, marketing, accounting, finance, and 
personnel management. 

— cross-cultural understanding and experience, 
and the capacity for leadership on crosscultural 
issues in business and community life. 

— preparation for careers in international business. 

— preparation for graduate degree programs in the 
field of international business and related 
multicultural and international fields. 

Requirements for the major are 


Five courses in one language with demonstrated 
conversational skills, or the equivalent, with a 
minimum average of 2.0. 

World Cultures 

Introduction to Anthropology with a C or better, 
one cultural area course, and one course to be chosen 
from a list of internationally-focused economics and/ 
or political science courses. 

Business Foundations 

Principles of Accounting, Principles of Macro- 
economics, Principles of Marketing, International 
Management, Finance, the latter two courses with a 
C or better. 

International Business 

The Cultural Environment of International Business, 
International Marketing, International Finance and 
Banking, Peronnel and Global Resource Manage- 
ment, and the comprehensive examination Multina- 
tional Corporate Strategy, all with a C or better. 

Prerequisite to international business courses is 
either Statistical Methods, Precalculus, Calculus I or 
Introduction to Computer Science. 


International Business 

Study Abroad 

A winter term, summer term or semester abroad 
within an appropriate International Education 
program, or an individualized study under the 
direction of a member of the faculty. International 
students are exempt. 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign Language 

Introduction to Anthropology 

Cultural Area course 

Mathematics requirement 

Cultural Environment of International Business 

Sophomores and Juniors 

Foreign experience 




International Management 



International politics and/or economics course 

Personnel and Global Human Resources 

A concentration is available in personnel and 
global human resources management (see 
separate description). This concentration may 
be taken seperately or in conjunction with 
the international business major. 


International Finance and Banking 

International Marketing 

Senior Seminar 

Senior Comprehensive Examination 

Requirements for a minor include successful 
completion of Introduction to Anthropology, The 
Cultural Environment of International Business, 
International Marketing, International Finance and 
Banking, and an overseas winter term or other 
program in a foreign country. 

IBC/ANC 260 The Cultural Environment of 
International Business 

IBC/ANC 262E Environment, Population, 
and Culture 

For descriptions see Anthropology. 

IBC 275 The Sex Role Revolution in 

Issues related to the history, problems and prospects 
of women in management. The impact of the sex- 
role revolution on women and men in corporations 
(the course is not for women only). 

1CB 310 Students in Free Enterprise (SIFE) 

Socially responsible competition for customers, profits, 
and entrepreneurship. Economic principles, market 
ethics, educational outreach. Meet with ASPEC and 
SIFE executives and entrepreneurs. Prerequisities: 
Sophomore and permission of instructor. 

IBC/MNB 321 Consumer Behavior and 

Contributions of the behavioral disciplines (psychol- 
ogy, sociology, anthropology) to understanding the 
consumer decision-making process. The impact and 
value issues of the consumer movement. 

IBC/ANC 361 International Management 

Anthropologists have pioneered the study of 
management in non- Western cultures. Read 
background material comparing management 
practices in North America and other regions. Read 
a series of Harvard case studies; solve cross-cultural 
problems involving American corporations in 
foreign cultures and vice-versa. Prerequisite: Junior 
or Senior standing. 

IBC/MNB 368 The Managerial Enterprise 

Management theory and practice. Origins of 
professional management, theory, and practice of 
general management, and current management 
issues from several perspectives. 

IBC/MNB 369 Principles of Marketing 

Principles, problems and methods in distributing and 
marketing goods and services. Prerequisite: Junior or 
Senior standing. 

IBC/MNB 373 Marketing Communications 

Processes and functions of promotion, strategies 
incorporating creative use of advertising, publicity, 
merchandising, direct selling, and sales promotion. 
Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 374 Market Intelligence 

Collection and measurement of data on market 
identification, sales forecasting and marketing 
strategy development. Market research, cost/ 
revenue breakdowns, competitive analysis, others. 
Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369 and Statistics. 

ICB/MNB 375 Marketing Channels and 

Comparative marketing methods. Distributing 
products to consumers with optimal efficiency and 
economy. Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 


Interntaional Education 

IBC 376 Personnel and Global Human 
Resources Management 

Theory and practices of personnel and human resources 
management in organizations, including job definition, 
staffing, training and development, compensation and 
benefits, labor relations, environmental analysis and 
human resource planning and controlling. Draws on 
research from the EC Human Resource Institute. 
Prerequisite: Junior or Senior standing. 

IBC 378 Investment Finance 

Exploration of financial operations in the investment 
world with emphasis on the private sector. Prerequisites: 
MNB 271, IBC 361 and either ECB 281S, ECB 282S. 

IBC/MNB 379 Retail Organization and 

Retail merchandising, promotions, physical facilities, 
personnel, planning, pricing, legalities, research 
techniques, store images, market targets. Prerequi- 
site: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC/MNB 380 Sales Management 

Communication skills, buyer's motivations, individual 
demonstrations of the basic steps to selling, illustrating 
how selling is a catalyst for the entire economy and for 
society in general. Prerequisite: IBC/MNB 369. 

IBC 396/496 Personnel Planning and 
Industry Research I, II 

Theory and practice of personnel and global 
resources management planning and applied 
research in organizations. Students participate in 
ongoing industry research projects of the Human 
Resource Institute (e.g., personnel strategic plan- 
ning, environmental scanning for personnel 
functions such as recruitment and training). 
Prerequisite: IBC 376 and permission of instructor. 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in International 

Senior seminar for international business majors. 
Study moral issues and ethical problems to under- 
stand complexities, interplay of values, law and 
ethics as they affect international business praxis. 

IBC 475 Investment Analysis 

Advanced investment course focusing on in-depth 
analysis of specific investment alternatives using the 
computer and other sophisticated techniques. 
Prerequisites: IBC 378 or MNB 377. 

IBC 477 Entrepreneurship 

Study of talents, qualities, values and expertise 
necessary to conduct profit and non-profit ventures 
contributing to society. Entrepreneurial project. 
Prerequisites: IBC 361, 369, and 378. IBC 498 may 
be taken concurrently. 

IBC 485 International Marketing 

International product management, pricing in 
foreign markets, multinational distribution and 
business logistics systems, world-wide promotion 
programs, international market and marketing 
research. Prerequisite: IBC 369. 

IBC 486 International Finance and Banking 

International banking system, foreign exchange risk 
management, long run investment decisions, 
financing decisions, working capital management, 
international accounting, tax planning. Prerequisite: 
ECB 282S, and MNB 377 or IBC 378. 

IBC 496 Personnel Planning and Industry 
Research II 

For description see IBC 396. 

IBC 498 Multinational Corporate Strategy 

Comprehensive offered during spring semester. 



ARI 321 A Art History: British Painting 

Hogarth, Reynolds, Stubbs and Turner studied in 
depth. Collections of George III, Sir John Soane, 
Duke of Wellington and other connoisseurs of the 
period discussed. Visits to museums and galleries. 

ARI 351 (Directed Study) A History of 
English Architecture 

For the London semester student, an introduction to 
the history of English architecture, from Anglo- 
Saxon times to the present. No prerequisites, but 
some contact with art or art history is recommended. 

ECI 300S Economics and Social Impact of the 
Industrial Revolution 

An interdisciplinary look at the Industrial Revolu- 
tion, the technological, social, economic, political, 
and cultural phenomena that transformed life and 
attitudes in 18th and 19th century England. 

ECI 450 History of Economic Thought 

Evolution of economic ideas in the West, and 
linkage with changing political conditions. Prerequi- 
site: microeconomics and macroeconomics, or 
permission of instructor. 

INI 350 (Directed Study) The Maritime 
Heritage of England 

The influence of the sea on the English nation, its 
contribution to economic development and the 
values of its people, through readings and visits to 
museums and historic sites. 


International Education 

INI 389G British Seminar 

Required for students in the London semester. The 
historical, institutional and contemporary issues of 
Britain, with particular attention to London. Visiting 
experts in various fields, excursions and readings help 
students develop understanding of Britain today. 

The British Seminar is valid as a Global Perspective 
course in Comparative Cultures, Creative Arts and 
Letters. It is not valid as a Global Perspective course 
in Behavioral or Natural Sciences. 

LII 322 London in Literature 

Read authors chosen from various periods for their 
quality as writers, as well as their focus on the 
London of their day. Visit museums and houses of 

POI 2/30 IS Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

Major issues in contemporary British politics the 
changing setting, need for institutional reform, mark 
of Thatcherism. British developments and decisions 
in the context of domestic constraints and impera- 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth Experience 
in a Changing Great Britain 

The impact of recent events on British youth 
through face-to-face encounters and an examination 
of the institutions which shape their lives. Prerequi- 
site: PSB 202 or a course in child development and 
consent of the instructor. 

THI 3 65 A Theatre in London 

London theatre, including backstage tours and guest 
lectures, covering drama from classical to modern. 
For students with a general interest in theatre, of 
whatever major. 


Eckerd College cooperates with several institutions 
to provide students with opportunities in other 
overseas locations. In all cases, courses are chosen at 
the time of registration at the host university. 

ISEP (International Student Exchange 

Opportunities to study overseas for a semester or year 
at one of over 100 locations throughout the world. 
Students enroll in universities abroad. Fees are paid 
to Eckerd College, and all scholarships, loans and 
grants apply as if on campus. 


Full-year exchange opportunities at Kansai Gaidai 
(Osaka) or Nanzan University (Nagoya). Full range 
of courses. Classes in English. Minimum of one year 
Japanese required prior to exchange. 


Semester or full-year at Ewha Woman's University 
(Seoul). Wide range of courses. Classes in English. 
No language prerequisite. 

United Kingdom 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the Univer- 
sity of Aberdeen, Scotland. Available to all majors; 
full curriculum. Junior standing recommended. 

Full-year and semester exchanges with the Univer- 
sity of Plymouth, England. Opportunities especially 
for science, computer science, and social science 
majors. Junior standing recommended. 

Information on all of the above is available from the 
International Education and Off-Campus Study office. 


The international relations and global affairs major is 
designed to provide students with an understanding 
of the international political and economic factors, 
relationships, and issues shaping today's global 
community. It is an interdisciplinary major, but its 
home discipline is political science. Students 
majoring in international relations and global affairs 
affiliate with the Behavioral Science Collegium and 
will be associates of the political science faculty. 

Students majoring in international relations and 
global affairs will gain competency in international 
political, economic, and foreign policy analysis, 
proficiency in a foreign language, and skills in 
research, writing, and oral communication. Students 
will also gain practical experience in international 
relations through their work in their international 
practicum. Students will be prepared to go on to 
graduate study in international relations, the foreign 
service, or law. They will also be well prepared for a 
career in the international non-governmental 
community, service organizations, interest groups, or 

The major requirements consist of three prerequisite 
courses: POB 103G Introduction to International 
Relations, ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics, 
and HIC/HIL 234G Twentieth Century World, plus 
six core courses distributed across the three core 


International Relations and Global Affairs 

groups listed below. Also required are Political 
Science Research Methods, two and a half years of a 
foreign language, the international practicum, the 
Senior Seminar, and the Senior Comprehensive 
Exam. Students majoring in international relations 
and global affairs are also strongly encouraged to 
spend a semester or at least a winter term abroad. 

Beyond the three prerequisite courses already listed, 
a minimum of six core courses are required for the 
major, with at least two courses taken from each of 
the following core groups: Group A — International 
Relations Theory, Foreign Policy, and Diplomacy; 
Group B — Regional Studies; Group C — Interna- 
tional Political Economy. The list of courses for each 
group includes: 

Group A. International Relations Theory, Foreign 
Policy, and Diplomacy Group: 

ANC 340 Conflict Studies 

HIC 233G Global History in the Modern World 

HIL 322 The U.S. as a World Power 

POB 200 Diplomacy and International Relations 

POB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

POB 213 Human Rights 

POB 3 13 International Law 

POB 314 International Organization 

POB 315 Theories of War and Peace 

POB 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

POB 341 Ethics and International Relations 

(Additional courses focusing on the theory and 
practice of international relations from a primarily 
political science perspective may be developed and 
added to this list.) 

Group B. Regional Studies Group: Students must 
take at least two courses, one each from different 
regions and one each from different disciplines. 

ANC 282G East Asian Area Studies 

ANC 285G Latin American Area Studies 

ANC 286G Cultures of Sub-Saharan Africa 

HIC 244 A Cultural History of Russia 

HIC 343 Modern Russia and the Soviet Union 

HIL 342 The Rise of Russia 

HIL 361 Modern France 

HIL 365 Topics in European Women's History 

HIL 371 Latin American History 

HIL 389 History of Eastern Europe 

LIA 334 Twentieth Century European Fiction 

POB 21 1G Inter- American Relations 

POB 231 East Asian Politics 

POB 31 1 Latin American Politics 

POB 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

POB 324 East European Politics 

POB 333 Government and Politics of Japan 

RUC/ LIC 234 Twentieth Century Russian Litera- 
ture in Translation 

SPC 302 Survey of Spanish American Literature 

Group C. International Political Economy Group: 

ECB 385 Comparative Economic Systems 

ECB 388 Economic Development 

ECB 480 International Economics: Foreign Exchange 

ECB 481 International Economics: Trade 

POB 243 1 International Political Economy 

POB 242 The Politics of Defense 

POB 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

(Additional courses relating to the fields of interna- 
tional political economy and international econom- 
ics may be developed and added to this list.) 

In addition to the three prerequisite courses, the six 
core courses, and Political Science Research 
Methods, the major requires each of the following: 

Language Requirement: At least two and a half 
years (five semesters) of college level foreign 
language or the equivalent. More years of language 
or a second foreign language are strongly encouraged. 

International Practicum: A type of internship that 
counts as at least one course credit and has both 
practical and reflective components. The practicum 
must have a clear international component if based 
locally or within the U.S.; it may include an 
independent study project abroad or a service abroad 
component. The student will work closely with a 
member of the political science faculty (or faculty 
from other disciplines represented in the major) in 
arranging for the practicum. The student is respon- 
sible for informing herself or himself of the available 
types of practicums, for choosing one that meets her 
or his needs, and for fulfilling the terms of the 
practicum contract in a timely manner. 


International Relations and Global Affairs 

IRB 410 Senior Seminar: This Senior capstone 
course is organized in cooperation with ASPEC and 
led by a distinguished person with practical experi- 
ence in the field of international relations. Each year 
a visiting Scholar-Practitioner in Residence, such as 
a former diplomat or a person experienced in the 
work of international non-governmental organiza- 
tions will be invited to participate in the Senior 
Seminar. Seniors are also involved in the organiza- 
tion of seminar topics and public forums focusing on 
issues, problems, and case studies in international 
relations with guests from ASPEC and outside. 

Senior Comprehensive Exam 

Students may also minor in international relations 
and global affairs by successfully completing 
Introduction to International Relations, four core 
courses beyond the introductory level and distributed 
across each of the three core groups, and the Senior 


The interdisciplinary major in international studies 
is designed for students who have a strong interest in 
the language and culture of a specific area of the 
world. The main features of the program include the 
development of a global point of view as a context 
for the study of a particular cultural area; the careful 
study of a second language, coordinated with a 
period of study abroad; and a concentration in a core 
discipline, such as anthropology, history, economics, 
literature, politcal science, or religion. 

Students must also acquire a language competence 
equivalent to at least three years of college-level 
course work. At least two-year competence level is 
required prior to study abroad, which typically takes 
place during the third year. One semester or year will 
be devoted to study abroad in a selected grographical 
area related to the chosen language. 

The major consists of a minimum of twelve courses 
in addition to language study. Of the twelve, at least 
eight must be beyond the introductory level. 
Students must take Introduction to Anthropology, a 
minimum of five courses related to the chosen 
geographical area, and five from one of the disci- 
plines mentioned above. No more than two courses 
may overlap within these two categories, and the 
courses in the chosen discipline must comply with 
the sequencing requirements of the discipline. In 
addition, students will also complete IRB 410 Senior 
Seminar, and the Senior comprehensive exam. 
Students anticipating graduate study are strongly 
advised to include a statistics course. 

In consultation with their Mentor, students should 
plan the details of their program, paying special 
attention to the choice of their area study and core 
discipline. They are also encouraged to begin their 
language study at the beginning of their Freshman 
year. Early in the Junior year, they should form a 
three-member faculty committee to supervise their 
Senior comprehensive exams. The committee will 
be comprised of one faculty member from the chosen 
discipline, the coordinator of International Studies, 
and one other faculty member who is familiar with 
the student's work. 

Students who complete the international studies 
major should be able to demonstrate a command of 
at least one foreign language; a knowledge of the 
social, political, and cultural structures of one 
particular country or area of the world; an under- 
standing of the disciplinary perspective of one 
academic field; and an ability to write, think, and 
speak effectively in expressing the interrelatedness of 
peoples and cultures. Typically, students in this 
program have proceeded to graduate study in 
international relations or international studies, and 
have pursued careers in journalism, law, language 
teaching, international business, or employment in 
international service organizations. 


See Modern Languages. 


See Modern Languages. 


See Modern Languages. 


See page 7 1 . 


See Anthropology. 




Students majoring in literature develop competen- 
cies in analysis and interpretation of texts, skills in 
presenting ideas in writing and discussion, awareness 
of English and American literary traditions and 
cultural contexts, research skills, and appreciation for 
literature as an art. 

Students must have a Mentor in the literature 
discipline, preferably chosen by the second semester 
of the Sophomore year, and must take a minimum of 
eight literature courses, including at least one from 
English literature prior to 1800, one from English 
literature after 1800, and one from American 
literature. One of these may be a writing workshop 
course. Literature majors work out their schedules 
with their Mentors according to individual needs. 
Literature majors must successfully pass a Senior 
comprehensive exam, covering in survey fashion 
English, American and comparative literature, 
literary criticism, and methodological application; 
course selections should be made with this require- 
ment in mind. 

In exceptional cases, students who have established 
their proficiency in literature may be invited to write 
a Senior thesis in place of the comprehensive exam. 
Students seeking to major in literature in addition to 
a primary major in another field must request 
permission of the faculty in literature as soon as 
possible, but not later than the second semester of 
the Junior year. 

Courses are divided into three categories: introduc- 
tion to study of literature (typically 100 level courses) 
and perspective courses; mid-level (typically 200-300 
level courses), and advanced (courses with prerequi- 
sites, Senior seminars, etc.). 

Students wishing to double major in literature and 
creative writing need to complete all courses for each 
major program, independent of courses taken to 
fulfill requirements for the other major. However, 
literature courses taken for a major in creative 
writing may be counted for a minor in literature. 

For a minor in literature students take five courses in 
literature, one of which may be a writing workshop, 
three of which must be Eckerd College courses, and 
two of which must be at the 300 level or above. Four 
courses taken at Eckerd must be taught by faculty in 
the literature discipline. 

LIA 101 Introduction to Literature: Short 

Short stories and novels, concentrating on critical 
thinking, clear, concise written and spoken exposi- 
tion, and values embodied in great works. Atten- 
dance is required. 

LIA/LIL 102 Introduction to Literature: The 

Plays, poems, fiction, non-fiction, concentrating on 
critical thinking, clear, concise written and spoken 
exposition, and values embodied in great works. 
Attendance is required. 

LIA 109 Introduction to Poetry 

Major forms and traditions through established and 
experimental examples from English and American 
poets. Lyric, narrative, ballad, sonnet, villanelle. 

LIA 200 The Novelist on Narrative: Lectures 
on Modern and Contemporary Fiction 

Open to non-majors, a good starting place for 
students interested in majoring in literature or 
creative writing, concentrates on careful reading. 
Expressive elements of narrative: plot, character, 
point of view, style, and setting. 

LIL 201 Introduction to Children's Literature 

Fable, fairy tale, short story, poetry, novel, information 
books, children's classics. Young readers and their 
development. Integration of visual and literary arts. 

LIL 205 Women as Metaphor 

Investigating European, Canadian and American 
literature with emphasis on metaphors for women, 
what it is to be human, and values choices. Concep- 
tions of women through the ages as presented in 

LIL 206A Men and Women in Literature 

Understanding the roles (or "metaphors") for men 
and women involved in societal or individual 
choices, through the study of great works of Western 

LIL 209A Religion in Literature 

Poems, stories, novels, and plays which deal with 
religious experience. 

LIL 210A Human Experience in Literature 

Basic human experiences (innocence and experi- 
ence, conformity and rebellion, love and hate, the 
presence of death) approached through great poems, 
stories and plays. Literature from 400 B.C. to the 



LIA 22 1 American Literature I: 
The Puritans to Whitman 

Literature of 17th, 18th and 19th century America. 
The development and transfiguration of American 
attitudes toward nature, religion, government, 
slavery, etc., traced through literary works. 

LIL 222 American Literature II 

Survey of American literature from the mid 19th 
century to the present. Dickinson, Twain, James, 
Crane, Pound, Eliot, Frost, Stevens, O'Neill, 
Hemingway, Faulkner, Lowell, O'Connor, Welty and 
a range of contemporaries. 

LIA 225 Modern American Poetry 

Major American poets from 1900, concentrating on 
the meaning and values expressed in the poems, the 
development of modernism, and the reflection of 
America as our society developed. 

LIA 226 Literary Genres: Short Novels 

The short novel and ways in which it differs from 
shorter and longer fiction, how literature embodies 
values, and practice in the enunciation and defense 
of reasoned critical opinions. Attendance is required. 

LIA 228 The American Short Story: Fiction 
into Film 

Literature of 19th and 20th century America: 
humorists, poets, novelists, dramatists and short story 
writers, including Twain, Dickinson, Eliot, Frost, 
Henry James, Hemingway, Faulkner, O'Neill, 
Williams, O'Connor, Baldwin, Welty. Attendance 

LIA/ANC 230 Linguistics 

For description see Anthropology. 

LIC/RUC 232 Russian Classics in Translation 

LIC/RUC 234 Russian Literature in 

See Russian Studies. 

LIL 235 Introduction to Shakespeare 

Shakespeare through sampling each dramatic genre: 
comedy, tragedy, history and romance. Learn to 
appreciate and evaluate his writings, and the 
characteristic distinctions among the genres. 

LIL/THA 236/7 History of Drama I and II 

Two semester course; either may be taken indepen- 
dently. Part I includes Greek drama through the 
Restoration and 18th century. Part II includes pre- 
modern, modern and contemporary classics. 

LIL 238 English Literature I: to 1800 

General survey from the Old English to the Neoclas- 
sic period, highlighting the historical traditions 
which the authors create and upon which they draw. 

LIL 239 English Literature II 

General survey of British literature from 1800 to the 
present, including Romantic, Victorian, modern and 
contemporary writers. The historical tradition and 
outstanding individual artists. 

LIA 241 Major American Novels 

Major American novels, their nanative art, their 
reflection of American culture, their engagement of 
the readers' hearts and minds, exploring some of life's 
great questions as revealed by masterful writers. 

LIA 242A Introduction to Native American 

Emphasis on Navajo, Pueblo and Kiowa oral nana- 
tive, autobiography, essay, poetry, fiction, myths. 

LIA 250 (Directed Study) Children's 

The best of children's literature in various genres. 
Students do either a creative (e.g., writing children's 
story) or scholarly (e.g., essay on history of nursery 
rhymes) project. 

LIL 250 (Directed Study) Shakespeare 

For students unable to enroll in LIL 235 Introduc- 
tion to Shakespeare, or those wishing to pursue 
further work on Shakespeare independently. 

LIA 267A Literature of Healing and Dying 

The relationship between the sick person and the 
caregiver, and the relationship between the reader 
and the writer who describes, and sometimes 
criticizes, the first relationship, to deepen under- 
standing of health care issues. 

LIA 281 A The Rise of the Novel 

Some of the great works of the Western tradition, 
the fantastic and the realistic, following the guided 
dreams of nanative and its exploration of our 
imaginations and our worlds. 

LIA 282A The Modern Novel 

Modem writers and some of the questions of modem 
times: alienation, depth psychology in fiction, 
assessments of technology and urban life, sources of 
hope in humanism and literary art. 

LIA 301 Southern Literature 

Southern novels, short stories and plays, identifying 
what is "Southern" about them. Works by 
McCullers, Wanen, Faulkner, O'Connor, Percy, 
Price, Porter, Gaines. Attendance required. 



LIA 302 Studies in Fiction 

Topics vary according to student and faculty interest. 
Close reading of texts, study of criticism and 
applicable literary theory, library research tech- 
niques, writing critical prose on the topic. Prerequi- 
site: one college-level literature course. 

LIL 303 18th Century British Literature 

British literature from the death of Dryden to the 
beginning of the Romantic Age. Major writers including 
Locke, Swift, Pope, Addison, Jonson, Fielding, Sterne. 
Major Enlightenment themes and genres. 

LIL 308 The Poetry of Donne and Jonson 

The poetry of Donne and Jonson, comparing their 
ideas and techniques, their relationships to them- 
selves, their beloved and the world, and examining 
perplexities held in common across the centuries. 

LIL 311 Literature and Myth 

Stories, poems, plays, film which take their major 
themes and patterns from myth, or which attempt to 
forge alternate myths. Greek to modern writers. 
Readings from anthropologists, other social scien- 
tists, and myth criticisms. 

LIL 312 Literature by Women 

Poems, plays, stories, essays, journals, and other 
genres of literature by women of various cultures and 
languages, primarily over the past century. Major 
social, political and historical movements shaping 
the writer and her world. 

LIL 320 British Literature: Modern Poetry 

Survey of British literature from the 1880s to World 
War II, and an attempt to define "modernism" in 
poetry. Poets include Hopkins, Hardy, Yeats, 
Housman, Eliot, Auden and Thomas. 

LIL 322 Modern British Fiction 

Readings of period documents in history and social 
sciences; major writers, including Conrad, Hardy, 
Huxley, Joyce, Lawrence, and Woolf. Does not 
include drama. Freshmen require instructor's 

LIL 323 The Victorian Age in British 

British poetry and prose during the reign of Victoria 
(1837-1901). Major writers including Tennyson, 
Browning, Arnold, Hopkins, Dickens, Ruskin, 
Hardy. Victorian themes and intellectual 

LIL 324 The Romantic Age in British 

Pre-Romantics of late 18th century through major 
artists of the next two generations. Burns, Blake, 
Wordsworth, Coleridge, Scott, Shelley, Keats, Byron. 
Major Romantic themes and genres. 

LIL 327 Chaucer to Shakespeare 

Survey of major authors and forms of early English 
non-dramatic poetry, with emphasis on Chaucer, 
Spenser and Shakespeare. Prerequisite: LIL 235, 238 
or permission of instructor. 

LIA 328E Literature and Ecology: Writings 
About the Earth Household 

Exploring through literature the myths, ideas and 
attitudes which shape ecological practice. Under- 
standing our heritage and using that knowledge to 
keep the earth household alive and healthy. 

LIL 329 Mythical Methods in Literature/ 

Breakdown of the narrative method in modern 
literature and film, and experiments by modern 
artists and directors with an alternative method, 
presenting fragments unified by reference to myth. 

LIA 334 Twentieth Century European Fiction 

Novels representing various countries, dominant 
literary movements and most influential authors. One 
or more novels may be read in the original language. 
Prerequisite: one college level literature course. 

LIL 338 Twentieth Century Drama: 
British/ U.S. 

Representative dramatic forms through works by 
O'Neill, Williams, Miller, Eliot, Osborne, Pinter, 
Beckett, Arden, Stoppard, and the influences which 
helped shape modern drama. 

LIA 349A Fiction from Around the World 

Modern fiction from various parts of the globe . 
Artistic responses to social problems. Fiction as a 
means of representing human experience, both in 
values questions and literary elements (plot, 
character, image, etc.). 

LIA 350 (Directed Study) Modern 
American Novel 

Ten or twelve major American novelists of the first 
half of the 20th century from Dreiser through Richard 
Wright. Ideas, themes and analysis of writing style. 



LIA 351 (Directed Study) Twentieth Century 
American Women Artists and Writers 
(c. 1900-1935) 

Women artists and writers in the social and cultural 
context of their times. Students choose from among 
photography, dance, poetry, prose. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore or higher. 

LIA/LIL 361 Literary Criticism 

A study of literary theory and criticism using the 
most important figures in the West from Plato to the 
present. Prerequisite: one college literature course. 

L1A/THA 362A Film and Literature 

Elements of film production, major film genres, 
literary sources and analogues, and some of the 
critical approaches of film study. 

LIA 368 Literature of Fact 

Literary elements applied to describing reality 
accurately. Interpretation, point of view, style, 
personal involvement, ethical responsibilities studied 
through non-fiction writers. 

L1L 372 Tragedy and Comedy 

Range of periods and genres: drama, film, television. 
Critical opinions on what distinguishes the tragic 
and the comic. Prerequisite: two courses in literature. 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

Myths, archetypes and symbols surrounding the 
Goddess, "god-talk," and "god-thinking" through the 
study of Christian mystics, Jungian psychologists, 
contemporary poets, novelists and theologians. 

LIA 381 Contemporary American Fiction 

Fiction that breaks new ground and how it evolves. 
Selections from several strands of current writing in 
America, traditional and experimental, male and 
female, urban and rural, white and black. 

LIA 382 Contemporary American Poetry 

Poems of post- 1950 American poets, various 
movements that developed and the values they 
represent, and the difficult relations between the 
poet ar\d society. 

CRA 384 20th Century American Women in 
the Arts 

Values and traditions affecting American women 
artists from 1935 to present. Works by women in 
dance, visual arts, prose, poetry, film, photography, 
etc. Offered alternate years. 

LIA 403 American Fiction Since 1950 

Best of American fiction since 1950, selecting from 
such authors as Didion, Ellison, Malamud, Mailer, 
O'Connor, Kesey, Yates, Morris, Bellow. Attendance 
is required. 

LIL 425 Seminar on Shakespeare 

Plays and poems, language, structure, setting, 
characterization, themes, traditions. Limited to 
Senior literature majors, with others by permission of 

LIL 430 John Milton Seminar 

Milton's sonnets, epics, drama and prose, in the 
context of his life and times. 

LIL 435 Poetry and Prose of T.S. Eliot 

Transformation of Romanticism through the works 
of one of the greatest poets of the past hundred years. 
Prerequisite: one college-level literature course. 

LIA/LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary 

Important approaches to literature and language in 
the 20th century, including New Critical, Marxist, 
Psychoanalytic, Structuralist, Phenomenologist, 
Mythic, Feminist, New Historical, Deconstruc- 
tionist. Prerequisite: two college-level literature 


See International Education. 


The management major rests on two principal 
foundations: teaching management in a liberal arts 
environment and teaching the general management 
core requirements that comprise the accepted body 
of knowledge in the discipline. The management 
major is designed to prepare the student for an entry 
level managerial position in an organization or for 
graduate school. The ultimate goal of the program is 
to prepare students for responsible management and 
leadership positions in business and society, both 
domestic and international. 

The management major is designed to meet the 
needs of three categories of students: undergraduate 
majors in management, minors in management, and 
dual majors; and to integrate the general education 
and liberal arts emphasis throughout the four-year 
program of instruction. 

At Eckerd College, the practice of management is 
viewed as a liberal art. The management major 
stresses developing ideas, problem solving, and 



communicating solutions rather than the routine 
and mechanical application of knowledge and skills. 
The management major emphasizes critical think- 
ing, effective writing, asking probing questions, 
formulating solutions to complex problems, and 
assessing ethical implications of decisions. 

The management faculty has identified a set of 
interdisciplinary management skills or competencies 
that students need to acquire but which do not fit 
neatly into the boundaries of the core management 
requirements described above. These skills build 
upon related competencies which students acquire in 
the general education program. These are: critical 
thinking, decision making and problem solving, 
negotiating and resolving conflicts, systemic 
thinking, information processing, entrepreneurship, 
introspection, cross-cultural skills and international 
perspectives, communication, and computer skills. 
As part of the liberal arts emphasis, the management 
major addresses individual and societal values as a 
component of each course in the program. 

In addition to these liberal arts-related competen- 
cies, students in the management major also develop 
the following management competencies which 
build upon the general education program: 

— management under uncertain conditions 
including policy determination at the senior 
management level. 

— production and marketing of goods and services 
and financing the organization. 

— knowledge of the economics of the organization 
and of the larger environment within which the 
organization operates. 

— knowledge of the legal environment of 
organizations along with the ethical issues and 
social and political influences on organizations. 

— concepts of accounting, quantitative methods, 
and management information systems including 
computer applications. 

— organizational behavior, interpersonal commu- 
nications, and personnel human resource 
management theory and practice. 

The course sequence for a major in management is as 


MNB 1 10 Principles of Management and 

CSN 1 10 Wide World of Computing 
MNB 27 1 Principles of Accounting 


ECB 28 IS Microeconomics 
ECB 282S Macroeconomics (Micro and Macro 
may be taken in any sequence) 

MNB/ECB 260M Statistical Methods in 
Management and Economics 


MNB/IBC 369 Principles of Marketing 
MNB 371 Organizational Behavior and 

Leadership (prerequisites: MNB 260M and SLB 

MNB 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

MNB/IBC 378 Investment Finance (prerequisites: 

MNB 271 and two of ECB 28 IS, ECB 282S, 

MNB/MAN 220 Quantitative Methods 

(prerequisites: statistics, CSN 110, MNB 271, 

ECB 28 IS, or permission of instructor) 
Elective Management course 


MNB 498 Business Policy and Strategic Manage- 
ment (comprehensive in management, final 
semester of Senior year) (Students may petition 
for enrollment if enrolled in no more than two 
300 level courses) 
Elective Management course 
MNB 410 Senior Seminar: Issues in Management 

Management majors are required to complete each 
course with a grade of C or better. To progress in 
sequence, and to receive credit for core courses in 
which the student has received a D grade, a petition 
must be submitted and approved by the discipline 

Students must also meet all general education 
requirements to graduate. 

Management majors are encouraged to minor in one 
of the traditional liberal arts. 

A minor in management consists of the following 
five courses: MNB 260M Statistics, MNB/MAN 320 
Quantitative Methods, MNB 371 Organizational 
Behavior and Leadership, and two of MNB/IBC 369 
Principles of Marketing, MNB 271 Principles of 
Accounting, or MNB 377 Introduction of Business 

MNB 110 Principles of Management and 

Introduction to interdisciplinary nature of manage- 
ment and leadership practices. Historical develop- 
ment of management as a distinct discipline, 
principles and survey of functional areas of manage- 
ment, historical development of leadership prin- 
ciples, comparison of management and leadership 
similarities and differences, introduction to contem- 
porary issues in management and leadership. 

MNB/CSN 202 Cobol Programming 
For description see Computer Science. 



MNB 210 Computer Applications 

For students with minimal experience with computers 
not planning a computer science major or information 
systems concentration. Major concepts, word process- 
ing, spreadsheet, data base, networking software, 
BASIC programming, consideration of ethical issues. 

MNB/MAN 220 Quantitative Methods 
A variety of mathematical tools are studied which 
are useful in helping managers and economists make 
decisions. Prerequisite: Statistics, CSN 110, EBC 

MNB/PLL 242 Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

Ethical theories as they relate to personal and organiza- 
tional decisions, policies and actions. Analyzing 
situations which require moral decisions in the 
organizational context. Sophomore or higher standing. 

MNB/SLB 251 Work and Occupations 
(Directed Study available) 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB/ECB 260M Statistical Methods in 
Management and Economics 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 271 Principles of Accounting I 

Accounting principles used in the preparation and 
analysis of financial statements, accumulation of business 
operating data and its classification for financial 
reporting. Balance sheets and income statements. 

MNB 272 Management Information Systems 

Decisions that must be made by managers pertaining 
to computers and information systems. Computer 
terminology, hardware and programming, selecting 
computer and data base systems, etc. Prerequisite: 
CSN 143M (preferred) or MNB 210. 

MNB 273 Life Career and Personal 
Financial Planning 

Integration of life's values and goals into career 
objectives in order to develop a personal financial 
plan to increase one's quality of life. Of special 
interest to non-management majors. 

MNB 278 Business Law 

Principles, rationale and application of business law 
and regulations. Contracts, Uniform Commercial 
Code, creditors' rights, labor, torts and property, 
judicial and administrative processes. 

MNB 310 Operations Management 

Concepts and applications in service and nianufacturing 
sectors of global economy. Forecasting, product and 
process decisions, capacity planning, facility location and 
layout, project management and operations scheduling, 
inventory planning and control, quality control. 
Prerequisite: Junior standing or instructor's permission. 

MNB/IBC 321 Consumer Behavior and 

For description see International Business. 

MNB/SLB 345 Complex Organizations 
(Directed Study available) 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB/CSN 360 Database System 

For description see Computer Science. 

MNB 361 Business History 

The growth of managerial enterprise from Colonial 
to modern times, its origins and development and 
the individuals important in its evolution. Prerequi- 
sites: MNB 368 and one course in American history. 
For Juniors and Seniors only. 

MNBABC 368 Managerial Enterprise 
MNB/IBC 369 Principles of Marketing 

For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB/SLB 371 Organizational Behavior and 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB 372 Principles of Accounting II 

The information utilized by operating management 
in decision making: determination of product cost 
and profitability, budgeting, profit planning, 
utilization of standard cost and financial statement 
analysis. Prerequisite: MNB 271. 

MNB/IBC 373 Marketing Communications 
MNBABC 374 Market Intelligence 
MNB/IBC 375 Marketing Channels and 


For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB 377 Introduction to Business Finance 

A survey of financial markets and institutions in 
both the public and private sectors and their impact 
on society. Prerequisites: CSN 1 10, MNB 271 and 

MNB/IBC 378 Investment Finance 

MNB/IBC 379 Retail Organization and 


Marine Science 

MNB/IBC 380 Professional Salesmanship 
For descriptions see International Business. 

MNB/ECB 384 Managerial Economics 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 385 Total Quality Environment 

Methods used to evaluate the environmental conse- 
quences of policy decisions, product decisions about what 
products or services are provided, process decisions on 
how goods and services are created, systems decisions 
about implications of all previous decision levels. 

MNB/ECB 386 Money, Banking and Finan- 
cial Institutions 

For description see Economics. 

MNB/SLB 405 Human Ecology 
(Directed Study available) 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

Senior seminar for management majors. Weekly 
sessions with practicing executives on general 
management topics. Outside research. 

MNB/SLB 45 1 Technology and Society 

For description see Sociology. 

MNB 479 Corporate Finance 

An advanced finance course dealing with foundations 
of financial management used in organization decision 
making. Prerequisites: MNB 272, 377 or 378. 

MNB 480 Proctoring in Management 

For Senior management majors, leadership experi- 
ence as group trainers. MNB 110 and permission of 
instructor required. 

MNB 498 Business Policy and 
Strategic Management 

Comprehensive examination requirement for 
management majors. Practicum in general manage- 
ment. Prerequisite: final semester of Senior year. 
Students may petition for enrollment if they are 
enrolled in no more than two 300- level courses. 


The marine science major provides both an integra- 
tive science background and specialized foundation 
work especially suitable for students planning 
professional careers in marine fields. 

Students who complete any track of the marine science 
major demonstrate the following competencies: 

— fundamental concepts of biology, chemistry, and 
physical oceanography and marine geology. 

— research methods employed by oceanographers, and 
history of oceanographic exploration and research. 

— ability to synthesize information from the 
various marine science disciplines. 

— ability to write and speak well, and discuss 
creative approaches to research questions. 

— ability to understand the nature of values oriented 
questions associated with either human use of 
marine resources or human activities in general. 

— ability to utilize library resources effectively. 
The B.A. degree is not offered. 

Required for the B.S. are a core of seven courses: 

Introduction to Oceanography, Fundamental Physics I 
and II, Calculus I and II, Chemical and Physical 
Oceanography, and Marine Science Seminar. 

In addition to the core, specified courses in one of 
the following four tracks must be included: 

MARINE BIOLOGY - Marine Invertebrate 
Biology, Marine Botany, Cell Biology, Genetics 
(Investigative), Ecology, Comparative Physiology 
(Investigative), Calculus II, Marine Geology or 
Marine Invertebrate Paleontology, Organic Structure 
and Reactivity I and II, and Inorganic Chemistry. 

MARINE CHEMISTRY - Organic Structure and 
Reactivity I and II, Inorganic Chemistry, Analytical 
Chemistry, Biochemistry, Marine Geochemistry, Physical 
Chemistry I, Instrumental Analysis, and an introductory 
organismic biology course (Marine Invertebrate Biology, 
Marine Botany, or Vertebrate Biology), Marine Geology 
or Marine Invertebrate Paleontology. 

MARINE GEOLOGY - Marine Geology, Marine 
Invertebrate Paleontology, Earth Materials, Earth 
Structure, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation, 
Statistics, and an introductory organismic biology course 
(Marine Invertebrate Biology, Marine Botany, or 
Vertebrate Biology), Organic Structure and Reactivity I, 
Inorganic Chemistry, and an upper level geology course. 

MARINE GEOPHYSICS - an introductory organis- 
mic biology course (Marine Invertebrate Biology, Marine 
Botany, or Vertebrate Biology), Organic Structure and 
Reactivity I, Inorganic Chemistry, Marine Geology, 
Calculus III, Differential Equations, Earth Materials, 


Marine Science 

Earth Structure, Exploration Geophysics, and one of the 
following: Hydrology, Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimen- 
tation, or Linear Algebra. 

Biodiversity I and II may substitute for Marine and 
Freshwater Botany and Marine Invertebrate Biology, 
respectively. General and Molecular Physiology may 
substitute for Comparative Physiology (Investigative). 

Marine science majors are urged to incorporate Sea 
Semester into their Junior or Senior year, or 
participate in an alternative field experience, 
possibly during winter term. 

Students who major in the marine science biology 
track may not also major in biology, and students 
who major in the marine science chemistry track 
may not also major in chemistry. 

Possible sequence of courses: 

Marine Biology Track 


Calculus I and II 
Introduction to Oceanography 
Marine Invertebrate Biology 
Marine Geology or Marine Invertebrate 


Marine Botany 

Organic Structure and Reactivity I and II 

Physics I and II 

Cell Biology 



Inorganic Chemistry 
Comparative Physiology or Ecology 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography 
Marine Science Seminar 


Marine Science Seminar 
Comparative Physiology 

Recommended electives: Advanced Ecology, Fish 
Biology, Marine Mammalogy, Vertebrate Biology, 

Marine Chemistry Track 


Calculus I and II 

Organic Sttucture and Reactivity I and II 

Introduction to Oceanography 


Inorganic Chemistry 
Physics I and II 
Analytical Chemistry 


Introductory Organismic Biology 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 


Marine Geology or Marine Invertebrate 

Marine Science Seminar 


Marine Geochemistry 
Physical Chemistry I 
Instrumental Analysis 
Marine Science Seminar 

Marine Qeophysics Track 


Introduction to Oceanography 
Calculus I and II 
Physics I and II 
Marine Geology 

Earth Materials 
Calculus III 
Earth Structures 
Differential Equations 


Organic Structure and Reactivity I 
Introductory Organismic Biology 
Linear Algebra 
Exploration Geophysics 
Marine Science Seminar 


Inorganic Chemistry 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 

Marine Science Seminar 
Recommended electives for the above two tracks: 
Hydrology, Marine Geochemistry, Marine Inverte- 
brate Paleontology, Marine Stratigraphy and 
Sedimentation, Numerical Methods. 

Marine Qeology Track 


Calculus I and II 

Organic Structure and Reactivity I 
Introduction to Oceanography 
Marine Geology 


Inorganic Chemistry 
Earth Materials 
Physics I and II 
Earth Structure 


Marine Science 


Introductory Organic Biology 

Marine Stratigraphy and Sedimentation 

Chemical and Physical Oceanography 


Marine Science Seminar 


upper level electives 

Marine Science Seminar 
Recommended electives: Hydrology, Exploration 
Geophysics, Marine Geochemistry, Coastal Geology. 

A minor in marine science consists of five courses to 
include the following: Introduction to Oceanography, 
Chemical and Physical Oceanography, Marine 
Geology or Marine Invertebrate Paleontology, Marine 
Invertebrate Biology or Marine Botany, and a 200+ 
level course focusing on marine science (e.g., Marine 
Mammalogy, Marine Geochemistry, Marine Stratigra- 
phy and Sedimentation, Comparative Physiology or 
Ecology). These courses must not duplicate courses 
used by students to satisfy major requirements. 

MSN 119 Introduction to Oceanography 

Survey of geological, physical, chemical, biological 
oceanography. Topics include history, origin, sea 
floor, waves, tides, cunents, properties and composi- 
tion of seawater, productivity, pelagic and benthic 
environments, basic coastal processes. 

MSN/BIN 187 Plant Biology 

For description see Biology. 

MSN/BIN 188 Marine and Freshwater 

Diversity of marine and freshwater plants, their 
relationship to each other and to their environment. 
A survey of all plant groups is included. Field trips. 

MSN/BIN 189 Marine Invertebrate Biology 

Structural basis, evolutionary relationships, biologi- 
cal functions and environmental interactions of 
animal life in the seas, exploring the local area. 

MSN 208 Environmental Geology 
Geological hazards and our use and abuse of the 
earth. Methods of preservation, conservation and 
sustained yield. 

MSN 242 Marine Geology 
Geological history of the oceanic environment. 
Marine geological and geophysical exploration 
techniques. Provides complete introduction to 
geological oceanography. Prerequisite: MSN 119. 

MSN 257 Earth Materials 
Rocks and minerals of the earth: mineralogy, 
petrography of igneous, sedimentary and metamor- 
phic rocks. Prerequisites: MSN 119 and MSN 242. 

MSN/BIN 301 Principles of Ecology 

For description see Biology. 

MSN/BIN 302 The Biology of Fishes 

Systematics, anatomy, physiology, ecology, and 
bahavior of fishes. Laboratory includes field collect- 
ing, trips to local institutions, examination of 
anatomical features and systematic characteristics. 
Prerequisite: BIN 200, and Junior standing or 
permission of instructor. 

MSN 303 Exploration Geophysics 

A laboratory course in theory, methods and applica- 
tions; computer methods and geological applications 
emphasized. Prerequisites: MAN 132 and MSN 242. 

MSN 304 Marine Invertebrate Paleontology 

Morphology, classification, phylogeny, paleoecology 
of groups of marine invertebrate fossil organisms. 
Taphomony, biostratigraphy, and the stages in the 
evolution of marine ecosystems. Field trips and labs. 

MSN 305 Marine Stratigraphy and 

Facies and basin analysis, sedimentary tectonics. 
Interpretation of clastic and chemical sedimentary 
rocks to infer processes, environments, and tectonic 
settings in the marine environment. Prerequisite: 

MSN 242. 

MSN 306 Earth Structure 

Microscopic-to-macroscopic scale structures in rocks, 
field observations of stress and strain. Oceanic and 
continental structures, theory of plate tectonics. 
Prerequisite: MSN 242 or permission of instructor. 

MSN 309 Principles of Hydrology 

The study of water: how rivers function, how water 
moves through the ground, pollution of water and 
other problems. Laboratory involving data collec- 
tion, interpretation, computer work, field trips. 
Prerequisite: MSN 242, PHN 241, or permission of 

MSN/BIN 311 Marine Mammalogy 

For description see Biology. 

MSN/BIN 314 Comparative Physiology: 

For description see Biology. 


Marine Science 

MSN 342 Chemical and Physical 

Chemical and physical properties of seawater, 
distributions of water characteristics in the oceans, 
water, salt and heat budgets, circulation and water 
masses, waves and tides, coastal oceanography. 
Prerequisites: MSN 119, CHN 111, 211, and PHN 
241, or permission of instructor. 

MSN 347 Marine Geochemistry 
Geochemical and biogeochemical processes in 
oceans. Fluvial, atmospheric, hydtothermal sources 
of materials, trace elements, sediments, interstitial 
waters, diagenesis. Prerequisite: MNS 342 or 
permission of instructor. 

MSN/BIN 402 Marine Ecology 

Selected aspects of marine systems. Prerequisites: 
BIN 301 or 307. 

MSN 408/410 Marine Science Seminar 

Topical problems in all disciplines of marine science. 
Junior and Senior marine science majors participate for 
one course credit. Sophomores are invited to attend. 

For other courses meeting marine science require- 
ments, see Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics, 
Physics, Statistics, and Sea Semester. 


Students majoring in mathematics acquire knowledge 
of the basic definitions, axioms, and theorems of 
mathematical systems. Moreover, they apply math- 
ematical reasoning within many different contexts 
and they develop proficiency in computation. 

The basic requirement for either the B.A. or B.S. 
degree is the completion of Calculus III and eight 
mathematics courses numbered above MAN 233. 
The Mathematics Seminar is required in the Junior 
and Senior years. 

Competencies in the major are attained through the 
successful completion of these courses and the 
completion of a comprehensive examination or 
thesis with a final grade of C or better. 

Student placement in first-year courses is determined 
by evaluation of high school mathematics tran- 
scripts. Consideration is given toward advanced 
placement within the cumculum. 

A minor in mathematics is attained upon the 
completion of five mathematics courses with a grade 
of C or better. Three of the courses must be num- 
bered above MAN 233. 

MAN 102M Philosophy of Mathematics 

The intellectual development of mathematical 
thought. Plato, Aristotle, Ptolemy, Newton, Einstein 
and others studied in a historical and philosophical 
context. Some computing required but skill or 
knowledge in a programming language not needed. 

MAN 104M Survey of Mathematics 

Applications of mathematics to real problems: 
graphing, equations and inequalities, probability, 
statistics, consumer mathematics. Students use 
calculators and computers. 

MAN 105M Precalculus 
Algebraic, exponential, logarithmic, and trigono- 
metric functions. Analytic geometry, curve sketch- 
ing, mathematical induction, equations and 
inequalities . 

MAN 13 1M Calculus I 

First in three-course sequence. Techniques of 
differentiation and integration, limits, continuity, 
the Mean Value Theorem, curve sketching. 
Riemann Sums and the Fundamental Theorem of 
Calculus. Applications in the sciences. Prerequisite: 
Placement at the calculus-ready level. 

MAN 132 Calculus II 

Continuation of MAN 13 1M. Exponential, logarith- 
mic and trigonometric functions, formal integration 
techniques and applications. Taylor polynomials and 
infinite series. Prerequisite: MAN 13 1M. 

MAN 133 Statistics, An Introduction 

Emphasis on concepts, methods, and applications 
useful in the natural sciences. Elementary probability 
theory and random variables, common discrete, 
continuous probability distributions. Statistics and 
sampling distributions, estimation and hypothesis 
testing, simple regression. Credit is given for only 
one of MAN 133 or one of the behavioral science 
statistics courses, but not both. 

MAN 143 Discrete Mathematics 

Algorithms, induction, graphs, digraphs, permuta- 
tions, combinations; introduction to probability, 
logic, Boolean algebra, difference equations. 
Emphasis on discrete rather than continuous aspects. 
Prerequisite: MAN 13 1M. 

MAN/MNB 230 Quantitative Methods 

For description see Management. . 

MAN 233 Calculus III 

Continuation of MAN 132. Three-dimensional 
analytic geometry, partial and directional derivatives, 
extrema of functions of several variables, multiple 
integrals. Prerequisite: MAN 132. 



MAN 234 Differential Equations 

Existence and uniqueness theorems, nth-order linear 
differential equations, Laplace transforms, systems of 
ordinary differential equations, series solutions and 
numerical methods. Prerequisite: MAN 132. 

MAN 236 Linear Algebra 

Vector spaces, linear transformations, matrices, 
eigenvalues, eigenvectors, and systems of linear 
equations. Prerequisites: MAN 132 or permission of 

MAN 237 Introduction to 
Mathematical Thinking 

Abstract mathematical reasoning and exposition, 
emphasizes writing and understanding mathematical 
proof, prepositional and predicate calculus, relations, 
functions, construction and properties of number 
systems. Prerequisite: MAN 132 or 143. 

MAN 238 Optimization Techniques 
Classical techniques for optimizing univariate, 
multivariate functions with or without constraints. 
Linear programming (model, assumptions, simplex 
method, duality, sensitivity analysis, applications). 
Nonlinear programming (Lagrange multipliers, 
Kuhn-Tucker conditions, quadratic, convex 
programming, search techniques). Prerequisite: 
MAN 233 or permission of instructor. 

MAN/PHN 251 Mathematical 
Methods of Physics 

Applications of calculus to celestial mechanics, 
electromagnetic field theory, special relativity. 
Differential k-forms, directional derivatives, perturba- 
tion theory, differential equations, Poincare's method. 

MAN 333 Probability and Statistics I 

First in two-course sequence. Mathematical theory of 
probability with applications, combinatorial analysis, 
axioms of probability, conditional probability and 
independence. Univariate, jointly distributed random 
variables, expectation, central limit theorem, law of 
large numbers. Prerequisite: MAN 233. 

MAN 334 Probability and Statistics II 

Integrates definitions and theorems of probability 
with graphical descriptive methods of data analysis. 
Rationale of confidence intervals, significance 
testing, experimental design, statistics and sampling 
distributions, goodness-of-fit, regression and linear 
models. Prerequisite: MAN 333. 

MAN 335 Abstract Algebra I 

First in two-course sequence. Integers, groups, rings, 
integral domains, vector spaces, development of 
fields. Prerequisite: MAN 132 or 236. 

MAN 336 Abstract Algebra II 

Continuation of MAN 335, which is prerequisite. 

MAN 339 Combinatorial Mathematics 

Problem solving techniques for enumeration of finite 
sets. Permutations and combinations, generating 
functions, principle of inclusion and exclusion, 
recurrence relations, Polya's theory of counting and 
fundamentals of graph theory. Prerequisite: MAN 

MAN 340 Dynamical Systems 

An introduction to dynamical systems, chaos and 
fractals. Dynamic modelling, stability analysis, 
bifurcation theory, strange attractors, self-similarity, 
iterated function systems. Prerequisite: MAN 234 or 
permission of instructor. 

MAN/CSN 341 Numerical Analysis 

Methods for solving an equation or systems of 
equations. Interpolating polynomials, numerical 
integration and differentiation, numerical solutions 
of ordinary and partial differential equations, 
boundary value problems. Prerequisite: MAN 233 or 
permission of instructor. 

MAN 351 Fourier Analysis 

Method, justification, applications of representing a 
function by an orthogonal set of functions. Necessary 
analysis, distribution theory, unified view of Fourier 
series, transform and discrete Fourier transform, fast 
Fourier transform algorithm, sampling theory. 
Prerequisite: MAN 234. 

NAN 410 Mathematics Senior Seminar 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
mathematics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two-years participation. Mathematical 
processes from a historical and cultural perspective. 

MAN 411 Introduction to Topology 

Introduction to point-set topology emphasizing 
connectedness, compactness, separation properties, 
continuity, homeomorphisms and metric and 
Euclidean spaces. Prerequisite: MAN 233 or 
permission of instructor. 

MAN 421 Partial Differential Equations 

Modeling and paradigms for solutions. Separation of 
variables, closed form solutions (dAlembert and 
Green's functions), Fourier series, Bessel functions, 
Legendre polynomials, Laplace transforms and 
numerical methods. Prerequisite: MAN 234- 



MAN 433 Real Analysis I 

First in two-course sequence. The real numbers as a 
complete ordered field, derivatives, Riemann integrals, 
Euclidean n-space, partial derivatives, vector-valued 
functions of vector variables, multiple, infinite, line and 
surface integrals, infinite series, Green's and Stoke's 
theorems. Prerequisite: MAN 233. 

MAN 434 Real Analysis II 

Continuation of MAN 433, which is prerequisite. 

MAN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Senior mathematics majors may, upon invitation of 
the mathematics faculty, do research and write a thesis 
under the direction of a member of that faculty. 


The Medical Technology program offers students a 
B.S. or B.A. degree by completing three years of 
general studies here and a fourth year of professional 
coursework at a hospital which has been approved by 
the Council on Medical Education of The American 
Medical Association. 

The general studies program at Eckerd College must 
include a minimum of eleven courses in the Natural 
Sciences which are required for certification: four 
courses in biology (including microbiology and 
immunology); four courses in chemistry (including 
organic), one course in mathematics (normally 
calculus), and two courses in physics. Completion of 
the all-college general education requirements is 
expected of all graduates. Senior general education 
courses should be taken in advance. 

The professional coursework taken during the Senior 
year requires that the student spend 12 months in 
training at a certified hospital to which he/she has 
gained admission. For most Eckerd students, this is 
Bayfront Medical Center. The student receives 
college credit for the laboratory courses taken in that 
clinical setting. The baccalaureate is awarded on 
successful completion of this coursework with a 
major in interdisciplinary science. 

In addition, the student receives certification by the 
American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP) 
after passing an official examination. Supervision of 
clinical coursework during the Senior year is carried 
out by a program director (an M.D. certified in 
clinical pathology by the American Board of 
Pathology) and an educational coordinator (a 
medical technologist certified by the Registry of 
Medical Technologists). 


Students may pursue a language major in French, 
German or Spanish, a major in Russian Studies, or a 
major in Modern Language. Coursework is also 
available in Italian and Japanese. 

Language majors must take at least eight courses 
beyond the elementary level. A language major is 
required to speak the language well enough to be 
rated at an Intermediate Low level of proficiency as 
defined by the American Council of the Teaching of 
Foreign Languages. Because of the proficiency 
expectation, language majors are urged to spend no 
less than a term studying abroad, usually during the 
Junior year, unless prior equivalency is verified. The 
college maintains a variety of programs to help meet 
this requirement. In addition, all majors in this field 
of study are expected to have tested knowledge in 
cultural, historical and literary understanding. The 
students must successfully pass either a comprehen- 
sive examination or write a Senior thesis, the latter 
by invitation of the language faculty. Students are 
advised to take various other courses in accordance 
with their interests and career goals. Four courses 
beyond the third year level must pertain directly to 
the language, literature and culture. 

Majors in modern languages often go on to careers in 
education, government, journalism, business, or to 
graduate school. 

Minors are available in French, German, Spanish or 
Russian Studies. A minor consists of five courses. 


FRC 101/2 Elementary French I, II 

Introduction to French for students with little or no 
training in the language. Three classes and two 
laboratory sessions per week. 

FRC 112 Accelerated Beginning French 

A review of elementary French for students with 
some background in the language. Oral comprehen- 
sion, writing, speaking, reading. 

FRC 201 Intermediate French I 

Developing oral and written control of French. 
Grammar, conversations and readings in French. 
Prerequisite: FRC 102 or three years of high school 

FRC 202 Intermediate French II 

Integrated approach to French language, culture and 
literature. Oral presentations, discussion of contempo- 
rary French issues, weekly written reports and 
compositions. Grammar review, aural comprehension 
exercises weekly. Prerequisite: FRC 201 or equivalent. 



FRC 212 Accelerated Intermediate French 

Intensive oral and written work, readings on 
contemporary French issues. Prerequisite: FRC 102, 
1 12 or the equivalent. 

FRC 302 Advanced Composition and 

A refinement of student mastery of structure and 
vocabulary, with emphasis on the ability to commu- 
nicate both orally and in writing. Laboratory work as 
needed. Prerequisite: FRC 202, 212 or equivalent. 

FRC 303 French for Cultural Communication 

For students who wish to approach fluency and 
refine their ability to communicate in oral and 
written form. A variety of media including journal- 
ism, novel, film, theatre. Write in genres such as 
personal essay, literary analysis, oral presentation. 
Develop personal expression within standard of 
fluency. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or the equivalent. 

FRC 307A Literature and Film in 
Postwar France 

Literature, cinema, and aesthetic questions in France 
from World War II to present. Existentialism, 
formalism, New Novel, New Wave and the return of 
history in the 70s and '80s. Prerequisite: Good 
working knowledge of written and spoken French 
demonstrated by an interview and writing sample, or 
completion of any 300 level French course. 

FRC 380A Introduction to French 
Literature and Culture 

Survey French literature from medieval period 
through twentieth century. Evolution, structure, 
form, relationships of culture and history to the 
literature. Prerequisite: 300 level standing in French. 

FRC 392G Francophone Africa and 
the Caribbean 

Literature and culture of two major francophone 
regions which have attempted to resist and reject 
values imposed by the French. Alienation and 
Western society, survival of indigenous culture, 
importance of Islam, necessity and impossibility of 
writing in the colonizer's language, the negritude 
movement. Prerequisite: 300 level standing in French. 

FRC 401 French Literature in Formation 

From the emergence of the French language in the 
middle ages to the splendid epoch of French 
Classicism, explore how a theme, topic or genre 
emerged as a powerful influence in France's later 
literary tradition. Prerequisite: FRC 302 and 
permission of instructor. 

FRC 402 Romanticism to Modernism 

Authors who formed attitudes about the rightful 
place of "man" in the world, decried superstition and 
violence, or undermined authority throughout the 
18th century and beyond the Revolution into the 
19th. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or 303 and permission 
of instructor. 

FRC 403 Topics in Modern French Literature 

One or possibly two limited topics in this broad area 
each semester. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or 303 and 
permission of instructor. 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

Discover, analyze and discuss various aspects of 
French literature, with unifying motifs. Prerequisite: 
FRC 302 or 303 and permission of instructor. 

FRC 405 Commercial French 

Learn the style and vocabulary specific to French 
business. Basic workings of the French economy, and 
business terms. Prerequisite: FRC 302 or equivalent. 

FRC 406 French Theatre on Stage 

Practice understanding, learning and reciting 
passages in plays from 17th century to modern works, 
to improve oral communication skills in French. 
Prerequisite: FRC 302 or equivalent. 

FRC 410 Senior Seminar in French Studies 

Readings and discussion of selected topics. Prerequi- 
site: two 400 level French courses. 

Semester Abroad in France 
See International Education. 


GRC 101/2 Elementary German I, II 

Language through videos and supplemental reading. 
Method appropriate to need, patterning and 
grammatical analysis. Will enable students to 
function in German-speaking country. Prerequisite: 
GRC 101 or equivalent for 102. 

GRC 201/2 Intermediate German I, II 

Review of grammar; short stories and cultural films. 
Introduction to German culture and native language 
models. Class discussions in German. Prerequisites: 
GRC 102 for 201; 201 for 202. 

GRC 203A The World as Theatre 

History of drama and theatre. Read and discuss some 
of the greatest dramas of the European and Ameri- 
can tradition. All readings and discussions in 



GRC 205A Heroes: Ethics on Stage 

In translation. Changes in ethics of German 
dramatic heroes, 1600 to 1990. Readings and 
discussion in English. 

GRC 206A (Directed Study) Heroes: 
Ethics on Stage 

In German. For description see GRC 205A. 
Prerequisite: advanced standing in German. 

GRC 25 1 Fritz Lang, Early German 
Cinema and the Weimar Republic 

In translation. Lang's films in detail with attempt to 
correlate stylistic features with the cultural and 
political context. Readings and discussion in English. 

GRC 252 Fritz Lang, Early German 
Cinema and the Weimar Republic 

In German. For description see GRC 251. Prerequi- 
site: advanced standing in German. 

GRC 255A The Third Reich in German Film 

In translation. How German films since 1945 deal 
with the Nazi past. Issues in ethics. Readings and 
discussion in English. 

GRC 25 6 A The Third Reich in German Film 

In German. For description see GRC 255A. 
Prerequisite: advanced standing in German. 

GRC 301/2 Introduction to German 
Culture and Politics 

Contemporary German literature and life. Readings 
chosen according to student ability and interest. 
Modern fiction and magazines. Prerequisite GRC 
202 or equivalent. 

GRC 304 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 
(Directed Study available) 

In translation. Hesse's novels in chronological order, 
tracing the development of the man and his writings 
from poetic realism to impressionism. 

GRC 305 The Novels of Hermann Hesse 
(Directed Study available) 

In German. For description see GRC 304. Prerequi- 
site: advanced standing in German. 

GRC 311 Advanced German Composition 
and Conversation 

Student participation in teaching theoretical and 
practical aspects of grammar. Topical discussions and 
written assignments in the language. 

GRC 331/332 Special Topics in German 

Projects based upon current needs and interests of 
students and offered at the discretion of the German 

GRC 355A Kafka, Mann, Wolf: 
Ethics of Prose 

In translation. Stories, novellas, novels, and non- 
fiction by the three greatest twentieth century prose 
writers in the German language. Moral and/or 
ethical significance of narrative strategies. How 
different forms of prose achieve different effects and 
how they steer the reader. 

GRC 356 Kafka, Mann, Wolf: Ethics of Prose 

In German. For description see GRC 355A. 
Prerequisite: advanced standing in German. 

GRC 401/2 The German Novel I, II 

A study of the most representative novelists from 
Goethe to the present. Includes Thomas Mann, 
Hermann Hesse, and the writers of present day 
Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. 

GRC 403/4 German Drama I, II 

German drama from Goethe to the present. 
Particular emphasis on drama of the 19th century 
and the present. 

GRC 441/2 Seminar in German I, II 

Included are such topics as Goethe's Faust, German 
poetry, the German novelle, history of the German 
language, independent readings. For Seniors. 

Semester Abroad in Germany 
See International Education. 


ITC 101/102 Elementary Italian I, II 

Intensive practice in speaking, listening comprehen- 
sion, reading, writing and grammar. Prerequisite for 
102 is 101 or permission of the instructor. 

ITC 201/202 Intermediate Italian I, II 

Prerequisite: ITC 102 or equivalent, or permission of 


J AC 101/102 Elementary Japanese I, II 

(Offered in the fall only) 

J AC 201/202 Intermediate Japanese I, II 

(Offered in the spring only) 

Dialogues in Japanese and English supplemented by 
grammar and usage drills. Practice in both speaking 
and reading. Second and third levels taught as 
directed studies. 



J AC 103 Japanese Reading and Writing 

The two syllabaries of the Japanese writing system, 
basic repertoire of about 200 kanji, sentence 
structures, vocabulary. Year long course designed to 
run concurrently with JAC 101 and 102, which are 
corequisite or prerequisite. Strongly recommended 
for students planning to study or work in Japan. 

Year Abroad in Japan 
See International Education. 


LAC 101/102 Elementary Latin 

Master basic grammatical construction, develop a 
vocabulary of approximately 500 words and the 
abilty to read moderately difficult prose. English 
word derivation heavily stressed. LAC 101 is 
prerequisite for 102. 


See after Spanish. 


See Russian Studies. 


SPC 101/2 Elementary Spanish I, II 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking and 
writing Spanish. Prerequisite for SPC 102 is 101 or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 201 Intermediate Spanish I 

Continuation of SPC 101/2, with all work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 101/2 or the equivalent, 
or permission of instructor. 

SPC 202 Intermediate Spanish II 

Literature as a vehicle for cultural understanding, 
speaking, reading and writing Spanish. All work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 201 or the equivalent, or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 205 Oral Expression 

Develop level of spoken proficiency corresponding to 
the Intermediate Mid-level on the ACTFL Scale. 
Oral practice in tourism/travel, housing, shopping, 
home life, college experience, sports, health, food 
and restaurants, cars, conversing on the phone. 
Prerequisite: SPC 202. 

SPC 301A/302A Literature and Culture I, II: 
Spain and Latin America 

Representative writers from all periods and genres of 
literature. Prerequisite: SPC 202. 

SPC 306 Advanced Spanish Grammar 
and Conversation 

Intense practice in speaking through discussion and 
oral reporting focusing on contemporary issues. 
Expand and develop vocabulary. Prerequisite SPC 
202 or permission of instructor. 

SPC 307 Advanced Spanish Grammar 
and Composition 

For students to develop and perfect writing skills, 
particularly those minoring or majoring in the 
language who also need to fulfill an extensive 
language requirement, such as international business 
or international studies. Prerequisite: SPC 202 or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 308 Spanish Literature/Film Themes: 
Civil War 

Spanish novel, theatre and film in light of their 
political and historical settings. Prerequisite: SPC 
306 or 307, or equivalent. 

SPC 310A Real /Surreal: Loca, Buneal, Dali 

Selected works studies as manifestations and 
representations of realistic and surrealistic art, and 
how they helped bring about a cultural renaissance 
in Spain. Prerequisite: advanced proficiency, any one 
of SPC 306, 307, 301 A, 302A. 

SPC 401 (Directed Study) The Modern 
Spanish Novel 

Major novels of Spanish writers from Generacion del 
'98 to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 302A or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 402 Spanish American Novel 
(Directed Study available) 

Selected works by Spanish American novelists 
chronologically to give clear understanding of 
developments in the New World. Prerequisite SPC 
302A or permission of instructor. 

SPC 403 Modern Spanish Drama 

Works of best modem playwrights from Benavente 
to the present. Prerequisite: SPC 302A or permission 
of instructor. 

SPC 404 Spanish Golden Age Literature 

Reading and analyzing the most representative 
authors of the period, with all work in Spanish. 
Prerequisite: SPC 302A or permission of instructor. 



SPC 405 Cervantes 

The life and works of Cervantes with critical analysis 
of Don Quixote. All work in Spanish. Prerequisite: 
SPC 302A or permission of instructor. 

SPC 407 Spanish Women Writers 

Spanish and Latin American women writers, the 
world they lived in and how they helped change it. 
Dynamics of gender, class and education. Introduc- 
tion to feminist liteary criticism. Taught in Spanish. 
Prerequisites: SPC 301 A or 302 A or permission of 

SPC 408 New Spanish American Narrative 

Understanding the social message and aesthetic 
innovations such as "realismo magico" in works of 
prominent contemporary Spanish American writers 
such as Lloso, Marquez and Fuentes. All work in 
Spanish. Prerequisite: SPC 302A or permission of 

SPC 409 Spanish for Business 

Oral and written skills. Cross-cultural communica- 
tion between North America and Spanish speaking 
world. Forms, styles, usages, procedures in commer- 
cial communication. Prerequisite: SPC 302A or 
permission of instructor. 

SPC 410 The Modern Spanish Novel 

Senior Seminar for Spanish majors. Reading and 
discussion of selected topics. 

Semester Abroad in Spain 
See International Education. 


A major in modern languages consists of a minimum 
of eight courses above the elementary level in a 
primary language, with a Senior thesis or comprehen- 
sive exam in that language, plus four courses in a 
secondary language above the elementary level, as 
determined by the individual disciplines. The overall 
comprehensive exam will include the secondary 
language. The examining committee will consist of 
professors of both languages, and the proficiencies 
examined on the courses taken will be: understanding, 
speaking, reading and writing. It is strongly recom- 
mended that students include elective courses that are 
related to the languages pursued. A minimum of one 
month of residence abroad in the environment of the 
primary foreign language is advised. 


The music major provides students with an under- 
standing of the Western art music tradition and the 
other music traditions which have shaped it, through 
a series of combination theory/music history courses 
and complementary performance courses. Consistent 
with the expectations of graduate programs in music, 
students completing a music major should be able to: 

— demonstrate listening, sight singing, keyboard 
and written theory skills at a high intermediate 

— analyze and discuss musical works from a 
theoretical and historical perspective, both in 
oral presentations and in formal essays 

— apply a wide variety of music research materials 
to their own analytic and performance projects 

— demonstrate familiarity with the major genres, 
styles and composers associated with the music 
of the West, as well as familiarity with a number 
of music types outside the Western classical 

— perform on voice or an instrument at more than 
an intermediate level, both from a technical 
and interpretive standpoint. 

The required introductory course, ideally completed 
no later than the end of the Sophomore year, is 
Comprehensive Musicianship I, a two semester theory 
sequence: MUA 145 (Tonal Theory I) and MUA 146 
(Tonal Theory II). This course begins with a review of 
music rudiments, but students without previous formal 
music background are encouraged to take Music 
Fundamentals, MUA 101, before enrolling in MUA 
145. Supplementary to their enrollment in academic 
music courses, students are expected to engage in 
private music study and participate in choir from the 
time they enter the program, preferably through credit 
enrollment in Choral Literature and Ensemble and in 
Applied Music. Advanced instrumentalists may 
petition to participate in an instrumental ensemble in 
place of choir. 

The seven required advanced courses in the music 
major include five additional comprehensive 
musicianship courses covering music history and 
corresponding music theory from the medieval 
period through the modern era (MUA 242, MUA 
341, MUA 342, MUA 443, MUA 444), plus two 
academic electives at the 200 level or higher, 
preferably including American Music and Values 
(MUA 326A) and World Music (MUA 356G). In 
addition, students are expected to continue their 
participation in Choral or Instrumental Ensemble as 
well as their private applied music studies, preferably 
for credit. A comprehensive examination will be 
administered following a period of review in the 


Senior year to determine competency in the 
academic and interpretive aspects of music. Ad- 
vanced students may be invited to complete an 
academic or composition thesis in lieu of the 
comprehensive exam; highly skilled performers may 
be invited to present a Senior recital as part of the 
Music at Eckerd series. 

The minor in music consists of five courses as 
follows: the two semester sequence Comprehensive 
Musicianship I (MUA 145 Tonal Theory I and 
MUA 146 Tonal Theory II); two additional 
comprehensive musicianship courses or one CM 
course and an academic elective at a 300 or 400 
level; plus one performance course. 

MUA 101 Music Fundamentals 

Reading pitches and rhythms, sight singing, basic 
keyboard performance. Musical patterns common in 
folk, popular and art music worldwide. 

MUA 145 Comprehensive Musicianship: 
Tonal Theory I 

Tonal harmony, part-writing skills, primary triads and 
inversions, non-harmonic tones, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Four semester hours of credit. 

MUA 146 Comprehensive Musicianship: 
Tonal Theory II 

Secondary triads, medieval modes, harmonic 
sequence, elementary modulation, continued 
partwriting and analysis, ear training, sight singing, 
keyboard harmony. Four semester hours of credit. 
Prerequisite: MUA 145 or equivalent. 

MUA 221 A Introduction to Music Literature 

The best and most significant music of the West 
approached stylistically and historically, with special 
focus on Aaron Copland. Not intended for music majors. 

MUA 242 Comprehensive Musicianship II: 
Medieval and Renaissance Music 

History, theory, performance practices and cultural 
context of Western music from the start of the 
Christian era to 1600. Prerequisite: MUA 145 or 

MUA 245 Choral Literature and Ensemble 

Study and performance of masterworks of choral 
music. Concerts given both on and off campus. 
Chamber chorus chosen from membership of the 
larger group. Two semesters required for one course 
credit. Admission by audition with instructor. 

MUA 246 Instrumental Ensemble 

Participation in small ensembles for strings, brass or 


woodwinds. Repertoire from Renaissance to present. 
Four hours per week for two semesters earns one 
course credit. Permission of instructor required. 

MUA 266/7 Music Projects I 

Opportunities for study in special topics in perfor- 
mance, research, and areas of study not provided for 
in regular semester courses, by permission of 

MUA 331 A Topics in Music Literature 

Music of a particular period, genre, or composer in 
terms of musical style, cultural, historical, or 
biographical significance. Listening and discussion, 
development and application of descriptive and 
analytical vocabulary and presentation of research 
findings. Specific topics will be published in the 
course schedule. 

MUA 3 26 A American Music and Values 

Impact of the American pioneer experience on folk, 
popular and art music. Slave songs to electronic 
works. Freshmen with permission of instructor. 

MUA 341 Comprehensive Musicianship III: 
the Baroque Period 

The literature and associated stylistic analysis of 
music from Monteverdi through Bach (c. 1600— 
1750). Prerequisite: MUA 145 or permission of 

MUA 342 Comprehensive Musicianship IV: 
Music of the Classic Period 

Development of 18th century classical style through 
the music of Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven. 
Prerequisite: MUA 145, or permission of instructor. 

MUA 350 (Directed Study) Twentieth 
Century Music 

Important works by major composers of this century, 
listening to recordings of their works, along with the 
history of the period. Open to all students; ability to 
read standard musical scoring at minimal level 

MUA 356G World Music 

Music for ritual, work and play as well as art music 
traditions from various cultures around the world. 
Aural and videotaped recordings from the field, 
primary and secondary source reading in culture and 
aesthetics, performance where possible, discussion. 
Freshmen with permission of instructor. 



MUA 361 Advanced Tonal Harmony 

A continuation of MUA 145, from modulatory 
techniques through the chromaticism of the late 19th 
century. Two one-hour labs in aural skills required 
each week. Permission of instructor required. 

MUA 366/7 Music Projects II 

For advanced music students who wish to pursue 
work on specialized topics in depth, including 
composition. Permission of instructor required. 

MUA 442 Applied Music 

Studio instruction in voice, piano, organ, guitar, 
string, brass and woodwind instruments. One private 
lesson, one hour class meeting, and a minimum of six 
hours per week individual practice required for two 
semesters, for one course credit. Permission of 
instructor required. Fee charged. 

MUA 443 Comprehensive Musicianship V: 
The Romantic Period: the 19th Century 

A study of the music of the 19th century from late 
Beethoven through Schubert, Brahms, Chopin and 
Wagner, among others. Prerequisite: MUA 145 or 
permission of instructor. 

MUA 444 Comprehensive Musicianship VI: 
Contemporary Period 

Beginning with Debussy, contemporary music 
through the various mainstream composers. Post 
World War II events, such as aleatoric, electronic 
and computerized composition are included. 
Prerequisite: MUA 145 or permission of instmctor. 

CRA 141 A Introduction to the Arts 

CRA 2 26 A Music and Architecture 

For descriptions see Aesthetic Perspective. 


A personnel and global human resource manage- 
ment concentration may be elected within the 
international business major. The concentration 
teaches theory and practices of personnel and human 
resources management in organizations, including 
job definition, staffing, training and development, 
compensation and benefits, labor relations, environ- 
mental analysis and human resource planning and 
controlling. The concentration also allows students 
to integrate their classroom learning with related 
ongoing business and industry research in coopera- 

tion with the Eckerd College Human Resource 
Institute and the Comparative Cultures Collegium. 

Students are required to complete the following 

Freshmen and Sophomores 

Foreign language 

ANC 201 Introduction to Anthropology 
ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 
MNB 271 Principles of Accounting 
Cultural area course 


IBC/ANC 260 Cultural Environment of 

International Business 
IBC/ANC 361 International Management 
IBC 369 Marketing 
IBC 376 Personnel and Global Human 

Resources Management 
IBC 396 Personnel Planning and Industry 

Research I 
IBC 377 Introduction to Business Finance 
IBM/ ANC 361 International Management 

Summer: Work experience or internship is required. 
Credit may be awarded through an independent study 
if work experience is combined with approved 
academic work (such as a research paper). 

IBC 496 Personnel Planning and Industry 

Research II 
IBC 498 Multinational Corporate Strategy 
IBC 410 Senior Seminar: Ethical Issues in 
International Business 

Students must complete each required course with a 
grade of C or better. To progress in sequence, and to 
receive credit for core courses in which the student 
has received a grade of D or F, a petition must be 
submitted and approved by the coordinator. 

See International Business. 


Students majoring in philosophy develop with their 
Mentor a program of study including a minimum of 
eight courses, including one logic course and one 
ethics course; at least three courses from the History 
of Philosophy series (other philosophy courses with a 
significant historical component may be substituted 
upon approval of the philosophy faculty); Contem- 
porary Philosophical Methodology; and other upper 
level courses focused on the student's particular 
philosophical interests. In addition, philosophy 
majors are expected to take complementary courses 
in other disciplines that provide background and 
breadth in their program of study. 


Philosophy majors are to have a working knowledge 
of the issues and methods covered in their required 
courses in logic, ethics and the history of philosophy 
sequence, in addition to those in their chosen upper- 
level area of focus. This competence and the ability 
to communicate it in speaking and writing is 
demonstrated by satisfactory completion of the 
courses in the philosophy major and of a Senior 
thesis or comprehensive examination in philosophy. 

A minor in philosophy consists of five philosophy 
courses, to be approved by the philosophy coordinator. 

PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

Analyze philosophical issues concerning human 
nature, our relationship to the world around us, and 
major philosophical issues of value and meaning. 
Study works of several great philosophers to help 
students develop their own views. 

PLL 102M Introduction to Logic 

Methods of critical and logical analysis of language 
and thought. Helps develop critical, analytical 
reasoning and linguistic precision. 

PLL 103G Introduction to Eastern 

Philosophical questions on the nature of reality, 
society, and self in East Asian philosophy with 
emphasis on metaphysics and ethics., 

PLL 220 Existentialism 

A provocatively modern approach to many of the 
issues of the philosophical tradition; the existential 
foundations of art, religion, science and technology. 

PLL 230 Philosophy of Religion 

The conceptual aspects of religion: natural and 
supernatural, religious experience, sources of 
religious knowledge, faith and reason in the past and 
future. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 240 Philosophy of Technology 

Humans are the beings who reshape their environ- 
ment. Is modern technology a refinement of tool- 
making, or something new? What has been the 
impact of technology on the essence of being 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

Various systems for judging good and bad, right and 
wrong. Definitions of the good life, ethical theories 
and their application to issues such as abortion, civil 
rights, war and peace, censorship, etc. 

PLL/MNB 242 Ethics in Management: 
Theory and Practice 

For description see Management. 


PLL 243E Environmental Ethics 

A philosophical investigation of our relationship to 
the natural environment, and how these consider- 
ations affect our moral obligations to other people, as 
well as future generations. 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

Major social and political theories that have been 
influential in the West. Contemporary political 
theory examined in light of classical tradition and 
historical movements. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 263A Aesthetics 

Examine various answers to questions asked from 
ancient times by philosophers, artists and other 
thoughtful people about the nature of art, beauty, 
and the role of the arts and artists in society. 
Prerequisite: Western Heritage or permission of 

PLL 310E Ideas of Nature 

Ancient Greek cosmology, Renaissance view of 
nature, modern conception of nautre. What nature 
is, how is can be studied, how we should relate to it. 
Primary approach is critical, historical analysis of 
promary texts. 

PLL 311 Major Philosophers 

An intensive study of a single major philosopher. 
May be taken more than once for credit with focus 
on different philosophers. 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

Major trends and emphases in American philosophy 
from the colonial period to the 20th century. 
Prerequisite: some background in the humanities or 
permission of instructor. 

PLL 321 History of Philosophy: 
Greek and Roman 

The rise of philosophy, 600 B.C.-A.D. 100, with 
emphasis on natural philosophy. Pre-Socratics, 
Sophists, Stoics, Epicureans, Plato and Aristotle. 
Offered alternate years. 

PLL 322 History of Philosophy: 
Medieval and Renaissance 

Philosophical thought from ebb of Rome through 
rise of modern Europe, including developments in 
Jewish and/or Islamic, and Christian philosophy. 
Faith and reason, realism and nominalism, mysticism 
and rationalism, Platonism and Aristotelianism. 
Offered alternate years. 



PLL 323 History of Philosophy: 
17th-18th Century 

Descartes through Kant as response to the Scientific 
Revolution. Comparison of rationalism and empiricism. 

PLL 324 History of Philosophy: 
19th Century 

Kant, German Idealism, Utilitarianism, social and 
scientific philosophy, existentialism, Hegel, 
Schopenhauer, Marx, Kierkegaard, Nietzsche, others. 

PLL 325 History of Science 

Physical science from 600 B.C.-A.D. 1700. Major 
discoveries and scientists, different approaches to 
science, the interrelationship between science and 

PLL 331/332 Special Topics in Philosophy 

Philosophical study of one or more aspects of culture, 
such as sport, gender, unorthodox science, sexuality, 
mass communication, artificial intelligence, 
literature and technology. May be taken more than 
once for credit with different topics. 

PLL 342 Twentieth Century 
Philosophical Movements 

Development of philosophical analysis and existen- 
tialism as the two main philosophical movements of 
the 20th century. Freshmen require permission of 

PLL 345 Symbolic Logic 

Logic as an object of study, not an inferential tool. 
Derivability, completeness, analyticity, categoricity 
and consistency. Prerequisite: PLL 102M or permis- 
sion of instructor. Offered alternate years. 

PLL 348 Philosophical Theology 

A philosophical study of the nature of God and the 
relation of God and world, based on readings from 
early Greek philosophy to the present. Prerequisite: 
some background in philosophy or religion. 

PLL 360 Philosophy of Science 

Recent controversies on the scientific explanation 
between formal logical analysis and the informal, 
heuristic approach. Analysis of laws and theories. 
Examples from the history of science. Offered 
alternate years. 

PLL 361 Contemporary Ethical Theory 

Major contemporary schools of thought in moral 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, religious studies, psychology, literature or 
related disciplines. 

PLL 362 Contemporary Political Philosophy 

Major contemporary schools of thought in political 
philosophy. Prerequisite: some background in 
philosophy, political science, history, economics, 
American studies or literature. 

PLL 365 Philosophy of History 

Consideration of the meaning of history and such 
questions as is history leading anywhere? Does it 
result in anything genuinely new, or is it an "eternal 
recurrence of the same"? Prerequisite: some back- 
ground in the humanities. 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 

Intensive investigation of philosophical methodolo- 
gies, designed to help students practice philosophy in 
an original manner. Emphasis on independent study. 
Prerequisite: one or more upper-level philosophy 
courses or permission of instructor. May be taken 
more than once for credit in order to study different 

KSL 20 IS The Ancient Tradition I: 
Homer to Plato 

KSL 202S The Ancient Tradition II: 
Empires and Ethics 

For description see Social Relations Perspective 

KSL 205 Plato and Aristotle's Science 

Positive and negative contributions of Plato and 
Aristotle's physical science to medieval and modern 
science, and interrelationship between science, 
politics, and religion. 

LTL 283 The Growth and Nature 
of Scientific Views 

Based on Jacob Bronowski's film series The Ascent of 
Man amplified by lectures, demonstrations, labora- 
tory work, discussions, research, and supplemantary 

LTL 303 The Scientific Revolution 
and Human Values 

The 17th century Scientific Revolution as a 
redirection of Western society from theocentrism to 
scientific secularism. Copernicus, Kepler, Galilieo, 
Bacon, Boyle, Descartes, Newton. 




A major in philosophy/religion includes eleven 
courses, five in philosophy, five in religious studies, 
and Philosophy of Religion. The program ordinarily 
culminates in a Senior thesis. Required courses in 
philosophy are: two from PLL 101, 102M, 241S; two 
from PLL 321, 322, 323, 324; one other upper-level 
course. Required courses in religious studies are: REL 
201 S; one from REL 203, 204; and three other 
upper-level courses. Additional upper-level courses 
in each discipline are recommended, and any change 
in these requirements must have the approval of 
faculty of both disciplines. 


PEB 121 Principles of Physical Education 

Investigating physical education as a career. 
Minimum 20 hours in local schools in pre- internship 
program. Personal interview required. Open to 
upperclass students. 

PEB 123 Fitness and Skills 

Introduction to many skills, with emphasis on 
promoting a lifetime of physical activity through at 
least one skill. Vigorous exercise program for the 
entire year. Medical clearance required. Open to 
upperclass students. 

PEB 321 Athletic Coaching 

Social-psychological problems of coaching today, the 
role of sports, developing a philosophy of coaching. 
Sports programs from youth leagues to collegiate 
athletics. Teaching styles, training, sports psychology. 

The following does not carry course credit: 

Lifeguard Training 

Use of rescue equipment, spinal injury management 
techniques, basic pool maintenance. Prerequisite: 
First Aid and CPR, ability to swim 500 yards using 
crawl, breaststroke, elementary backstroke, etc. Must 
be minimum of 15 years of age. 


Students who major in physics develop competency in 
using scientific methodology: in creating mathemati- 
cal models of real-world systems, manipulating these 
models to obtain predictions of the system's behavior, 
and testing the model's predictions against the 
observed real-world behavior. Mechanical, electro- 
magnetic, thermodynamic, and atomic/molecular 
systems are among those with which students become 
familiar in the building and testing of theoretical 
models. Problem-solving and quantitative reasoning 
are among the skills which are developed. 

For the B.A. degree, students majoring in physics 
normally take the following courses: Fundamental 
Physics I, II, III, Electronics, Classical Mechanics, 
Electricity and Magnetism, Quantum Physics I, 
Calculus I, II, III. For the B.S. degree, additional 
courses normally included are Quantum Physics II, 
Differential Equations, and Linear Algebra, along 
with Senior Thesis, and Chemistry. The Physics 
Seminar is required in the Junior and Senior years. 
Students may arrange independent or directed study 
courses in advanced subjects to suit their needs. 

A minor in physics requires completions of five 
physics courses with a grade of at least C, of which at 
least three are numbered above PHN 242. 

An example of a program of courses which would 
lead to a major in physics: 


Calculus I and II 
Physics I and II 

Calculus III 
Physics III 

Differential Equations 


Classical Mechanics 
Chemistry I and II 


Quantum Physics I and II 
Advanced Physics Laboratory 

In addition, physics majors are required to enroll in the 
Physics Seminar during their Junior and Senior years. 

PHN/CHN 209N Survey of Astronomy 

For description see Chemistry. 

PHN 214 Energy and Environment 

Options available to societies in producing energy, 
the consequences of each choice, and the different 
sets of values implicit in the choices. 

PHN 241 Fundamental Physics I 

Linear, rotational, and oscillatory motion. Force, 
work, and energy. Calculus-based, with laboratory. 

PHN 242 Fundamental Physics II 

Thermodymanics, electricity, magnetism, and optics. 
Calculus-based, with laboratory. 

PHN 243 Fundamental Physics III 

Introduction to quantum mechanics, with elemen- 
tary applications in atoms, molecules, and solids. 



PHN/MAN 251 Mathematical 
Methods of Physics 

For description see Mathematics. 

PHN 320 Optics 

Wave motion, electromagnetic theory, photons, light 
and geometric optics, superposition and polarization 
of waves, interference and diffraction of waves, 
coherence theory, holography and lasers. Prerequi- 
sites: MAN 132 and PHN 242. 

PHN 341 Classical Mechanics 

Particles and rigid bodies, elastic media, waves, 
Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations of 
dynamics. Prerequisites: PHN 242 and MAN 234 or 
permission of instructor. 

PHN 342 Electromagnetism 

Maxwell's equations in the study of electric and 
magnetic fields, AC and DC circuits. Electromag- 
netic wave theory introduced. Prerequisites: PHN 

242 and MAN 234 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 345 Advanced Physics Laboratory 

Advanced instrumentation and analysis techniques. 
Develop laboratory abilities utilized in physics, 
especially as applied to modern optics. Two lab 
sessions a week. Prerequisite: PHN 241 and 242. 

PHN 410 Physics Seminar 

Required of all Juniors and Seniors majoring in 
physics. One course credit upon satisfactory 
completion of two year participation. Topical issues 
in physics. 

PHN 443 Quantum Physics 1 

Modern quantum theory and relativity. Comparison 
of classical and quantum results. Prerequisite PHN 

243 and permission of instructor. 

PHN 444 Quantum Physics II 

Three-dimensional wave equation and application to 
hydrogen atoms. Identical particles introduced with 
emphasis on low-energy scattering. Prerequisite: 
PHN 433 or permission of instructor. 

PHN 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Outstanding students majoring in physics normally 
are invited to engage in active research and to prepare 
a thesis in lieu of a Senior comprehensive exam. 


Students choosing to major in political science gain 
fundamental understanding of American govern- 
ment, how our governmental system compares with 
other major political systems, and how the U.S. 
interrelates with the rest of the world. Majors gain 
competence in political analysis and research skills as 
well as an understanding of political power, govern- 
ment institutions, and international affairs. 

Students majoring in political science affiliate with 
either the Letters or Behavioral Science Collegium, 
depending on their individual career or research 
plans. Both require the completion of Introduction 
to American National Government and Politics, 
and either Introduction to Comparative Govern- 
ment or Introduction to International Relations. 
Beyond the two introductory courses, all students 
must complete six additional non-introductory 
political science courses including at least one from 
each member of the political science faculty. All 
political science majors must also complete Political 
Science Research Methods and the political science 
Senior Seminar. The typical course sequence for 
political science majors includes the completion of 
two introductory courses in their first year, followed 
by an individually tailored set of upper-division 
courses. Majors ordinarily concentrate their upper- 
division coursework in either international affairs or 
American politics. 

Students with specific career or research interests not 
adequately covered by the discipline may substitute 
one course from another discipline for one upper- 
level political science course with prior approval of 
the political science faculty. Students are encouraged 
to use one winter term to explore their career or 
research interests through an appropriate internship. 
With the approval of the political science faculty, 
one winter term internship may fulfill a political 
science major requirement. One winter term project 
may also be accepted toward degree requirements in 
political science. 

Students may earn a minor in political science with 
successful completion of POL 102S, either POB 
103G or POB 104G, and any four additional non- 
introductory courses spread across the political 
science faculty. 

POL 102S Introduction to American National 
Government and Politics 

American democratic theory, political parties, 
interest groups, presidential selection and functions, 
Congress, Supreme Court, federal bureaucracy, and 
several major areas of policy making conducted by 
the national government. 


Political Science 

POB 103G Introduction to 
International Relations 

National and international political relationships, 
origins of war, the international system, rich and 
poor nations and the politics of hunger, and alternate 
concepts to the present system. 

POB 104G Introduction to 
Comparative Politics 

Issues and analysis of the internal dynamics of 
modem states through examination of Britain, 
France, Germany, Russia and the Third World, 
laying the foundation for further study in compara- 
tive politics and/or international relations. 

POB 200 Diplomacy and 
International Relations 

Diplomatic protocol and practices within the United 
Nations. The United Nations and the post Cold 
War period: role of international diplomacy in war, 
peace, and the evolution of peace-keeping, interna- 
tional economic issues of trade and development, 
dilemmas resulting from global environmental 
interdependence and sustainability. Interested 
students of any major are encouraged to enroll. 

POL 202 Public Policy-Making in America 

Introduction to the general policy-making process. 
Formulation of new policies and programs, imple- 
mentation, evaluation of federal programs. Policy 
areas such as unemployment and environment. 

POB 211G Inter- American Relations 

Historical examination of continuities and changes 
in U.S. policy toward Latin America from Monroe 
Doctrine to present in Central America, from a 
range of ideological and scholarly perspectives. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political science 
course or Latin American Area Studies recom- 
mended, or permission of instructor. 

POB 212 U.S. Foreign Policy 

History of U.S. diplomacy and foreign policy. 
Complex global issues (economic, political, strate- 
gic) faced by policy makers and citizens alike. 
Policies and alternatives that the U.S. faces today. 
Prerequisite: one introductory level political science 
course recommended. 

POB 213 Human Rights 

Civil, political, economic, social, and cultural rights. 
History of human rights, role of U.N. and other 
organizations, dialectic between individual and 
collective rights, and impact on women's, children's, 
minorities' and basic economic subsistence rights. 

POB 221 Politics of Revolution 
and Development 

Causes and nature of political violence and revolu- 
tion as related to human behavior theory. Theories 
on causes of revolution, concepts of liberation, 
consequences and responsibilities of interstate 
relations during times of crisis. Recommended POL 
102S and either POB 103G or 104G. 

POB 222 Political Ideologies 

The role, function and origin of ideology in politics. 
Comparative political ideologies such as Fascism, 
Nazism, Anarchism, Socialism, Communism, 
Corporatism, Capitalism/Liberalism, domestic and 
international forms of terrorism. 

POB 23 1G Politics: East Asian Nations 

Political cultures and governments of Japan, China 
(both Peoples Republic and Taiwan), and Korea 
(both north and south). Recommended: one 
introductory political science course. 

POB 241 International Political Economy 

Four areas of world economic activity: trade, invest- 
ment, aid and debt, and how changes in each over 
post WWII period influence development choices for 
the Third World. Prerequisite: POB 103G. 

POB 242 The Politics of Defense: 
Economics and Power 

History, institutions, and operation of the defense 
economy in the U.S. Conflicting theories and 
perspectives on the defense budget, military 
contracting, the defense industry, and economic 
rationales for U.S. foreign and military policy. 
Different possible foreign and military policies in the 
post-Cold War era and their effects on U.S. 

POL 301 The Constitution and 
Government Power 

Constitutional power bases of judicial, executive and 
legislative branches of national government, analysis 
of major constitutional issues, of federalism and 
powers of the states, Supreme Court decisions. One 
lower-division political science course recom- 

POL 302 The Constitution and 
Individual Rights 

Examining those portions of the Constitution 
dealing with relations between the individual and 
the government (the Bill of Rights, due process, 
equal protection, privileges and immunities, etc.). 
POL 301 is not prerequisite. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 


Political Science 

POL 303 The American Presidency 

The Presidency as a political and constitutional 
office, its growth and development from Washington 
to the present. One lower-division political science 
course recommended. 

POL 304 U.S. Congress 
The U.S. legislative process with major attention to 
the Senate and House of Representatives. Roles of 
lawmakers, legislative behavior, and representative 
government in theory and fact. One lower-division 
political science course recommended. 

POL 305 Political Parties and Interest Groups 

Party organization and functions at national, state 
and county levels, and other institutions and 
activities competing for party functions. One lower 
division political science course recommended. 

POB 310 Politics of Underdevelopment 

An introduction to the politics of underdevelopment 
in Asia, Africa and Latin America, focusing on the 
causes and consequences of poverty. 

POB 311 Latin American Politics 

Historical overview of Latin American political 
development from the Spanish conquest to 20th 
century, comparison of political systems and people, 
and future prospects. Prerequisite: POL 102S and 
POB 103G or 104G or permission of instructor. 

POB 313 International Law 

War prevention, economic development, environ- 
mental protection and the evolution of international 
environmental law. Challenging and innovative 
legal ideas. U.S. foreign policy. Specific international 
incidents investigated to determine relevance of 
international law to decision-making process. 

POB 314 International Organization 

International organizations (lO's) in the contempo- 
rary international system. United Nations, European 
Community, other regional organizations and 
integration schemes, and international regimes. 
Prerequisite: POB 103G and one other political 
science course, or permission of instructor. 

POB 315 International Relations: 
Theories of War and Peace 

Problems and origins of conflict among sovereign 
states in the contemporary world. Origins of war and 
cold war. Modern characteristics of international 
politics. Prerequisites: POB 103G and one other 
political science course, or permission of instructor. 

POB 316 Women and Politics Worldwide 

Historical and contemporary relationship of women 
to politics. Evolution of the women's movement and 
participation of women in politics. Impact of 
women's movement at the global level. Prerequisite: 
one political science or women and gender studies 
course, or permission of instructor. 

POB 32 1G Comparative European Politics 

Parties, interest groups, political movements, major 
institutions of government, as well as culture, history 
and contemporary political problems. POB 104G 
recommended or instructor's permission. 

POB 322 Authoritarian Political Systems 

Structure and emergence of 20th century authoritar- 
ian regimes, including Fascism, corporatism, military 
governments, one-party Communist states and 
personalist dictatorships. A previous political science 
course is recommended. 

POB 323 Seminar in Democratic Theory 

Philosophical roots of democratic theory, theoretical 
requisites of a democratic system, practical political 
economic implications, examined as citizens of both 
the U.S. and the world. Prerequisites: POL 102S and 
one other political science 

POB 324 East European Politics 

Evolution of Marxist theory in a variety of political 
systems: U.S.S.R, People's Republic of China, Afro- 
Marxist regimes, non-ruling communist parties of 
Western Europe. Highly recommended that students 
have had either POB 103G, 104G, 321, HIC 244A 
or PLL 344. 

POB 325 Environmental Politics and Policies 

Analysis of politics and policy relevant to environ- 
mental issues, the complexity of environmental 
problems and prospects of political solutions. 
Designed for majors in environmental studies and 
political science. 

POB 333 Government and Politics of Japan 

Historical, theoretical and comparative aspects of 
the political institutions, dynamics and culture of 
Japan. Prerequisite: one lower division political 
science course. 

POB 341 Ethics and International Relations 

Political realism and natural law, military interven- 
tion and the use of force, human rights and humani- 
tarian assistance, and the moral responsibilities of 
leaders and citizens. Prerequisite: Introduction to 
International Relations. 



POB 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

Past, present, and future world food supply, social 
factors that determine food production and distribu- 
tion. Political, economic, religious, gender, historical, 
geographic, other dimensions of hunger. Effect of 
government policies, technological change, 
international trading patterns, private interests and 
gender bias. 

POL 350 (Directed Study) Florida Politics 

State and local government in U.S., overview of 
Southern politics, problems and issues of Florida 
rapid growth, race relations, environment, voter 
dealignment, party realignment, elections, regional 
issues and solidarity. 

POB 410 The U.S. and the 
Vietnam Experience 

Senior Seminar for political science majors. History 
of U.S. involvement in Southeast Asia and impact 
of the Vietnam experience on U.S. policy-making in 
the 1980s. Causes of war, international mechanisms 
for conflict resolution, comparative development 
strategies and Third World political systems. 

POB 42 1 Comparative Judicial Politics 

Judicial politics across political systems. Relationship 
among law, society and public policy in European, 
socialist and non- Western systems. The inner 
workings, view of justice, and social/cultural 
development of other civil societies. Prerequisite: 
Junior or Senior standing. 

POL 450 (Directed Study) The Supreme 
Court in American Politics 

Internal operations of the U.S. Supreme Court, 
judicial decision-making and behavior, jurisdiction, 
structure of court system, Supreme Court's role in 
adjudication of civil rights and liberties. 

POI 2/301S Introduction to 
Contemporary British Politics 

For description see International Education, 

KSB 20 IS Power, Authority and Virtue 

For description see Social Relations Perspective 


Students majoring in psychology have the option of 
completing either a Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) or 
Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree. 

Students in the B.A. degree program acquire a 
knowledge of the theoretical approaches, research 
methodologies, research findings, and practical 
applications of the many sub-fields within the 
science and profession of contemporary psychology. 
Working closely with their Mentors, students build 
on this foundation by developing an individualized 
area of courses in a particular specialty which will 
augment their liberal arts psychology background. 
These students acquire the ability to 

— critique new research findings in psychology. 

— present research findings and theoretical 
systems in oral and written formats. 

— apply theory to real-world problems. 

— evaluate contemporary controversies in the field 
of psychology. 

Students in the B.S. degree program acquire the 
same core foundation as described in the B.A. 
program and build on this foundation with a set of 
experiences in which they acquire the following 
specific research skills 

— critically reviewing and synthesizing diverse 
bodies of research literature. 

— designing and conducting original research 

— using SPSSx to analyze research data. 

— using microcomputer-based graphics packages to 
prepare professional quality figures and graphics. 

— preparing publication quality research reports in 
APA format. 

Those electing to earn the B.A. degree complete the 

Introduction to Psychology, Human Learning and 
Cognition, Psychology of Childhood and Adoles- 
cence, Psychology Research Methods I, II, Personal- 
ity Theory and Research, Biopsychology, Abnormal 
Psychology, and Social Psychology. 

Those electing to earn the B.S. degree complete all 
of the B.A. courses plus the following: 

Research Skills, Psychological Tests and Measure- 
ments, and either Advanced Personality Research or 
Advanced Social Research, and History and System 
of Psychology. 

The required courses are arranged in a hierarchical 
and developmental sequence in order to avoid 
redundancy and achieve a high level of training 



during the undergraduate years. This sequence is 
listed on a checklist which the student will use with 
the Mentor to plan each semester's classes. While 
providing a basic structure to the degree planning, 
the sequence includes adequate flexibility for 
students wishing to participate in the International 
Education program and those who also pursue a 
second major. 

A minor in psychology must include Introduction to 
Psychology, Experimental Psychology, Psychology of 
Childhood and Adolescence, Human Learning and 
Cognition, Abnormal Psychology, and either Personal- 
ity Theory and Research or Social Psychology. 

All courses required for the major or minor must be 
passed with a grade of C or better. 

PSB 101S Introduction to Psychology 

Psychological processes, behavior, empirical 
methods, statistical concepts, biopsychology, 
learning, memory, cognition, motivation, human 
development, personality, abnormal behavior, social 
processes, values issues in research and intervention 
in human lives. 

PSB 200/20 1M Statistics and Research 
Design I, II 

Two-semester course integrates basic descriptive and 
inferential statistics with principles of research 
design. Statistical theory and procedures introduced 
as logical components of the larger process of 
designing, conducting, and evaluating valid scientific 
research. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 201 Experimental Psychology 

Research methodology, experiments, analysis of data. 
Observational techniques, correlational and 
laboratory methods. Prerequisites: PSB 101S and 
PSB 260/1M. 

PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood 
and Adolescence 

Integrative approach to physical/behavioral, 
cognitive/intellectual, social/emotional development 
from conception to the end of adolescence. Prerequi- 
site: PSB 101S. 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 

Personality, perceptual, physiological, intellectual 
and social changes beyond adolescence. Prerequisite: 
PSB 101S. 

PSB 205 Human Learning and Cognition 

Principles of human learning, thinking, creativity, 
formal reasoning, information processing, problem 
solving and memory. Prerequisites: PSB 10 IS. 

PSB 221 Research Skills in Psychology 

Primarily for students pursuing the B.S. degree in 
psychology. Acquire skills in designing, executing, 
analyzing and reporting correlational and experimen- 
tal research. Prerequisite: PSB 201 and PSB 260/1M. 

PSB 302 Social Psychology 

The study of the individual in a social environment, 
group influence, past and present concepts and 
research. Experimental approach to understanding 
social forces which affect individuals. Prerequisites: 
PSB 101S and PSB 260/1M. 

PSB 303 (Directed Study) Industrial-Organi- 
zational Psychology 

Theories of motivation, psychological testing for 
personnel selection and performance evaluation, 
models of stress and organizational interventions, 
group dynamics, psychological theories of organiza- 
tions and leadership. Prerequisite: PSB 101S or 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 306 Personality Theory and Research 

Advanced course for psychology majors in the study 
of classical and contemporary approaches to 
personality. Prerequisites: PSB 201. 

PSB 307 Psychological Tests and Measurement 

Reliability, validity, psychological and measurement 
assumptions underlying interviews, self-report 
inventories, aptitude tests; major instruments and 
their uses; ethical issues in testing. Prerequisite: PSB 
221 (or may be taken concurrently). 

PSB 308 Abnormal Psychology 

Behavior and states of consciousness judged by 
society to be abnormal, deviant or unacceptable, 
using such models for understanding as the psycho- 
analytic, medical, behavioristic and humanistic- 
existential. Prerequisites: PSB 101S or HDA 101S 
and Junior or Senior standing, or permission of 

PSB 309 Biopsychology 

The application of neurological and neurophysical 
principles to understanding such phenomena as 
consciousness, instinct, motivation, learning, 
thought, language, memory, emotion. Appropriate 
for Juniors and Seniors with backgrounds in 
psychology or natural sciences. Prerequisite: PSB 

PSB 322 Advanced Social Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research with an emphasis on techniques 
(archival research, survey methodology) not stressed 
in the experimental psychology sequence. Prerequi- 
sites: PSB 221 and 302. 


Religious Studies 

PSB 326 Advanced Personality Research 

For B.S. track students. Acquire experience in 
conducting research, stressing content and method- 
ology. Fine points of cutting edge investigations of 
personality issues. Prerequisite: PSB 221 and 306. 

PSI 350 (Directed Study) Youth Experience 
in a Changing Great Britain 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

PSB 402 Research Seminar in Psychology 

Designed for students to do original research. 
Prerequisites: PSB 101S, PSB 260/1M, PSB 201 and 
permission of instructor. 

PSB 410 History and Systems 

Senior Seminar for psychology majors. A synthetic 
overview of the history and major theoretical systems 
of modern psychology. Prerequisites: Senior standing 
and major preparation in psychology. 

PSB 444 Internship in Psychology 

Approximately ten to twelve hours a week in a local 
agency under the supervision of a local community 
professional. Prerequisite: Junior or Senior psychol- 
ogy major, and permission of the instructor. May be 
repeated for credit. 

PSB 499 Independent Research Thesis 

Psychology majors may elect to devise an indepen- 
dent study project with one of the faculty. Directed 
research leading to a Senior thesis is available by 
invitation of the faculty only. 


QFM 410 The Quest for Meaning 

Focus on questions of meaning, purpose, and value. 
Provides an encounter with the Judaeo-Christian 
perspective as it grapples with these great questions 
and explores answers from other traditions. Plenary 
sessions for panels, lectures, videos/'town meetings," 
and class discussions with faculty and ASPEC 
members. All students conduct service projects in 
the community and present the Festival of Hope to 
the college. Sections assigned across all majors. 


See Philosophy/Religion. 


Students majoring in religious studies should have 
developed the following competencies by the time 
they graduate: 

— familiarity with the principal concerns and 
methods of the field of religious studies. 

— knowledge of a chosen focal area that allows the 
student to converse with ease on subjects 
related to the area and make appropriate 
judgments based on critical study. 

— capacity to make effective use of appropriate 
historical, literary, and critical tools for the 
study of religious texts and traditions. 

— ability to relate the beliefs and values of 
religious traditions to specific issues arising out 
of contemporary society. 

— evidence of integrative self-reflection showing 
that the student is engaged in a serious effort to 
synthesize new information and insight into a 
personally meaningful world view. 

Students majoring in religious studies must take the 
basic course, Introduction to Religious Studies, and 
at least two courses from each of the following areas: 
Biblical studies (including REL 105 or 242A) 
historical and theological studies (including REL 
241), non-Western religions (including REL 240G) 
and two additional religious studies courses of the 
student's choice. At least four of the courses beyond 
the introductory course must be 300 level or above. 
Directed and independent study courses may be 
taken toward fulfillment of this major. 

In addition to the successful completion of courses 
just described, students will normally be expected to 
fulfill a senior comprehensive exam, consisting of 
three written exams, a scholarly paper in a focal area 
of the student's choice, and an oral exam. Excep- 
tional students may be invited to do a senior thesis 
rather than the comprehensive exam. 

For a minor in religious studies a student will 
normally take REL 20 IS plus four courses in the 
discipline, subject to the approval of the discipline 

An interdisciplinary concentration in Religious 
Education is also available. This concentration, 
under the supervision of a three-member interdisci- 
plinary faculty committee, requires the completion of 
at least nine courses, including two in Biblical 
studies (one of which should be REL 105, REL 203, 


Religious Studies 

or REL 204) and two in theological and historical 
studies (including REL 241 )• The remaining five 
courses are selected from the area of psychology and 
counseling studies. This concentration should appeal 
especially to students contemplating professional 
careers with church and synagogue, and to students 
who wish to work as lay people in religious institutions. 

REL 105 Ultimate Questions 

Ways various modes of human inquiry and expres- 
sion, such as psychology, sociology, science, and 
literature, give rise to questions about ultimate 
foundations and goals of life, and various religious 
responses to such questions. 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious Studies 
(Directed Study available) 

Religious experience and ideas as they are expressed 
in such cultural forms as community, ritual, myth, 
doctrine, ethics, scripture and art; synthesizing 
personal religious ideas and values. 

REL 203 Old Testament: Jewish Scriptures 

The culture of ancient Israel, precursor to modern 
Judaism, through a survey of Hebrew literature of the 
Old Testament period. 

REL 204 New Testament 

An introduction to the world of early Christianity, with 
its Hebraic Greco-Roman background, through a survey 
of Christian literature of the first two centuries C.E. 

REL 206S Sisters of Eve: The Bible, 
Gender, and Sexual Politics 

Relations between biblical literature and issues of 
sexual difference, gender socialization, misogyny, and 
the question of origins of patriarchy. 

REL 21 OS Introduction to Christian Ethics 
(Directed Study available) 

Some major figures in the history of Christian ethics, 
with most emphasis on contemporary approaches. 
Introduction to some of the most important issues 
and methods. 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 
(Directed Study available) 

The beliefs, behavior and institutions of Judaism and 
Christianity in American life. The uniqueness of the 
American religious experience and its impact on 
American institutional patterns. 

REL 230G Yogis, Mystics, and Shamans 

Texts on sacred power, the specific technique by 
which it is developed, and contemporary practices 
that are based on archaic models. REL 240G 
recommended but not required. 

REL 234 The Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

Regional goddesses in India, China, and Japan. The 
relationship between women and the divine 
feminine principle within the context of Asian 
cultures compared with contemporary western 
expressions of Goddess culture. REL 240G recom- 
mended but not required. 

REL 240G Non-Western Religions 

The founders of non- Western religions, their life 
experiences, religious views and the emergence of 
their teachings as coherent systems, with compari- 
sons to the Judaeo-Christian tradition. 

REL 241 History of Christianity 

Beliefs, practices and institutions of the Christian 
Church through the past nineteen centuries. The 
great theological debates, significant issues, and 
formative thinkers. 

REL 242A Dead Prophets Society: 
Introduction to the Bible 

Emphasis on literary craft of biblical literature, and 
relations between it and the arts throughout history, 
especially in contemporary culture. 

REL 244 Western Religions 

Major religions of Middle East, Judaism, Christianity, 
Islam. Historical development, literature and 
contributions to the West. The Bible and Koran. 

REL 250E Ecology and Chaos 

The struggle of ecological order against the inbreaking 
of chaos explored through biblical literature, from 
mythic nanatives of creation to prophetic screams for 
social justice and care of the earth, to apocalyptic 
anticipations for cosmic annihilation and rebirth. 

REL 271 Fire in the Mind: 
Science and Religion 

Origins of science in context of Judaeo-Christian 
tradition, conflicts between science and religion, 
similarities and differences in the goals and methods 
of science and theology, significance of their 
relationship for some important contemporary 
environmental issues. 

REL 281 Pilgrimage 

Spiritual growth through journeying, the origin of 
particular pilgrimage sites, and sacred geography. 
Solitary as well as groups of pilgrims, covering 
anceint, medieval and contemporary practices. 

REL 305 Biblical Exegesis 
Close reading of a particular section of the Bible, its 
socio-historical background, literary, theological, 
philological, grammatical and rhetorical characteristics. 
Prerequisite: REL 203 or 204 or consent of instructor. 


Resident Adviser 

REL 319G The Hindu Tradition 

Yoga, meditation, karma, reincarnation, major 
devotional and ceremonial traditions that have 
developed around Shiva, Vishnu, and the Goddess. 
The dynamic between popular worship and the 
contemplative traditions of Hindu culture. REL 
240G recommended but not required. 

REL 320 The Buddhist Tradition 

Gautama's enlightenment, the Noble Eight-fold 
Path, development of Buddhist ideas and practices as 
they spread from India to South and East Asia, 
contrasting Western religious views with those of 
another world religion. 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 

The growth of Latin American, black feminist, and 
European political liberation theologies from earlier 
forms of theology, their development and contribu- 
tion to the wider theology, and responses to them. 

REL 330 Human Nature and Destiny: 
A Theological Inquiry 

Study a major theme associated with Christian 
understandings of the nature of human life, the 
relationship between the individual and society, 
historicity, purposiveness of human life, relationship 
between humans and nature. 

REL 354 Archaeology of Palestine 

Explore recent trends, focusing on the early history 
of Israel and Judah as an access to the larger field. 
Possible opportunities for summer field work. 

REL 361 From Existentialism to 

In-depth survey of the major religious thinkers of the 
20th century including Barth, Bultmann, Tillich, 
Niebuhr, Buber, Kung, and Moltmann. 

REL 371 Religions of China and Japan 

Taoism and Confucianism in China, Shinto in Japan 
and the inported tradition of Buddhism and its 
regional developments in various schools; the 
syncretistic character of East Asian religiosity. REL 
240G recommended but not required. 


The major dimensions of the current ecological crisis 
and its roots in Western tradition, how Judaeo- 
Christian thought has traditionally regarded nature 
and its relationship to God and humans, and 
implications for action. 

REL 383 Hindu Mystical Poetry 

Reprentative works from the classical, medieval and 
contemporary periods, different genres and regional 
philosophies represented by various poets. 

REL 401 Internship in Religious Education 

Supervised, field-based experience in church work, 
with a minimum of 150 hours on-site experience. 
Permission of instructor required. 

REL 440 Strange Fire: God and the Book 

A way into "biblical theology" that focuses on 
questions about sacred writing and god- talk (theol- 
ogy). Survey past thinking, explore more modern 

REL 443 Seminar on the Hindu Tantra 

Meditative techniques and visualizations, mantra 
recitations, mystic diagrams, yogic practice, worship 
of the Goddess. The sacred origin of sound and 
language, the nature of supreme consciousness. 
Prerequisite: one course on non-western religion or 
philosophy, or permission of instructor. 

REL 449 Religion and Imagination 

Philosophical and theological treatments of 
imagination in religion and in all of life, their 
implications for religion, faith and the role of 
intellectual reflection in religion. Focus on Chris- 
tianity, but principles have broader implications. 
Prerequisite: consent of instructor. 


CRA 305 Resident Adviser Internship 

A year-long course for Resident Advisers at Eckerd 
College, beginning in autumn term. Communica- 
tion, paraprofessional counseling, crisis intervention, 
conflict resolution, leadership training. 





The following courses are available at the University 
of South Florida: 

General Military Course (GMC) 
Freshmen and Sophomores 

AFR 1101 One ( 1 ) semester hour of credit 
AFR 1 120 One ( 1 ) semester hour of credit 
AFR 2130 One ( 1 ) semester hour of credit 
AFR 2 140 One ( 1 ) semester hour of credit 
Total GMC Four (4) semester hours of credit 

Professional Officer Course (POC) 
Juniors and Seniors 

AFR 3220 Three (3) semester hours of credit 
AFR 323 1 Three (3) semester hours of credit 
AFR 4201 Three (3) semester hours of credit 
AFR 42 1 1 Three (3 ) semester hours of credit 
Total POC Twelve (12) semester hours of credit 

Eckerd College will award elective credit of at least 
four (4) semester hours for successful completion of 
the GMC, and at least twelve (12) semester hours 
for successful completion of the POC. 


The following courses are available at the University 
of South Florida 

MLR 301 Small Unit Operations (3 credit hours) 

MLR 302 Leadership Fundamentals: Tactics and 
Camp Preparation (3 credit hours) 

MLR 401 Seminar in Military Leadership and 
Management (3 credit hours) 

MLR 402 Army As a Profession (2 credit hours) 

Eckerd College will award credit for the above 


The major in Russian studies integrates the study of 
the Russian language with Russian history, literature 
and contemporary Russian reality. Students who 
complete the Russian studies major demonstrate the 
following competencies: 

— knowledge of the Russian language including an 
understanding of its grammatical structure and 
the acquisition of basic vocabulary. 

— understanding of Russian history from its roots 
in Kievan Russia to the dramatic events of the 

— knowledge of Russian writers and the great 
works of Russian literature of the nineteenth 
and twentieth centuries. 

— understanding of contemporary Russian and 
former Soviet political and social structures, 
cultural patterns, and relationships with the 
outside world as they relate to the present, and 
the probable future path of Russian development. 

Students must complete at least two years of college 
level Russian, and finish five courses dealing 
specifically with Russia: three in Russian history, two 
in Russian literature. Each student must also choose 
a field of specialization within Russian studies 
(usually language, literature, history, political science 
or international business) consisting of at least four 
courses in addition to those listed above. When 
appropriate, these courses may be independent or 
directed studies, and/or thesis preparation. All 
students have an oral examination covering their 
entire program, in addition to the comprehensive 
exam in the field of specialization or a thesis. 

Students interested in the major should begin 
immediately with the study of the Russian language 
at the appropriate level. The entry level course to 
the major is Russia: Perestroika to Present or 
Cultural History of Russia. 

Requirements for the minor in Russian studies 
include one year of Russian language and any four 
courses in Russian studies. 

RUC 101/2 Elementary Russian 

Intensive drill in understanding, speaking, reading 
and writing grammatical and conversational patterns 
of modern Russian. 

RUC 201/2 Intermediate Russian 

Review and completion of basic Russian grammar, 
and continued work on conversational skills. 
Prerequisite: RUC 101/2 or its equivalent. 

RUC/LIC 232 Russian Classics in 

Representative works of 19th century Russian writers 
such as Pushkin, Lermontov, Turgenev, Tolstoy, and 
Dostoevsky. Offered alternate years. 

RUC/LIC 234 Twentieth Century 
Russian Literature 

Literary and political factors in the development of 
Russian literature since the Russian Revolution of 

RUC/HIC 283G Russia: Perestroika 
to Present 

For description see History. 


Senior Seminars 

The following two courses are taught in Russian. 

RUC 301 Introduction to Russian 
Literature and Culture 

Russian cultural heritage including a survey of 
Russian literature from Pushkin to the present. 
Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 

RUC 302 Daily Life in Russian Society 

Family, education, youth organizations, economic 
pursuits, mass media, leisure activities, etc. 
Prerequisite: two years of college Russian. Offered 
alternate years. 


Scientific perspective courses provide an apprecia- 
tion for both the strengths and limitations of science 
and address scientific issues that influence student's 
lives. Through active participation, students will 
encounter the methodological approaches used in 
science, focusing on the interplay between observa- 
tion, experimentation, and the continuous develop- 
ment of theoretical models. 

CHN/PHN 209N Survey of Astronomy 
For description see Chemistry. 

NAN 1 13N Earth History 

Geological and biological earth history beginning 
with our understanding of the evolution of the solar 
system through the advent of human history. 
Geologic time, biologic evolution, plate techtonics, 
and how they relate to the earth history time-line. 

NAN 272N Interdisciplinary Science 
Explore a modern scientific world view from 
mathematical, biological, chemical, and physical 
perspectives. Human roles and responsibilities within 
nature and the natural environment. Investigate 
interactions between science and society. 


An opportunity for qualified students to earn a 
semester of credit in an academic, scientific and 
practical experience leading to a realistic under- 
standing of the sea, sponsored by the Sea Education 
Association, Inc. (S.E.A.). 

Students spend the first half of the semester (the six- 
week shore component) in Woods Hole, Massachu- 
setts, receiving instruction in oceanography, nautical 
science and maritime studies. They then go to sea for 
the second half of the semester (the six-week sea 
component) for a practical laboratory experience. 

The program may be begun at several times during 
the academic year. Eckerd College tuition and 
scholarship aid often can be applied toward the cost 
of Sea Semester and additional aid may be available 
from S.E.A. For more information, contact the 
Office of International Education and Off Campus 
Programs or Prof. John Ferguson. 

Block credit for four courses is awarded for the 
successful completion of the five topics listed below. 
Students from any major may apply and this satisfies 
the Environmental Perspective requirement. Sea 
Education Association, Inc. (S.E.A.) offers a shorter 
summer program for three course block credit. 
Students interested in the summer program must 
apply directly to S.E.A. 

SMN 301 Oceanography 

Survey of the characteristics and processes of the 
global ocean. Prerequisite: one semester of a college 
laboratory course in a physical or biological science 
or its equivalent. 

SMN 302 Maritime Studies 

A multidisciplinary study of the history, literature 
and art of our maritime heritage, and the political 
and economic problems of contemporary maritime 

SMN 303 Nautical Science 

Navigation, naval architecture, ship construction, 
marine engineering systems and the physics of sail. 

SMN 304 Practical Oceanography I (Basic) 

Shore component. Introduction to the tools and 
techniques of the practicing oceanographer. 

SMN 305 Practical Oceanography II 

Sea component. Individually designed research 
project; operation of the vessel. 


Capstone Senior seminars are offered within the 
collegium or discipline of the student's major, 
focusing on the search for solutions to important 
issues that students are likely to confront during their 
lifetimes. These seminars, required for Seniors at the 
discretion of the disipline, may be considered as part 
of the student's major. 


ECB 410 The History of Economic Thought 

For description see Economics. 

MNB 410 Issues in Management 

For description see Management. 


Senior Seminars 

POB 410 The U.S. and the Vietnam 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 410 History and Systems 

For description see Psychology. 


ARA 410 Visual Arts Senior Seminar 

For description see Art. 

HDA 410 Human Development Senior 

For description see Human Development. 


ANC 410 Anthropological Theory 

For description see Anthropology. 

FRC 410 Senior Seminar in French Studies 
For description see Modern Languages, French. 

IBC 410 Ethical Issues in International 


For description see International Business. 

SPC 410 Spanish American Novel 

For description see Modern Languages, Spanish. 


LTL 410 Letters Senior Seminar 

Examination from an interdisciplinary point of view 
of the intellectual, political, cultural and social 
changes in this century, and of the attempts to 
formulate new paradigms of knowledge. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women and 

For description see Women's and Gender Studies. 


BIN 410 Biology Senior Seminar 

For description see Biology. 

CHN 410 Chemistry Senior Seminar 

For description see Chemistry. 

CSN 410 Computer Science Senior Seminar 
For description see Computer Science. 

MSN 410 Marine Science Senior Seminar 
For description see Marine Science. 

MAN 410 Mathematics Senior Seminar 

For description see Mathematics. 

PHN 410 Physics Senior Seminar 

For description see Physics. 


Social Relations perspective courses provide an 
analytical perspective on some aspect of human 
social behavior, helping the student better to 
understand human interaction and to function more 
effectively as a citizen. This perspective should 
address both analytical and ethical issues in the 
exploration of human social interaction. 

AML 306S American Myths, 
American Values 

AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 

For descriptions see American Studies. 

BEB 300S Dialogues 

Select a historical character who contributed to the 
ongoing dialogue on great issues of humanity and 
role play that character with other students repre- 
senting other significant historical figures, discussing 
specific issues. 

BEB 368S Utopias 

Study, discuss and explore value implications of 
Utopian systems, form task groups to design compo- 
nents of Utopian systems, and write statement laying 
philosophical foundation for a personal concept of 

ECB 28 IS Principles of Microeconomics 

ECB 282S Principles of Macroeconomics 

For descriptions see Economics. 

ECI 300S Economic and Social Impact 

For description see International Education. 

HDA 101S Introduction to Human 

HDA 383S Development of Human 

For descriptions see Human Development. 


HIL 203S Europe in Transition 
HIL 3 3 OS Native American History 
HIL 336S Civil Rights Movement 

HIL 338S The Harlem Renaissance 

For descriptions see History. 

KSB 20 IS Power, Authority and Virtue 

Examine the relationship between virtue, power, and 
authority through study of some great philosophical 
texts which have informed this inquiry in modern 

KSL 20 IS The Ancient Tradition I: 
Homer to Plato 

Classical Greek paideia (culture/education) through 
great texts of the era, to see what can be learned 
from them about the things that matter most of all 
today. Hesiod, Aeschylus, Euripides, Hippocrates, 
Thucydides, Plato, Aristophanes. 

KSL 202S The Ancient Tradition II: 
Empires and Ethics 

Great literary, historical, scientific and philosophical 
texts of later classical and Hellenistic Greece to the 
late Roman Empire, studied for insights and 
understanding about things that matter today. 

LTR 200S American Ideals 

Examine American ideals through the study of 
various living documents, from the Declaration of 
Independence through Frankin D. Rooselvelt on the 
role of government, wich emphasis on the law as 
carrier of our ideals and values. 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

For descriptions see Philosophy. 

POB 32 IS Comparative European Politics 

For description see Political Science. 

POI 2/30 IS Introduction to Contemporary 
British Politics 

For description see International Education, 
London Offerings. 

POL 102S Introduction to American National 
Government and Politics 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 101 S Introduction to Psychology 

For descriptions see Psychology. 

REL 20 IS Introduction to Religious Studies 

REL 21 OS Sisters of Eve: The Bible, Gender, 
and Sexual Politics 

REL 21 OS Introduction to Christian Ethics 

REL 22 IS Religion in America 

For descriptions see Religious Studies. 

SLB 101 S Introduction to Sociology 

For description see Sociology. 

WGL 20 IS Introduction to Women's and 
Gender Studies 

WGL 22 IS Black Women in America 

For description see Women's and Gender Studies. 


Sociology concerns the application of scientific 
methodologies to the study of diverse aspects of 
human conduct. Theories of human behavior are 
tested and developed through the collection and 
analysis of empirical evidence. The discipline strives 
to provide students with perspectives and methods 
that may be applied to understanding a broad range 
of social phenomena. 

Knowledge and skills expected of sociology students 

— Sociology students learn critical thinking skills 
including the ability to challenge common 
assumptions, formulate questions, evaluate 
evidence, and reach reasoned conclusions. 

— Critical thinking skills are developed from a 
foundation of sociological theory. Students 
acquire knowledge of traditional and emergent 
sociological perspectives that may be applied to 
understanding the various dimensions of social 

— Methodological competency is necessary to the 
development and application of critical 
thinking. Students acquire qualitative and 
quantitative research skills which allow an 
appreciation of sociological research, and 
facilitate the critique of evidence underlying 
many issues of public debate. 

— The sociology discipline is committed to the 
active engagement of student learning. Many 
courses provide opportunities for research 
projects and experiential learning assignments 
that extend learning beyond the classroom to 
the real world laboratory of social life. 

— Sociology students develop writing and 
speaking skills needed to present ideas and 
research efforts in a cogent and scholarly form. 
Clear, organized presentation of ideas and 
research is requisite to sociological training. 
Consequently, every effort is made to help 
students improve their oral and written 
communication skills. 



— Sociology provides an appreciation of cultural 
and social diversity. Students learn to recognize 
and comprehend global and national diversity 
of social life, and thus locate personal values 
and self-identity within the context of our 
complex and changing social world. 

Students of sociology are required to complete a core 
of five course requirements with a minimum of C 
grade in each course. SLB 101 S Introduction to 
Sociology provides the foundation of theoretical 
perspectives, research methods, and substantive areas 
of investigation that are shared across the discipline. 
SLB 310 Social Stratification and SLB 160M 
Statistical Methods instructs students in the 
techniques of quantitative data analysis. In SLB 260 
Qualitative Methods and SLB 360 Research 
Design, students develop an advanced understand- 
ing of research methodologies that includes applica- 
tion to real world social issues. SLB 406 The 
History of Social Thought elaborates sociological 
theory in an intensive examination of perspectives 
for explaining social behavior. In addition to the five 
core requirements, students select four sociology 
electives toward completion of the ten courses in the 
major. It is also possible for the student to focus the 
five electives on specialization in criminal justice. 

SLB 10 IS Introduction to Sociology 

The study of degrees of agreement and disagreement 
among groups, organizations, institutions, etc., which 
exist in society, and what produces levels of agree- 

SLB 160M Statistical Methods 

Introduction to quantitative techniques for data 
analysis in the social sciences. Univariable descrip- 
tion, bivariable description, and statistical inference. 

SLB 135 Self and Society 

Survey of classical and contemporary analyses of 
relationship between human self-consciousness and 
socialization. Each human being is unique, but each's 
sense of self is shaped by others. Prerequisite: SLB 

SLB 202 Sociology of Knowledge 

Socratic methods, Scholasticism/Cartesian rational- 
ism, rise of the experimental method, dialectical 
method, metaphysics/dialectical materialism, 
revisions of Marx by Weber. 

SLB 221 Juvenile Delinquency 

Analyzing juvenile delinquency through examina- 
tion of the collective nature of human behavior, the 
function of values and normative patterns, and social 
conflict over values and resources. Prerequisite: SLB 

SLB 224 Criminology 

The causes and consequences of crime, the historical 
transition of ideas about crime, types of crime such as 
street level, organized, corporate, government; the 
measurement of crime and criminal detenence. 

SLB 235 Deviance 

A survey of sociological research on deviance, 
including suicide, nudism, alcoholism, homosexual- 
ity, mental illness, prostitution, child abuse, drug 
addiction and rape. Prerequisite: SLB 101 S. 

SLB/MNB 25 1 Work and Occupations 
(Directed Study available) 

Theories and research explaining occupational 
choice and socialization, labor market segments, 
inter and intragenerational career mobility, 
professionalization, deprofessionalization, future 
trends in occupation. Prerequisite: SLB 101S or 
permission of instructor. 

SLB 260 Qualitative Methods 

Research practicum on the observation and analysis 
of human conduct and experience. Hands-on 
experience in field research methods and sociological 
inquiry. Prerequisite: SLB 101S. 

SLB 310 Social Stratification 

Inequality in the distribution of wealth, power, and 
status within a social system, including the effects of 
ethnicity, race, gender, occupational and wage 
hierarchies. Prerequisites: SLB 160M, 101S, and 
permission of instructor. 

SLB 311 Sociology of Medicine 

Organization, social construction of illnesses, 
strategies fo managing medical failure, how medicine 
mediates social problems, marital conflict, smoking 
and drug abuse, impact on health care of public 
policy. Prerequisites: SLB 160M and 101S. 

SLB 324 Introduction to Criminal Justice 

Police, courts and corrections, criminal law, public 
attitudes toward crime, discretionary power of police, 
capital punishment, adjustments after prison release. 
Prerequisite: SLB 224. 

SLB 325 Community Field Experience 

Students choose an internship in a community 
serving agency such as health rehabilitation, child 
and family services, legal services, special education, 
working a minimum of ten hours a week at the 
agency. Prerequisites: at least Junior standing and 
permission of instructor. 



SLB 326 The Family 

Family roles such as children, men, women, spouses, 
parents, kin examined. Ways in which family and 
work life interact. Dynamic changes in American 
family structure, and the modern family. Prerequisite: 
SLB 101S. 

SLB 335 Social Interaction 

A seminar in the study of face-to-face behavior in 
public places. The nature of deference and de- 
meanor, tension between individuality and social 
structure, rules governing involvement, normal 
appearances, and role distance. Prerequisite: SLB 
160M and 260. 

SLB/MNB 345 Complex Organizations 
(Directed Study available) 

Sources, degrees and consequences of bureaucratiza- 
tion in a wide range of social organizations such as 
work, church, military, schools, hospitals. Prerequi- 
sites: SLB 101S or PBS 101S and SLB 160M or 
MNB 371, or permission of instructor. 

SLB 360 Research Design 

The techniques and application of social science 
research, critical evaluation of research evidence, 
designing and administering a group survey project. 
Prerequisite: SLB 160M. 

SLB/MNB 371 Organizational Behavior 
and Leadership 

Major factors affecting behavior in organizations. 
Motivation, group and team dynamics, 
macroorganizationial factors, leadership. Prerequisite: 
SLB 160M and 101S, or permission of instructor. 

SLB 404 Crime, Justice, and Ethics 

Apply ethical theories to analyze criminal justice 
conduct. Due process in law enforcement, tension 
between truth and loyalty, exercise of discretionary 
power, use of force, justification for punishment. 
Prerequisites: SLB 224 and 324 or permission of 

SLB/MNB 405 Human Ecology 
(Directed Study available) 

Interaction of human communities such as organiza- 
tions, cities, neighborhoods, and industries with their 
social and physical environment. Prerequisites: SLB 
101S or PSB 101S, MNB 371 and SLB 160M or 
permission of instructor. 

SLB 406 History of Social Thought 

For sociology majors. Concepts, approaches, and 
orientations that have played a part in shaping the 
nature of sociology, and ideas during the 19th and 
20th centuries as sociology matured. 

SLB 435 Social Construction of Reality 

The processes whereby "society" is manufactured 
such that it becomes a force external to the dynamics 
which produced it. Primary frameworks, the anchor- 
ing of activity, legitimation, internalization, selective 
attention, typification. Prerequisite: SLB 260. 

SLB/MNB 451 Technology and Societ 

Interdependent relationship of technological 
innovation, adoption, adaptation, and discussion to 
social change. Evolution of modes of production and 
service delivery, organizational structure, and 
function. Prerequisities: SLB 160M and 101S, or 
permission of instructor. 


See Modern Languages. 


MAN 133 Statistics, an Introduction 

For description, see Mathematics. 

Credit will be given for only one of MAN 133 and 
the Behavioral Science statistics courses below, but 
not both. 

SLB 160M Statistical Methods 

For description see Sociology. 

BEB 260M Statistical Methods for 
Natural Sciences 

Statistical methods used in the professional literature 
of the various natural sciences. Prerequisite: 
Sophomore standing and one of the following: BIN 
100, MSN 119, 242, MSN/BIN 189, MSN 304, 
CSN 143M. 

ECB/MNB 260M Statistical Methods for 
Management and Economics 

For description see Economics. 

POB 260M Political Science 
Research Methods 

For description see Political Science. 

PSB 260/1 M Statistics and Research 
Design I, II 

For description see Psychology. 




The theatre program has two important functions: to 
provide the serious and talented theatre student with 
the theoretical, historical and practical fundamentals 
of the field; and to serve as a cultural resource for the 
college and community. Therefore, anyone is 
encouraged to join the creative efforts on-stage and 
backstage, whether student, staff or townsperson. 

Students majoring in theatre are expected to develop 
the following knowledge and skills: 

— acting and movement skills; for majors with 
emphasis in performance (acting/directing), 
additional in-depth knowledge and skills in one 
area, such as dance, singing. 

— technical and backstage skills; for majors with 
emphasis in production, additional knowledge 
and skill in one area, such as sound, carpentry, 

— functions and responsibilities of professional 
theatre staff. 

— knowledge of 40 plays, 25 classical, 15 modern, 
and 10 one act plays. 

— knowledge of major Western historical periods 
and at least one Eastern theatre tradition. 

— names of important theatrical innovators, past 
and present, one source reference book in each 
major theatrical field, major professional theatre 
organizations and unions, theatrical supply 
houses and leasing agents for plays, and good 
graduate schools in the area of emphasis. 

The academic requirements for theatre majors are 14 
courses in the area which will include the following 
core program: The Human Instrument, Basic Acting, 
Stagecraft, Theatre Projects, Directing, History of 
Drama (two semesters), Theatre Beyond Literature, 
Theatre Internship, and Senior Project. 

Suggested programs for performance or technical 


The Human Instrument (core) 
Basic Acting (core) 
Dance I (performance) 
Stage Lighting (technical) 
Living Theatre (alternate) 


Directing (core) 
Stagecraft (core) 
Theatre Projects (core) 
Projects in Acting (performance) 
Projects in Design (technical) 

Improvisation (performance) 

Dance and Techniques 
Musical Theatre 

The Lively Arts in London (winter term 


History of Drama I and Dance and 

Techniques (core) 
Projects in Design (technical) 
Theatre Internship (core) 
Directing (performance or technical) 


Projects in Design 

CAD: Applications to the Theatre 

Theatre Beyond Literature (core) 
Projects in Acting (performance) 
Senior Project (core) 

Projects in Design (technical) 

Projects in Acting (performance) 

Advanced Directing 

Each student is expected to concentrate on a major 
creative work as a Senior project. Some time should 
be spent on an internship at a major theatre center, 
or on a special summer program of participation in 
the performance arts. The American Stage Com- 
pany is based in St. Petersburg and provides 
professional resources for the theatre program. 

A minor in theatre requires six courses, of which at 
least two are at the 200 level or above. 

THA 101 The Human Instrument 

Exploration of the potentials for use of the body, 
voice, movement, energy, sensory awareness, mind, 
and psyche through a wide range of exercises. 

THA 102 A The Living Theatre 

Overview of practical and aesthetic considerations of 
the theatre arts, along with performance and theatre 
technology. Class critiques of dramatic productions 
on campus. Short scenes performed in class. 

THA 161 Stagecraft 

Basic principles and procedures for constructing the 
stage picture. Theatre terms, use of hand and power 
tools, set construction, scene painting, special effects 
and new products. 

THA 162 Stage Lighting 

Basic principles and procedures for electricity and 

stage lighting. Instruments, terminology, wiring, 

drawing light plots, lamps, dimmers, lighting control 




THA 163 Basic Acting 

Development of basic tools of the actor through 
reading, discussion, acting exercises and scene work. 
Introduction to several approaches to the craft of 
acting. THA 101 recommended. 

THA 1/2/366 Theatre Projects 

Laboratory experience in performance and produc- 
tion. Completion of three units chosen from: 
production (lights, publicity, costumes, sound, 
scenery, props, makeup, management) and perfor- 
mance (audition repertory, touring, main-stage, 
studio, choreography). May be repeated for credit. 

THA 176 Dance I 

An introduction to jazz emphasizing strength, 
flexibility, and development of a movement 
vocabulary. A study of dance history. Active 
technique class, with performing opportunity. 

THA 202 Improvisation 

Introduction to basic techniques of improvisation 
and theatre games. Should be viewed as a "labora- 
tory" course. Students work with techniques 
developed by a variety of theatrical innovators, with 
emphasis on controlled creativity. Permission of 
instructor required. 

THA/LIL 236/7 History of Drama I, II 

For description see Literature. 

THA 265A CAD: Applications for 
the Theatre 

Become familiar with state of-the-art programs for use 
in theatre design and performance and begin to utilize, 
in actual production, sophisticated programs available 
in the Bininger Theatre. Basic program tools of Draft 
Choice, AutoCAD, Lights Beyond Athens. Two- 
dimensional drawing techniques, three-dimensional 
drawing functions, desktop publishing, set design to 
light plot transfer. Prerequisite: permission of instructor. 

THA 266 Theatre Projects 

For description see THA 1/2/366. 

THA 267 Musical Theatre Workshop 

History and performance technique of the musical, 
America's unique contribution to theatrical arts. 
Derivation and stylistic development of the form; 
artistic aspects of performance through laboratory 
production of scenes. 

THA 2/3/476 Dance and Techniques 

Study of jazz plus an introduction to dance composi- 
tion. Active technique class, dance composition 
projects, and performing opportunity. Prerequisites: 
Dance I or previous experience and permission of 

THA 301G (Directed Study) Living and 
Performing in Avignon 

Rehearsals, equipment, costumes, props, and scenery 
preparation prior to five weeks during July and 
August at the Festival dAvignon, Provence, France. 
While in Avignon, that company performs seven 
times a week. 

THA 322A Communication Arts 
and Persuasion 

The principles, values, forms and effects of persuasive 
public communication. Film and video tape 
examples. Experience in analysis, reasoning, 
evidence and organization of the persuasive speech. 
Not open to Freshmen. 

THA 323A Literature in Performance 

Read literature for characterization, locus, technical 
considerations, devices of language and structure, 
text analysis. Lectures, exercises to develop begin- 
ning readers, and at least six oral presentations 
projects. Attendance essential becuase of emphasis 
on performance. 

THA/LIA 362A Film and Literature 

For description see Literature. 

THA 366 Theatre Projects 

For description see THA 1/2/366. 

THA 367 Theatre Internship 

Supervised work in college, community and pro- 
fessional theatre companies on internship basis. May 
be repeated for credit. Permission of instructor 

THA 372 Directing 

Study and practice of play-directing theories and 
techniques: analysis of play, rehearsal process, 
organizational procedures from script to production. 
Productions provide menu for Lunchbox Theatre 
Series. Prerequisite: THA 163 or equivalent 
experience or permission of instructor. 

THA 376 Dance and Techniques 
See THA 276. 

THA 377 Choreography 

A study of dance composition beginning with basic 
elements of movement and culminating in a student 
work. Performing opportunity. Prerequisites: Dance 
and Techniques, or previous experience and 
permission of instructor. 



THA 382A Theatre Beyond Literature 

Theatrical as opposed to purely literary values in 
Eastern and Western culture, and the forces that 
contributed to the development of various styles of 
presentation in each distinct historical period, with a 
key script from each period. 

THA 465 Special Projects in Design 

Execution of a scene, lighting or costume design for a 
major full-length production or series of one-act 
plays. Prerequisite: THA 161, 162 or 363 or 
permission of instructor. May be repeated for credit. 

THA 467 Projects in Acting 

Ensemble, improvisation, characterization, scene- 
study, acting styles, or performance of a major role in 
a full length play, or of several smaller roles, accom- 
panied by an in-depth study of various tactics for 
characterization, applicable to the role in question. 
May be repeated for credit. Prerequisite: THA 163, 
or permission of instructor. 

THA 473 Advanced Directing 

Develop a personal directing style to meet the 
requirements of a given script, whether period or 
modern piece. Each director prepares at least two 
examples for an audience. Critique discussions. 
Prerequisite: THA 372. 

THA 476 Dance and Theatre 
See THA 276. 

THA 499 Senior Project 

Theatre majors are required to submit, in the second 
semester of the Junior year, a proposal for a project in 
their area of emphasis. The project, to be completed 
in the Senior year, is a synthesis of the student's 
academic and practical experience, and an opportu- 
nity to demonstrate knowledge and evaluate the 
final project. Some possible choices are acting, 
directing, design and play writing. A three-member 
faculty committee evaluates the final project. 
Prerequisite: taking the Theatre Assessment 

CRA 201 A Triartic Aesthetics or 
Understanding the Arts 

See Aesthetic Perspective Courses. 

THI 3 65 A Theatre in London 

See International Education. 


See Art. 


WHF 181 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context I 

The first course in general education introduces 
values through the study of the Greek, Roman, 
Chinese, and Indian worlds, using masterworks of 
those civilizations. 

WHF 182 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context II 

Exploring the post Renaissance world through 
literature, the arts, scientific accomplishments, and 
other major endeavors. 

WHF/CUC 183C U.S. Area Studies 

Open to international students only. A contempo- 
rary view of the U.S. and a limited survey of its past, 
size and diversity. Required for all degree-seeking 
international students. 

WHF 184 Western Heritage in a Global 
Context (Honors) 

The Freshman course for students in the Honors 
Program. Students meet weekly for the academic 
year and are awarded a course credit. Admission is by 
application to the Honors Program Director. 


Descriptions of winter term projects are published in 
a separate brochure. 


Women's and gender studies is an interdisciplinary 
major exploring the creation, meaning and perpetua- 
tion of gender in human societies, both past and 
present. It is also an inquiry into women's material, 
cultural and economic production, their collective 
undertakings and self descriptions. The women's and 
gender studies major seeks to provide opportunities for: 

— acquiring breadth of learning and integrating 
knowledge across academic disciplines. 

— developing an understanding and respect for the 
integrity of self and others. 

— learning to communicate effectively. 

— developing the knowledge, abilities, apprecia- 
tion and motivations which are liberating men 
and women. 


Women 's and Gender Studies 

— serious encounters with the values dimensions 
of individual growth and social interaction. 

Majors develop integrative skill competencies in 
bibliographic instruction, writing excellence, close 
reading of texts, creative problem-solving, small 
group communication, oral communication, and 
expressive awareness. 

Students majoring in women's and gender studies 
take a minimum of ten courses including WGL 201 
S and WGL 410 and eight additional courses in 
three disciplines in consultation with their Mentors. 
Five of these courses must be at the 300 level or 
above. Majors must successfully pass a Senior 
comprehensive examination or, if invited by the 
faculty, write a Senior thesis. 

For a minor in women's and gender studies, students 
take five courses including WGL 20 IS and WGL 
410. Three of the five courses must be at the 300 
level or above. 

WGL 410 does not replace the collegial or 
discipline Senior Seminar for students who are 
minoring in women's and gender studies. 

WGL 20 IS Introduction to Women's and 
Gender Studies 

Issues involved in the social and historical construc- 
tion of gender and gender roles from an interdiscipli- 
nary perspective. Human gender differences, male 
and female sexuality, relationship between gender, 
race and class. 

WGL 22 IS Black Women in America 

Slavery, the work force, the family, education, 
politics, social psychology, and feminism. 

WGL 410 Research Seminar: Women 
and Gender 

Senior Seminar designed to integrate the interdisci- 
plinary work of the major. Students work in 
collaborative research groups to read and critique 
each other's work and produce a presentation that 
reflects interdisciplinary views on a women/gender 
issue. Focus on methodologies of the various 
disciplines and on research methods. 

Descriptions of the following courses in the major 
are found in the disciplinary listings: 


AML 307S Rebels with a Cause: Radicals, 
Reactionaries and Reformers 
(Directed Study available) 

AML 308S Becoming Visible: Sex, Gender 
and American Culture 
(Directed Study available) 

ANC 208 Human Sexuality 


CRA 384 Twentieth Century American 
Women in the Arts 


FDF 122 Analytical and Persuasive Writing: 
Writing and Gender 


ECB 371 Economics of Gender 


FRC 101 French Literature in Formation 

FRC 404 Themes in French Literature 

FRC 406 French Theatre on Stage 

FRC 410 Topics in French and 
Francophone Cultures 


HIL 321 Women in Modern America: The 
Hand that Cradles the Rock (Directed Study 

HIL 323 From the Rapper to Rosie the 
Riveter: History of Women in the 
U.S. 1920-45 


HDA 204 Socialization: A Study of Gender 

HDA 209 Childhood Roles and Family 


IBC/MNB 275 The Sex-Role Revolution in 


Women's and Gender Studies 


LIL 205 Woman as Metaphor 

LIL 206 Men and Women in Literature 

LIL 312 Literature by Women 

LIA 380A Images of the Goddess 

LIL 441 Twentieth Century Literary Theory 


PLL 101 Introduction to Philosophy 

PLL 24 IS Ethics: Tradition and Critique 

PLL 244 Social and Political Philosophy 

PLL 312 American Philosophy 

PLL 331/2 Philosophy of Gender 

PLL 342 20th Century Philosophical 

PLL 403 Contemporary Philosophical 
Methodology: Feminist Theory 


POB 103C Introduction to International 

POB 342 Hunger, Plenty, and Justice 

POB 315 Theories of War and Peace 

POB 331 Women and Politics 


PSB 202 Psychology of Childhood and 

PSB 203 Psychology of Adulthood and Aging 


REL 206S Sisters of Eve: the Bible, Gender, 
and Sexual Politics 

REL 234 The Goddess in Eastern Tradition 

REL 329 Liberation Theology 

REL 361 From Existentialism to 


SLB 25 1 Work and Occupations 

SLB 326 The Family 

SLB 345 Complex Organizations 

SLB 405 Human Ecology 

SLB 45 1 Technology and Society 


SPC 407 Spanish Women Writers 


See Creative Writing. 




Autumn term is a three-week introduction to college 
life for Freshmen, consisting of one academic project, 
plus orientation, testing, and registration. New 
students choose from among fifteen or more courses 
offered by the professors who thus become their 
Mentors (advisers) and their Western Heritage in a 
Global Context instructors for the Freshman year. 
Typical autumn term offerings in recent years have 
included Women and Fiction, Food in History, 
Geology of Beaches, The Computer: Slave or 
Master, Health Psychology, and The Sociology of 
Sex Roles. See the autumn term brochure available 
from Foundations or Admissions. 

FDF 1 Living in the USA (especially for 
international students) 

Introduction to living in the U.S. and Horida, 
analyzing everyday problems, college living, 
comparative customs, systems, attitudes, American 
literature, health care, legal matters, sports, working 
education, religion, politics, improving language 
skills. Resource people, field trips. Daily journal, 
analytical papers, final project reflecting autumn 
term experiences. 


Winter term provides the opportunity for study 
concentrated on a single topic. Neither regular 
semester nor directed study courses are taken as 
winter term projects. Off-campus independent study 
projects may be taken only by students above 
Freshman standing for whom the off-campus 
location is essential to the nature of the project itself. 

Descriptions of winter term projects are published in 
a separate brochure, available in the fall of each year. 
The winter term brochure contains complete 
information on registration and other procedures 
related to winter term. 

As an indication of the range of educational 
opportunities available through Eckerd College 
during the winter term, the following is a list of 
project titles offered in the past. 

On Campus: Theatre Production; Music in the 
Twenty-First Century; Subcultures and Deviance; 
Psychology and Medicine; Management in the Year 
2000; Human Ecology; The Energy Problem: Now 

and the Future; The Economics of Public Issues; 
Speaking Russian; Developing Expository Writing; 
The South in American History; The Art of 
Biography; The New Religions; Perspectives on 
Violence; Horida's Exotic Plant Life; The Basics of 
Color Photography; Mathematical Modeling; 
Computer Project; Chemistry, The Environment and 
the Future. 

Off-Campus: Greece: The Birthplace of Civili- 
zation; The Lively Arts in London; Paris: A Cultural 
and Linguistic Perspective; Geology: Geophysics of 
Volcanoes in Hawaii; International Banking in the 
Caribbean (Cayman Islands); The Dry Tortugas 
Expedition on the Brig Unicorn; Mexico: Language 
and/or Culture; Shapes of the Land of Enchantment 
(New Mexico). 

In addition, there is a special winter term for 
Freshmen, the Freshman Bridge Program. For a 
description see page 7 of this catalog. 



At Eckerd, learning and standards are not viewed as 
restricted to the classroom. The college cherishes the 
freedom that students experience in the college 
community and in the choices they make concern- 
ing their own personal growth. At the same time, 
each student, as a member of a Christian community 
of learners, is expected to contribute to this com- 
munity and to accept and live by its values and 
standards: commitment to truth and excellence; 
devotion to knowledge and understanding; sensitiv- 
ity to the rights and needs of others; belief in the 
inherent worth of all human beings and respect for 
human differences; contempt for dishonesty, 
prejudice and destructiveness. Just as Eckerd intends 
that its students shall be competent givers through- 
out their lives, it expects that giving shall be the 
hallmark of behavior and relationships in college life. 
Just as Eckerd seeks to provide each student with 
opportunities for learning and excellence, each 
student is expected to play a significant part in the 
vitality and integrity of the college community. 

As an expression of willingness to abide by these 
standards every student upon entering Eckerd 
College is expected to sign a promise to uphold the 
statement of Shared Commitment that guides 
student life on campus. For a full description of the 
Shared Commitment, see page 4- 


St. Petersburg is a vibrant city in its own right, and St. 
Petersburg, Tampa, and Clearwater together form a 
metropolitan area of over one million people with all 
the services and cultural facilities of any area this size. 

St. Petersburg and nearby cities offer art museums, 
symphony orchestras, and professional theatre, in 
addition to road show engagements of Broadway 
plays, rock concerts, circuses, ice shows, and other 
attractions for a full range of entertainment. 

The St. Louis Cardinals baseball team maintains 
headquarters in St. Petersburg for spring training, 
and there are major golf and tennis tournaments in 
the area. Professional football fans can follow the 
Tampa Bay Buccaneers, and professional hockey 
fans, the Tampa Bay Lightning. A new major league 
baseball team, the Tampa Bay Devil Rays, will begin 
play in the St. Petersburg Thunderdome in 1998. 

Southern Ocean Racing Conference sailing races are 
held every year, as well as many regattas for sail and 
power boats. Fine public beaches on the Gulf of 
Mexico are within bicycling distance of the Eckerd 
College campus, as are public golf courses. 

St. Petersburg has a pleasant semi-tropical climate 
with a normal average temperature of 73.5 degrees F. 
and annual rainfall of 51.2 inches. 


Situated in a suburban area at the southwest tip of 
the peninsula on which St. Petersburg is located, 
Eckerd's campus is large and uncrowded — 267 acres 
with over 1 1/4 miles of waterfront on Boca Ciega 
Bay and Frenchman's Creek. There are three small 
lakes on the campus, and the chapel is on an island 
in one of them. The 68 air-conditioned buildings 
were planned to provide a comfortable environment 
for learning in the Florida climate. Professors and 
students frequently forsake their classrooms and 
gather outdoors in the sunshine or under a pine tree's 
shade. Outdoor activities are possible all year; cooler 
days during the winter are not usually severe. 


Eckerd College has eight residential complexes, each 
consisting of four houses that accommodate 34-36 
students and the newest facility, Nu Dorm, consist- 
ing of 16 eight-person suites. Most of the student 
residences overlook the water. Each house has a 
student Resident Adviser who is available for basic 
academic or personal counseling and is generally 
responsible for the house operation. A staff of four 
Complex Coordinators works with the Resident 
Advisers to provide additional support. Residence 
houses are self-governed. 


ECOS is the college's student government associa- 
tion. It acts as a link between the students and the 
administration, with its officers sitting on several 
policy making committees, representing student 
vews and issues. It also coordinates the budgeting of 
dozens of student organizations and activities, with 
funds accumulated from each student's activities fee. 
The membership of the Eckerd College Organization 
of Students consists of all matriculated students, full 
and part time. 


The College Center serves as the hub for recre- 
ational and social activities. The facilities include a 
convenience store, gameroom, conversation lounge, 
multipurpose room with a large screen television and 
audio equipment, and snack bar. The College Center 
provides the opportunity for students to interact with 
faculty and staff as well as peers. 


The College Program Series, jointly planned by 
students, faculty and administration, is designed to 
enhance the intellectual, religious and cultural life of 
the college community through bringing well-known 
scholars, artists and distinguished Americans to the 
campus each semester. 

The Student Activities Board sponsors movies, 
coffee house programs, dances, traditional parties 
and comedy nights, and concerts featuring local and 
nationally known artists. The Office of Multicultural 
Affairs, along with the Afro-American Society and 
the International Students Association, sponsors an 
array of ethnic programs throughout the year. 

The music, art, and theatre disciplines sponsor a 
number of events throughout the year. There are 
student and faculty recitals, programs from the 
concert choir and chamber ensemble, exhibitions by 
student and faculty artists, dance performances, and 
a series of plays produced by the theatre workshops. 

The intramural and recreation program allows 
houses and individuals to compete in a variety of 
programs. The intramural sports include volleyball, 
flag football, soccer, sailing, fishing, street hockey, 
basketball, and softball. The recreation program 
includes aerobics, martial arts, a rope course, and 
numerous club sports. 


Eckerd believes that student life should be as full and 
rich as possible, both inside and outside of the 
classroom. We provide a broad range of campus 
activities — and if you cannot find something that 
suits your interests, we encourage you to start a new 
group of your own. Your free time can be as interest- 
ing and rewarding as you want to make it. 


Publications are funded by student government and 
fully controlled by the students themselves. Student 
media include the Triton Tribune, the student 
newspaper, WECX, the campus radio station, 
EC-TV, the campus television station; The Siren, a 
literary magazine featuring artwork, prose, and poetry 
by members of the entire campus community; The 
EC-Book, the student handbook, and a yearbook. 



If there is enough student interest to form a club, one 
may easily be chartered. Organizations which have 
been student-initiated include the Afro- American 
Society, Biology Club, Circle K, International 
Students, Pre-Law Club, Big Brothers/Big Sisters, the 
Triton Sailing, Waterskiing and Boardsailing Teams, 
Athletic Boosters, Earth Society, Men's Volleyball 
and Women's Soccer. 


The College Chaplain directs the Campus Ministry 
Program, a joint effort of students, faculty and staff. 
The program provides religious activities in a 
Christian context and assists individuals and groups 
of other religious persuasions to arrange their own 
activities. Worship services, special speakers and 
emphasis weeks, small group studies, service projects 
and fellowship activities are provided through the 
program. The Chaplain serves as minister to 
students, faculty and staff, is available for counseling 
or consultation, and works closely with the Student 
Affairs staff to enhance the quality of campus life. 

Regardless of your background, you are encouraged 
to explore matters of faith and commitment as an 
integral part of your educational experience. We 
believe that personal growth and community life are 
significantly strengthened by encounter with the 
claims of the Christian faith and the values of the 
Judaeo-Christian tradition. 


Eckerd's Waterfront Program, one of the largest 
collegiate watersports programs in the southeastern 
U.S., is one of the most exciting recreational 
opportunities on the campus. The facilities, located 
on Frenchman's Creek, include a new Waterfront 
Activities Center which houses offices, classrooms, a 
communication center, restrooms, and gear storage 
rooms. Additional facilities include boathouse, 
support buildings, docks, ramp, fishing, snorkeling, 
and other recreational equipment, live bait, a Ship's 
Store and Food Galley, a fleet of sailboats, canoes, 
sailboards, and two Correct Craft Ski Nautiques (for 
recreational and competitive waterskiing). If you 
own a boat, you can arrange to store or dock it here 
if space is available. 

A unique feature of the Eckerd Waterfront is the 
community member's ability to use the facilities 
without membership in a formal club or organiza- 
tion. There are, however, many clubs and teams 
sponsored by the Waterfront for those interested. 
The Triton sailing team sails in sloop and 

single-hand competitions against schools from North 
Carolina through Florida in SAISA (the South 
Atlantic Intercollegiate Sailing Association), while 
the Triton boardsailing team competes in regattas 
both in and out of the collegiate circuit. Members of 
the Triton waterski team compete in trick, slalom, 
and jump events against schools throughout the 
Southern Conference. 

One of the Waterfront's unique student organizations 
is Eckerd College Search and Rescue (EC-SAR) 
which is a highly trained group of students and 
alumni who provide maritime search and rescue 
services to the Tampa Bay boating community. 
Working closely with the U.S. Coast Guard and 
many local and state agencies, members give a high 
level of dedication, skill and commitment to public 
service and have received many national and local 
awards and commendations. 

Waterfront classes are offered throughout the school 
year. Sailing classes are taught at all levels on both 
small sloops and larger sailboats. Normal class 
offerings include beginning and intermediate sailing, 
boardsailing, and scuba diving which is arranged 
through an area dive shop. Informal dockside 
instruction is offered during the afternoons by 
waterfront staff and volunteers. 


As a college student, you are likely to encounter 
many new and different experiences and face many 
important decisions. There may be times when you 
might want some help in negotiating these new 
challenges. The Counseling Center can help you to 
deal with these challenges, understand yourself 
better, gain insight into your decisions, improve your 
self-image, enhance your personal relationships, and 
learn to make new choices for more effective living. 
Additionally, athletes have the opportunity of 
consulting with a sports psychologist. Members of 
the theatre and visual arts disciplines also have 
access to this performance enhancement expertise. 

Counselors are interested in assisting you with your 
personal, intellectual, and psychological growth and 
development. The Counseling Center is staffed by 
two full-time and two part-time therapists, and all 
services are free and completely confidential. 

In addition to providing psychological counseling for 
students, the Counseling Center staff offers consulta- 
tion services to faculty, staff, residence halls, and 
student organizations needing specialized programs 
or information regarding psychological issues, 
conflict resolution, crisis intervention, or wellness- 
related issues. Topical presentations and workshops 
are available by request on a variety of topics. 


The Counseling Center also houses the EC-Peace 
Corps that sponsors activities designed to promote a 
holistic sense of personal well being. This is a Peer 
Educators' Program, which includes a speaker's 
bureau, peer educators, and presentations on various 
psychologically related topics. 


Eckerd's medical service is a member of the Ameri- 
can College Health Association and directed by a 
physician who is at the Health Center two hours 
every Monday through Friday. A registered nurse is 
on duty 8 a.m. to 10:30 p.m., Monday through 
Friday. Students in need of treatment after these 
hours contact their Resident Advisers or Campus 
Security for assistance, or go directly to a hospital 
emergency room, or call 911 if emergency care is 
needed. Medicine may be charged to the student's 
account. The college notifies parents when commu- 
nity hospitalization is necessary, with the consent of 
the student. 


As evidence of its active commitment to recruit and 
encourage minority students, Eckerd supports a 
number of programs in this field. Visits to the 
campus give American students o{ color who are 
considering Eckerd College a chance to view the 
college, visit the faculty, live in the residence halls, 
and talk with other students. 

The Afro- American Society, a student organization, 
helps plan a full range of programs that celebrate 
diversity. The office of Multicultural Affairs is 
available to provide assistance for any special needs 
of American students of color. 


Students who are married, are over 22 years of age, 
or who live with their family are provided with 
campus post office boxes to receive communications. 
Opportunities for participation in campus sports, 
activities, cultural events, and student government 
(ECOS), are available to day students and are 
coordinated and communicated by the Day Student 
Program. All cars, motorcycles, and bicycles are 
registered by the Office of Campus Safety. 


Eckerd College is a member of the National 
Collegiate Athletic Association. Men play a full 
intercollegiate schedule in baseball, basketball, golf, 
soccer, and tennis. Women's intercollegiate sports 
include basketball, cross country, golf, softball, 
tennis, and volleyball. Golf is a co-educational sport. 
The college is a member of the Sunshine State 
Conference, and both men and women play NCAA 
Division II competition. 

Intramural sports are organized as competition 
among houses. Day students compete with house 
teams. All students are eligible to participate in the 
wide range of intramural activities, which include 
football, softball, soccer, volleyball, basketball, and 
street hockey. In addition, sports clubs may be 
organized around swimming, sailing and canoeing. 
The McArthur Physical Education Center houses 
locker rooms, physical education faculty offices, two 
basketball courts, a weight room, four badminton 
courts, and three volleyball courts, a swimming pool, 
and areas of open space where you can practice your 
golf swing. The newly constructed Turley Athletic 
Complex includes lighted baseball and softball fields, 
a practice infield, a soccer field, grandstands, and a 
building which consists o( a locker room facility and 
a snack bar. 

M' *■' •* 1 .' J . - 

■ v ' ■ ■ 



Eckerd College seeks academically qualified students 
of various backgrounds, national and ethnic origins. 
Further, we seek students who show promise for 
making positive contributions to members of the 
Eckerd College community. When you apply, we will 
look at your academic performance in college 
preparatory courses (mathematics, science, social 
studies, English, foreign languages, creative arts). We 
will also consider your performance on the college 
entrance examinations (ACT or SAT I). Students 
whose native language is not English can choose to 
replace the ACT or SAT I with the TOEFL 
examination. Achievement tests are not required but 
are highly recommended. Your potential for personal 
and academic development is important and in this 
respect we will look closely at your personal essay, 
record of activities and recommendations from your 
counselors or teachers. Admissions decisions are 
made on a rolling basis beginning in October and 
continuing through the academic year for the 
following fall. Students considering mid-year 
admission for either winter term (January) or spring 
semester (February) are advised to complete 
application procedures by December 1. Applicants 
for fall entry should complete procedures by April 1. 


High school Juniors and Seniors considering Eckerd 
College should have taken a college preparatory 
curriculum. Our preference is for students who have 
taken four units of English, three or more units each 
of mathematics, sciences and social studies, and at 
least two units of a foreign language. Although no 
single criterion is used as a determinant for accep- 
tance and we have no automatic "cutoff' points, the 
great majority of students who gain admission to 
Eckerd College have a high school average of B or 
better in their college preparatory courses and have 
scored in the top 25 percent of college-bound 
students taking the ACT or SAT I. 


1 . Request application forms in Junior year or early 
in Senior year from Dean of Admissions. 

2. Complete and return your application to the 
Dean of Admissions, with an application fee of 
$25 (non-refundable) at least two months prior 
to the desired entrance date. Students who are 
financially unable to pay the $25 application fee 
will have the fee waived upon request. Eckerd 
College accepts the Common Application in 

lieu of its own form and gives equal consider- 
ation to both. 

3. Request the guidance department of the 
secondary school from which you will be 
graduated to send an academic transcript and 
personal recommendation to: Dean of Admis- 
sions, Eckerd College, 4200 - 54th Avenue 
South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 

4- Arrange to take the Scholastic Aptitude Test I, 
offered by the College Entrance Examination 
Board or the ACT Test Battery, offered by the 
American College Testing Program. Take your 
test in spring of Junior year or early fall of 
Senior year. 


Eckerd College welcomes students from other 
colleges, universities, junior and community colleges 
that have earned full regional accreditation. 
Applicants are expected to be in good standing at 
the institution last attended and eligible to return to 
that institution. 


1 . Complete and return application form to the 
Dean of Admissions with an application fee of 
$25 (non-refundable) at least two months prior 
to the desired entrance date (see calendar for 
various entry points). 

2 . Request that official college transcripts be sent 
to us from every college or university you have 

3. Send us a record of college entrance exams 
(SAT I or ACT). This may be waived upon 
request for students who have completed at 
least one year of college work. 

4. Request a letter of recommendation from one of 
your college professors. 

5 . If you have been out of high school for less than 
two years, we will need a copy of your high 
school transcript. 


After you have been accepted for admission your 
transcript will be forwarded to the college Registrar 
for credit evaluation. 


With regard to the transfer of credits from other 
regionally accredited institutions, it is the policy of 
Eckerd College to: 

1. Award block two-year credit to students who 
have earned an Associate of Arts degree with a 
cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0; or 

2. Accept, for transfer students without Associate 
of Arts degrees, only those appropriate courses 
in which grades of C or higher were earned. 
Transfer credits will be awarded for courses with 
comparable titles, descriptions, and contents to 
Eckerd College courses. 

3. Accept a maximum of 63 semester hours of 
transfer credit since the last two academic years 
of study for an Eckerd College degree must be 
completed at Eckerd. 

Therefore, all transfer students to Eckerd College 
will have cumulative grade point averages of at least 
2.0 in courses accepted from other institutions 
toward an Eckerd College degree. This policy 
statement covers practices in both the residential 
college and the Program for Experienced Learners. 

Applicants who have earned credits more than five 
years ago, or whose earlier academic records are 
unavailable or unusual are requested to direct special 
inquiry to the Admissions office. 


All students who have been accepted for admission 
are asked to send a $100 deposit, within thirty days 
of acceptance or within thirty days of a financial aid 
award. This deposit is refundable until May 1 for fall 
applicants, but is not refundable for mid-year 
applicants. Students who are accepted after Novem- 
ber 15 for mid-year entry or after April 15 for fall 
entry will be expected to reply within fifteen days of 
acceptance with a $100 non-refundable deposit. The 
acceptance deposit is applied toward tuition costs 
and credited to the student's account. 

A Student Information Form, a Housing Form, and a 
Health Form are sent to all accepted students. The 
Student Information Form and Housing Form should 
be returned by May 1. These forms enable us to 
begin planning for needs of the entering class of 
residential and commuting students. 

The Health Form should be completed by your 
personal physician and forwarded to the Admissions 
office prior to the enrollment date. 


Students who have not completed a high school 
program but who have taken the General Education 
Development (GED) examinations may be consid- 
ered for admission. In addition to submitting GED 
test scores, students will also need to supply ACT or 
SAT I test results. 


Students considering Eckerd College are strongly 
urged to visit the campus and have an interview with 
an admissions counselor. We also encourage you to 
visit a class and meet students and faculty members. 
An interview is not a required procedure for 
admission but is always a most beneficial step for you 
the student, as well as for those of us who evaluate 
your candidacy. 


Eckerd College admits a few outstanding students 
who wish to enter college directly after their Junior 
year in high school. In addition to regular applica- 
tion procedures outlined above, early admission 
candidates must submit a personal letter explaining 
reasons for early admission; request two letters of 
recommendation from an English and a mathematics 
teacher; and come to campus for an interview with 
an admissions counselor. 


A student who has been accepted for admission for a 
given term may request to defer enrollment for up to 
one year. Requests should be addressed to the Dean 
of Admissions. 


Eckerd College awards course credit on the basis of 
scores on the Advanced Placement examinations 
administered by the College Entrance Examination 
Board. Students who have obtained scores of four or 
five will automatically be awarded credit. Applicants 
who seek advanced placement should have examina- 
tion results sent to the Dean of Admissions. 



Course credit will also be awarded on the basis of 
scores received on the College Level Examination 
Program (CLEP). Credit is awarded only for the 









American Government 


3.5 hours 

American History I 


3.5 hours 

American History II 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

College Algebra 


3.5 hours 

College Algebra-Trigonometry 55 

3.5 hours 

Educational Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

General Biology 


7.0 hours 

General Chemistry 


7.0 hours 

General Psychology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 

Human Growth and 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Accounting 


3.5 hours 



3.5 hours 



3.5 hours 

Introductory Marketing 


3.5 hours 

Introductory Sociology 


3.5 hours 



7.0 hours 



3.5 hours 

Western Civilization I 


3.5 hours 

Western Civilization II 


3.5 hours 

International students may not use CLEP to receive 
college credit for elementary or intermediate foreign 
language in their native tongue. 

CLEP results should be sent to the Dean of 


Eckerd College will confer Sophomore standing to 
students who have completed the full International 
Baccalaureate and who have earned grades of 5 or 
better in their three Higher Level subjects. IB students 
who do not earn the full Diploma may receive credit 
for Higher Level subjects in which grades of 5 or 
better were earned in the examinations. 


Eckerd College enrolls students from more than fifty 
countries. Some are native speakers of English; many 
are not. In all cases, the Admissions and Scholarship 
Committee gives special attention to the evaluation 
of students who have completed their secondary 
education abroad. Candidates whose native language 
is not English should submit the TOEFL scores in 
lieu of SAT or ACT scores. Ordinarily, international 
students will not be admitted unless they score a 
minimum of 550 on the TOEFL exam and/or 
complete level 109 instruction in the ELS Language 
Centers program. 


1 . Complete and return the application form with 
an application fee of $25 (nonrefundable) at 
least three months prior to the desired entrance 

2. Request that official secondary school records 
(and official university records if applying as a 
transfer student) be sent to us. If official records 
are not in English, we should receive a certified 
translation in English. 

3 . Results of the Test of English as a Foreign 
Language (TOEFL) for non-native speakers of 
English should be submitted. Others are urged 
to take SAT I or ACT. 

4. Complete a certified statement of financial 
responsibility indicating that adequate funds are 
available to cover educational costs. 



The following international diplomas are accepted 
for consideration of admission with advanced 

The General Certificate of Education of the 
British Commonwealth. Students with successful 
scores in "A" level examinations may be considered 
for advanced placement. 

The International Baccalaureate Diploma may 

qualify a candidate for placement as a Sophomore. 


If you have previously enrolled at Eckerd College 
and wish to return you should write or call the Dean 
of Students office. It will not be necessary for you to 
go through admission procedures again. However, if 
you have been enrolled at another college or 
university you will need to submit a transcript of 
courses taken there. 

To apply for readmission after dismissal, a student 
should write to the Dean of Students, who will 
obtain the approval of the Dean of Faculty as chair 
of the Academic Review Committee before 
authorizing readmission. 


All students accepted for admission to Eckerd 
College who are U.S. citizens or permanent residents 
are eligible to receive aid if they demonstrate 
financial need. For institutional awards priority is 
given on the basis of grades, test scores, recommen- 
dations, and special talents. Most students receive an 
"aid package" consisting of scholarship, grant, loan, 
and campus employment. In many cases, the 
financial aid package offered to a student may reduce 
out-of-pocket tuition payment to less than would be 
paid at a state college or university. Eckerd College 
makes every effort to help a student develop 
financial plans that will make attendance possible. 


Decisions regarding financial assistance are made 
upon admission to the college as well as the receipt 
of the necessary financial aid credentials which can 
be accomplished by filing the Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid. No supplemental form is 

Transfer students must submit a Financial Aid 
Transcript from each prior school regardless of 
whether aid was received. The forms may be 
obtained from the Eckerd College Financial Aid 
office and must be returned before an award may be 

Any student who has resided in Florida for 12 
consecutive months should complete and file an 
application for a Florida Student Assistance Grant. 
Application is made through the submission of the 
Free Application for Federal Student Aid by 
answering the State questions. 

Many of the sources of financial aid administered by 
Eckerd College are controlled by governmental 
agencies external to the college. Examples of 
programs of this type are Federal Pell Grants, Federal 
Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grants 
(SEOG), Florida Student Assistance Grants 
(FSAG), Florida Resident Access Grant, Federal 
Stafford Loans (formerly Guaranteed Student 
Loans), Federal Perkins Loans (formerly National 
Direct Student Loans), and the Federal Work Study 
Program. To receive a current pamphlet concerning 
these programs, write or contact the Office of 
Financial Aid, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue 
South, St. Petersburg, Florida 33711. 

To be considered for any financial aid through 
Eckerd College, whether the merit awards listed in 
this catalog or any need-based assistance from the 
college or federal and state governments, it is 
necessary that you submit the Free Application for 
Federal Student Aid, without a supplemental form. 
These forms are available in the guidance depart- 
ment of the school you are currently attending. It is 
important to mail the Free Application for Federal 
Student Aid by March 1. 


When you apply to Eckerd College for readmission 
after a period of time away from the college, you 
should contact the Financial Aid office to determine 
your eligibility for all financial aid programs. 

If you previously received financial assistance at 
Eckerd College or plan to apply for financial aid 
prior to readmission, you will need to complete the 
following steps: 

1 . Obtain a Financial Aid Transcript from the 
Financial Aid office of each college you have 
attended since leaving Eckerd College. 


2. Ensure that your obligations for Federal Stafford 
Loan or Federal Perkins Loan payments are 
being met. If you leave Eckerd College for one 
semester, your six month grace period will likely 
expire. Thereafter, you will have loan payments 
due which must be paid before receiving 
assistance again on readmission. 

3. You probably must enroll as a full-time student 
to apply for a deferment (postponement) of your 
student loan payments. During the months you 
are not enrolled full time, including summer, 
loan payments may become due. 

4. Obtain deferment form(s) from your lender(s) 
to submit to the Registrar at Eckerd College. 
The Registrar will verify your enrollment status 
to your lender(s). Deferment forms may be 
requested and submitted at least annually. 

5. All prior debts to Eckerd College must be 
satisfied before any financial aid assistance may 
be released. Contact Student Accounts to clear 
all prior obligations. 

6. Contact the Dean of Students to apply for 


Students receiving financial assistance must 
maintain satisfactory academic progess to continue 
receiving aid. 

Normal progress toward graduation is the completion 
of four courses each semester and a short term each 
year with grades of C or better. 

The Academic Review Committee will assess your 
progress each semester as follows: 

1. Probation: 

a. 2 or 3 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling 
behind by 2 to 5 courses. 

c. 1 to 3 more D than B or better grades. 

2. Subject to Dismissal: 

a. 4 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling beind 
by 6 courses. 

c. 4 or more D than B or better grades. 

d. Completion of no courses in an academic year. 

3. Dismissal: 

a. 5 F grades. 

b. F and/or W grades that result in falling beind 
by 7 courses. 

c. 5 or more D than B or better grades. 

d. Completion of no courses in an academic year. 

You may be reinstated as follows: 

1. Removal of Probation: Complete 4 courses in 
one semester with C or better grades and the overall 
number of B or better grades at least equals the 
number of D grades. 

2. Reinstatement after Dismissal: Write to the 
Dean of Students who must obtain approval from 
the Dean of Faculty (Chairman of the Academic 
Review Committee) before readmission is autho- 

If you are placed on probation by the Academic 
Review Committee, you will also be placed auto- 
matically on financial aid probation. You may 
receive financial assistance during your probationary 
period. If you are dismissed by the Academic Review 
Committee, your financial assistance must cease. 

The grade of I (Incomplete) will not be assessed by 
the Academic Review Committee. However, if the 
work for the course is not completed by the deadline, 
normally thirty days into the next regular semester, 
and the Incomplete grade automatically becomes an 
F, that F grade will be assessed by the Academic 
Review Committee. The grade of W (voluntary 
withdrawal) is assessed by the Academic Review 
Committee, as noted above. 

A course repetition will be treated as any other 
course. A grade of F earned for a prior course will not 
be removed from the transcript. 

Additional information concerning the school's 
grading system and academic policies can be found 
in various sections of the Eckerd College catalog. 
Also, please note that certain financial aid programs 
require special academic achievements for renewal as 

1. Institutional 

2.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Church and Campus Scholarship 

Eckerd College Grant 

Faculty Tuition Remission 

Ministerial Courtesy 

Special Talent 

Eckerd named Scholarships 

3.0 Cumulative GPA: 

Eckerd College Honors 
National Merit Special Honors 
Thomas Presidential Scholarship 
Selby Scholarship 

2. Florida Programs 

a. Florida Undergraduate Scholars: 

3.2 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours during the 
academic year in which the award is received. 

b. Florida Work Experience Program: 


2.0 Cum. GPA and appropriate course comple- 
tion each semester worked. 

c. Florida Student Assistance Grant: 

2.0 Cum. GPA and 24 semester contact hours 
during the academic year, up to 9 semesters within 
a period of not more than 6 consecutive years. 

d. Florida Resident Access Grant: 

2.0 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours completed 
during the academic year; up to 9 semesters. 

e. Florida Teacher Scholarship and Forgivable Loan: 
2.5 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours during the 
academic year. 

f. Paul Douglas Teacher Scholarship Loan: 
Measurable progress standards and full-time 

g. Vocational Gold Seal Endorsement Scholarship: 
3.0 Cum. GPA and 24 contact hours during the 
academic year. 

3. Florida Programs and CLAST 

Florida residents must take the College-Level 
Academic Skills Test before reaching Junior status to 
receive any award from the Florida assistance 
programs. The CLAST is administered three times a 
year at Eckerd College. Contact the Financial Aid 
office if you think you may qualify for Florida aid and 
to register for the CLAST. 

4. Federal Programs 

If you receive federal Title IV aid assistance you must 
receive your baccalaureate degree within 150 percent 
of your program length. Therefore, you will have up 
to a maximum of 54 attempted courses to complete 
your baccalaureate degree. Whether you register full 
time, three-quarter time, or half-time, you must 
complete your degree within a maximum of 54 
attempted courses. Federal assistance may not be 
awarded beyond the 54 attempted courses. 

Also, if you receive federal Title IV assistance 
initially or for renewal, you must progress at yearly 
increments toward your degree goal. By the end of 
each academic year, you must complete two thirds of 
the courses (rounded up) that you attempted for that 
academic year. For example, if you enroll in 9 courses 
during the year (four courses each long semester and 
a winter term), you must complete 6 of those courses. 

In counting the total number of courses completed 
during the year, you may count summer courses 
completed at Eckerd during the prior summer terms, 
but may not count the courses taken during the 
current summer term(s). 

The grades of F, W, I, IP, and NR will not count as 
completed courses. Also, non-credit remedial courses 

will not count. Course repetitions will count as 
completed courses. 

If you fail to earn the appropriate number of courses 
at the end of the academic year, you will be placed 
on probation for the following academic year. You 
may receive federal Title IV assistance during the 
year of probation. 

If you earn the appropriate number of courses the 
following academic year, you will have your proba- 
tionary status removed. While on probationary 
status, you are encouraged to use the counseling 
services provided by Student Affairs, request 
assistance from your Mentor and seek tutoring 

If you fail to earn the appropriate number of courses for 
two consecutive years, you will lose all federal financial 
aid for the third consecutive year. You may not receive 
Title IV assistance during the third consecutive year 
unless your status has been reinstated and the appropri- 
ate number of courses are completed. 

As a continuously enrolled student, you may return 
the following semester of the third consecutive year 
without receiving federal Title IV assistance and 
complete the appropriate number of courses to have 
your federal financial aid reinstated thereafter. 



The Presidential Scholarships are a recognition of 
outstanding merit without regard to financial need. 
Each year twenty-five Freshmen are selected to 
receive scholarships ranging from $6,000 - $8,000 
per year. The scholarships are renewable for a total of 
four years if the student maintains a 3.0 grade point 
average. Selection criteria for this award include 
academic achievement, creative talent and charac- 
ter. Application deadline is February 15. A separate 
application is required and is available on request. 


The Special Honors Scholarship Program provides 
fifteen full tuition awards to entering Freshmen who 
are finalists and semifinalists in the National Merit, 
National Achievement, and National Hispanic 
Scholarship Programs. The value of this award is in 
excess of $16,500 per year, and in excess of $66,000 
for four years if the student maintains a 3.0 grade point 
average. A student designated a semifinalist in one of 
these programs should make application for admission 
to Eckerd College no later than February 15. 



The Honors Scholarships seek to recognize outstand- 
ing applicants for admission (Freshmen and 
transfers). Scholarship finalists will be selected from 
among all applicants for admission without regard to 
financial need. A student receiving an Honors 
Scholarship may receive up to $5,000 yearly. The 
scholarship is renewable if the student maintains a 
3.0 grade point average. No separate application is 
required; however, for priority consideration students 
should apply for admission no later than March 1 . 


The Special Talent Scholarships provide recognition 
and encouragement to students who have excelled in 
a particular area of endeavor. All students accepted 
for admission are eligible to compete for these 
scholarships. Awards will be made on the basis of 
outstanding talent or achievement in any of the 
following areas: 

1. Achievement in math, science, English, social 
studies, behavioral sciences, foreign languages or 
any specific area of academic pursuit. 

2. Special talent in the creative arts — music, 
theatre, art, writing, etc. 

3. Special achievement in international educa- 
tion, including participation in APS, YFU, or 
Rotary student exchange programs. 

4. Demonstrated leadership and service in student, 
community or church organizations. 

5. Special talent in men's or women's athletic 

Special Talent Scholarship winners may receive up 
to $5,000 yearly. The scholarship is renewable for 
students with a 2.0 cumulative grade point average 
following formal recommendation by those qualified 
to evaluate the appropriate special talent. No 
separate application is required but for priority 
consideration students should apply for admission 
prior to March 1 and submit the following: 

1. Free Application for Federal Student Aid 

2. Letter of recommendation from teacher, adviser 
or coach directly involved in student's achieve- 
ment area. 

3. Additional materials the student wishes to 
submit in support of his or her credentials. 


The Church and Campus Scholarships are a 
recognition of merit for fifty new Presbyterian 
students each year who have been recommended by 
their pastor and possess traits of character, leadership 
and academic ability which in the pastor's opinion 
demonstrate the promise to become outstanding 
Christian citizens — either as a lay person or a 
minister. Students recommended by their pastor who 
become recipients of a Church and Campus 
Scholarship will receive a grant up to $7,000 to be 
used during the Freshman year. The award is 
renewable annually on the basis of demonstrated 
academic, leadership and service achievement, and a 
cumulative grade point average of at least 2.0. This 
award is not based on financial need. Scholarship 
winners may apply for supplemental financial aid. 
More scholarship details and nomination forms are 
available on request. 


Beginning with the fall semester 1996, all full-time 
new students entering Eckerd College as Florida 
residents (eligible for the Florida Residence Access 
Grant) will be guaranteed $5,000 Frank Byars 
Scholarships. If the entering student should win any 
other Eckerd scholarship valued at $5,000 or more, 
the Frank Byars Scholarship will be replaced by the 
Eckerd College scholarship of equal or higher value. 
The effect of this program is to insure that all new 
students entering Eckerd College as Florida residents 
will be gauaranteed a minimum scholarship of 
$5,000. This scholarship minimum is renewable for a 
total of four years if the student maintains a 2.0 
GPA. This scholarship program is for the residential 
program only, and may not be used in the Program 
for Experienced Learners. 



Endowed scholarship funds have been established by 
the gifts of those listed below or by the gifts of others 
in their honor. These scholarships are awarded 
through the regular scholarship and financial aid 
procedures of the college and do not require separate 

Suzanne Armacost Memorial Scholarship, 

established in 1991, awarded on the basis of merit to 
outstanding students who have demonstrated the 
traits of a competent giver. 

Arts Scholarship, established in 1985 by an 
anonymous friend of the college to assist students 
majoring in the visual arts. 

Margaret S. and Walter D. Bach Memorial Fund, 

established in 1984, awarded annually to outstanding 
Florida students from Escambia, Santa Rosa, 
Okaloosa or Walton counties. 

Barnett Bank, established in 1988, awarded 
annually to students with financial need majoring in 
business or a related program with an interest in 

William B. Blackburn Honor, established in 1989, 
awarded annually to Freshmen women of academic 
distinction who plan to major in business. 

Charles Bradshaw, established in 1982. 

Frank B. Buck, established in 1981 by his wife, to 
be awarded annually to a student of strong academic 
ability, financial need and demonstrated traits of a 
"competent giver." 

Buford Scholarship, established in 1982. 

Sherry Jo Byars, established in 1983, by W. Frank 
and Jo Byars in memory of their daughter. Awarded 
annually to outstanding students on the basis of 
academic ability, leadership, and service. 

Howard M. Davis, established in 1984. 

Betty Jane Dimmitt Memorial, established in 1983 
by her family, to be awarded annually to Juniors and 
Seniors majoring in the fine arts. 

Eckerd Associates Endowed Scholarships, 

established in 1995 by the Eckerd Corporation to 
reward eligible employees and members of their 
families who have achieved scholastic excellence 
and who have a history of service to their schools, 
churches, and communities. 

Jack Eckerd, established in 1984. 

Kennedy Eckerd Athletic, established in 1973, 
awarded annually to selected scholar athletes. 

Paul and Jane Edris Church and Campus, estab- 
lished in 1985 by the First Presbyterian Church of 
Daytona Beach, Florida, in honor of their pastor and 
his wife. Awarded to students of academic distinction. 

Thomas Girolamo, established in 1988 by Hilda 
Girolamo in memory of her husband, who was a 
member of the Eckerd College staff. Awarded on the 
basis of need to a Florida resident. 

Ben Hill Griffin, Jr., established in 1982 by Mr. 
Griffin who was a founding trustee of the college. 
Awarded annually to students with financial need, 
academic ability and leadership qualities. 

Al and Winnie Hodgson, established in 1986, 
awarded annually to students with financial need. 

Home Federal/Barnett Bank, established in 1983, 
awarded annually to a Junior or Senior majoring in 
management who demonstrates financial need. 

Robert A. James Memorial, established in 1983 by 
his family, to be awarded annually to a Freshman 
with outstanding academic ability, leadership skills, 
and exceptional performance in either tennis, golf, 
or cross-country. 

Howard M. Johnson, established in 1975, awarded 
annually to outstanding students based on need. 

Elaine R. Kinzer Memorial, established in 1987, 
awarded to students majoring in management or 
business with financial need. 

Max Klarin Memorial, established in 1985, awarded 
annually to a student majoring in fine arts. 

Oscar Kreutz Church and Campus, established in 
1984, awarded to Presbyterian students with first 
preference to members of the First Presbyterian 
Church, St. Petersburg. 

Philip J. Lee, established in 1989, in honor of the 
college's first chairman of the board of trustees. 

Colin Lindsey, established in 1977. 

Margaret Fahl Lofstrand Memorial, established in 
1976 by her family to honor Margaret, who was a 
member of the founding class. Awarded annually to 
outstanding female students. 

Frida B. Marx Memorial, established in 1 984 by her 

husband. Annual award to student designated by 
Delta Phi Alpha, German honorary fraternity, for 
overseas study in Germany. 

Emily A. and Albert W. Mathison, established in 
1960, awarded on the basis of academic achieve- 
ment, character, and financial need with preference 
given to students who are not Florida residents. 

Margaret Curry May, established in 1964. 

Alfred A. McKethan, established in 1985, to 
provide ten annual scholarships to outstanding 
students, no more than three of whom are in the 
same academic class. Awards are determined by 
academic performance, Christian character, and 
evidence of leadership. 


William McLaughlin Memorial, established in 1984 
by Nash Stublen. Awarded annually to students with 
financial need to support their participation in 
international education or other off-campus programs. 

George F. and Asha W. McMillan, established in 
1959, awarded annually to a preministerial student. 

Meinke/Mentor Endowed Scholarship Fund, estab- 
lished in 1993 by L. Howard and Rebecca Moss to honor 
Professor Peter Meinke who was the faculty Mentor to 
their daughter Susan. Awarded annually to students 
majoring in the humanities on the basis of merit. 

Mari Sabusawa Michener Scholarship, established 
in 1993, awarded on the basis of need to African 
American, Asian American, Hispanic American, or 
Native American students who are U.S. citizens. 

James A. Michener Scholarship, established in 
1992, awarded to a Junior or Senior year student who 
shows unusual promise in creative writing. 

Jeff and Tracy Moon Scholarship, established in 
1995 by Eileen Moon ('65) in honor of her children 
to help students and encourage other alumni who 
received scholarships to support the college. Awards 
are based solely on financial need. 

Glenn W. Morrison Memorial, established in 1969, 
awarded annually to a music student selected by the 
music faculty. 

Cade Nabers Memorial, established in 1989, for a 
Junior literature major by Mr. and Mrs. John Nabers in 
memory of their son, a member of the Class of 1990. 

Mary Dillard Nettles Scholarship, established in 1991, 
awarded to Presbyterian students on the basis of need 
and merit. Preference is given to students majoring in 
music or art. 

Azalia P. Oberg, established in 1976. 

John O'Flaherty ASPEC Memorial, established in 
1989, awarded annually to an outstanding Junior or 
Senior majoring in economics. 

Karim Said Petrou Memorial, established in 1989, 
awarded annually on the basis of financial need. 

The Walter S. and Janet S. Pharr Church and 
Campus, established in 1991, awarded to students 
with outstanding academic ability whose traits of 
character, leadership, and service give promise of 
outstanding contributions to society, the church, and 
the religious and social life of the college. 

Dominick J. and Maude B. Potter, established in 
1978, awarded annually to outstanding students with 
demonstrated financial need from high schools in St. 
Petersburg, Horida. 

Daniel C. Powell Scholarship, established in 1994 
by a Presbyterian friend to support church and 
campus scholarships. 

William and Sandra Ripberger Endowed Scholar- 
ship, established in 1993, awarded annually based on 
financial need. 

Philip Reid Memorial Scholarship, established in 
1996 by Professor Emeritus George K. Reid in 
memory of his son. Awarded to outstanding students 
with demonstrated financial need. 

R.A. Ritter, established in 1968, awarded annually 
with preference given to a son or daughter of an 
employee of the Ritter Finance Company of Wyncote, 
Pennsylvania; or to a student from Pennsylvania. 

Kathleen Anne Rome, established in 1971, awarded 
annually to science students on the basis of scholastic 
aptitude, financial need, and compassion for humanity. 

Thelma and Maurice Rothman, established in 1988, 
provides financial assistance to Jewish students with 
awards made on the basis of need and academic merit. 

Frank A. Saltsman, established in 1983. 

Robert T. and Fran V.R. Sheen, established in 
1989, provides financial assistance to students 
majoring in business or management. 

Eugene and Donna Sitton, established in 1985, provides 
annual scholarships for outstanding student athletes. 

Edna Sparling, established in 1976. 

Frances Shaw Stavros, established 1987, awarded 
annually on a competitive basis to outstanding 
students who are Rorida residents with preference to 
children of employees who have had at least five 
years continuous employment with Better Business 
Forms, Better Business Systems, Inc., or Horida 
Progress Corporation. 

Ruth and Robert Stevenson, established in 1964. 

Samuel E. and Mary W. Thatcher Church and 
Campus Scholarship, established in 1993 by their 
son, John W. Thatcher of Miami. Awarded annually 
with preference to Presbyterian students with 
financial need. 

Thomas Presidential, established in 1973 by Mrs. 
Mildred Ferris, awarded annually on a competitive 
basis to the 20 most outstanding Freshmen. 

William W. Upham, established in 1985 by a 
founding trustee of the college. 

Voell Family Endowed Scholarship, established in 

1993, awarded annually based on demonstrated 
financial need. 

Ray and Sylvia Weyl Scholarship, established in 

1994, to assist minority and disadvantaged students 
from Pinellas County, Horida. 

J.J. Williams, Jr., established in 1959 by Mr. and 
Mrs. J.J. Williams, Jr. to support candidates for the 
Presbyterian ministry. 


Kell and Mary Williams Church and Campus, 

established in 1985, awarded annually to an active and 
committed Christian student, with preference given to 
students preparing for full time Christian service. 

Ross E. Wilson, established in 1974. 

John W. Woodward Memorial, established in 1967, 
awarded annually with preference given to students 
from Gadsden County, Florida. 

Bruce R. Zemp Memorial Honors, established in 
1983 by William and Noma Zemp in memory of 
their son. Awarded annually to Juniors majoring in 


Established to perpetuate the memory of alumni and 
friends who believed in the importance of a liberal 
arts education to our society. 

Elza Edwin and Gretchen R. Artman (1969) 

Paul and Grace Creswell ( 1962) 

Carl Peter Damm (1963) 

Robert B.Hamilton (1959) 

Hope Presbyterian Church (1962) 

Lowery Howeil (1975) 

Al Lang and Katherine Fagen Lang (1959), partial 

scholarships awarded annually to students from the 

St. Petersburg area who show exceptional promise 

and demonstrate financial need. 

Ruth Lumsden, Church and Campus, ( 1994) 

William Bell Tippetts ( 1960) 

Ross E. Wilson (1974) 


These scholarships are awarded through the regular 
scholarship and financial aid procedures at the 
college and do not require separate applications. 

Ebba Aim, provides annual scholarship support for 
male students from Florida who are studying 
medicine. Preference is given to Dunedin and North 
Pinellas County. 

W. Paul Bateman, first awarded in 1978, provides 
annual scholarships for outstanding male students. 

Chase Manhattan Bank, provides financial aid to 
students majoring in business, based on need and merit. 

Clearwater Central Catholic High School, first 
awarded in 1981, to outstanding graduates of Central 
Catholic High School in Clearwater, Florida, made 
possible through gifts of an anonymous donor. 

Dana Beck Fancher Scholarship, made possible by 
a bequest to the First Presbyterian Church of 
Dunedin, Florida. Scholarships are awarded on the 
basis of financial need. 

First Union Foundation Minority Scholarship, 

provides financial assistance to minority students 
based on need and merit. 

Focardi Great Bay Distributors, first awarded in 1993. 

Franklin/Templeton Funds Scholarship, first 
awarded in 1995 on the basis of demonstrated 
financial need to business majors with at least a 3.0 
average. Eligible recipients are also involved in 
community service activites. 

GTE, provides scholarships to minority students on 
the basis of financial need. 

Hoerner Family Scholarship, awarded annually to 
church and campus scholars with first preference to 
students from First Presbyterian Church of St. 

Holland and Knight Scholarship, first awarded in 
1995, awards are made on the basis of need or merit 
as determined by the Financial Aid office. 

George W. Jenkins Scholarship, established in 1988, 
awarded on the basis of demonstrated financial need. 

Linvatec, first awarded in 1993, based on merit to a 
student(s) who are planning to major in medicine or 
pursue a career in medical research. Preference is to 
be given to students from Florida. 

Marriott Management Service, awarded in memory 
of Colleen Barry, Kristin Riley, and Stacey 
Stamatiades, Freshmen at Eckerd College who lost 
their lives in a 1985 automible accident. 

Merchants Association, first awarded in 1988, 
awarded on the basis of need and merit to students 
involved in community volunteer activities. 

Pepsi-Cola Bottling Company, provides annual 
scholarships for students with financial need. 

Raymond James and Associates, first awarded in 
1986, provides annual scholarships for students 
majoring in business. 

Selby Foundation, first awarded in 1968, to 
outstanding students from Florida, with preference 
given to residents of Sarasota and Manatee Counties. 

George and Karla Sherbourne, first awarded in 
1986, provides grants to needy students with 
preference given to residents of Sarasota County. 

Simmons Family Scholarship, established in 1993 
by G. Ballard and Deedie Simmons to provide 
church and camups scholarships with first preference 
to students from Arlington Presbyterian Church in 
Jacksonville, Florida. 


SouthTrust Bank Scholarship, first awarded in 1995, 
awards are based on a combination of need and merit. 
Recipients must maintain at least a 3.0 average and be 
involved actively in service to the community. 

SunBank Minority Scholarship, provides scholar- 
ship assistance to minority students with first 
preference to students from Pinellas County, Florida, 
who are majoring in business. 

Helen Torres Scholarship, first awarded in 1995, to 
help women who work in order to attend college. 
The donor, Helen Torres, believes we have a civic 
responsibility to support the community in which we 
live and work. First preference is given to applicants 
from Pinellas County, Florida. Recipients must be 
U.S. citizens who are making satisfactory academic 
progress. Students enrolled in the Program for 
Experienced Learners are also eligible. 

Women of Rotary, first awarded in 1988, for female 


Joseph C. Beck, established in 1987, provides loans 
to students with financial need. 

Helen Harper Brown, established in 1988, provides 
loans to students with financial need. 

Gene Samuel Cain, established in 1962, provides 
loans to students with financial need. 

Sidney N. Trockey, established in 1979, provides a 
loan yearly to a Jewish student with financial need 
based on academic performance. 


William G. McGarry Fund, in memory of William 
G. McGarry, a native of St. Petersburg, Florida, 
respected businessman and civic leader, who had a 
life-long appreciation for and dedication to the marine 
environment. Established in 1993 by his family and 
friends to support student projects involving field 
reserach in marine or estuarine science. All marine 
science majors are eligible to apply. 

Eckerd College - BBSR Fellowship, established in 
1994 by John and Rosemary Galbraith to provide a 
summer research fellowship for marine science students 
at the Bermuda Biological Station for Research. 


Grants are non-repayable awards made to students 
on the basis of specific criteria or skills within the 
limits of demonstrated financial need. Two impor- 
tant sources of grant funds are the federal govern- 
ment and state governments. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds by the 
Office of Education. Awards are based on need and 
range from approximately $400 to $2,340 depending 
on federal funding. Application is made through the 
submission of the Free Application for Federal 
Student Aid (FAFSA). The student will receive the 
Student Aid Report at the student's home, and may 
submit all pages of the Student Aid Report to the 
Eckerd College Financial Aid office. The student's 
account will then be credited for the amount of the 
student's eligibility. 


These grants are awarded from federal funds and 
administered by the college. They are limited at 
Eckerd College to students with exceptional 
financial need. Application is made through the 
submission of the FAFSA. 



Eckerd College is approved for the education and 
training of veterans, service members, and depen- 
dents of veterans eligible for benefits under the 
various V.A. educational programs. Students who 
may be eligible for V.A. benefits are urged to contact 
their local V.A. office as soon as accepted by the 
college, and must file an application for benefits 
through the Office of the Registrar. No certification 
can be made until the application is on file. Since 
the first checks each year are often delayed, it is 
advisable for the veteran to be prepared to meet all 
expenses for about two months. There are special 
V.A. regulations regarding independent study, audit 
courses, standards of progress, special student 
enrollment, dual enrollment in two schools, and 
summer enrollment. It is the student's responsibil- 
ity to inquire to the V.A. office concerning special 
regulations and to report any change in status 
which affects the rate of benefits. 

A student's V.A. educations benefits will be 
terminated if he/she remains on probation for more 
than two consecutive semesters/terms as mandated 
by The Department of Veterans Affairs. 



The Florida Student Assistance Grants (FSAG) are 
awarded on the basis of demonstrated financial need 
to one-year residents of Florida who attend college in 
the state. These grants average approximately $1,100 
per year, depending on the demonstrated need of the 
applicant and the availability of funds. For renewal 
the recipient must earn a 2.0 cumulative grade point 
average and complete 24 credit hours during the 
prior academic year. Application is made through 
the submission of the Free Application for Federal 
Student Aid by answering the State questions. 


The Florida Resident Access Grant was established 
by the State of Florida for residents of the state who 
enroll in private colleges or universities in Florida. 
The program provides approximately $1,200 per year 
regardless of financial need to help defray the cost of 
tuition at Eckerd College. To qualify, a student or a 
parent of a dependent student must have resided in 
Florida for at least one year. For renewal, the student 
must maintain a 2.0 cumulative grade point average 
and complete 24 credit hours during the prior 
academic year. An application upon enrollment 
must be submitted to the Financial Aid office. 


For a complete listing of Florida scholarship, grant, 
and teacher education programs, including eligibility 
criteria and application procedures, please contact 
the Eckerd College Financial Aid Office. Applicants 
must be Florida residents. 


In order to be eligible to receive financial aid as 
Juniors and Seniors under programs funded by the 
State of Florida (Florida Student Assistance Grants, 
Florida Resident Access Grant, etc.), students who 
are Florida residents must pass the College Level 
Academic Skills Test (CLAST) by the end of the 
Sophomore year. More detailed information about 
CLAST is available from the Educational Assess- 
ment office. 


These gTants are available to students who rank in 
the upper one-half of their graduating class and 
demonstrate financial need. Achievement in various 
curricular and co-cunicular activities is considered. 
Special consideration is given to the sons and 

daughters of Presbyterian ministers or missionaries in 
recognition of the institution's Presbyterian heritage 
and relationships. Renewal of Eckerd College Grants 
requires a 2.0 cumulative grade point average. 


In many local communities, scholarships are 
provided each year by various church, civic and 
business organizations to children of members, 
citizens, and employees. Students are encouraged to 
seek private scholarships. Information is available at 
your local library and in the Eckerd College Career 
Services and Financial Aid offices. 


Many families whose current income and savings are 
not sufficient to finance college expenditures borrow 
funds through low interest educational loans to 
supplement their financing plans. 

(formerly Guaranteed Student Loans) 

Federal Stafford Loans are available from banks and 
lending agencies, and from the Eckerd College 
Financial Aid office. Depending upon eligibility, 
Freshmen may borrow up to $2,625 per year; 
Sophomores may borrow up to $3,500 per year; and 
Juniors and Seniors may borrow up to $5,500 per 
year not to exceed $23,000 in their undergraduate 
work for educational expenses. Students must submit 
a Free Application for Federal Student Aid to 
establish eligibility. The interest rate is variable 
yearly not to exceed 8.25 percent, and new borrow- 
ers have a six months grace period following 
termination of at least half-time school attendance 
before repayment must begin. During the time the 
student is in school and during the grace period, the 
federal government will pay the interest on behalf of 
the student to the lender. Withdrawal from college 
for one semester will cause the six months grace 
period to lapse and repayments to fall due. Repay- 
ment following the termination of the grace period 
will be at least $50 per month. Deferment from 
payment is allowed for the return to school at least 
halftime enrollment for new borrowers, or for other 
specified conditions. Families interested in the 
program should contact the Financial Aid office for a 
loan application and cunent information. The 
processing of Stafford Loan applications requires 
twelve to sixteen weeks. 



Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans may be available 
to students who do not qualify for need-based Stafford 
Loans. Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loans carry the 
same yearly loan limits, interest rate, aggregate limit, 
and deferment provisions for new borrowers as do the 
Federal Stafford Loans (see above). Independent 
students may borrow a larger sum if otherwise 
eligible. However, with the Unsubsidized Federal 
Stafford, interest will accrue following the loan 
disbursements, and the student must pay the interest 
to the lending institution while the student is in 
school and during the grace period. During these 
periods, the interest may either be paid regularly or 
may be capitalized (added to the principal) to be paid 
later with the principal payments. The principal 
payments may be deferred (postponed) while the 
student is in school and during the grace period. 
Students might qualify for a partial Federal Stafford 
Loan on the basis of demonstrated need and receive 
the remainder up to the yearly limit (see above) in an 
Unsubsidized Federal Stafford. Students interested in 
the program should contact the Financial Aid office. 
The processing of Unsubsidized Federal Stafford Loan 
applications requires twelve to sixteen weeks. 


The Federal Perkins Loan (formerly the National 
Direct Student Loan program) is administered by the 
college from federal and college funds. To qualify for a 
Federal Perkins Loan, the student must apply to the 
college and demonstrate financial need. No interest 
will accrue until the beginning of the repayment 
period, nine months for new borrowers, following 
termination of at least half-time school attendance. 
Interest charges during the repayment period are only 
five percent per year on the unpaid balance. 


Under this program parents may borrow for educa- 
tional purposes up to the cost of education without 
regard to need, but other assistance awarded the 
student will be taken into abbount. The college 
recommends that the parent(s) borrow no more than 
is absolutely necessary. A seperate application is 
required for certification by the Financial Aid office 
and submission to your lending institution. The 
interest rate is variable yeraly but cannot exceed 9 
percent and repayment begins within sixty days of 
disbursement of the proceeds of the loan. Additional 
information and applications are available in the 
Financial Aid office. 


Eckerd College has limited institutional loan funds 
available, usually for exceptional need situations. For 
details, contact the Financial Aid office. 


Monthly payments may be arranged without interest, 
and very minimal fee by the family through one of two 
different companies. Contact the Student Accounts 
office, Eckerd College for current information. 


The Career Services offfice assists students in finding 
part-time employment on or off campus. Preference 
is given to students who demonstrate financial need. 
Campus employment opportunities include work as a 
clerk or secretary, a food service employee, a 
custodian or maintenance worker, lifeguard, or a 
laboratory assistant. Information on off-campus jobs 
is available through the Career-Services office. 


Students may qualify for this program on the basis of 
need by submitting a Free Application for Federal 
Student Aid, and may work on campus seven to 
fifteen hours per week. Eligible students may have 
the opportunity to perform community service 
through the work-study program. Students should 
contact the Career Services office concerning 
available community service jobs. 


A student who is a Horida resident, enrolled at least 
half-time, and who demonstrates need may qualify for 
this work program. Jobs are available off campus and 
must be career related. Wages and hours may vary. The 
State of Horida will reimburse the student's public 
school employer for one hundred percent of the wages, 
or other employers, seventy percent of the wages. The 
Career Services office will assist with placement and 
with the completion of a special contract. 


Financial aid to a student at Eckerd College may be 
renewable on an annual basis. All Eckerd college 
grants and most aid from other sources require a 
minimum cumulative grade point average of 2.0 for 
renewal. The Free Application for Federal Student 
Aid (FAFSA) must be completed each year prior to 
March 1 for the following academic year. All 
students who are eligible to return for a subsequent 


year (except international students requiring 1-20 
forms) are eligible for consideration for need-based 
financial aid. Awards from all sources may vary from 
year to year based on criteria established by the 
college and other private or public agencies. 


Appeals for financial aid awards or any financial aid 
question, may be made in writing. To facilitate the 
appeal process, the entering student may contact the 
coordinator of New Student Aid and the returning 
student may obtain and return an appeal form from 
the Financial Aid office. Appeals are reviewed by the 
Financial Aid Appeals Committee. 



Eckerd College has available, upon request, information 
concerning the institutions s athletic activities. Reports 
of total revenue and total expenses for athletic activities 
for the three fiscal years prior to June 30, 1995 may be 
obtained. Please contact the Financial Aid office at 
Eckerd College for a copy of the reports. 


Eckerd College will have available by October 1, 
1996 for the 1995-96 fiscal year, and by October 15 
thereafter, expenses, athletically-related student aid, 
and other information related to men's and women's 
teams. Please contact the Financial Aid office at 
Eckerd College for a copy of the report. 


The Campus Safety Manual provides the 
institutions's policies towared safety measures, 
indicates prevention and educational programs, and 
lists crime statistics for the institution. A copy of the 
Campus Safety Manual may be obtained from the 
Campus Safety office at Eckerd College. 


Information concerning graduation rates at Eckerd 
College is available upon request. By July 1, 1997, 
graduation rates for students who receive athletically- 
related aid will also be available. Contact the Office 
of Institutional Research and Planning for a copy of 
the report. 


Eckerd College is a private, non- tax- supported 
institution. Tuition and fees pay only a portion 
(approximately 62 percent) of the educational costs 
per student. Thanks to the support of donors, the 
balance of costs is paid from endowment income and 
gifts from individuals, the Presbyterian Churches, 
and various corporations. 

The following schedules list the principal expenses 
and regulations concerning the payment of fees for 
the academic year 1996-97. All fees and expenses 
listed below are those in effect at the time of 
publication of the catalog. They are subject to 
change by the action of the Board of Trustees. When 
such changes are made, notice will be given as far in 
advance as possible. 


The annual fees for full-time students for the 1996— 
97 academic year include two semesters and one 
short term (autumn term for Freshmen, winter term 
for upperclassmen). 

Resident Commuter 

Tuition $16,450' $16,450 

Room and Board 4.460 2 

Total $20,910 $16,450 

'The full-time tuition fees cover a maximum of ten 
( 10) course registrations plus one short term during 
the academic year provided that no more than five 
courses are taken per semester. Students registering 
for more than five courses per semester or ten courses 
per year plus a short term course will be charged an 
additional tuition of $1,770 per course. A student 
registering for a year-long course may register for six 
courses in one semester and four in the other with no 
additional charges. 

2 Students with home addresses outside the immedi- 
ate vicinity of the college are requested to live on 
campus. Exceptions to the requirement may be made 
with the approval of the Director of Housing. Since 
resident students are required to participate in the 
board plan, all resident students will be charged for 
both room and board. 

A Students' Organization Fee of approximately $175 
per academic year is collected in addition to the 
above charges. Cost of books and supplies will be 
approximately $500 per semester. 



Tuition, full-time per semester: $7,340 

Tuition, autumn or winter term: $1 ,770 

Students' Organization Fee, per year: $175 


Fall and 


short term 


Double occupancy, each 



Double room 

single occupancy 



Single room 



Triple room 



Corner Double 



Apartment Complex 



Base room rate ($1,145 and $900) has been included 
in Comprehensive Charges. Charges above the base 
rate for single occupancy of double room or for single 
room will be added to Comprehensive Charges. 

Room Damage Deposit: $50.00. This deposit is 
required in anticipation of any damage which may be 
done to a dormitory room. If damage is in excess of 
the deposit, the balance will be charged to the 
student's account. Any balance left of the deposit 
will be refunded to the student upon leaving college. 







21 -meal 






15 -meal 













Tuition per course: $1,770 

Students are considered part-time when they enroll 
for fewer than three courses per semester. 


Tuition per course: $1,770 

Fee for students enrolling in more than five courses 
per semester or ten courses per year plus a short term. 


Tuition per course: $430 

(no credit or evaluation) 

Full-time students may audit courses without fee 
with the permission of the instructor. 

LAB FEE $50 

A fee assessed all students participating in a scientific 


Additional charge for pet on campus. 



Late payment after registration day: 

A financial charge will be assessed on all outstand- 
ing balances after registration date. The rate will be 
variable quarterly to 4-5% above the 13-week 
Treasury Bill rate. 

Late physical examination (for new students who have 
not had physical examination by registration day): $50. 



A fee accessed to all students not participating in the 
Registration/Financial Clearance held in the library 
for fall and spring terms. 


Acceptance Fee (new students): 


A fee required of new students upon acceptance by 
Eckerd College. This fee is not refundable and will 
be applied against the comprehensive charge. 

Application Fee (new students) 


This fee accompanies the application for admission 
submitted by new students. 

Credit by Examination Fee: $905 

A fee for an examination to determine proficiency in 
a particular subject to receive course credit. 

Health and Accident Insurance 

All students must have health and accident insurance 
coverage in order to be enrolled in the college. They 
must either show proof of insurance or sign up for the 
student insurance plan available to them through the 
college for a fee. All coverage must be with an 
insurance company based within the USA. 


Lost Key Fee: $40 

Resident students are issued keys to their rooms. The 
fee for replacing a lost key is $40. 

Orientation Fee: (Freshmen only): $100 

This fee partially covers the additional cost of special 
orientation activities provided for Freshmen. 

Re-Examination Fee: $200 

A fee for a re-examination of course material. 

Transcript Fee: $2 

There is a $2 charge per transcript. 

Transfer Students Orientation Fee: $40 

Applied Music Fees: 

These fees apply even though music lessons are not 
taken for credit, and are fees in addition to regular 
tuition charges. 

Semester Year 

One hour per week $474 $948 

One half hour per week $237 $474 


All students must provide proof of health/accident 
insurance coverage that is written by an insurance 
company that is based in the United States. This 
proof must be provided by registration day. If proof of 
coverage is not provided you will be required to 
purchase the school insurance which will be charged 
to your student account automatically after registra- 
tion. The college insurance is an excess coverage 
policy with relatively modest coverage and policy 
limits. Please see the current insurance brochure, 
(available in the Student Accounts office), for 
specifics as they relate to items and limits of coverage. 


Students should come prepared to pay all charges on 
the day of registration or should have payments from 
home mailed to reach the Eckerd College business 
office at least two weeks prior to the date of registra- 
tion. No student shall be permitted to register for a 
given semester until all indebtedness for prior terms 
has been paid in full. 

Students who have unpaid bills at the college are 
subject to dismissal from the college and, as long as 
such payments remain unpaid, may not receive 
transcripts of credit or any diploma. 

Eckerd College does not have a deferred payment 
plan. Students desiring monthly payment plans must 
make arrangements through one of the following 

American Management Services, Inc. 
50 Vision Boulevard 
East Providence, RI 02914 

Tuition Management System, Inc. 
H. John Clarke Road 
Newport, RI 02842 

All arrangements and contracts are made directly 
between the parent and the tuition financing 


The college has limited funds for emergency 
short-term loans up to $50. These loans must be paid 
within a maximum thirty day period. Students 
should apply to the Business office for such loans. 


If a student does not enroll for the winter or autumn 
short term, the Federal Pell Grant and the Eckerd 
College grant and scholarship awards will be reduced 
by 12 percent of the yearly award. Also, as the cost of 
education will be reduced, it may be necessary to 
reduce other need-based assistance. These policies 
will stand even though the student may make up the 
winter or autumn term credit in another term or 


If a student who is receiving financial aid is enrolled 
in only Directed Study or Independent Study courses 
and the student is not enrolled in an Eckerd College 
travel abroad program the enrollment will be 
reviewed. The student will likely receive a markedly 
reduced cost of education with a greatly reduced 
financial aid package. 




1. Complete a withdraw form in the Student 
Affiars office 

2. Have a withdrawel form signed in the Financial 
Aid office. If you have been awarded the 
Federal Stafford Loan, or previously, the Federal 
SLS Loan, you must have exit counseling for 
those loans. 

3. If you have been awarded the Federal Perkins 
Loan for an institutional loan, you must 
complete exit counseling for those loans in the 
Student Loan office located in the Business 

4- Return the withdrawal form to the Student 

Affairs office and schedule an appointment for a 
brief interview with the Dean of Students. 

5. Go to the Housing office and complete a room 

6. Go to the Student Accounts office to determine 
the status of your account, and determine what 
refunds must be returned to applicable assis- 
tance programs and, if applicable, to the student 
(see pertinent information in sections below). 

Please note additional information in the Eckerd 
College Financial Guide concerning withdrawal 
policies and procedures. 


All charges for a term will be cancelled, except the 
$100 non-refundable reservation deposit after May 1, 
and payments will be refunded if a written cancella- 
tion request is received prior to the first day of classes 
for that term. Also, a full refund of tuition and 
registration fees paid prior to the commencement of 
classes for that term will be made if a student submits 
a written request of cancellation to the Student 
Accounts office within three working days of the 


First, see if the Cancellation and Withdrawal Policy 

for all Students applies. If not, students withdrawing 
from Eckerd with no federal financial aid will receive 
credit for tuition for the semester as follows: 

Within 7 days 


Within 15 days 


Within 25 days 


After 25 days 

No Credit 

Students withdrawing within 15 calendar days of the 
first day of a short term (autumn/winter terms), 
expect new students at Eckerd with federal financial 
aid, will receive credit for tuition as follows: 

Within 7 days 50% 

Within 15 days 25% 

After 15 days No Credit 

Room charges for resident students will not be 
cancelled for the semester of withdrawal. Any 
portion of a meal ticket will be credited on a pro-rata 
basis in whole weeks only. 


First, see if the Cancellation and Withdrawal Policy 
for all Students applies. If not, use the specific 
federal formula which applies, depending on whether 
the student is a new student or a continuing student 
at Eckerd College, to calculate the charges and 
credits for tuition, fees, room, and board. 


It is important to note that a new student who 
withdraws during a semester will typically owe a 
balance to the college because of the loss of aid and 
because only a certain percentage of charges are 


If a new student at Eckerd with financial aid 
withdraws during the semester, the guidelines below 
will apply: 

• Eckerd College Grants or Scholarships will be 
pro-rated based on whole weeks only through 
60% of the billing period. 

• Florida aid will be granted only if the with- 
drawal occurs after the end of the drop/add 
period for the semester 

• Whether or not federal aid is granted is 
dependent on a specific federal formula which is 
applied to new students at Eckerd College 
through 60% of the billing period. The charges 
and credit for tuition, fees, room, and board will 
be generally proportioned through 60% of the 
billing period. Then the federal formula is 
applied to determine whether funds must be 
returned from the student's account to federal 
and other aid accounts in the following order: 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal PLUS Loan 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 
Other Title IV assistance 
Other federal, state, private, or 

institutional programs 

If the student has unpaid charges to Eckerd College, 
any portion of a refund that was to be retimed to the 
student will first be applied to the unpaid charges to 

Additional student information and sample calcula- 
tions are available in the Financial Aid office. 


It is important to note that a continuing student who 
withdraws during a semester will typically owe a 
balance to the college because of the loss o{ aid and 
because only a certain percentage of chages are 

If a continuing student with financial aid withdraws 
during the semester, the guidelines below will apply: 

• Eckerd College Grants or Scholarships will be 
pro-rated based on whole weeks only through 
50% of the billing period. 

• Florida aid will be granted only if the with- 
drawal occurs after the end of the drop/add 
period for the semester. 

• Whether or not federal aid is granted is 
dependent on a specified federal formula which 
is applied to continuing students at Eckerd 
College through 50% of the billing period. The 
charges and credit for tuition, fees, room, and 
board will be generally proportioned through 
50% of the billing period. Then the federal 
formula is applied to determine whether funds 
must be returned from the student's account to 
federal and other aid accounts in the following 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal PLUS Loan 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 

Opportunity Grant 
Other Title IV assistance 
Other federal, state, private, or 

institutional programs 

If the student has unpaid charges to Eckerd College, 
any portion of a refund that was to be retuned to the 
student will first be applied to the unpaid charges to 

Additional student information and sample calcula- 
tions are available in the Financial Aid office. 


If a student withdraws from school with federal 
assistance and has received a cash disbursement from 
any of the following funds before withdrawing, 
special rules apply: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Opportunity Grant 

Eckerd College will determine whether the cash 
disbursement made to the student for non-institu- 
tional living expenses amounts to an overpayment of 
federal Title IV funds. 

Through the first 21 calendar days of the semester, the 
school will determine if the cash disbursement was 
proportionately greater than the student's non- 
institutional living expenses up to the withdrawal date. 


A book and supply allowance will be permitted to 
the student and will be excluded from the federal 
formula. Also, extenuating circumstances may be 
taken into account. 

In determining whether an excess amount has been 
provided for non-institutional living expense durnig 
the first 2 1 calendar days of the semester, the school 
will use a specified federal formula. If excess funds 
have been received the student must repay the 
excess amount to the appropriate federal account(s) 
in the following order: 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Pell Grant 

Federal Supplemental Educational 
Opportunity Grant 

Other Title IV assistance 

Other federal, state, private, or institutional 

However, after the first 2 1 calendar days of the 
semester, no further proration will be applied and all 
cash disbursed will be considered fully needed for the 
student's non-institutional expenses. 


Any student or parent may appeal any decision made 
concerning a refund of Title IV Federal assistance in 
relation to the withdrawal policies described above. 
The appeal may be addressed to the Director of 
Financial Aid at the Financial Aid office, Eckerd 

Federal Supplemental Loan for Students 

(SLS) (prior borrowers) 
Federal Plus Loan 

Institutional loans affected by this policy are: 

Ben Hill Griffin 

Helen Harper Brown 
Beck Donor 

Students in default status on any Federal Title IV 
Loan who request a Financial Aid Transcript will 
have the default status noted on the form. Students 
in default on any Federal Title IV Loan may receive 
no additional federal assistance at any school until 
the default status is resolved. 

To resolve the default status, the bonower holding a 
Federal Perkins Loan or institutional loan should 
contact the Eckerd College Student Loan office. The 
borrower holding a defaulted Stafford, SLS or PLUS 
Loan should contact the lender and guarantee agency. 
Provisions may be obtained for satisfactory anange- 
ments for repayment to resolve the default status. 

The Registrar's office will also withdraw the 
academic transcript for the students who withdrew 
or graduated from Eckerd College owing a balance 
on their student account. To resolve the debt, the 
student should contact the Student Accounts office. 


Students who default on any Federal Title IV Loan 
or an Eckerd College institutional loan will have 
their academic transcript at Eckerd College with- 
held. The Registrar may not release the academic 
transcript until the college receives notification from 
the applicable guarantee agency, the Department of 
Education, or other holder of the defaulted loan, that 
the default status have been resolved. 

Federal Title IV Loans affected by this policy are as 

Federal Perkins Loan 

Federal Stafford Loan 

Federal Unsubsidized Stafford Loan 



Faculty of the Collegium of 
Behavioral Science 
Diana L. Fuguitt 

Chair, Behavioral Science Collegium 
Associate Professor of Economics 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.A., Ph.D., Rice University 
Anthony R. Brunello 
Chair, Foundations Collegium 
Associate Professor of Political Science 
B.A., University of California, Davis 
M.S., Ph.D., University of Oregon 
Salvatore Capobianco 
Professor of Psychology 
B.A., M.A., University of Kansas 
Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Mark H. Davis 
Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.A., University of Iowa 
Ph.D., University of Texas, Austin 
Joan C. Durso 
Assitant Professor of Economics 
B.A., Bellarmine College 
M.A., Fordham University 
William F. Felice 
Assistant Professor of Political Science 
B.A., University of Washington 
M.A., Goddard College 
Ph.D., New York University 
Michael G. Flaherty 
Professor of Sociology 
B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 
Ph.D., University of Illinois 
Edward T. Grasso 
Associate Professor of Decision Sciences 
B.A., B.S., M.B.A., Old Dominion 

Ph.D., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and 
State University 
Jennifer Anne Hall 
Assistant Professor ofPsychobgy 
B.S., Trinity College 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Connecticut 
Peter K. Flammerschmidt 
Professor of Economics 
B.S., M.S., Ph.D., Colorado State 
James R. Flarley 
Professor of Physical Elucation 
Director of Athletics 
B.S., Georgia Teachers College 
M.A., George Peabody College 
John Patrick Henry 
Associate Professor of Sociology 
B.S., University of South Carolina 
M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Jeffery A. Howard 
Associate Professor of Psychology 
B.A., Valparaiso University 
M.S., Ph.D., Kansas State University 

Shiping Hua 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Tianjin Foreign Language 
Institute, China 

M.L., Chinese Academy of Social 

Ph.D., University of Hawaii 
Linda L. Lucas 

Associate Professor of Economics 

B.A., University of Texas, Austin 

Ph.D., University of Hawaii 
James M. MacDougall 

Professor of Psychology 

B.S., Highlands University, New 

M.A., Ph.D., Kansas State University 
Mary K. Meyer 

Assistant Professor of Political Science 

B.A., M.A., University of South Horida 

Ph.D., University of Massachusetts 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 

B.S., Fordham University 

M.A., Ph.D., Rutgers University 
Donna A. Trent 

Assistant Professor of Management 

B.A, Newcomb College 

M.Ed., M.S., Ph.D., Tulane University 
William E. Winston 

Professor of Sociology 

B.A., Central Washington University 

M.A., Ph.D., Washington State 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Comparative Cultures 
Hendrick Serrie 

Chair, Comparative Cultures Collegium 
Professor of Anthropobgy and International 

B.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.A., Ph.D., Northwestern University 

Victoria J. Baker 
Associate Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., Sweet Briar College 
B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of 
Leiden, Netherlands 

Joseph M. Bearson 
Associate Professor of Marketing and 

International Business 
B.A., Brandeis University 
M.B.A., Columbia University 

Thomas J. DiSalvo 
Associate Professor of Spanish 
B.A., Hillsdale College 
M.A., Middlebury College, Spain 
Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 

Douglas P. Fry 
Assistant Professor of Anthropology 
B.A., University of California 
M.A., Ph.D, Indiana University 

Yolanda Molina Gavilan 
Assistant Professor of Spanish 
B.A., University of Wisconsin 
M.A., University of Oregon 

John M. Guarino 

Assistant Professor of Management and 
International Business 

B.A., State College of Bridgewater, 

M.A., Dartmouth College 

M.B.A., University of Connecticutt 

Ph.D., Syracuse University 
Jan-Luder Hagens 

Assistant Professor of German 

B.A., Eberhard-Karls Universitat, 

M.A., University of Virginia 

M.A., Ph.D., Princeton University 
Lee B. Hilliker 

Assistant Professor of French 

B.A., University of Horida 

MA, Horida State University 

Ph.D., Duke University 
Margarita M. Lczcano 

Associate Professor of Spanish 

B.A, Honda International University 

M.A., University of Horida 

Ph.D, Florida State University 
Naveen K. Malhotra 

Assistant Professor of Management and 

M.B.A., University of Tampa 
Martha B. Nichols 

Assistant Professor 0/ French 

B.A., Centre College 

M.A., Ph.D., Duke University 
Vivian A. Parsons 

Assistant Professor of Russian 

B.A., Brandeis University 

MAT., Harvard University 
William H. Parsons 

Professor of History and Russian Studies 

B.A., Grinnell College 

M.A., Harvard University 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
William Pyle 

Harold D. Holder Professor of Management 
and International Business 

B.B.A., University of Notre Dame 

M.A., Butler University 

Ph.D., The University of Michigan 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Creative Arts 
Thomas E. Bunch 

Chair, Creative Arts Collegium 
Associate Professor of Theatre 
B.A, Northeastern State University 
M.A., University of Virginia 
Ph.D. University of Horida 

Albert Howard Carter, III 
Professor ofComparatwe Literature and 

B.A., University of Chicago 
M.A., Ph.D., University of Iowa 

Nancy Corson Carter 
Professor of Humanities 
B.A, Susquehanna University 
M.A., Ph.D, University of Iowa 


Sarah K. Dean 

Professor of Human Development 

B.A., Georgetown College 

M.Re., Southern Baptist Theological 

M.A., George Peabody College 

Ed.D., Nova University 
Joan Osborn Epstein 

Associate Professor of Musk 

B.A., Smith College 

M.M., Yale University School of Music 
Sandra A. Harris 

Associate Professor of Human Development 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D. Virginia 
Commonwealth University 
Nancy G. Janus 

Associate Professor of Human Development 

B.A., Wells College 

M.Ed., University of Hartford 

Ed.D., University of Massachusetts 
Gary S. Meltzer 

Associate Professor of Classics 

B.A., M.A., M.Phil., Ph.D, Yale 
Molly K. Ransbury 

Associate Dean of International Education 
and Off -Campus Programs 

Professor of Education 

B.S., M.S., State University of New York 

Ed.D., Indiana University 
Brian Ranson 

Assistant Professor of Visual Arts 

B.F.A., New York State College of 

M.A., University of Tulsa 

M.F.A., Claremont Graduate School 
Richard A. Rice 

Professor of Theatre 

B.A., University of Denver 

M.A., Columbia University 

Ph.D., University of Utah 
Arthur N. Skinner 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.V.A., Georgia State University 
Marion Smith 

Associate Professor of Music 

B. Mus., Xavier College 

M.A., Washington State University 

Ph.D., Washington University, St. Louis 
Claire A. Stiles 

Associate Professor of Human Deiefopment 

B.S., Rutgers University 

M.A., Southwest Texas State University 

Ph.D, University of Florida 
Cynthia Totten 

Assistant Professor of Theatre 

B.A., M.A., Northwestern State 
University of Louisiana 

M.F.A., Southern Illinois University 

Ph.D., University of Nebraska 
Kirk Ke Wang 

Assistant Professor of Visual Arts 

B.F.A., M.F.A., Nanjing Normal 
University, China 

M.F.A., University of South Florida 

D. Scott Ward 

Assistant Professor of Creative Writing and 

B.S., Auburn University 

M.A., University of South Carolina 
Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Education 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.Ed., Ed.D., University of Florida 
V. Sterling Watson 

Professor of Literature and Creative Writing 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., University of Florida 

Faculty of the Collegium of 


Robert C. Wigton 

Choir, Letters Collegium 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., State University of New York, 

M.A., J.D., Ph.D., State University of 
New York, Buffalo 
Constantina Rhodes Bailly 

Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Rutgers University 

M.A., Ph.D., Columbia University 
Timothy K. Beal 

Assistant Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Seattle Pacific University 

MDiv., Columbia Theological Seminary 

Ph.D., Emory University 
Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 

B.S., Stetson University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Florida 
David J. Bryant 

Associate Professor of Religious Studies 

B.A., Harding College 

M.A., Abilene Christian College 

MDiv., Ph.D., Princeton Theological 
Julienne H. Empric 

Professor of Literature 

B.A., Nazareth College of Rochester 

M.A., York University 

Ph.D., University of Notte Dame 
Bruce V. Foltz 

Associate Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., Sonoma State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Pennsylvania State 
James R. Goetsch, Jr. 

Assistant Professor of Philosophy 

B.A., M.A., Louisiana State University 

Ph.D., Emory University 
M. Suzan Harrison 

Associate Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.A., Florida State University 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 

B.A., Samford University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of California 

William B. Kelly 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Florida 
Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Associate Professor of History 

B.A., Louisiana State University 

M.A., Ph.D., Stanford University 
George P. E. Meese 

Director, Writing Excellence Program 

Professor of Rhetoric 

B.A., Wittenberg University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Chicago 
Gregory B. Padgett 

Assistant Professor of History 

B.A, Stetson University 

M.A., Ph.D., Honda State University 
Peter A. Pav 

Professor of Phibsophy 

B.A., Knox College 

M.A., Ph.D., Indiana University 

Faculty of the Collegium of 
Natural Sciences 
Edmund L. Gallizzi 

Chair, Natural Sciences Collegium 

Professor of Computer Science 

B.Sc, University of Florida 

M.Sc, Ph.D., Universiry of 
Southwestern Louisiana 
W. Guy Bradley 

Assistant Professor of Molecular Physiobgy 

B.A., Eckerd College 

Ph.D, University of South Horida 
College of Medicine 
Gregg R. Brooks 

Assistant Professor of Marine Science 

B.S., Youngstown State University 

M.S., Ph.D., University of South Florida 
Anne J. Cox 

Assistant Professor of Physics 

B.S., Rhodes College 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 
Harry W Ellis 

Professor of Physics 

B.S., Ph.D., Georgia Institute of 
John C. Ferguson 

Professor of Biobgy 

B.A., Duke University 

M.A., Ph.D., Cornell University 
Mark B. Fishman 

Associate Professor of Computer Science 

B.A., Temple University 

M.A., University of Texas 
Elizabeth A. Forys 

Assistant Professor of Environmental 

B.A., M.S., University of Virginia 

Ph.D., University of Horida 
David D. Grove 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.S., California State University, San 

Ph.D., University of California, 
Los Angeles 


Sheila D. Hanes 

Professor of Biology 

B.A., Baylor University 

M.S., University of Illinois 

Ph.D., Ohio University 
Reggie L. Hudson 

Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Pfeiffer College 

Ph.D., University of Tennessee 
Gerald J. G. Junevicus 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.Sc, Worcester Polytechnic Institute 

M.Sc, Ph.D., University of Victoria, 
David Kerr 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

B.A., M.A., Ph.D., University of South 
Laurie Kovalenko 

Assistant Professor of Physics 

B.A., Cornell University 

M.A., Ph.D., University of Colorado 
Billy H. Maddox 

Professor ofMathmatks 

B.S., Troy State College 

M.Ed., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of South Carolina 
Peter A. Meylan 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of Florida 
John E. Reynolds, 111 

Professor of Biology 

B.A., Western Maryland College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Miami 
William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 

B.S., Blackburn College 

Ph.D., Florida State University 
Alan L. Soli 

Associate Professor of Chemistry 

B.A., Augsburg College 

M.S., Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
Susan M. Stanczyk 

Assistant Professor of Biochemistry 

B.S., Trinity College 

M.S., St. Joseph College 

Ph.D., Wesleyan University 
John H. Stewman 

Assistant Professor of Computer Science 

B.A., Duke University 

B.S., M.S., Ph.D., University of South 
William A. Szelistowski 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

B.S., University of Florida 

Ph.D., University of Southern California 
Joel B. Thompson 

Assistant Professor of Marine Geochemistry 

B.S., M.S., California State University 

B.S., Ph D., Syracuse University 
Walter O. Walker 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 

B.S., Eckerd College 

M.S., Ph.D., Clemson University 

Foundations Collegium Faculty 
Anthony R. Brunello 

Foundations Collegium Charr 
Behavioral Science Collegium 
George P. E. Meese 
Director, Writing Excellence Program 
Letters Collegium 

Library Faculty 
Edward I. Stevens 

Director, Library Services 

B.A., Davidson College 

M.Div., Union Theological Seminary, 
New York 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Jamie A. Hastreiter 

Technical Seraces Librarian 

Associate Professor 

B.A., The State University of New York, 

M.L.S., Kent State University 
David W. Henderson 

Instructional Serwces and Collection 
Development Librarian 


B.A., University of Connecticut 

M.S., Ohio University 

M.S.L.S., Florida State University 

Intercollegiate Athletics 
James R. Harley 

Director 0/ Athletics 
Professor of Physical Education 
William J. Mathews 
Head Baseoall Coach 
Assistant Professor of Physical Education 
M.Ed., University of South Florida 


John M. Bevan 

Dean of Faculty Emeritus 

Ph.D., Duke University 
Wilbur F. Block 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Florida 
Clark H. Bouwman 

Professor Emeritus of Sociology 

Ph.D., New School for Social Research 
Richard R. Bradenberg 

Professor Emeritus of Education 

Ph.D., New York University 
Tennyson P. Chang 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies 

Ph.D., Georgetown University 
J. Stanley Chesnut 

Professor Emeritus of Humanities and 

Ph.D., Yale University 
James G. Crane 

Professor Emeritus 0/ Visual Are 

M.F.A., Michigan State University 
Dudley E. DeGroot 

Professor Emeritus of Anthropology 

Ph.D., Ohio State University 

Frank M. Figueroa 

Professor Emeritus 0/ Spanish 

Ed.D., Columbia University Teachers 
Irving G. Foster 

Professor Emeritus of Physics 

Ph.D., University of Virginia 
Rejane P. Genz 

Professor Emerita of French Language and 

Ph.D., Laval University 
Keith W Irwin 

Professor Emeritus of Philosophy 

M.Div., Garrett Theological Seminary 
Gilbert L. Johnston 

Professor Emeritus of Asian Studies and 

Ph.D., Harvard University 
Kenneth E. Keeton 

Professor of Emeritus of German 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
George W. Lofquist 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., Louisiana State University 
Robert C. Meacham 

Professor Emeritus of Mathematics 

Ph.D., Brown University 
William F. McKee 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin 
J. Peter Meinke 

Professor Emeritus of Literature 

Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Anne A. Murphy 

Professor Emerita of Political Science 

Ph.D., University of North Carolina 
Richard W. Neithamer 

Professor Ementus of Chemistry 

Ph.D., Indiana University 
George K. Reid 

Professor Emeritus of Biology 

Ph.D., University of Rorida 
Margaret R. Rigg 

Professor Emerita of Visual Art 

M.A., Presbyterian School of Christian 
Robert B. Tebbs 

Professor Ementus of Industrial and 
Organizational Behavior 

Ph D., University of Wyoming 
Pedro N. Trakas 

Professor Emeritus of Spanish 

Ph.D, University of North Carolina 

Litt.D, Wofford College 
Ruth R. Trigg 

Registrar Emerita 

B. A, University of Kentucky 
J. Thomas West 

Professor Ementus of Psychobgy and 
Human Development 

Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
William C. Wilbur 

Professor Emeritus of History 

Ph.D., Columbia University 



Awarded each year at Commencement 

1980 William B. Roess 1988 
Professor of Biohgy 

1981 Julienne H. Empric 1989 
Professor of Literature 

1982 J. Thomas West 1990 
Professor of Psychobgy and 

Human Development Services 1991 

1983 A. Howard Carter, III 

Professor of Comparative 1992 

Literature and Humanities 

1984 Peter K. Hammerschmidt 1993 
Professor oj Economics 

1985 Molly K. Ransbury 1994 
Professor of Education 

1986 John E. Reynolds, III 1995 
Associate Professor of Biology 

1987 James G.Crane ' 1996 
Professor of Visual Arts 

Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 

Kathryn J. Watson 

Professor of Education 

J. Peter Meinke 

Professor of Literature 

Carolyn Johnston 

Professor of American Studies 

Diana Fuguitt 

Associate Professor of Economics 

Arthur N. Skinner 

Associate Professor of Visual Arts 

Olivia H. Mclntyre 

Associate Professor of History 

Mark H. Davis 

Associate Professor of Psychology 

M. Suzan Harrison 

Assistant Professor of Rhetoric 





Jewel Spears Brooker 

Professor of Literature 
George P. E. Meese 
Professor of Rhetoric 
Tom Oberhofer 

Professor of Economics 


Awarded each year at Academic Convocation 



William B. Roess 

Professor of Biology 
Molly K. Ransbury 

Professor of Education 




Peter H. Armacost 


B.A., Denison University 
Ph.D., University of Minnesota 
Joan B. Fry 

Executive Assistant to the President 
B.A., M.A., University of California 


Lloyd W. Chapin 

Vice President and Dean of Faculty 

Professor of Phibsophy and Religion 

B.A., Davidson College 

M.Div., Ph.D., Union Theological 
Seminary, New York 
Anthony R. Brunello 

Associate Dean of Faculty for General 

Associate Professor of Political Science 
K. Russell Kennedy 


B.S., Northeastern University 

M.Ed., Suffolk University 
Molly K. Ransbury 

Associate Dean of International Education 
and Off-Campus Programs 

Professor of Education 
Sharon Setterlind 

Director of the Computer Center 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S., National -Lou is University 
Larry E. Wood 

Director of Media Services 

B.S., M.S., Kansas State University 


Edward I. Stevens 


Professor of Information Systems 
B.A., Davidson College 
M.Div., Harvard Divinity School 
Ph.D., Vanderbilt University 
Sharon M. Stacy 
Coordinator of Educational Assessment 
B.A., Eckerd College 
M.B.A., University of South Florida 


Richard R. Hallin 

Dean af Admissions 

Associate Professor of Political Science 

B.A., Occidental College 

B.A., M.A., Exeter College, Oxford 

University, England 
Ph.D., Columbia University 
Maria D. Alou 
Admissions Counselor 
B.A., Eckerd College 

Erik C. Calhoun 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Andrew J. Joseph 

Assistant Dean of Admissions 

B.S., Eckerd College 
Kathy Sue Dunmire Ralph 

Associate Dean of Admissions and 

Coordinator of New Student Financial Aid 

B.A., Maryville College 
Jason A. Raymond 

Admissions Counselor 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M. Kemp Talbott 

Associate Dean of Admissions 

B.A., Eckerd College 


Margaret W. Morris 


B.S., University of Arkansas 

M.A., Wake Forest University 
Robin Famiglietti 

Assistant Director 

B.A., Wesleyan Universiq 

M.A., University of South Florida 
M. Joan Kaplan 

Assistant Director 

B.A., Eckerd College 


James E. Deegan 

Dean 0/ Special Programs 

B.S., State University of New York, 

M.S., Ed.D., Indiana University 
James J. Annarelli 
Assistant Director, Program for 

Experienced Learners 
B.A., M.A., St John's University 
M.Phil., PhD., Drew University 
Joan M. Byrne 
Director, Continuing Education CenteT 
B.A., Fontbonne College 
M.A., University of St. Thomas 
Margaret Cooley 
Director, Program Development 
Management Development Institute 
B.A., Rhodes College 
M.A., University of Chicago 
Dana E. Cozad 
Director, Program for Experienced 

B.A., Eckerd College 
M.S.W., Florida State University 
Cheryl Chase Gold 
Director, Conferences and Summer 

B.A., City College of New York 
Linda Blalock Johnston 
Director 0/ Marketing, Program for 

Experienced Learners 
B.A., Pennsylvania State University 
M.A., Emerson College 


Walter F. Conner 

Dean 0/ Students 


B.S., Florida State University 

M.Div., Fuller Theological Seminary 
Lillie M. Collins 

Director of Multicultural Affairs 

B. A., University of South Florida 
William C. Covert 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director, Waterfront Activities 

ARC Instructor 
Barbara J. Ely, R.N. 

Director of Nursing Services 
James R. Harley 

Director, AtWetics 

Professor of Physical Education 

M.S., Peabody College 
Stephen D. McConnell 

Associate Dean, Residential Life 

B.A., Appalachian State University 

M.Ed., University of South Carolina 
Christopher J. Roby 

Director, Freshman Programs and 

Volunteer Services 

B.A., Eckerd College 

M.S., National-Louis University 
Jesse A. Turtle 

Director, Campus Activities 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Lena Wilfalk 

Associate Dean of Students 

Director, Career Setinces 

B.A., M.A., University of South Florida 


Merle F. Allshouse 


B.A., DePauw University 

M.A., Ph.D., Yale University 


William Pyle 


Harold D. Holder Professor of 

Management and International 



James A. Christison 

Vice President for Finance 

B.A., University of Connecticut 
Alan W Bunch 


B.A., University of South Florida 
Joanne DiBlasio 

Director of Personnel 
J.T. Tom Meiners 

Director, Facilities Management 



Richard T. Haskins 

Vice President for Development 

B.A., Point Park College 

M.A., George Washington University 
Eric Boelkins 

Major Planned Gifts Officer 

B.A., Wake Forest University 

M.Div., Vanderbilt University 
Cathy Duvall 

Director of Research 
K. Murray Fournie 

Director 0/ Annua! Giving 

B.A., Eckerd College 
Gordon Leffingwell 

Director of Planned Giving 

B.S., Western Michigan University 
Catherine McGarry 

Director of Community and 
Corporate Relations 

B.S., M.BA., University of Tampa 
Bruce L. Robertson 

Vice President 

B. A., University of Florida 

M.Div., Union Theological Seminary 
K. Susan Stevens 

Director of Records and Development 
Computer Support Services 

B.A., Eckerd College 


S. Steven Barefield 


B.A., Eckerd College 


Kandus Kane 

Director of Public Relations 

B.S., University of South Florida 
Kathryn P. Rawson 

Assistant Director of Public Relations 

B.A., Eckerd College 


Grover C. Wrenn 

Deedie Simmons 

Vice Chairman 
Peter H. Armacost 

P.N. Risser, III 

James A. Christison 

Joan B. Fry 

Assistant Secretary 


Mr. Payton F. Adams 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Peter H. Armacost 

President , Eckerd College 
St. Petersburg, Florida 

Dr. Robert H. Atwell 

American Council on Education 

Washington, D.C. 
The Rev. Dr. A. Glenn Bass 

Faith Presbyterian Church 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Mr. Carroll Cheek 

CWC Companies, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Miles C. Collier 

Collier Enterprises 

Naples, Florida 
Dr. Gay Culverhouse 

President, Notre Dame College 

South Euclid, Ohio 
The Rev. Susan Dobbs Key 

Lakeside Presbyterian Church 

West Palm Beach , Florida 
Mr. Daniel M. Doyle 

Danka Industries 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Dr. Russell Edgerton 

American Association for Higher 

Washington, DC 
Dr. Willard F. Enteman 

Rhode Island College 

Providence, Rhode Island 
The Hon. David J. Fischer 

Mayor, City of St. Petersburg 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Jeffrey L. Fortune 

Resort Inns 0/ America, Inc. 

St. Pete Beach, Florida 
Mrs. Elizabeth A. Gould-Linne 

Color Corporation of America 

Tampa, Florida 
Mrs. Gladys Douglas Hackworth 

Dunedin, Florida 
Mrs. Royce Haiman 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Anne Hoerner 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Gerald F. Hogan 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. W. Langston Holland 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Bruce Ingles 

The Moorings Presbyterian Church 

Naples, Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. James 

Raymond} arms Financial, Inc. 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Benjamin Jacobson 

Venice Presbyterian Church 

Venice, Florida 
The Rev. Charles E. Jones, III 

First Presbyterian Church 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. James Malone 

Anchor Glass Container Corporation 

Tampa, Florida 
Dr. James D. Moore, Jr. 

Abingdon, Virginia 
Mr. Alan I. Mossberg 

O.F. Mossberg & Sons, Inc. 

North Haven, Connecticut 

Mr. Helmar Nielsen 

Carolina Profile 

Galax, Virginia 
Mr. Frank Newman 

Eckerd Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. L. Eugene Oliver, Jr. 

SouthTrust Bank 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. E. Leslie Peter 

Leslie Peter and Company 

Brandon, Florida 
Dr. Roger J. Porter 

Wyeth-Ayerst Research 

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 
Mr. Bluford Putnam 

Bankers Trust Company 

New York, New York 
Mr. Arthur J. Ranson, III 


Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Steven A. Raymund 

Tech Data Corporation 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Lance C. Ringhaver 

Ringhaver Equipment Company 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. William Ripberger 

Metropolitan Life 

New York, New York 
Mr. P.N. Risser, III 

Risser Oil 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Maurice Rothman 

Kane Furniture Company 

Pinellas Park Florida 
Mr. Dennis Ruppel 

M.T.D. Technologies, Inc. 

Pinellas Park, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Carl L. Schlich 

Peace River Presbytery 

North Port, Florida 
The Hon. Mel Sembler 

The Sembler Company 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. G. Ballard Simmons 

Jacksonville, Florida 
Mr. Les R. Smout 

Jack Eckerd, Inc. 

Clearwater, Florida 
Ms. Elithia V. Stanfield 

PineUas County Government 

Clearwater, Florida 
Dr. Joseph E. Thompson 

Atlantic University Center 

Atlanta, Georgia 
Mrs. John P. Wallace 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Stanley P. Whitcomb, Jr. 

The Whitcomb Associates 

Sun City, Florida 
Mrs. Jean Giles Wittner 

WittneT Companies 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Grover C. Wrenn 

EnSys Environmental Products, Inc. 

Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 



The Rev. Dr. Harvard A. Anderson 

Longwood, Florida 
Dr. Gordon W. Blackwell 

Greenville, South Carolina 
The Rev. Dr. John B. Dickson 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
The Rev. Dr. Paul M. Edris 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Harrison W. Fox 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. John Wm. Galbraith 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. Charles G. Gambrell 

Charlotte, North Carolina 
Mr. Willard A. Gortner 

Naples, Florida 
The Rev. Lacy R. Harwell 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Harold D. Holder 

Tampa, Florida 
Mr. William R. Hough 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Frank M. Hubbard 

Orlando, Florida 
Dr. Althea Jenkins 

Chicago, Illinois 
Mr. Alfred A. McKethan 

BrooksiiUe , Florida 
Mr. William F. O'Neill 

Osprey, Florida 
Mrs. Woodbury Ransom 

Charlevoix, Michigan 
Dr. Joseph H. Reason 

Tallahassee, Florida 
Mrs. Wyline Chapman Sayler 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. Robert T. Sheen 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mrs. John W. Sterchi 

Orlando, Florida 
Mr. Stewart Turley 

Clearwater, Florida 
Mr. Thomas A. Watson 

St. Petersburg, Florida 
Mr. David L. Wilt 

Leesburg, Virginia 
Mr. W. M. Zemp 

Crystal River, Florida 


Mr. Charles J. Bradshaw 

Vero Beach, Florida 
Mr. J. Webster Hull 

North Miami Beach, Florida 

It is the policy of Eckerd College not to discriminate on the basis of sex, age, handicap, reli- 
gion, sexual orientation, creed, race or color, or national origin in its educational programs, 
activities, admissions, or employment policies as required by federal and state legislation. 
Inquiries regarding compliance with disctimination laws may be directed to Dean of Admis- 
sions, Eckerd College, 4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 3371 1 813/867-1 166. 
Eckerd College is an equal opportunity employer. 


INDEX (Courses and Programs are listed in italics.) 

Academic Calendar 5 

Academic Credit 20 

Academic Exemption Petitions 16 

Academic Minor 25 

Academic Polities 16 

Academic Program 5 

Academic Progress Standards 23 

Academy of Senior Professionals 15 

Accreditation 1 

Administration 125 

Admission 102 

Early Admission 103 

Equivalency Certificates 103 

Freshman 102 

International Students 104 

Procedures after Acceptance 103 

Transfer Students 102 

Adult Education 14 

Advanced Placement 103 

Aesthetic Perspective Courses 25 

Afro-American Society 99 

Alumni Association 15 

American Studies 26 

Anthropology 27 

Area of Concentration/Major 17, 19 

Art 29 

Athletics 101 

Auditing Classes 23 

AutumnTerm 5, 97 

Behavioral Science, Collegium of 8 

Biology 31 

Board of Trustees 126 

Calendar, Academic 5 

Calendar of Events, 1996-97 130 

Calendar of Events, 1997-98 131 

Campus Life 98 

Career Services Program 13 

CLAST 107 

Chemistry 33 

Co-Curricular Program 9 

Co-Curricular Transcript 9 

College Entrance Examinations 102 

College Level Examination Program (CLEP) 104 

College Program Series 17 

Collegium Concept 6 

Commitments of Eckerd College 2 

Christian Values 2 

Faculty to Students 2 

General Education 2 

Human Relationships 3 

Individual Development 2 

Integration of Liberal Arts and 

Career Preparation 3 

Pace-Setting Institution 4 

Comparative Cultures, Collegium of 8 

Comparative Literature 35 

Composition 35 

Composition Competency Requirement 16 

Comprehensive Examinations 17 

Computer Science 36 

Costs 115 

Course and Major Descriptions 25 

Course Requirements 16 

Course Numbers and Letters Explanation 25 

Creative Arts, Collegium of 8 

Creative Writing 38 

Credit, Academic 20 

Cultural Activities and Entertainment 99 

Dance 93 

Day Students 101 

Dean's List 23 

Deferred Admissions 103 

Degree Requirements, B.A 16 

Degree Requirements, B.S 17 

Demonstrated Proficiency 20 

Directed Study 20, 25 

Directed Study Courses 39 

Dismissal, Academic 22 

Early Admissions 103 

Economics 40 

Employment on Campus 114 

Engineering Dual Degree Program 11 

Entertainment and Cultural Activities 99 

Eni'ironmental Perspective Courses 42 

Environmental Studies 42 

Examination, Comprehensive 17 

Expenses 115 

Experienced Learners , Program for 14 

Extracurricular Activities Suspension 22 

Faculty and Administration 121 

Fees 115 

Financial Aid 105 

Academic Standards of 

Satisfactory Progress 106 

Employment 114 

Grants 112 

Loans 113 

Renewals 1 14 

Scholarships 107 

Veterans' Benefits 1 12 

Withdrawal Refund 1 18 

Ford Apprentice Scholars Program 17, 43 

Foreign Language Competency Requirement 16 

Foundations Collegium 7, 97 

French 68 

Freshman Bridge Winter Term 7 

Gender and Women's Studies 94 

General Education 6 

Geography 45 

German 69 

Global Affairs and International Relations 54 

Global Perspective Courses 45 

Grade Reports 21 

Grading System 21 

Graduation Requirements 16 

Grants 112 

Health Form 101 

Health Services 101 

History 46 

Honors at Graduation 23 

Honors Program 1 7, 48 

Honor Societies 18 

Humanities 51 

Human Development 49 

Human Resource Institute 10 


Incomplete Grades 21 

Independent Study 20, 25 

Information Technology 1 Competency 16 

International Business 51 

International Education 12 

International Education Courses 53 

International Students 13 

International Student Admission 104 

International Relations and Global Affairs 54 

International Studies 56 

Insurance 117 

Interview, Admission 103 

Italian 70 

Japanese 70 

Latin 71 

Letters, Collegium of 8 

Library 9 

Literature 57 

Loans 113 

London Offerings 53 

Major/Area of Concentration Requirements 17, 19 

Major and Course Descriptions 25 

Management 60 

Marine Science 63 

Mathematics 66 

Medical Technology 68 

Mentors 5 

Minor, Academic 25 

Modem Languages 68 

Music 72 

Natural Sciences, Collegium of 8 

Off-Campus Programs 13 

Oral Competency Requirement 16 

Organizations and Clubs 100 

Payment Methods 117 

Personnel and Human Resource Management 74 

Perspective Courses Requirement 16 

Petitions, Academic Exemption 16 

Philosophy 74 

Philosophy/Religion 74 

Physical Education 77 

Physics 77 

Policies, Academic 16 

Political Science 78 

Pre-Pro/essional Programs 10 

Probation, Academic 22 

Program for Experienced Learners 14 

Psychological Services 100 

Psychobgy 81 

Quantitative Competency Requirement 16 

Quest for Meaning 9, 83 

Readmission of Students 105 

Refunds 118 

Registration 23 

Religious Life 100 

Religion! Phihsophy 77 

Religious Studies/Religious Education 83 

Requirements for Degree 

Autumn Term 16 

College Program Series 17 

Composition Competency 16 

Comprehensive Examination/Thesis 17 

Foreign Language Competency 16 

Information Technology Competency 16 

Major/Area of Concentration 17 

Oral Competency 16 

Perspective Courses 16 

Quantitative Competency 16 

Residency 16 

Transfer Students 17 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 17 

Winter Term 16 

Residency Requirement 16 

Resident Adiiser Internship 85 

Room and Board 116 

ROTC 12,86 

Russian Studies 86 

St. Petersburg, the City 98 

Satisfactory Academic Progress 21 

Satisfactory Academic Progress for 

Financial Aid 106 

Scholarships 107 

Scientific Perspective Courses 87 

Sea Semester 13, 87 

Semester Abroad 12 

Senior Comprehensives, Theses, Projects 17 

Senior Seminars 87 

Social Relations Perspective Courses 88 

Sociology 89 

Spanish 71 

Special Academic Programs 10 

Statistics 91 

Student Activities 99 

Student Government 99 

Student Life 98 

Student Publications 99 

Student Record Policy 24 

Summer Term 14 

Summer Term Abroad 12 

Theatre 92 

Theses, Senior 17 

Transfer Admission 102 

Transfer of Credit 102 

Transfer Student Requirements 17, 102 

Tuition and Fees 115 

Veteran's Benefits 112 

Visual Arts 29 

Waterfront Program 100 

Western Heritage in a Global Context 16, 94 

WinterTerm 6, 97 

Winter Term Abroad 12 

Withdrawal and Financial Aid 118 

Withdrawal from College 23 

Withdrawal Grades 21 

Women's and Gender Studies 94 

Writing Center 12 

Writing Workshop 38 

Year Abroad 12 




Fri., Aug. 9 
Sat., Aug. 10 
Wed., Aug. 21 
Tues., Aug. 27 
Wed., Aug. 28 
Fri., Aug. 30 


Thurs., Aug. 29 

Fri., Aug. 30 
Mon., Sept. 2 
Wed., Sept. 4 
Thurs., Sept. 12 
Mon.-Tues., Oct. 7-8 
Fri., Oct. 11 
Fri., Oct. 25 
Wed., Nov. 6 
Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 28-29 
Fri., Dec. 6 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 9-13 
Sat., Dec. 14 


Thurs., Jan. 2 
Fri., Jan. 3 

Mon., Jan. 6 
Tues., Jan. 7 

Mon., Jan. 20 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 23-24 
Fri., Jan. 31 


Sun., Feb. 2 
Mon., Feb. 3 

Tues., Feb. 4 
Thurs., Feb. 13 
Sat., Mar. 22 
Mon., Mar. 31 
Tues., April 1 
Thurs., April 10 
Fri., April 11 
Wed., April 16 
Thurs.-Fri., April 17-18 
Fri., May 9 

Mon.-Fri., May 12-16 
Sat., May 17 

Sun., May 18 
Mon., May 19 


May 27-July 18 
May 27-June 20 
June 23-July 18 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 pm 

Autumn term begins 

Completed Freshmen preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned to Registrar 

Residence houses open at 9:00 am for new students for fall semester 

Orientation for new students 

End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 am 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 am 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 pm 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

Midterm holiday 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to the Registrar 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return them to the Registrar 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses open at noon 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registration/orientation for winter term. 

Returning students are not registered until they check in with Registrar 

Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change project or 
withdraw from winter term with W grade 
Martin Luther King Day, no classes 
First comprehensive examination period 
Winter term ends 

Residence houses open at noon 

New and returning students anive. New student orientation. Financial clearance and 

registration for spring semester, all students 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 am 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 

Spring recess begins 

Students return 

Classes resume at 8:00 am 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 1997-98 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1997, and return them to Registrar 

Second comprehensive examination period 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 

Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 5:00 pm for non-Seniors who are not 

attending commencement. 


Residence houses close at 4:00 pm for all students 

Summer term 
Session A 
Session B 




Fri., Aug. 8 
Sat., Aug. 9 
Wed., Aug. 20 
Tues., Aug. 26 
Wed., Aug. 27 
Fri., Aug. 29 


Thurs., Aug. 28 

Fri., Aug. 29 
Mon., Sept. 1 
Wed., Sept. 3 
Thurs., Sept. 1 1 
Mon.-Tues., Oct. 6-7 
Fri., Oct. 10 
Fri., Oct. 24 
Wed., Nov. 5 
Thurs.-Fri., Nov. 27-28 
Fri., Dec. 5 
Mon.-Fri., Dec. 8-12 
Sat., Dec. 13 


Sun., Jan. 4 
Mon., Jan. 5 

Tues., Jan. 6 
Wed., Jan. 7 

Mon., Jan. 19 
Thurs.-Fri., Jan. 22-23 
Fri., Jan. 30 


Sun., Feb. 1 
Mon., Feb. 2 

Tues., Feb. 3 
Thurs., Feb. 12 
Sat., Mar. 21 
Mon., Mar. 30 
Tues., Mar. 31 
Thurs., April 9 
Fri., April 10 
Wed., April 15 
Thurs.-Fri., April 16-17 
Fri., May 8 

Mon.-Fri., May 11-15 
Sat., May 16 

Sun., May 17 
Mon., May 18 


May 26-June 19 
June 22-July 17 

Freshmen arrive. Financial clearance and registration before 3:00 pm 

Autumn term begins 

Completed Freshmen preference sheets for fall semester courses are returned to Registrar 

Residence houses open at 9:00 am for new students for fall semester 

Orientation for new students 

End of autumn term 

Residence houses open to returning upperclass students at 9:00 am 

New students: Mentor assignment, registration 

Registration and financial clearance for fall semester 

Fall semester begins at 8:00 am 

Opening Convocation, 1:30 pm 

End of drop/add period for fall semester courses 

Midterm holiday 

All students fill out preference sheets for winter term and return them to the Registrar 

Last day to withdraw from fall semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

All students fill out preference sheets for spring semester courses and return them to the Registrar 

Thanksgiving holiday; no classes 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 

Christmas recess begins. Residence houses close at noon 

Residence houses open at noon 

Financial clearance for all new students. New student registration/orientation for winter term. 

Returning students are not registered until they check in with Registrar 

Winter term begins. All projects meet first day of winter term 

Last day to enter winter term; end of drop/add period; last day to change project or 

withdraw from winter term with W grade 

Martin Luther King Day, no classes 

First comprehensive examination period 

Winter term ends 

Residence houses open at noon 

New and returning students arrive. New student orientation. Financial clearance and 

registration for spring semester, all students 

Spring semester begins at 8:00 am 

End of drop/add period for spring semester courses 

Spring recess begins 

Students return 

Classes resume at 8:00 am 

Mentor conferences and contracts for 1998-99 

Last day to withdraw from spring semester courses with W grade, or change from audit to credit. 

All students fill out preference sheets for fall semester courses, 1998, and return them to Registrar 

Second comprehensive examination period 

Last day of classes 

Examination period 

Baccalaureate. Residence houses close at 5:00 pm for non-Seniors who are not 

attending commencement. 


Residence houses close at 4:00 pm for all students 

Summer term 
Session A 
Session B 


1 Frances & Bivian McArthur 
Physical Education Center 

2 Swimming Pool 

3 Human Resource Institute 

4 Gate House 

5 Facilities Management 

6 Psychology Laboratory 

7 Continuing Education Center 
(CEC) Lodge 

8 CEC Classrooms/Offices 

9 CEC Cafeteria 

10 Connections Coffee House 

1 1 Upham Administration Building 

12 Dendy-McNair Auditorium 

13 F Page Seibert Humanities Building 

14 Ferrer Language Center 

15 Robert T. Sheen Science Center 


William Luther Cobb Library 


Delta Residence Cluster 


Edmundson Hall 


Epsilon Residence Cluster 


Brown Hall 


Webb Health Center/Office of 


Lindsey Hall 

Campus Safety 


Fox Hall 


Alpha Residence Clustet 


RW. & Helen Roberts Music Center 


Student Cafetetia 


Ben Hill Griffin Chapel 


Gamma Residence Clustet 


Christiana & Woodbury Ransom 


Beta Residence Cluster 

Visual Arts Center &t Studios 


Waterfront Complex 


Bininger Center tot Performing Arts 


Tennis Courts 


Academy of Seniot Professionals 


Turley Athletic Complex 

at Eckerd College (ASPEC) 


Softball Field 


Galbraith Marine Science Laboratory 


Baseball Field 


Kappa Residence Cluster 


Ptactice Infield 


Nu Residence Clustet 


Soccer Field 


Zeta Residence Clustet 


Marine Mammal Pathobiology 


Student Memorial Pavilion 


Only from a campus visit can you judge if the school and your 
expectations "fit." 

Plan to take a campus tour, sit in on a class visit with our professors 
and students, and take time to see the area. 

Also, try to visit when classes are in session. Check the academic 
calendar before planning your visit. We ask only one thing of you: 
give us some advance notice of your arrival. Call us or drop us a line- 
the Admissions staff will be happy to work with you. 

The Admissions office is open from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm on week- 
days, from 9:00 am to noon on Saturday; summer hours are weekdays 
8:30 am to 5:00 pm. 

For best results, please direct all correspondence prior to your 
acceptance to the Dean of Admissions. 



k '-' 1 JACK 


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Gulf of 








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For prompt handling, please address inquiries as indicated below: 

Academic Affairs 

Adult Programs 


Alumni Relations 

Business Affairs 

Events at the College 

Financial Aid to Students 

Financial Assistance to the College 

Payment of Fees 

Student Housing, Interests, and Counseling 

Summer School 

Transcripts, Grades, and Academic Achievement 

Dean of Faculty 
Dean of Special Programs 
Dean of Admissions 
Director of Alumni Relations 
Vice President for Finance 
Director of Public Relations 
Director of Financial Aid 
Vice President for Devebpment 
Student Accounts 
Dean of Students 
Coordinator, Summer School 

Visitors are welcome to Eckerd College. The administration offices are open Monday through Friday 
from 8:30 am to 5:00 pm. Visitors desiring interviews with members of the staff are urged to make 
appointments in advance. 


4200 54th Avenue South, St. Petersburg, Florida 3371 1 
Telephone (813) 867-1166 or (800) 456-9009 (Admissions) 



St. PetersburgyFbrida